• Title, Summary, Keyword: p-harmonic flow

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HÖLDER CONVERGENCE OF THE WEAK SOLUTION TO AN EVOLUTION EQUATION OF p-GINZBURG-LANDAU TYPE

  • Lei, Yutian
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.585-603
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    • 2007
  • The author studies the local $H\ddot{o}lder$ convergence of the solution to an evolution equation of p-Ginzburg-Landau type, to the heat flow of the p-harmonic map, when the parameter tends to zero. The convergence is derived by establishing a uniform gradient estimation for the solution of the regularized equation.

Design and Implementation of Solar PV for Power Quality Enhancement in Three-Phase Four-Wire Distribution System

  • Guna Sekar, T.;Anita, R.
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 2015
  • This paper presents a new technique for enhancing power quality by reducing harmonics in the neutral conductor. Three-Phase Four-Wire (3P4W) system is commonly used where single and three phase loads are connected to Point of Common Coupling (PCC). Due to unbalance loads, the 3P4W distribution system becomes unbalance and current flows in the neutral conductor. If loads are non-linear, then the harmonic content of current will flow in neutral conductor. The neutral current that may flow towards transformer neutral point is compensated by using a series active filter. In order to reduce the harmonic content, the series active filter is connected in series with the neutral conductor by which neutral and phase current harmonics are reduced significantly. In this paper, solar PV based inverter circuit is proposed for compensating neutral current harmonics. The simulation is carried out in MATLAB/SIMULINK and also an experimental setup is developed to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Graphical Representation of the Instantaneous Compensation Power Flow for Single-Phase Active Power Filters

  • Jung, Young-Gook
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.1380-1388
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    • 2013
  • The conventional graphical representation of the instantaneous compensation power flow for single-phase active power filters(APFs) simply represents the active power flow and the reactive power flow which flowing between the power source and the active filter / the load. But, this method does not provide the information about the rectification mode and the compensation mode of APFs, especially, the loss for each mode was not considered at all. This is very important to understand the compensation operation characteristics of APFs. Therefore, this paper proposes the graphical representation of the instantaneous compensation power flow for single-phase APFs considering the instantaneous rectification mode and the instantaneous inversion mode. Three cases are verified in this paper - without compensation, with compensation of the active power 'p' and the fundamental reactive power 'q', and with compensation of only the distorted power 'h'. To ensure the validity of the proposed approach, PSIM simulation is achieved. As a result, we could confirm that the proposed approach was easy to explain the instantaneous compensation power flow considering the instantaneous rectification mode and the instantaneous inversion mode of APFs, also, Total Harmonic Distortion(THD)/Power Factor (P.F) and Fast Fourier Transform(FFT) analysis were compared for each case.

Frequency Analysis of the Sweepback Cavity in the Scramjet Engine (스크램제트 엔진 내 후퇴각 공동의 주파수 특성 분석)

  • Jeong, Eun-Ju;Jeung, In-Seuck;O'Byrne, Sean;Houwing, A.F.P.;Kang, Sang-Hun;Yang, Soo-Seok
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • pp.293-296
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    • 2007
  • Using the T3 free-piston shock tunnel in ANU, the cavity frequency and flow characteristics of no mass-injection, inclined mass-injection before the cavity, parallel or reverse mass-injection in the cavity are investigated in the case of Mach 3.7 inflow condition. No mass-injection doesn't have the harmonic frequencies but has high amplitude of pressure spectrum at 10 kHz. Inclined mass-injection attenuates the cavity flow fluctuation as disturbing the shear layer reflection at the trailing edge. Parallel mass-injection flow reflects at the trailing edge of the cavity directly hence, increases the cavity flow fluctuation at high injection pressure.

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Effects of a Static Synchronous Series Compensator (SSSC) Based on a Soft Switching 48-Pulse PWM Inverter on the Power Demand from the Grid

  • Ustun, Taha Selim;Mekhilef, Saad
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.85-90
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    • 2010
  • In this paper the effects of a Static Synchronous Series Compensator, which is constructed with a 48-pulse inverter, on the power demand from the grid are studied. Extensive simulation studies were carried out in the MATLAB simulation environment to observe the compensation achieved by the SSSC and its effects on the line voltage, line current, phase angle and real/reactive power. The designed device is simulated in a power system which is comprised of a three phase power source, a transmission line, line inductance and load. The system parameters such as line voltage, line current, reactive power Q and real power P transmissions are observed both when the SSSC is connected to and disconnected from the power system. The motivation for modeling a SSSC from a multi-pulse inverter is to enhance the voltage waveform of the device and this is observed in the total harmonic distortion (THD) analysis performed at the end of the paper. According to the results, the power flow and phase angle can be controlled successfully by the new device through voltage injection. Finally a THD analysis is performed to see the harmonics content. The effect on the quality of the line voltage and current is acceptable according to international standards.

