• Title, Summary, Keyword: oviduct epithelial cells

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In Vitro Maturation of Round Spermatids Using Porcine Oviduct Epithelial Cell Monolayer Condition Medium

  • Jabed Md. Anower;Kamal Tania;Lee Seung-Min;Kim Byung Ki
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.241-245
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    • 2005
  • Porcine oviduct epithelial cells (POEC) are widely used in co-culture experiments to improve early embryonic development, in vitro fertilization in embryo transfer programs for domestic animals and in vitro maturation of immature germ cells. POEC were mechanically isolated and cultured in tissue culture medium 199. Cells grew continuously, and confluent monolayers were formed after 7 days. After forming confluent monolayer of epithelial cells, supernatant was collected as the condition medium for maturing round spermatids in vitro. Round spermatids were also separated mechanically and cultured in the POEC condition medium. In this study we observed that $20\%$ of round spermatid cultured were matured into elongating spermatid after 24 h, and about $10\%$ of round spermatid cultured showed complete elongation (elongated spermatid) within $24\~48$ h of in vitro culture. No further development was observed within $50\~72$ h and transformed cells lost their viability after 72 h. These preliminary findings suggest that the condition medium from POEC may be possible to overcome the round spermatid block by improving the milieu of culture system.

Relationship between Plasminogen Activity and Plasminogen Inhibitor during the Culture of Porcine Oviduct Epithelial Cells

  • Ahn, Shin-Hye;Cheong, Hee-Tae;Yang, Boo-Keun;Kim, Dae-Young;Park, Choon-Keun
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.203-209
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    • 2009
  • The present study was performed to identify changes of plasminogen activator (PA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI) in porcine oviduct epithelial cells (POECs) during the estrous cycle. POECs obtained from ovary in pre-ovulatory (Pre-Ov), early to mid-luteal stage (Early-mid L) and post-ovulatory stage (Post-Ov). For the examine of PA activity, $1{\times}10^5$ fresh cells of POECs were cultured in DMEM/Ham F-12 containing 10% FBS and 0.2% amphotericin under humidified atmosphere of 5% $CO_2$ in air and $38^{\circ}C$. The urokinase-type PA (uPA) was observed at 7 days of POECs culture. PA activity was measured with culture prolonged of 0, 3, 6, 12 and 24 h after culture of 7 days. The PA activity were high significantly (p<0.05) at 12 h of culture, but PA activity were decreased with culture periods increased. The PA activity in POECs of Post-Ov stage were higher significantly (p<0.05) than that of Early-mid L and Pre-Ov stage. When PAI-1 and PAI-2 were added during the POECs culture, the PA were observed significant low activity (p<0.05). The PA activity and protein expression were decreased by PA inhibitor. This results suggest that PAI-1 and PAI-2 have a suppressive action on change of PA activity during the estrous cycle of pigs. Specifically, this study using PA inhibitor was effect the PA activity and PAI expression in oviduct epithelial cells in pigs.

Effects of Hormones, Oviduct Epithelial Cells, Cumulus Cells during the In Vitro Culture in Medium on In Vitro Developmental Rates of Bisected Bovine Embryos (소 분할배와 호르몬, 난관상피세포, 난구세포와의 공배양이 체외발생율에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • 김상근;남윤이;이명헌;이만휘
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.281-285
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    • 1997
  • The study was conducted to investigate on in vitro developmental rates of bisected bovine embryos co-culture in 10% FCS+TCM-199 media containing hormones, oviductal epithelial cells and cumulus cells 0 to 7 days after bisection. In vitro developmental rates was defined as development rates on in vitro culture or FDA-test. The results are summarized as follows : 1. In vitro developmental rates of bisected bovine embryos co-cultured in 10% FCS+TCM-199 media containing PMSG+hCG, PMSG+$\beta$-estradiol, hCG+$\beta$-estradiol, PMSG, hCG 0 to 3 days and 4 to 7 days were 16.7~30.0% and 11.1~25.0%, respectively. In vitro developmental rates of bisected embryos co-cultured in 10% FCS+TCM-199 media containing hormones significantly higher than that of non co-culture. 2. In vitro developmental rates of bisected bovine embryos co-cultured 10% FCS+TCM-199 media containing oviductal epithelial cells 0 to 3 days and 4 to 7 days were 25.0% and 22.2%, respectively.

