• Title, Summary, Keyword: pancreatic endocrine cells

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Immunoelectron Microscopic Study on the Endocrine Pancreas of the Native Korean Goat: Colocalization of Bovine Pancreatic Polypeptide and Chromogranin (한국재래산양 췌장 내분비세포의 면역전자현미경적 연구 : bovine pancreatic polypeptide와 chromogranin의 공존)

  • Lee, Jae-Hyun
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.122-129
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    • 1995
  • Pancreatic endocrine cells of the native Korean goat were investigated immunocytochemically at electron microscopic level. All glucagon-, insulin-, somatostatin- and pancreatic polypeptide(PP)-immunoreactive cells were showed chromogranin(CG) immunoreactivity in the secretory granules of each cells. In addition, bovine pancreatic polypeptide immunoreactivity was found to be colocalized in the secretory granules of the glucagon and insulin cells. These observations support that chromogranin is available as the marker of pancreatic endocrine cells on the native Korean goat and BPP colocalized in the secretory granules of glucagon and insulin cells.

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Immunohistochemistry of the Pancreatic Endocrine Cells of the Red-eared Slider (Trachemys scripta elegans)

  • Ku, Sae-Kwang;Lee, Hyeung-Sik;Lee, Jae-Hyun;Park, Ki-Dae
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.187-193
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    • 2000
  • Regional distribution and relative frequency of endocrine cells in the pancreas of the red-eared slider, Trachemys scripta elegans, were investigated by immunohistochemical methods. Chromogranin (Cg) A-, serotonin-, insulin-, glucagon-, somatostatin-, bovine pancreatic polypeptide (BPP)- and human pancreatic polypeptede (HPP)-immunoreactive cells were identified in this study. Most of immunoreactive cells in the exocrine and endocrine pancreas (Langerhans islet) were generally spherical or spindle-shaped (open-typed cell), while occasionally cells round in shape (close-typed cell) were found in the basal portion or interepithelial regions of the pancreatic duct. These immunoreactive cells were located in the exocrine, endocrine pancreas and/or basal or interepithelial portion of the pancreatic duct. Serotonin-immunoreactive cells were found in the basal portion of epithelia of the pancreatic duct at a low frequency and interacinar region of the exocrine at a moderate frequency. Insulin-immunoreactive cells were found in the central portion of the endocrine pancreas, interacinar regions of the exocrine pancreas and basal portion of the epithelia of the pancreatic duct at high, moderate and low frequencies, respectively. Glucagon-immunoreactive cells were detected in the periphery of the endocrine pancreas, interacinar region of the exocrine pancreas and basal portion of the epithelia or interepithelia of the pancreatic duct at high, moderate and moderate frequencies, respectively. Somatostatin-immunoreactive cells were dispersed in the whole area of the endocrine pancreas, interacinar regions of exocrine pancreas and basal portion of the epithelia or interepithelia of the pancreatic duct at a moderate frequency. BPP- and HPP-immunoreactive cells were detected in the iinteracinar region of the exocrine pancreas at moderate and hige frequencies, respectively. However, no Cg A- and motilin-immunoreactive cells were detected in this study.

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An Immunohistochemical study of the gastro-entero-pancreatic endocrine cells in the alimentary tract and the pancreas of the fresh water turtle, Geoclemys reevesii (남생이 위장관 및 췌장 내분비세포에 관한 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Kim, Jong-beom;Lee, Jae-hyun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.321-331
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    • 1992
  • The regional distribution and relative frequency of gastrointestinal endocrine cells were studied immunohistochemically in the gastrointestinal mucosa and pancreas of the fresh water turtle. Ten kinds of endocrine cells were identified in the gastrointestinal tract. Cholecystokinin-8-, bovine pancreatic polypetide-and glucagon-immunoreactive cells were seen throughout the gastrointestinal tract, also among them cholecystokinin-8-immunoreactive cells were most predominant in segment III. Although gastrin- and gastrin/cholecystokinin-immunoreactive cells were found from segment III to VI and X, respectively, they were numerous in segment III. Somatostatin-immunoreactive cells were observed from segment I to VII. 5-hydroxytryptamine- immunoreactive cells were detected in segment I, III, VIII, IX and X. Human pancreatic polypeptide-immunoreactive cells were demonstrated in segment V, VI, VIII, IX and X. Insulin-immunoreactive cells were found from segment III to X except for segment VIII, but rare in segment VII. Neurotensin-immunoreactive cells were found to be restricted to segment VIII, IX and X. No porcine chromogranin-, substance P- and bombesin-immunoreactive cells were detected throughout the gastrointestinal tract of the fresh water turtle. Although typical mammalian pancreatic islets encapsulated by connective tissue were not present in this species, five kinds of endocrine cells-glucagon, insulin, somatostatin, bovine pancreatic polypeptide and 5-hydroxytryptamine-were found in forming small or large groups and scattered in the exocrine gland region. However porcine chromogranin- and motilin-immunoreactive cells could not be demonstrated in the pancreas.

