• Title, Summary, Keyword: pancreatic polypeptide

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Immunoelectron Microscopic Study on the Endocrine Pancreas of the Native Korean Goat: Colocalization of Bovine Pancreatic Polypeptide and Chromogranin (한국재래산양 췌장 내분비세포의 면역전자현미경적 연구 : bovine pancreatic polypeptide와 chromogranin의 공존)

  • Lee, Jae-Hyun
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.122-129
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    • 1995
  • Pancreatic endocrine cells of the native Korean goat were investigated immunocytochemically at electron microscopic level. All glucagon-, insulin-, somatostatin- and pancreatic polypeptide(PP)-immunoreactive cells were showed chromogranin(CG) immunoreactivity in the secretory granules of each cells. In addition, bovine pancreatic polypeptide immunoreactivity was found to be colocalized in the secretory granules of the glucagon and insulin cells. These observations support that chromogranin is available as the marker of pancreatic endocrine cells on the native Korean goat and BPP colocalized in the secretory granules of glucagon and insulin cells.

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Immunohistochemical study on the insulin-, glucagon-, somatostatin-, and pancreatic polypeptide secreting cells in Korean native goat (한국재래산양 췌장의 insulin, glucagon, somatostatin 및 pancreatic polypeptide 분비세포에 관한 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Lee, Heungshik S.;Lee, In-se;Kang, Tae-cheon;Kim, Jin-sang;Yi, Seong-joon
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.45-54
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    • 1995
  • Pancreatic endocrine cells containing glucagon, insulin, somatostatin and pancreatic polypeptide were identified in the pancreas of the Korean native goat by using immunohistochemical method. Glucagon immunoreative cells were oval or fusiform in shape and located at the periphery of the pancreatic islets. Insulin immunoreactive cells were round or oval in shape and occupied throughout the pancreatic islets except the small area of the periphery. Somatostatin immunoreative cells were oval and elliptical, and mainly located at the periphery of the pancreatic islets. Some of these cells had a cytoplasmic process. Pancreatic polypeptide immunoreactive cells were elliptical or polyhedral and located at the periphery of the pancratic islets where two or more cells formed a cell cluster. The distribution rates of glucagon, insulin, somatostatin and pancreatic polypeptide immunoreactive cells were 24.4%, 44.3%, 13.2% and 18.1% respectively.

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Electron microscopic study on the insulin-, glucagon-, somatostatin-, and pancreatic polypeptide secreting cells in Korean native goat (한국재래산양 췌장의 insulin, glucagon, somatostatin 및 pancreatic polypeptide 분비세포에 관한 전자현미경적 연구)

  • Lee, Heungshik S.;Lee, In-se;Kang, Tae-cheon;Won, Moo-ho;Yi, Seong-joon
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.55-65
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    • 1995
  • Ultrastructures of pancreatic endocrine cells containing glucagon, insulin, somatosratin and pancreatic polypeptide were studied in the pancreas of the Korean native goat by immunohistochemical and elecron microscopy. Glucagon immunoreatctive cells were round or fusiform in shape and contained secretory granules of 200-260 nm in diameter. The secretory granules were high in electron density and had a halo between the limiting membrane and the central granule core. Insulin immunoreactive cells were round or oval in shape, and contained various sizes of secretory granules from 135 to 300 nm in diameter. The secretory granules were low or moderate electron density and had a variform halo. Somatostatin immunoreactive cells were elliptical or fusiform shape with cytoplasmic processes. They contained the secretory granules of 140-320 nm with moderate electron densities. Pancreatic polypeptide immunoreactive cells were elliptical or fusiform and contained small secretory granules with high electron densities. The secretory granules were 120-230 nm in diameter and the least in number.

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Mechanism of Action of Pancreatic Polypeptide (PP) on Pancreatic Exocrine Secretion in Isolated Rat Pancreas

  • Lee, Yun-Lyul;Kwon, Hyeok-Yil;Park, Hyung-Seo;Park, Hyoung-Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.83-90
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    • 1997
  • Aim of this study was to investigate if pancreatic polypeptide (PP) reduced the insulin action via the intra-pancreatic cholinergic nerves in the isolated rat pancreas. The pancreas was isolated from rats and perfused with intra-arterial infusion of modified Krebs-Henseleit solution containing 2.5 mM glucose at a flow rate of 1.2 ml/min. Simultaneous intra-arterial infusion of insulin (100 nM) resulted inpotentiation of the pancreatic flow rate and amylase output which were stimulated by cholecystokinin (CCK, 14 pM). These potentiating actions of insulin on the CCK -stimulated pancreatic exocrine secretion were completely abolished by administration of rat PP. Vesamicol, a potent inhibitor of vesicular acetylcholine storage, and tetrodotoxin (TTX) also significantly reduced the combined actions of insulin and CCK. Administration of carbamylcholine, an acetylcholine agonist, completely restored the vesamicol- or TTX-induced inhibition of the potentiation between insulin and CCK. Also rat PP failed to attenuate the restoring effect of carbamylcholine. Electrical field stimulation (15-30 V, 2 msec and 8 Hz) resulted in a significant increase in the pancreatic flow rate and amylase output in voltage-dependent manner. Effects of electrical field stimulation were augmented by endogenous insulin. Rat PP also suppressed the pancreatic exocrine secretion stimulated by electrical field stimulation. These observations strongly suggest that PP inhibits the potentiating actions of insulin on CCK -stimulated pancreatic exocrine secretion by suppression of the intra-pancreatic cholinergic activity in the isolated rat pancreas.

