• Title, Summary, Keyword: ovariectomized rat

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Effect of Crude Saponin Fraction from Korean Red Ginseng on Physiological Events of Ovariectomized Rat (난소절제 흰쥐의 생리적 장애에 미치는 고려홍삼 조사포닌 분획의 영향)

  • 곽이성;위재준;황석연;경종수;김시관
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.288-293
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of crude saponin fracton from Korean red ginseng on physiological events of ovariectomized rats. The saponin fractions was prepared by Diaion HP-20 adsorption chromatography and spirit. Total 50 rats were divided into 5 groups : normal control (NC), sham-ovariectomized (SO), ovariectomized (OR), ovariectomized and saponin treated (OS), and normal control treated with saponin (NS). Saponin was intraperitonally administered for 8 weeks. Ovariectomy was carried out at 1 st and 2nd weeks of experiment. Right-side ovary of rat was removed at 1st week, the otehr was done at 2nd week. The body weights fo ovariectomized rats showed no significant changes but that of NS group showed significant increase (p<0.05) compared with NC group. Ovariectomy of rats reduced the weights of femur by 6 to 8% compared with that of NC group. In addition, femur weight of NS group was 5 to 6% higher than that of NC. Uterus weight showed no significant differences by saponin treatment or ovariectomy. Serum testosterone level of ovariectomized rats increased by 60 times compared with that of NC. However, administration of crude saponin to ovariectomized rat attenuated testosterone level to almost that of NC. These results suggest that Korean red ginseng saponin attenuates physiological disorders induced by malfunction of ovary.

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The Biomechanical Characteristics of Isoflavone-Treated Ovariectomized Rat's Femur (이소플라본을 투여한 난소절제 흰쥐 대퇴골의 생체역학적 분석)

  • Kang S.;Park Y. H.;Paik M, K.;Om A. S.
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.467-474
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    • 2004
  • This study was to investigate the biomechanical characteristics of isoflavone-treated ovariectomized growing rat's femur. 4-week-old Wistar (female rats were randomly divided into 5 groups and assigned to sham(SH) group, and four ovariectomized groups consisting of one ovariectomized(OVX) group and genisetin(10 mg/kg b.w. )(OVX+G), daidzein(10 mg/kg b.w.)(OVX+D), and 17 $\beta$-estradiol(10 $\mu$g/kg b.w.)(OVX+ES) in AIN-76 modified diet for 8 weeks. The OVX groups gained more body weight than the SH group. Femoral weight was increased by feeding genistein and estradiol, whereas femoral length among groups was not significantly different. The breaking farce, stiffness, deformation, and energy values of the OVX group were lower than those of other groups. The stress, strain, and Young's modulus values of the OVX group were higher than those of other groups.

Effect of Lycii fructus Extracts on Serum Lipids and Bone Collagen Contents in Ovariectomized Rats (갱년기 장애 유도 시 구기자의 혈중지질 농도 저하 및 골 중 collagen 합성 효과)

  • Kim, Mi-Hyang
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.111-116
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    • 2007
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Lycii fructus (LF) on serum lipid and the collagen content of the connective tissues in ovariectomized rats. From day 2 until day 37 after the ovariectomy, Sprague-Dawley female rats were randomly assigned to the following groups : sham-operated rat (Sham), ovariectomized control rat (OVX-control), and ovariectomized rats supplemented with the LF 50mg/kg bw/day (OVX-LF). The LF ethanol extract were orally administrated 1ml per day. Body weight gain was not significantly different in groups. Although total-cholesterol and triglyceride were increased in the ovariectomized control, supplementation with the LF extract decreased the levels. Moreover, the serum HDL-cholesterol levels were significantly increased after supplementation with the LF extract(p<0.05). Supplementation with the LF extract prevented a decrease in the collagen level in bone and cartilage tissues. These results are consistent with the conclusions based on the estrogenic activities of LF. Therefore, it may be used to possibly improve the quality of life in menopausal women.