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Studies on th Effects of Co-Culture with Cumulus Cells, Oviduct Epithelial Cells and Uterine Endometrial Cells on In Vitro Fertilization and Cleavage Rate of Bovine Oocytes (난구, 난관 상피세포 및 자궁 내막세포와의 공동배양이 소 난포란의 체외수정 및 분할율에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • ;Y. Hukui
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.141-148
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    • 1993
  • This studies were carried out to investigate the effects of co-culture with cumulus cells, oviduct epithelial cells and uterine endometrium cells on the in-vitro fertilization and cleavage rate of bovine follicular oocytes. The ovaries were obtained from slaughtered Korean native cows. The follicular oocytes surrounded with cumulus cells were recovered by aspirating follicular fluids from the visible follicles of diameter 3~5 mm. The follicular oocytes were cultured in TCM-199 medium containing hormones and 10% FCS for 24~48 hrs in a incubator with 5% CO2 in air at 38.5$^{\circ}C$ and then matured oocytes were again cultured for 12~18 hrs with motile capacitated sperm by preincubation. The results obtained in these experiments were summarized as follows: 1. The in vitro maturatin and fertilization rate of bovine oocytes co-cultured with cumulus cells in TCM-199 medium were 64.0~74.1% and 40.0~58.6% respectively. And in-vitro fertilization rate of cumulus-enclosed oocytes(55.4%) were significantly(p<0.05) higher than cumulus-denuded oocytes(23.1%). 2. The in-vitro maturatin and fertilization rate of bovine oocytes co-cultured with 1$\times$104 cells/ml, 1$\times$106 cells/ml, 1$\times$108 cells/ml and 1$\times$1015 cells/ml oviduct epithelial cells in TCM-199 medium were 59.3% and 40.7%, 64.0% and 48.0%, 58.3% and 37.5%, 52.0% and 32.0%, respectively. 3. The in-vitro maturation and fertilization rate of bovine oocytes co-cultured with 1$\times$104 cells/ml, 1$\times$106 cells/ml, 1$\times$108 cells/ml and 1$\times$1015 cells/ml uterine endometrium cells in TCM-199 medium were 56.0% and 36.0%, 60.7% and 42.9%, 59.3% and 37.0%, 52.0% and 36.0%, respectively. 4. When the in-vitro fertilized oocytes were co-cultured with cumulus cells, oviduct epithelial cells and uterine endometrium cells, the development rate to be blastocyst was 12.2%, 15.6% and 11.7%, respectively and rates were higher than that of control, 2.1%(P<0.05).

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The Effects of Oviduct and Uterine Epithelial Cells on the Expression of Interleukin-$1\beta$ Gene in Preimplantation Mouse Embryos (생쥐 초기배아에서 Interleukin-$1\beta$ 유전자의 발현에 미치는 수란관과 자궁내막세포의 영향)

  • 홍석호;계명찬;김종월;이정복;오은정;조동제;최규완;김문규
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.59-67
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    • 1999
  • To investigate the role of interleukin-l$\beta$ (IL-1$\beta$) in the embryonic development, in vivo and in vitro expression patterns of IL-1$\beta$ gene in the preimplantation mouse embryos were examined by RT-PCR, and the effects of explanted mouse ovi-duct and uterine epithelial cells on the expression of IL-1$\beta$ gene in the pleimplantation mouse embryos were examined by co-culture. IL-1$\beta$ mRNA was detected in the embryos from 4-cell stage to blastocyst stage in vivo and from morula stage to hatching blastocyst stage in vitro. This transcript was not detected from the GV stage to late 2-cell stage in vivo, and not at the 4-cell and 8-cell stages in vitro. For the co-culture of late 2-cell embryos with the explanted mouse oviduct and uterine epithelial cells, oviducts and uterine epithelial cells were isolated at 48 hour alter the hCG injection. The explanted oviduct and uterine epithelial cells in co-culture groups facilitated the IL-1$\beta$ gene expression of the mouse embryos in comparison with the control. Taken together these results suggest that the presence of IL-1$\beta$ plays an important role in preimplantation embryonic development. In addition, the up-regulation of IL-1$\beta$ gene expression by the explanted oviduct and uterine epithelial cells demonstrates that embryonic expression of IL-l$\beta$ gene may be regulated by the interaction with oviductal and uterine factor (s).