Power-factor improvement of residential solar air-conditioner power system (가정용 태양광 에어컨 전원시스템의 역률 개선)

  • Park, Y.J.;Mun, S.P.;Park, J.W.;Suh, K.Y.;Kim, Y.M.
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.6-8
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    • 2002
  • Generally in solar air conditioning system, the diode rectifier is used to build up DC link voltage from AC source. The diode rectifier is simple and cheap but it brings out the problems of low power factor and plentiful harmonics at the AC source. Also It can degrade the utilization rate of solar energy because the reverse of power flow cannot be made. Hence, in this paper to overcome the peak power problems in summer and to endure good AC input characteristics, solar air conditioning system using the PWM converter is proposed. A high input power factor of 97[%] and an efficiency of 98[%] are also obtained. The harmonic guide lines of proposed rectifier is no interfered with inverter switching, resulting in a simple, reliable and low cost ac to dc converters in comparison with the boost type current improving circuits.

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Estimation of Conductivity Tensor of Fractured Rocks from Single-hole Packer test (단정 주입시험 결과를 이용한 단열암반의 수리전도도 분석)

  • 장근무;이은용;김창락;이찬구;김현주
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.13-25
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    • 2000
  • A three-dimensional discrete fracture network model based on probabilistic characteristics of fracture geometry and transmissivity was designed to calculate the conductivity tensor and to estimate theanisotropy of conductivity. The conductivities, $K_p$, obtained from the numerical simulation of single-holepacker test corresponded well to those from the field tests. From this, it can be concluded that thefracture network model designed in this study can represent hydraulic characteristics of in-situ fractured rock mass. Block-scale conductivities, $K_b$, estimated from the modelling of steady-state flow through the REV-scale block were ranged between the arithmetic mean and harmonic mean of theconductivity estimates from packer tests. The conductivity along north-south direction was 1.4 timesgreater than that along the east-west direction. It was concluded that the anisotropy of conductivitywas insignificant. It was also found that there was a little correlation between $K_b$ and $K_p$. This would be to that the conductivities from the packer test simulation was strongly dependent on thetransmissivity and the number of fractures within the packer test intervals.

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Stochastic Properties of Water Quality Variation in Downstream Part of Han River (한강 하류부의 수질변동에 대한 추계학적 특성(I) - 특히 뚝도 및 노량진 지점의 DO, 탁도, 수온의 변동을 중심으로 -)

  • 이홍근
    • Water for future
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.23-36
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    • 1982
  • The stochastic variations and structures of time series data on water quality were examined by employing the techniques of autocorrelation function, variance spectrum, Fourier series, autoregressive model and ARIMA model. These time series included hourly and daily observation on DO, turbidity, conductivity pH and water temperature. The measurement was made by automatic recording instrument at Noryangjin and Dook-do located in the downstream part of Han River during 1975 and 1976. Hourly water quality time series varied with the dominant 24-hour periodicity, and the 12-hour periodicity was also observed. An important factor affecting 24-hour periodic variation of DO is believed to be photosynthesis by algae. These phenomena might be attributable to periodic discharges of municipal sewage. Noryangjin site showed the more distinct 12-hour periodicity than Dook-do site did, and tidal effect might be responsible for the difference. The water quality, as measured by DO and turbidity, was better in the afternoon compared with the quality in the morning. This change can be explained by the periodic variation of DO, temperature and the amount of municipal wewage discharge. It was also observed that the water temperature at Noryangjin was higher than the temperature at Dook-do. This difference might have been caused by the pollutants that were added to the section between two sites. The correlation coefficients between some of the variables were fairly high. For example, the coefficient was -0.88 between DO and water temperature, 0.75 between turbidity and river flow, and 0.957 between water temperature and air temperature. The lag time of heat transfer from the air to the water was estimated as 24 days. The first order auto-regressive model was appropriate for explaning standardized hourly DO time series. The ARIMA model of (1, 0, 0) type provided relatively satisfactory results for daily DO time series after the removal of significant harmonic value.

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Studies on Voice Changes Associated with Alcohol Intake (음주에 따른 음성 변화에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Jung-Hyun;Yoon, Je-Hwan;Cho, Hyung-Ho;Cho, Yeon;Cho, Jae-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Laryngology, Phoniatrics and Logopedics
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.18-22
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    • 2002
  • Background and Objectives : It has been pointed out that alcohol intake in human beings induces changes in voice register and maximum phonation time. These changes supposedly result from injection of the vibratory vocal folds. The purpose of this study was to clarify the voice changes associated with alcohol intake and the changes of laryngeal mucosa. Materials and Methods : The subjects included 29 volunteers, including 20 men and 9 women ranging in age from 22 to 31 years. Alcohol intake was accomplished by oral administration of 23% soju 1 bottle (255cc). Serum alcohol concentration levels were evaluated hourly for 3 h after ingestion of alcohol. Seven measurements were performed at pre-alcohol intake and post-alcohol intake hourly : fundamental frequency, jitter, shimmer, noise to harmonic ratio as the acoustic analysis, maximal phonation time, mean flow rate, and subglottal pressure as the aerodynamic analysis. The changes of laryngeal mucosa were evaluated by flexible laryngoscope at each measurement. Results : By comparing the acoustic and aerodynamic data and laryngeal mucosa before and after alcohol intake, there were not remarkable changes (p>0.05). Conclusion : The voice and laryngeal mucosa have not remarkably changed according to alcohol concentration in this study. Furthermore studies on the voice change induced by multiple alcohol concentrations are required.

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