Effect of Dietary Calcium Levels on the Reduction of Calcium Availability in Ovariectomized Osteoporosis Model Rats (난소절제 골다공증 모델 흰쥐의 체내 칼슘 이용성 저하에 대한 칼슘 섭취 수준의 효과)

  • 오주환
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.277-285
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    • 1993
  • To investigate the effects of dietary calcium levels on the Ca metabolism in a rat model of ovariectomized osteoporosis, two studies were conducted. In Expt. I, five week-old femalc rats ovariectomized and fed a low Ca diet(0.06% Ca) for four weeks were compared with rats fed a normal (0.53% Ca) or low Ca diet under the sham-operated condition. Ovariectomized rats showed a significant increase in body weight and food intake. In rats fed the low Ca diet, a remarkable decrease was shown regardless of ovariectomy in serum Ca concentration, breaking force of bones, Ca and phopsphrus contents of bones, and apparent absorption and retention of Ca. Furthermore hte decrease of Ca contents of serum and bones in rats ovariectomized and fed the low Ca diet was similar to that in rats model of postmenopausal osteoporosis. In Expt. II, rats ovariectomized and fed on the low Ca diet for four weeks were divided into three groups, those given low Ca diet, normal Ca diet and high Ca diet(1.06%) respectively. The results indicated that supplementations of Ca at the intake level of 0.53% and 1.06% for 4 weeks tend to improve the relative Ca deficiency shown in experimental rat model of ovariectomized osteoporosis.

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Comparison of the Effects of Deer Antler, Old Antler, and Antler Glue on Osteoporosis in Ovariectomized Rats

  • Park, Hae In;Lee, Kwang Ho
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.21-27
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    • 2018
  • Background: Examination of the effects of deer antler, old antler, and antler glue on postmenopausal osteoporosis in an ovariectomized Sprague-Dawley rat model. Methods: The study involved 7 experimental groups; SHAM (sham-operated rats), OVX (ovariectomized rats), E2 (ovariectomized rats with estradiol $10{\mu}g/kg$ daily, orally), DA (ovariectomized rats with deer antler extract 5.83 mg/kg), OA (ovariectomized rats with old antler extract 3.8 mg/kg), low-AG (ovariectomized rats with low dose of antler glue powder 12.5 mg/kg), high-AG (ovariectomized rats with high dose of antler glue powder 37.5 mg/kg). After 6 weeks of treatment, body weight, blood calcium, phosphorus, estradiol, liver [alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT)] and kidney [blood urea nitrogen (BUN)/creatinine ratio] function, and femoral bone mineral density (BMD) were measured. Results: The body weights of DA, OA, low-AG, and high-AG groups did not significantly differ from OVX group. Blood estradiol levels were significantly increased in the DA, low-AG, and high-AG groups compared to the OVX group. Blood calcium, phosphorus, ALP, AST, and ALT levels and BUN/creatinine ratio did not show significant changes in the DA, OA, low-AG, and high-AG groups. BMDs of the femur, and femoral head and neck were significantly increased in the low-AG group. In the OA group, the BMD of the femoral head and neck was significantly increased. Conclusion: Treatment with deer antler, or antler glue for 6 weeks was effective for increasing estradiol and femoral BMD in ovariectomized rats, suggesting that this may be of therapeutic benefit for osteoporosis.

A Study on the Effects of Gamisoyosan on Ovariectomized Osteoporosis in Rats (가미소요산(加味逍遙散)이 난소적출로 유발된 흰 쥐의 골다공증에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Chan-Soo;Sohn, Young-Joo
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: Osteoporosis that occurred after menopause is one of the most common metabolic disease. and it is that bone mass significant decrease in comparison with normal people. Its symptoms are fracture, decrease of height, etc. The purpose of this study is to examine what are the effects of the Gamisoyosan on the aged ovariectomized rat model of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Methods: 24 female rats were ovariectomized and divided into normal group(normal), ovariectomized group(control), and treated with Gamisoyosan group(treated). During 8 weeks we dosed D.W to sham and control group, and dosed Gamisoyosan(105 mg/100 g) to experimental group. After 8 weeks we sacrificed rats and measured the body weight, albumin, P, Calcium, ALP, total cholesterol, triglyceride, AST, ALT, T4, estradiol, the femur weight, the tibia ash weight, trabecular bone area, trabecular thickness, osteoclast number. Results: The level of serum albumin, calcium, AST, ALT, estradiol in Gamisoyosan group showed significant increase in comparison with control group. The level of serum triglyceride in Gamisoyosan group showed significant decrease in comparison with control group. Trabecular bone area and osteoclast number in Gamisoyosan group showed significant increase in comparison with control group. Conclusions: Reviewing these experimental results, Gamisoyosan has shown to activate osteogenesis and prevent bone resorption, and it should show efficacy on prevention and improvement of osteoporosis after menopause.