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Regional distribution and relative frequency of the gastrin, secretin and pancreatic polypeptide-immunoreactive cells in the gastrointestinal tract of the fetus of Korean native goat (한국재래산양 태자의 위장관에 있어서 gastrin, secretin 및 pancreatic polypeptide 면역반응세포의 분포 및 출현빈도에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hyeung-sik;Ku, Sae-kwang;Lee, Jae-hyun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.12-19
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    • 1999
  • The regional distributions and relative frequencies of the gastrin, secretin and pancreatic polypeptide(PP)-immunoreactive cells in the gastrointestinal tract of the fetus(180 days of gestation) of Korean native goat were studied with immunohistochemical(ABC) methods. Gastrin-immunoreactive cells were detected in fundus, pylorus and duodenum and these cells were most predominant in pylorus. Secretin-immunoreactive cells were observed in pylorus, duodenum and ileum. PP-immunoreactive cells were restricted to fundus. These immunoreactive cells were situated in surface epithelium and mucosal gland regions. The regional distribution and relative frequency of PP-immunoreactive cells was somewhat different to the adult Korean native goat. Immunoreactive cells in the surface epithelial regions were open typed cells which were spindle shaped cells but closed typed cells which were round or/to spherical shaped cells were observed in the mucosal gland regions.

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Immunohistochemical study on the Bovine chromogranin, Serotonin and Bovine pancreatic polypeptide immunoreactive cells in the pancreas of the duck(Anas platyrhynchos platyrhyncos, Linne) (청둥오리 췌장에서 bovine chromogranin, serotonin 및 bovine pancreatic polypeptide 면역반응세포의 분포에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-hyun;Ku, Sae-kwang;Lee, Hyeung-sik
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.232-238
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    • 1998
  • The distributions and relative frequencies of bovine chromogranin(BCG)-, serotonin-, and bovine pancreatic polypeptide(BPP)-immunoreactive cells in the pancreas of the duck(Anas plaryrhynchos plaryrhyncos, Linne) were studied immunohistochemically on 23 days of incubation, at hatching, 1 week, 2 weeks, 3 weeks, 5 weeks, 6 weeks, 7 weeks, 9 weeks, 10 weeks, and 32 weeks after hatching. In the exocrine portions, the relative frequencies of BCG- and serotonin-immunoreactive cells tend to decrease according to ages. BPP-immunoreactive cells first appeared 1 week after hatching, and thereafter decreased. These cells were mainly observed in the exocrine pancreas and marginal region of the pancreatic islets. In the endocrine portions, BCG-, serotonin- and BPP-immunoreacteve cells disappeared 2 weeks, 9 weeks and 5 weeks after hatching, respectively.

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Immunohistochemical study of neurotensin-, pancreatic polypeptide- and gastrin/cholecystokinin-immunoreactive cells in the gastrointestinal tract of the bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana during developmental stages (개체발생에 따른 황소개구리(Rana catesbeiana) 위장관에서 neurotensin, pancreatic polypeptide 및 gastrin/cholecystokinin 면역반응세포에 대한 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Lee, Hyeung-sik;Ku, Sae-kwang;Lee, Jae-hyun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.20-26
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    • 1999
  • To investigate the regional distribution and relative frequency of the neurotensin-, pancreatic polypeptide(PP)- and gastrin/cholecystokinin(Gas/CCK)-immunoreactive cells in the gastrointestinal tract of the bullfrog(Rana catesbeiana) with developmental stages, group of bullfrogs subdivided into the tadpole with hindlegs, metamorphosed bullfrog with tail, 2 weeks after metamorphosed bullfrog and adult bullfrog, were stained by immunohistochemical methods (PAP methods). Neurotensin-immunoreactive cells were observed from the pylorus of the metamorphosed bullfrog with tail, but these cells were not detected after that periods. PP-immunoreactive cells were detected from the adult bullfrog in the pylorus, duodenum and ileum. These cells were most predominant in the pylorus. Gas/CCK-immunoreactive cells were observed from the adult bullfrog in the pylorus. According to these results, most of immunoreactive cells in the gastrointestinal tract of the bullfrog were appeared after the complete metamorphosed periods, in which the complete differentiation of structure of gastrointestinal tract were occurred, and variable changes of the regional distribution and relative frequency with developmental stages were observed.

