• Title, Summary, Keyword: pH

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Effect of pHs on Morphological and Cultural Characteristics of Alkalophilic Coryneform Bacteria TU-19 (호알칼리성 Coryneform Bacteria TU-19의 형태적, 배양적 특성에 미치는 pH효과)

  • Choi, Myoung-Chul;Yang, Jae-Sub;Hwang, Cher-Won;Kang, Sun-Chul
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.41 no.5
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    • pp.337-341
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    • 1998
  • The morphological and cultural characteristics of alkalophilic Coryneform bacteria TU-19 were investigated at various pHs. This bacterium showed normal growth pattern at $pH\;9.0{\sim}10.0$, but the cell growth was completely inhibited at extreme pH (12.0 or more). Interestingly, at pH 8.0 the morphology of the bacterial cells seems to form convoluted filaments during the exponential growth phase while at pH 10.0, the optimal pH for the growth of this organism, the bacteria grew with variable paired or single forms, and straight rods during growth stages. Growing in alkaline media $(pH\;9.0{\sim}11.0)$, it adjusted the pH of the culture media to around pH 8.5 by itself.

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Esophageal pH and Combined Impedance-pH Monitoring in Children

  • Shin, Myung Seok
    • Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.13-22
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    • 2014
  • Esophageal pH monitoring is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease because of the normal ranges across the pediatric age range. However, this method can only detect acid reflux. Multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH (MII-pH) monitoring has recently been used for the detection of bolus reflux in infants and children. This method allows for the detection of liquid, gas or mixed reflux in addition to acid, weakly acidic or weakly alkaline reflux. MII-pH monitoring can record the direction of flow and the height of reflux, which are useful parameters to identify an association between symptoms and reflux. However, the technique is limited by its high cost and the lack of normative data of MII-pH in the pediatric population. Despite certain limitations, MII-pH monitoring will become more common and gradually replace pH monitoring in the future, because pH monitoring is part of MII-pH.

Investigation of Gold and Silver Nanoparticles as Acid-base pH Indicators and Their Transition pH Ranges

  • Jung, Byoung Gue;Jo, Jihee;Yu, Jin Won;Lim, Jong Kuk
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.35 no.12
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    • pp.3595-3600
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    • 2014
  • Monitoring of pH, especially under highly alkaline conditions, is necessary in various processes in the industrial, biotechnological, agricultural, and environmental fields. However, few pH indicators that can function at highly alkaline levels are available, and most of which are organic-based pH indicators. Several years ago, it was reported that gold nanoparticles prepared using trisodium citrate dihydrate were rapidly aggregated at pH values higher than ~12.7. A shift of surface plasmon resonance for such aggregated gold nanoparticles can be applied to pH indicators, allowing for the substitution of traditional organic-based pH indicators. The most important characteristic of pH indicators is the transition pH range. Herein, gold and silver nanoparticles are prepared using different reducing agents, and their transition pH ranges are examined. The results showed that all nanoparticles prepared in this study exhibit similar transition pH ranges spanning 11.9-13.0, regardless of the nanoparticle material, reducing agents, and concentration.

Analysis of Post-LOCA pH for Korea Nuclear Units (국내 원자력발전소의 LOCA사고에 따른 pH 분석)

  • Hyung Won Lee;Yung Hee Kang;Jae Hee Kim
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.179-187
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    • 1983
  • The pH of containment spray and sump water following a LOCA for KNU 5'||'&'||'6 and KNU 1 was calculated to see if pH design criteria of containment spray system established by USNRC were met. The pH calculations have been made for the two cases; maximum pH and minimum pH. For KNU 5'||'&'||'6, results showed that long term sump pH values calculated for the maximum pH and minimum pH case well met the pH requirement of at least 8.5 and spray pH for the maximum case slightly exceeded the range of design criteria (8.5 to 11.0). For KNU 1, pH requirement of long term sump pH was also met, however, spray pH value for the maximum pH case was very largely greater than that of current pH requirement. (No pH requirement of containment spray water has been established at the time of designing KNU 1) In order to find the design parameters of containment spray system which are expected to meet the spray pH requirement, several calculations were wade, by changing the input parameters to "LCCAPH". Finally, it was shown that the boric acid concentration in RWST (refueling water storage tank), which was the primary sources of containment spray water during injection mode, be maintained the range of 2750 ppm to 2850 ppm, or tile flow rate of NaOH added to spray water he kept between 10 gpm to 24 gpm.