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Study on Development in vitro of Follicular Oocytes fertilized in vitro in Korean Native Cattle (한우에 있어서 체외수정된 난포란의 배발생에 관한 연구)

  • 서태광;박항균
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.253-261
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    • 1990
  • This study was carried out to investigate the factors affecting development in vitro of follicular oocytes fertilized in vitro in Korean Native Cattle. The bovine ovaries were obtained at a slaughter house and the follicular oocytes were recovered by aspirating the follicular fluid from the visible follciles of 3~6mm. The bovine oocytes were matured in vitro for 20~24 hours in TCM0-199 containing 10% FCS and hormones (0.02AU/ml FSH, 10$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml LH, 1$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml estradiol-17$\beta$). The matured oocytes were fertilized in vitro using Percoll-separated frozen-thawed spermatozoa in BO solution containing caffeine(5mM) and heparin(10$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml). Twenty-four hours after insemination, the oocytes were cultured in vitro and then the effects of cumulus cell layer, co-culture with cumulus cells, bovine oviduct epithelial cells from ampulla or isthmus on development of ova, were studied. The results obtained are summarized as follows : 1. The in vitro development degree of oocytes attached with compact and dense layered cumulus cells was higher than that with 3~4 layered cumulus cells to be 9~16cells(P<0.01). 2. When the in vitro fertilized oocytes were co-cultured with bovine oviduct epithelial cells or cumulus cells, the development rate to be morula was 20.2% and 12.7%, respectively and the rates were higher than that of control, 2.1%(P<0.05). 3. The development rate to be morula was 15.8% and 23.8%, respectively when the in vitro fertilized oocytes were co-cultured with bovine oviduct epithelial cells from ampulla or isthmus, and the rates were higher than that of control, 0%(P<0.05%).

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Studies on the Effects of Co-Culture with Cumulus Cells, Oviduct Epithelial Cells and Uterine Endometrial Cells on in-vitro Fertilization and Cleavage Rate of Porcine Oocytes (난구, 난관 상피세포 및 자궁 내막세포와의 공동배양이 돼지 난포란의 체외수정 및 분할율에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • 김상근;김명헌;이무강;이규승
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.133-139
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    • 1993
  • The studies were carried out to investigate the effects of co-culture with cumulus cell, oviduct epithelial cells and uterine endometrial cells on the in-vitro fertilization and cleavage rate of porcine follicular oocytes. The ovaries were obtained from slaughtered swine. The follicular oocytes surrounded with cumulus cells were recovered by aspirating follicular fluids from the visible follicles of diameter 3~5 mm. The follicular oocytes were cultured in TCM-199 medium containing hormones and 10% FCS for 24~48 hrs in a incubator with 5% CO2 in air at 38.5$^{\circ}C$ and then matured oocytes were again cultured for 12~18 hrs with motile capacitated sperm by preincubation. The results obtained in these experiments were summarized as follows : 1. The in-vitro maturation and fertilization rate of porcine oocytes co-cultured with cumulus cells in TCM-199 meidum were 64.6%~74.5% and 37.5%~55.3%, respectively. And in-vitro fertilization rate of cumulus-enclosed oocytes(51.5%) were significantly(p<0.05) higher than cumulus-denuded oocytes(21.7%). 2. The in-vitro maturation and fertilization rate of porcine oocytes co-cultured with 1$\times$104 cells/ml, 1$\times$106 cells/ml, 1$\times$108 cells/ml and 1$\times$1015 cells/ml oviduct epithelial cells in TCM-199 medium were 53.5% and 37.2%, 61.7% and 46.8%, 54.5% and 31.8%, 42.2% and 26.7%, respectively. 3. The in-vintro maturation and fertilization rate of porcine oocytes co-cultured with 1$\times$106/ml, 1$\times$108/ml, 1$\times$1015/ml uterine endometrial cells in TCM-199 medium were 54.3% and 39.1%, 58.3% and 43.8%, 55.5% and 33.3%, and 45.7% and 30.4%, respectively. 4. When the in-vitro fertilized oocytes were co-cultured with porcine cumulus cells, ovdiduct epithelial cells and uterine endometrial cells, the development rate to the blastocyst stage was 9.5%, 10.7% and 11.8%, respectively and the rates were higher than that of control, 2.1%(p<0.05).