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Effects of L-carnitine on the ovariectomized rat (L-carnitine이 난소가 제거된 흰쥐에 미치는 영향)

  • Chon, Seung-Ki
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.309-312
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    • 2010
  • This was conducted to determine the effects of body weight, organ weight, hematological values and biochemical parameters by L-carnitine in the ovariectomized (OVX) rats. The animals were divided into 4 groups. Intact group (n=10) received no treatment and operation. Sham group (n=10) received only sham operation and no treatment. OVX group (n=10) received operation and no treatment. OVX+Carn group (n=10) received operation and L-carnitine. Body weight was significantly lower in OVX+Carn group than in all other groups. Also, organ weight such as heart, liver, spleen and kidney was measured. The heart and spleen weight were significantly lower in the OVX+Carn group than in the Intact and Sham group. The liver weight in the OVX+Carn group was significantly differences in comparison with those in the other groups. Also, there was significantly differences in the organ weight of kidney between in the OVX+Carn group and in the other groups. The hematological values of WBC, RBC, MCV, MCH and MCHC were no significant differences in any other groups. The total cholesterol, triglyceride and high density lipoprotein decreased significantly in the OVX+Carn group as compared to those in the OVX group. But, there were no significant differences in low density lipoprotein in any other groups. We conclude that L-carnitine enhanced the body weight in the ovariectomized rats. Our findings suggest that L-carnitine may influence the process of absorption of fat in the ovariectomized rats.

The Effect of Dietary Calcium Level on Bone Mineral Density and Bone Mineral Content in Ovariectomized Female Rats (난소절제한 흰쥐에서 식이칼슘량이 골밀도에 미치는 영향)

  • 김경희
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.590-593
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    • 1996
  • This study was done to evaluate the effect of dietary calcium level (a diet which met 100% or twice the calcium level in AIN-76 diet) on preventing bone loss in ovariectomized rats. Forty Sprauge-Dawley female rats(body weight 200$\pm$5g)were divided into two groups. One group were ovariecotomized (Ovx) while the others received sham operation(Sham). Thereafter, each rat group was further divided into normal calcium diet(0.52%) and high calcium diet(1.04%) subgroups. All rats were fed on experimental diet and deionized water ad libitum for 8 weeks. The total body, spine and femur bone mineral densities and bone mineral contents were measured by Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry, Eight weeks following operation, ovariectomized rats fed a high calcium diet had a significantly higher total bone mineral content, total bone calcium content, spine bone mineral density, spine bone mineral content and femur bone mineral content than ovariectomized rats fed control calcium diet. The correlation between dietary calcium intake level and spine bone mineral density were positive, but there was no correlation between dietary calcium intake and femur bone mineral density. The findings from the present study demonstrated that bone loss due to ovarian hormonal deficiency can be partially prevented by a high calcium diet. Futhermore, these findings support the strategy of the use of a high calcium diet in the prevention of estrogen depleted bone loss(postmenopausal osteoporosis)

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On the Activity of Phosphatase in the Endometrium of the Rat Uterus During Early Pregnancy (초기 임신 기간중 흰쥐 자궁 내막조직의 Phosphatase 활성에 관하여)

  • Kim, Sung-Rye;Cho, Wan-Kyoo
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 1981
  • The quantitative analyses of the phosphatase activity in the endometrium of the rat ovariectomized on Day 2 of pregnancy was carried out in comparison with the intact one, in order to investigate the hormonal dependency of the uterus prior to the implantation, and to study the phosphatase activity in the endometrial tissues in vitro incubated in different acidity of the medium. The results obtained were as follows: 1. The activity of the total phosphatase was the highest at Day 3 of pregnancy of the intact animals irrespective of acidity of the medium. However, the ovariectomized rat showed its peak somewhat delayed. The time of the highest activity of the enzymes was matched with the time of high secretion of the ovarian hormones. 2. The activity of acid phosphatase in the endometrium was twice or four times as much high as that of neutral or alkaline phosphatase, respectively. 3. The activity of alkaline phosphatase was rather steady in Day 3 through Day 5 of the pregnancy of the rat intact or ovariectomized but with low level compared to those of other phosphatase. 4. The present re~lt indicated more important role by $Mg^{2+}$-dependent phosphatase than by $K^+$-dependent one for the preparation for decidualization.

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