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Degradation of Aromatic Pollutants by UV Irradiation (UV조사에 의한 방향족오염물의 분해)

  • Min, Byoung-Chul;Kim, Jong-Hyang;Kim, Byung-Kwan
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.502-509
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    • 1997
  • Aromatic pollutants(benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes) were photodegraded by using a UV oxidation and the rates of degradation were investigated under various reaction conditions. Each of the solution containing 50 ppm benzene, 150 ppm ethylbenzene and 250 ppm xylenes was found UV-photodegraded over 90% in 1 hour of reaction time, wheras the only was 43 % degradation was obtained with 350 ppm toluene solution. A single component solution was more degradable than a mixed component solution and benzene was almost photodegraded at a pH 4.0, 6.4 and 10.0 after reaction time is 1 hr, ehtylbenzene was photodegraded about 92%(pH 4.0), 90%(pH 6.4) and 91%(pH 10.0), xylenes was photodegraded about 95%(pH 4.0), 90%(pH 6.4) and 92%(pH 10.0), but toluene was photodegraded about 80%(pH 4.0), 43%(pH 6.4) and 70%(pH 10.0), respectively. Kinetics studies show that the rate of decay in TOC(total organic carbon) were pseudo first-order rate except ethylbenzene, and then we could evaluate mineralization rate constants(k) of aromatics.

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Effects of pH on the Activity of Lipase Isolated from Milk Fat Globules (유지방구로부터 분리한 Lipase의 활성에 미치는 pH의 영향)

  • 김거유
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.101-106
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    • 2000
  • Effects of Ph on the activity of lipase isolated from milk fat globules were investigated, using coconut oil and homogenized milk as substrate. With buttermilk as an enzyme source for coconut oil and homogenized milk substrates bell-shaped curve was observed at $37^{\circ}C$, having the highest activity at pH 9.5. However, lipase activity at $0^{\circ}C$ continuously increased up to pH 10.0. With the purified lipase for homogenized milk substrate, the bell -shaped curve and the highest activity were observed at $37^{\circ}C$ and pH 9.0, respectively. Lipase activity at $0^{\circ}C$ increased up to pH 10.0. The addition of bovine serum albumin to the coconut oil shifted the optimum pH to pH 9.5 and the activity remarkably declined at pH 10.0. The effect of pH on the stability of purified lipase was depending on the temperature. Wehn the lipase kept at $37^{\circ}C$ for 20 minutes, it's activity remarkably declined as pH increased: the activity at pH 10.0 was declined by 13% of that pH 8.5. However, when the lipase kept at $4^{\circ}C$ for 60minutes, the activity was stable within the range of pH 7.5 to 10.0.

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Effects of Simulated Acid Rain on the Growth, Nutrient Status of Korean Pine (Pinus koraiensis) Seedlings and Soil Acidification (인공산성우(人工酸性雨)가 잣나무 묘목(苗木)의 생장(生長), 영양상태(營養狀態) 및 토양산성화(土壤酸性化)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Jin, Hyun-O;Kim, Eun-Young;Lee, Choong Hwa
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.89 no.3
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    • pp.422-430
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    • 2000
  • Three-year-old Pinus koraiensis seedlings, transplanted in brown forest soils originating from granite were treated with simulated acid rain of pH concentrations 5.6(control), 4.0, 3.0, 2.5 and 2.0 for 210 days from April 21 to November 17, 1999. Visible injury of the seedlings were observed at the pH 2.0 and pH 2.5 treatments. The total dry weight of the seedlings decreased at pH 2.0 treatment compared with that of the control, and T/R ratio increased at pH 2.0 treatment compared with others. The elements in each part of the seedlings, concentrations of Ca, P and content of chlorophyll in needles increased at the pH 2.0 treatment compared with the control. The concentration of N in the needles of the seedlings increased as the soil pH decreased. As the treated pH was lowered, soil pH has decreased, and concentrations of Ca, Mg, Al, and Mn increased, especially at pH 4.4. In addition, there was a strong correlation(r=0.90, p<0.05 ; r=-0.94, p<0.01) between the dry weight of the seedlings and the pH and Al concentration of the soils. Therefore, the pH and Al concentration in the soil may be useful indicator for assessing the effect of acid rain on the growth of woody plants.