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An immunohistochemical study of the endocrine cells in the common pancreatic ducts of the Korean native goat (한국재래산양의 대췌관에서 내분비세포의 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-hyun;Lee, Hyeung-sik
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.263-267
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    • 1997
  • The distribution and relative frequencies of the endocrine cells were studied immunohistochemically in the common pancreatic ducts of the Korean native goat with serotonin, glucagon, insulin, BCG, BPP and somatostatin antisera. Serotonin-, glucagon-, BCG-, BPP- and somatostatin-immunoreactive cells were detected in the basal portion of the mucosal gland in the common pancreatic ducts of the Korean native goat but insulin-immunoreactive cells were not detected. The function of these immunoreactive cells and appearance of other immunoreactive cells in the common pancreatic ducts of the Korean native goat were remains unknown.

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An immunohistochemical study of endocrine cells in the alimentary tract and pancreas of the toad, Bufo bufo gargarizans Cantor (두꺼비(Bufo bufo gargarizans cantor)에서 위장췌내분비세포의 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Lee, Hyeung-sik;Ku, Sae-kwang;Park, Ki-dae;Lee, Jae-hyun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.17-26
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    • 2000
  • The regional distribution and relative frequencies of endocrine cells were studied immunohistochemically (PAP methods) in the alimentary tract and pancreas of the toad, Bufo bufo gargarizans Cantor using specific antisera against bovine Sp-1/chromogranin (BCG), serotonin, bombesin, gastrin, substance P (SP), somatostatin, insulin, glucagon, pancreatic polypeptide (PP), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and secretin. Nine kinds of endocrine cells were identified in this study. Spherical or spindleshaped immunoreactive (IR) cells were located in the gastric glands of stomach regions, in the basal portion of the epithelium of intestinal tract or esophagus, and in the exocrine or pancreatic islets with variable frequencies. In the alimentary tract, BCG-IR cells were found in the fundus and pylorus with rare and a few frequencies, respectively. Serotonin-IR cells were demonstrated in the whole alimentary tract including the esophagus. Bombesin- and SP-IR cells were restricted to the stomach regions and gastrin-IR cells were restricted to the pylorus. Somatostatin-IR cells were detected throughout the whole alimentary tract except for the large intestine, However, insulin-, glucagon-, PP-, VIP- and secretin-IR cells were not detected in the alimentary tract. In the pancreas of toad, the distribution and relative frequency of endocrine cells were similar to those of other mammals. Insulin-IR cells were located in the central portion of the pancreatic islets and interspaces of exocrine portions, and glucagon-, somatostatin- and PP-IR cells were detected in the marginal regions of the pancreatic islets and interspaces of exocrine. However, other IR cells were not found in the pancreas. In conclusion, the regional distribution and relative frequency of the endocrine cells in the alimentary tract and pancreas of the toad were similar to other anuran species but some differences which might be caused by feeding habits and species specification were also observed.

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Immunohistochemical study on the gastro-entero-pancreatic(GEP) endocrine cells of the blue fox, Alopex lagopus (북극여우의 위장췌 내분비세포에 관한 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-hyun;Lee, Hyeung-sik
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.369-379
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    • 1993
  • The regional distribution and the relative frequencies of endocrine cells were studied in nine portions of the blue fox GI tract, and the distribution pattern and cell types of the pancreatic endocrine cells were also studied in the pancreas by immunohistochemical method. Six kinds of immunoreactive cells were identified in the GI tract, and four kinds of immunoreactive cells were also identified in the pancreas. Although numerous 5-HT- and somatostatin-immunoreactive cells were seen throughtout the GI tract, somatostatin-immunoreactive cells were a few in the intestine. Very numerous Gas/CCK-immunoreactive cells were restricted generally in the pyloric region and duodenum. Numerous glucagon-immunoreactive cells were found in the stomach except the pyloric region, and generally a few in the intestine. Moderate number of BPP-immunoreactive cells were found in the stomach except the pyloric region, and a few in the large intestine. Numerous porcine CG-immunoreactive cells were restricted to the cardiac and fundic region. In the pancreas, four types of pancreatic endocrine cells-somatostatin-, glucagon-, BPP- and insuline-immunoreactive-were identified in the pancreatic islet and exocrine portion. These results suggest that the regional distribution, the relative frequencies and cell types of the GEP endocrine cells in the GI tract and pancreas varies considerably among the species.