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The ability of in vitro cultured bovine oviduct epithelial cells in binding and maintaining motility of bull sperm (체외배양 소 난관상피세포의 정자에 대한 결합 및 활력유지능)

  • Roh, Sang-ho;Lee, Byoung-chun;Hwang, Woo-suk
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.220-225
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    • 1999
  • The aim of these experiments was to investigate the effects of bovine oviduct epithelial cells (OEC) derived from different segments to bind sperm binding and maintain their motility in vitro. In experiment 1, the number of sperm attached to OEC derived from isthmus or ampulla, the motility of unattached sperm during co-culture and fertilizing ability were assessed. In experiment 2, heparin treated sperm (hsp) or no treated sperm (nsp) were used to evaluate OEC binding ability of capacitated sperm. In experiment 1, regardless of their origin, approximately 65% of the sperm were attached to OEC within 2h. From 6h of co-culture, the numbers of unattached sperm on ampullary OEC were significantly higher than those on isthmic OEC (p<0.005). From 12h of co-culture, the motility of unattached sperm on isthmic OEC were significantly higher than those on ampullary OEC(p<0.05). The cleavage rate of oocytes inseminated on OEC derived from isthmic segment was also significantly higher than those from ampullary segment (p<0.01). In experiment 2, the numbers of unattached hsp on OEC were significantly higher than those of controls (p<0.01), between 2-24h examination. From 12h of co-culture, the motility of unattached nsp were significantly greater than those of hsp (p<0.01). These results show that bovine OEC derived from the isthmus play more important role(s) for sperm binding, maintaining motility and fertilization in vitro than those from the ampulla, and heparin induced capacitation may change sperm binding ability on OEC in vitro.

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Localization (and profiles) of tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins in female reproductive organs of adult rats

  • Bunsueb, Sudtida;Tangsrisakda, Nareelak;Wu, Alexander T.H.;Iamsaard, Sitthichai
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.180-185
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    • 2020
  • Objective: Tyrosine phosphorylation is an essential process in many biological systems, including the male reproductive system. The presence of tyrosine-phosphorylated (TyrPho) proteins has been well documented in male reproductive organs, but research in fertile females is still limited. Methods: The ovary, oviduct, and uterus of adult female Sprague-Dawley rats in the estrus phase were used to localize TyrPho proteins using an immunohistochemical technique. These proteins were separated and their expression patterns were examined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and Western blot analysis, respectively. Results: TyrPho proteins were localized in the cytoplasm of the oocyte except the antral fluid; in the granulosa cells, theca cells, and stromal cells of the ovary; at the apical surface of oviductal epithelial cells; and in the basal epithelium and submucosa of the uterine wall. Moreover, we found that 72-, 43-, and 28-kDa TyrPho proteins were localized in the ovary, while 170-, 55-, and 43-kDa proteins were localized in the oviduct. In the uterus, we detected four major bands, corresponding to 61-, 55-, 54-, and 43-kDa TyrPho proteins. Conclusion: Given that these TyrPho proteins were found in major reproductive organs in the estrus phase, these proteins may play important roles in female fertility.

The Early Mammalian Embryos and the Role of Oviduct (포유동물 초기배아왕 수란관의 작용)

  • 김해권;윤용달;이영기
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.285-297
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    • 1995
  • The mammalian oviduct is a place where ontogeny of an animal begins. Nowadays, however, it is possilbe to manipulate a part of physiological events occurring in the oviduct so that fertilization of gametes and early embryonic development of zygotes could proceed outside oviductal environment. Rabbit zygotes readily develop to blastocysts in a conventional culture condition. Most of the mouse fertilized eggs do so when cultured under a specific environment, e.g., in a medium containing ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid. Similarly, a significant number of zygotes from rat, sheep, pig or cattle can develop to blastocysts if they are cultured in the presence of particular component which appear to be somewhat species-specific. Instead of changing the components of medium, somatic cells including oviductal epithelial cells, have widely been used to improve mammalian embryonic development in vitro. Many investigators have reported that mammalian zygotes, whether fertilized in vivo or in vitro, could develop to blastocysts when they were cultured on a monolayer of various kinds of somatic cells or even in a somatic cell-conditioned medium. While little is known about the nature of embryotrophic factor(s) produced in vitro by somatic cells, the existence fo oviduct-specific protein(s) has consistently been demonstrated in many laboratories. Some of these proteins are reported to be associated with oviductal eggs. However, the physiological role of these proteins has still to be determined. Recently we observed that the perivitelline space of mouse oocytes was fluorescently stained with various fluorochrome-protein conjugates following ovulation into the oviducts or upon their expossure to oviductal extracts. Furthermore, it was also found that cattle or pig oviductal fluid gave similar results when examined using mouse ghost ZP. These observations lead to suggest that mammalian oviduct induces changes of biochemical properties of oocytes. Further studies are needed to clarify the nature of oviductal factor(s) and the physiological meaning of the reaction.

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