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Characterization of a pH/Temperature-Sensitive Hydrogel Synthesized at Different pH and Temperature Conditions (pH/온도-동시 민감성 Hydrogel의 합성조건에 따른 특성 연구)

  • 유형덕;정인식;박창호
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.548-555
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    • 2000
  • A hydrogel, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-N, N-dimethylaminopropylmethacrylamide), sensitive to both pH and temperature, was synthesized and characterized at $^13∼23{\circ}C$ and pH of 10.3∼12.3. The gel was more transparent and mechanically stronger at lower preparation temperature and pH. Large pores observed in scanning electron microscope seem to be responsible for the lower biomolecular separation efficiency. The lower critical solution temperature (LCST) decreased at a higher polymerization temperature. At $25^{\circ}C$, which is lower than the LCST, the gel was swollen regardless of the solution pH. At $40^{\circ}C$, however, the gel was swollen at neutral and acidic pHs even though the temperature was higher than the LCST. The gel collapse pH, defined as the point at which the gel made its largest volume decrease per unit pH increment, increased as the gel preparation temperature increased.

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Stabilization of Bacillus lichemiformis $\alpha$-Amulase by Modification with IO$_4$-Oxidized Soluble Starch (과요오드산 산화당에 의한 효소의 안정성)

  • 금종화
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.263-268
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    • 2001
  • NaIO$_4$-산화 전분당을 Bacillus licheniformis의 $\alpha$-아밀라아제의 반응시켜서 시프염기 형성으로 당단백질로 변형시켜서 안정성을 확인하였다. 10$0^{\circ}C$에서의 열안정성은 10분 뒤에, pH 9.7에서 변형한 효소 비변형 효소의 순으로 높았다. 그러나 변형 및 안정성에 $\alpha$-cyclodextrin($\alpha$-CD)을 사용한 결과 큰 차이는 나지 않았다. pH 8.0에서 $\alpha$-CD 존재하에 변형한 효소는 pH 8~11dml 알칼리쪽에서 가장 높은 안정성을 나타냈으나, pH 5~7사이에는 다른 효소보다 낮았다. pH 9.7에서 변형하지 않은 효소는 pH 5부터 pH 13까지 서서히 증가하였고 pH 9.7에서 $\alpha$-CD존재 하의 효소는 pH 5부터 7까지 증가하다가 그 후 pH13까지 서서히 감소하였다. $\alpha$-CD존재하의 비변형 효소는 pH 7과 10에서 피크를나타낸 다음 pH12이후에는 급격히 낮아졌다. 변형한 효소는 HPLC 의 유출시간이 빨라wu서 변형하지 않은 효소보다 분자량이 큰 것으로 나타났다. 분자량 크기는 비변형 효소

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Spectral Reflectance Patterns by Artificial Acid Rain in Pinus and Quercus species

  • Lee, Seong-Ho;Kim, Cheol-Min;Oh, Dong-Ha
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.382-386
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    • 1998
  • The objectives of this study are to reveal relationship between tree physiology and spectral reflectance on effects of artificial acid rain and to obtain basic data on optimal wave length for forest of LRC sensor on KOMPSAT-2. Three pH levels of artificial acid rain - control, pH4.5 and pH3.0 - were applied to Pinus and Quercus species. Three types of the acid rain were spraied at the amount of 500m1 in every two days. Spectral reflectance data was collected once in a month by using GER 1500 (350~2500nm) or Ll 1800(300~1100nm) Spectroradiometer. The data was measured three times in a pH level. The results of this study are as follows; in April, the spectral reflectance of Pinus species was high in order at the level of pH3.0, control and pH4.5; in May, control, pH3.0 and pH4.5; in June, control, pH4.5 and pH3.0. That of Quercus species was high in the order of control, pH4.5 and pH3.0 in May; in June, control, pH3.0 and pH4.5, especially, within infrared wave length range, control, pH4.5 and ph3.0.

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