• Title, Summary, Keyword: ovariohysterectomy

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Unilateral Hydroureteronephrosis caused by Adhesion of the Ureter following Ovariohysterectomy in a Bitch

  • Park, Chul-Ho;Kim, Yong-Min;Lee, Sang-Ho;Oh, Ki-Seok;Son, Chang-Ho
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.261-263
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    • 2015
  • A 10-year-old spayed female Yorkshire Terrier visited for a physical checkup. The bitch had a history of ovariohysterectomy for treatment of pyometra a year ago. On physical examination, the dog was bright and alert. Complete blood counts, serum biochemistry and blood gas analysis results did not show any deviations within normal ranges. Radiographic and ultrasonographic examinations revealed unilateral hydronephrosis and hydroureter of the right kidney and ureter, and obstruction of the distal ureter was observed. On the basis of these results, nephroureterectomy was performed. During the operation, the adhesion of the distal ureter and surrounding tissue cells were observed without the evidence of the ureteral ligation. The distal ureteral obstruction was presumed to be adhesion caused by fibrous tissue formation between ureter and retained broad ligament, or incompletely removed blood clots following ovariohysterectomy. This case report describes the occurrence of hydroureteronephrosis caused by adhesion of the distal ureter following ovariohysterectomy in a bitch.

Hyperestrogenic Dermatitis after Ovariohysterectomy in a Dog (개에서 난소자궁절제술 후 발생한 고에스트로겐성 피부염 1례)

  • 이주명;남치주
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.448-451
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    • 2001
  • Alopecia was the main complaint in a 4 year old female Cocker spaniel dog. bilateral alopecia has been presented on skin lesion for 10 months after ovariohysterectomy about one year ago. Hyperestrogenism was diagnosed by the blood estradiol level test. Left ovarian cyst was resected in the intact ovarian position by laparotomy. Total size of the cyst was about 3 cm and it was the shape of follicular cyst. Blood estradiol level is usually higher than normal in ovarian cyst. But even though estradiol level is in normal range, dermatitis could be induced because the number of estrogen receptor of the skin would be increased or the duration of estrogen secretion would be prolonged. Because the hyperestrogenism in this case is iatrogenic, exact and proper ovariohysterectomy should be made not to induce the complications.

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Iatrogenic hydroureter and hydronephrosis following hysterotomy with ovariohysterectomy in a pregnant dog

  • Kang, Byeong-Teck;Park, Chul;Jung, Dong-In;Yoo, Jong-Hyun;Kim, Ju-Won;Gu, Su-Hyun;Jeon, Hyo-Won;Kim, Jung-Hyun;Woo, Eung-Je;Park, Hee-Myung
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.213-217
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    • 2007
  • A 14-month-old, neutered female Miniature Pinscher was referred due to severe renal failure. The dog was treated with hysterotomy and followed by ovariohysterectomy (OHE) 6 days before the presentation. Excretory urographic and ultrasonographic studies revealed bilateral hydroureter and hydronephrosis. Postmortem necropsy revealed that ligatures were placed around the caudal portion of bilateral ureters in front of entrance into the bladder. This case shows that identifying and protecting the ureters are important during hysterotomy with OHE as well as OHE.

Comparison of Ovariohysterectomy and Bilateral Flank Ovariectomy in Dogs (개에서 난소자궁절제술과 양측 겸부 난소절제술의 비교)

  • Park, Yong-Sang;Kim, Jun-Ho;Yoo, Jae-Gyu;Kang, Tae-Young
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.253-257
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    • 2013
  • The objective of this study was to compare the total surgical time, pain score and hemorrhage after ovariohysterectomy (OVH) and bilateral flank ovariectomy (BFOVE) with hemoclips in dogs. OVH was operated on six dogs and BFOVE was performed on six dogs. In BFOVE group, both ovarian pedicle hemostasis applied using hemoclips after removing ovaries. Total surgical time was recorded from starting incision of skin to closure last skin suture. Pain score was measured at 2, 6, 12, and 24 hours after surgery based on University of Melbourne Pain Scale (UMPS). Hemorrhage around clipping area, uterus, abdominal muscles, and skin were monitored after surgery. BFOVE technique could reduce total surgical time and pain after surgery. There was no hemorrhagic problems near ovarian pedicles following surgery. BFOVE with hemoclips could be useful and recommended for sterilization in dog.

Clinical Study of Canine Pyometra (개 자궁축농증에 대한 임상학적 연구)

  • 이병천;조종기;김혜수;이소현;최윤희;박희명;권오경;황우석
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.219-224
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    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to examine the prognosis of canine pyometra after surgical treatment in terms of their clinical indications, hematology and serum chemistry. A total of 20 bitches diagnosed as pyometra after physical examination was hospitalized at the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, Seoul National University, during the period of 1998 to 1999. After examining all profiles, ovariohysterectomy was performed to treat pyometra. All bitches had clinical symptoms of general depression, polyuria/polydipsia, anorexia and abdominal distension. In hematologic profiles, 65% of bitches had higher level of leukocyte count compared with normal level, but RBC and PCV values maintained within the normal ranges in most pyometric bitches. In serum chemistry profiler, ALT and ALP values were increased over the normal range, and BUN and creatine values were higher than normal ranges only in 10(50%) and 3 bitches (15%), respectively. Survival rate after ovariohisterectomy was 90% (18/20), but bitches that had higher ALT, ALP, BUN, creatine and potassium than normal values were died after surgical treatment. The results of this clinical investigation show that the recovery of pyometric bitches after ovariohysterectomy can be prognosed by hematologic and serum profiles including ALT, ALP, BUN, creatinine and potassium.

