• Title/Summary/Keyword: outer tank of lng storage

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Collision Behaviors Analysis of Sandwich Concrete Panel for Outer Shell of LNG Tank (LNG외조를 구성하는 샌드위치 콘크리트 패널의 충돌거동해석)

  • Lee, Gye Hee
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.485-493
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    • 2017
  • In this study, the collision analysis of SCP(Sandwich Concrete Panel) composing the outer tank of LNG storage was performed and its collision behavior was analyzed. For the same collision energy value proposed in BS7777 code, the collision conditions are composed by using two types of missiles and various collision speeds. Nonlinear dynamic analysis models were constructed to perform numerical analysis on the various collision conditions. Also, the collision behavior was analyzed assuming that the second collision with the same collision energy occurs at the same point after the first collision. As a result of the analysis, it was found that with smaller missile and low collision speed had caused larger deformation. The collision energy dissipated in ratio of about 6: 4 in the outer steel plate and the inner filling concrete. In the results of double collision analysis, the final collisional deformation was dominated by the size of the second missile, and the amount of deformation due to the second collision was smaller than that of the first collision because of the membrane behavior of the steel plates. In the offset double collision cases, the largest deformation occurs at the secondary collision point regardless of the offset distance.

A Development of Condition Evaluation Standard Considering Structural Characteristic for Members of LNG Outer Storage Tanks (LNG 외조 저장탱크의 구조적 특성을 고려한 상태평가 기준 개발)

  • Choi, Kyoung-Jae;Seo, Chang-Joo;Kim, Young-Gu;Jo, Young-Do;Kim, Jung-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.64-69
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    • 2017
  • South Korea is the world's second-largest importer of LNG and possess about 70 tanks which are in operation by 2017. Thirty years as the design warranty period have exceeded since LNG storage tanks as the core facility of LNG industry were constructed in 1986. The LNG storage tank is under precision safety diagnosis from 2014 due to urban gas business act amendment. There is no criteria of condition evaluation for outer tank of LNG storage tank at the time of precision safety diagnosis. Through analysis of structural characteristic of LNG storage tank and civil structure condition evaluation standards, the criteria of condition evaluation for main members was developed. The criteria of objective condition evaluation can improve safety and reliability of LNG storage tank and suggest matenance criteria.

Service Life Assessment and Restrain Methods of Carbonation Attack on PC Outer Wall of LNG Storage Tanks (탄산염해에 대한 LNG 저장탱크 PC 외부벽체의 수명평가 및 억제방안)

  • Lee, Seung-Rim;Song, Il-Hyun;Kim, Han Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.73-80
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    • 2014
  • The objective of this paper is to assess the service life and retrain methods of specimens, which were subjected to carbonation attack, obtained from mix proportion of Sam-cheok LNG storage tank under construction. As the results, accelerated-carbonation penetration depths of 7, 28, 56 ages indicated 4.45, 9.19, 13.37mm, and even considering for cover depths of steel of LNG storage tank under real operation, it was enough. In addition, with carbonation velocity coefficient calculated by carbonation penetration depths, the service life to design cover depth(70, 80, 90, 100mm) of PC outer tank of LNG storage tank was 779, 1017, 1287, 1589 years and 466, 609, 771, 951 years, respectively, considering the $CO_2$ concentration in air which account for the 0.03% and 0.05%. Also, the restrain methods to carbonation attack were feasible through controlling the factors affecting the changes of hydration products such as $Ca(OH)_2$, ion composition in pore solution and matter mobility of organization structures within hardened concrete.

Impact Tests and Numerical Simulations of Sandwich Concrete Panels for Modular Outer Shell of LNG Tank (모듈형 LNG 저장탱크 외조를 구성하는 샌드위치 콘크리트 패널의 충돌실험 및 해석)

  • Lee, Gye-Hee;Kim, Eun
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.333-340
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    • 2019
  • Tests using a middle velocity propulsion impact machine (MVPIM) were performed to verify the impact resistance capability of sandwich concrete panels (SCP) in a modular liquefied natural gas (LNG) outer tank, and numerical models were constructed and analyzed. $2{\times}2m$ specimens with plain sectional characteristics and specimens including a joint section were used. A 51 kg missile was accelerated above 45 m/s and impacted to have the design code kinetic energy. Impact tests were performed twice according to the design code and once for the doubled impact speed. The numerical models for simulating impact behaviors were created by LS-DYNA. The external steel plate and filled concrete of the panel were modeled as solid elements, the studs as beam elements, and the steel plates as elasto-plastic material with fractures; the CSCM material model was used for concrete. The front plate deformations demonstrated good agreement with those of other tests. However the rear plate deformations were less. In the doubled speed test for the plain section specimen, the missile punctured both plates; however, the front plate was only fractured in the numerical analysis. The impact energy of the missile was transferred to the filled concrete in the numerical analysis.