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An Immunohistochemical study of the gastro-entero-pancreatic endocrine cells of the insectivorous Korean mole, Talpa micrura coreana (한국산 두더지의 위장췌내분비세포에 관한 면역조직학적 연구)

  • Lee, Hyeung-sik;Lee, Jae-hyun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.747-755
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    • 1996
  • The regional distribution and relative frequencies of the gastro-entero-pancreatic endocrine cells were studied immunohistochemically in the GIT and pancreas of the Korean mole. Seven kinds of endocrine cells were identified in this study. Although 5-HT- and somatostatin-immunoreactive cells were seen throughout the GIT, they were most predominant in the pyloric gland region. Glucagon-immunoreactive cells were restricted on the large intestine. Bovine CG-immunoreactive cells were more frequent in the stomach than in the intestines which were not detected in the duodenum. Numerous Gas/CCK-immunoreactive cells were found in the pyloric gland region, but rarely in the jejunum and ileum. BPP-immunoreactive cells were observed to be rare in the stomach and ileum but were a few in number in the intestines. In the pancreas, four types, namely, glucagon-, somatostatin-, BPP- and insulin-immunoreactive cells were identified in the pancreatic islets and exocrine portion. These results suggest that although endocrine cells of the Korean mole is less abundant in the duodenum, the distribution pattern of its gastro-entero-pancreatic endocrine cells is similar to that reported for the Korean hedgehog.

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The morphological and immunohistochemical changes of endocrine pancreas by pancreatic duct ligation in chicken (췌관을 결찰한 닭 췌장 내분비부의 형태학적 및 면역조직화학적 변화)

  • Ku, Sae-kwang;Lee, Jae-hyun;Lee, Hyeung-sik
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.253-262
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    • 1997
  • To investigate morphological changes in the endocrine pancreas of chicken after pancreatic duct ligation, experimental animals were subdivided to control, 12 hours, 1 day, 2 days, 4 days, 7 days and 10 days groupes and all of three pancreatic ducts of chicken were ligated by surgical procedure and then the morphological changes were observed. In pancreatic islets, the vacuolation and invasion of connective tissue were occurred in all experimental groups and dissociation of pancreatic islets was detected in 4 days after pancreatic duct ligation and hold out to 10 days. The peak of the morphological changes in pancreatic islets was detected in 4 days after pancreatic duct ligation. In the results of immunohistochemical methods against glucagon, insulin, somatostatin and bovine pancreatic polypeptide(BPP), the number of immunoreactive pancreatic islets were decreased but the size increased with time, so the number of immunoreactive cells in each pancreatic islets were increased. Glucagon-immunoreactive cells were not changed but insulin-immunoreactive cells were decreased with time(p<0.05). BPP-immunoreactive cells were increased in 2 days after pancreatic duct ligation and then decreased with time(p<0.05). Somatostatin-immunoreactive cells were increased with time(p<0.05) in dark islets.

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An immunohistochemical study of the pancreatic endocrine cells in the cat-shark, Scyliorhinus torazame (두툽상어 췌장에 출현하는 내분비세포의 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-hyun;Lee, Nam-soo;Lee, Hyeung-sik;Kim, Jong-beom
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.27-32
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    • 1991
  • The pancreatic endocrine cells of the cat-shark, S. torazame, were studied using immunohistochemical method. Five kinds of endocrine cells (glucagon-, somatostatin-, insulin-, 5-HT-and BPP-immunoreactive cells) identified in this study. The chracteristic findings of the distributions of five immunoreactive cells were as follows. Glucagon-immunoreactive cells were detected as clustering group in the epithelia of the interlobular duct and singly the pancreatic acini, respectively. Insulin -immunoreactive cells were moderately observed in the epithelia of the interlobular duct or in the periphery of the islet. Somatostatin-immunoreactive cells were distributed in single or mass groups in the epithelia of the interlobular duct and the exocrine gland of the pancreas. A very few 5-HTimmunoreactive cells were seen in the periphery of the islet and the acini of the pancreas-BPP-immunoreactive cell was singly located in the periphery of the pancreatic islet, but GAS/CCK-and Chromogranin-immunoreactive cells were not found in this study.

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Immunohistochemical study on the gastro-entero-pancreatic(GEP) endocrine cells of the blue fox, Alopex lagopus (북극여우의 위장췌 내분비세포에 관한 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-hyun;Lee, Hyeung-sik
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.579-589
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    • 1993
  • The regional distribution and the relative frequencies of endocrine cells were studied in nine portions of the blue fox GI tract, and the distribution pattern and cell types of the pancreativc endocrine cells were also studied in the pancreas by immunohistochemical method. Six kinds of immunoreactive cells were identified in the GI tract, and four kinds of immunoreactive cells were also identified in the pancreas. Although numerous 5-HT- and somatostatin-immunoreactive cells were seen throughout the GI tract, somatostatin- immunoreactive cells were a few in the intestine. Very numerous Gas/CCK-immunoreactive cells were restricted generally in the pyloric region and duodenum. Numerous glucagon-immunoreactive cells were found in the stomach except the pyloric region, and generally a few in the intestine. Moderate number of BPP-immunoreactive cells were found in the stomach except the pyloric region, and a few in the large intestine. Numerous porcine CG-immunoreactive cells were restricted to the cardiac and fundic region. In the pancreas, four types of pancreatic endocrine cells- somatostatin-, glucagon-, BPP- and insulin-immunoreactive- were identified in the pancreatic islet and exocrine portion. These results suggest that the regional distribution, the relative frequencies and cell types of the GEP endocrine cells in the GI tract and pancreas varies considerably among the species.

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