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Clinical Study of Bitches with Stump Pyometra (개의 Stump Pyometra에 관한 임상학적 고찰)

  • 이갑성;조종기;용환율;이병천;황우석
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.438-442
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    • 2000
  • Stump pyometra is defined as a reinfection or inflammation of uterine remnant after ovariohysterectomy. We surveyed four bitches which were serviced in the veterinary medical teaching hospital of Seoul National University. In this Paper we studied the method for diagnosis of stump pyometra by symptoms, blood tests, and ultrasound films. To detect the stump pyometra is difficult because clinical signs are verb similar to the normal pyometra. Especially symptoms could noticed be noticed even by their owner until dogs have a vaginal discharge. Blood test also were in normal range in each item except in the elevation of the number of while blood cells. We conclude ultrasonic observation add experimental laparotomy has a significant meaning to diagnosis the stump pyometra.

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Pyometra by Streptococcus sp. infection in a Cat (고양이에서 Streptococcus sp. 감염에 의한 자궁농축증 1례)

  • 이주명;남치주
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.434-437
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    • 2001
  • A female Russian blue cat has invited Animal Hospital because of diarrhea after the mating. The eggs on internal parasite and Giardia sp. were diagnosed in the feces floating test, and treated with metronidazole, pyrantel pamoate and antibiotics. There were no diarrheal sign in the reevaluation, but anorexia, polydipsia, polyuria, and vaginal discharge was newly induced. Streptococcus sp. was inspected by smearing of vaginal discharge, and enlarge-ment of uterus was evaluated by x-ray examination. This case was confirmed as pyometra and recovered by ovariohysterectomy on the basis of that examination. The rate of incidence in feline pyometra is not so high as in the canine.

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Vaginal prolapse by ovarian follicular cysts in a female Jin-do dog

  • Kim, Bang-Sil;Kim, Hee-Su;Kim, Ki-Chul;Park, Chul-Ho;Oh, Ki-Seok;Son, Chang-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.223-225
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    • 2008
  • A six-year-old, female Jin-do dog was referred for the recurrence of vaginal prolapse. Less than 7 months previously, the dog with the vaginal prolapse had been treated with hormone therapy because ultrasonography had identified a single follicular cyst in the left ovary. Three months after the first visit, the dog came into heat and the vaginal prolapse recurred. Ultrasonography showed multiple follicular cysts in both ovaries and radioimmunoassay detected a plasma estradiol-$17{\beta}$ concentration of 13.3 pg/ml. Treatment involved the repositioning of the vaginal prolapsed, ovariohysterectomy and the resection of the protruding tissue. The dog had been completely recovered two months later after the treatment.

A case of canine bilateral ovary granulosa cell tumor and mammary complex carcinoma

  • Chung, Yung-Ho;Hong, Sunhwa;Han, Sang-Jun;Kim, Okjin
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.127-132
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    • 2013
  • An 11-year-old poodle bitch was presented for investigation of multicentric mammary masses. Abdominal sonography and radiography demonstrated abnormal enlargement of uterus and ovaries. Blood analysis revealed high progesterone concentration. The ovariohysterectomy and mastectomy were performed. Histopathologically, the mammary masses revealed complex carcinoma-tubulopapillary carcinoma with papillary pattern and tubule pattern. In the uterus, cystic endometrial hyperplasia was observed. Scattered inflammatory cells were observed in the endometrial stroma and mucinous material was protruded from endometrial surface. Also, in the ovaries, bilateral ovary granulosa cell tumor was detected. The bitch made a complete recovery following the ovariohysterectomy and mastectomy. This case was a very rare multiple tumor occurrence with bilateral ovary granulosa cell tumor and mammary complex carcinoma. High progesterone concentration was characterized clinically in the bitch.

Remission of Progesterone-induced Diabetes Mellitus after Ovariohysterectomy in an Intact Female Dog

  • Kim, Ill-Hwa;Choi, Jin-Young;Hwang, Dae-Youn;Kang, Hyun-Gu
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.74-77
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    • 2019
  • A 10-year-old, 8.28 kg, intact female Cocker Spaniel was presented with continuous polyuria and polydipsia. The dog had proestrus bleeding 5 weeks earlier, and hyperglycemia, glucosuria, ketouria, and high level of serum fructosamine in laboratory findings. Based on hyperglycemia, glucosuria, ketouria, and ketosis, the patient was tentatively diagnosed as diabetes mellitus (DM) with ketouria. After diagnosis, 5 to 7 U/body porcine lente insulin was administered during 11 days from initial presentation as the remission of DM for the dog. But, blood glucose was still high level. Because there was no reaction to porcine lente insulin, it was replaced by 4-10 U/body neutral protamine Hagedorn (NPH) during 3 days. But, NPH also did not regulate blood glucose level. Because insulin therapy failed to regulate blood glucose level, the dog was considering insulin-resistant diabetes. The dog was tentatively diagnosed with progesterone-resistant DM on the basis of the history that had revealed proestrus bleeding 5 weeks earlier. Progesterone level was moderate high (43.7 ng/ml; reference range, 15.0-90.0 ng/ml). Ovariohysterectomy (OHE) was performed to remove the cause of the dog's diabetes. After OHE 11 days, blood glucose was gradually declined by insulin treatment. Consequently, blood glucose was well controlled in reference range without insulin treatment after 2 months. This case is a report on progesterone-induced DM treated with OHE and insulin treatment during the diestrus.