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A Short Review on Human Functional Neuropeptide Y Receptors

  • Kothandan, Gugan;Cho, Seung Joo
    • Journal of the Chosun Natural Science
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.65-71
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    • 2012
  • Neuropeptide Y (NPY), a 36-amino acid polypeptide, is a member of the pancreatic polypeptide family, which consists of NPY, peptide YY (PYY) and pancreatic polypeptide (PP). The neuropeptide Y (NPY) receptors called Y receptors belongs to G-protein coupled that are involved in a variety of physiological functions such as appetite regulation, circadian rhythm and anxiety. Five receptor subtypes have been cloned in mammals (Y1, Y2, Y4, Y5, and Y6) of which four are functional. In this short review, information about the functional NYP receptors was analyzed. Sequence analyses were done between these receptors to identify the relationships between them. Phylogram was generated between these receptors to identify the close homologue between these receptors. Our sequence analyses found that Y1 and Y4 receptors are close than the other receptors. Further structure based analysis could be useful to identify subtype selective antagonists and dual antagonists targeting Y1 and Y4 receptors.

Immunohistochemical study of pancreatic poly-peptide-immunoreactive cells in the pancreas of the Korean native goat (Capra hircus) during developmental stages (발생단계에 따른 한국재래산양 췌장에서 pancreatic polypeptide 면역반응세포에 대한 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Ham, Tae-su
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.421-430
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    • 2000
  • The regional distribution and relative frequency of the pancreatic polypeptide (PP)-immunoreactive cells in the pancreas of the Korean native goat (Capra hircus) were studied by immunohistochemical methods (PAP methods) using specific antisera against to PP during developmental stage, fetus, neonate, 1-month-old, 6-month-old and adult. The different regional distribution and relative frequency of PP-immunoreactive cells in the pancreas of Korean native goat were observed during development. In the exocrine portions, they were detected in the all ages and distributed in the interacinar regions. PP-immunoreactive cells were increased from neonate to 1-month-old but thereafter decreased with developmental stage. In the pancreatic duct, PP-immunoreactive cells were demonstrated from 1-month-old but they were decreased with developmental stages in these regions. These cells were observed in the subepithelial connective tissue of the pancreatic duct with a few frequencies in 1-and 6-month-old. However, they were located in the interepithelial cells of the pancreatic duct in the adult with rare frequency. In the endocrine portion (pancreatic islets), PP-immunoreactive cells were observed from neonate, and the regional distribution of PP-immunoreactive cells from 1-month-old was divided into two patterns : dispersed 1) in the marginal regions of the pancreatic islets with moderate or a few frequencies, and 2) in the whole pancreatic islets (in a case of 1-month-old) or in the central cores (in a case of 6-month-old and adult) with numerous frequency. In conclusion, the different regional distribution and relative frequency of PP-immunoreactive cells in the pancreas of the Korean native goat were observed during development. It is suggested that the changing of feeding habits and physiological conditions during different developmental stages may cause these differences.

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An Immunohistochemical study of the gastro-entero-pancreatic endocrine cells in the alimentary tract and the pancreas of the fresh water turtle, Geoclemys reevesii (남생이 위장관 및 췌장 내분비세포에 관한 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Kim, Jong-beom;Lee, Jae-hyun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.321-331
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    • 1992
  • The regional distribution and relative frequency of gastrointestinal endocrine cells were studied immunohistochemically in the gastrointestinal mucosa and pancreas of the fresh water turtle. Ten kinds of endocrine cells were identified in the gastrointestinal tract. Cholecystokinin-8-, bovine pancreatic polypetide-and glucagon-immunoreactive cells were seen throughout the gastrointestinal tract, also among them cholecystokinin-8-immunoreactive cells were most predominant in segment III. Although gastrin- and gastrin/cholecystokinin-immunoreactive cells were found from segment III to VI and X, respectively, they were numerous in segment III. Somatostatin-immunoreactive cells were observed from segment I to VII. 5-hydroxytryptamine- immunoreactive cells were detected in segment I, III, VIII, IX and X. Human pancreatic polypeptide-immunoreactive cells were demonstrated in segment V, VI, VIII, IX and X. Insulin-immunoreactive cells were found from segment III to X except for segment VIII, but rare in segment VII. Neurotensin-immunoreactive cells were found to be restricted to segment VIII, IX and X. No porcine chromogranin-, substance P- and bombesin-immunoreactive cells were detected throughout the gastrointestinal tract of the fresh water turtle. Although typical mammalian pancreatic islets encapsulated by connective tissue were not present in this species, five kinds of endocrine cells-glucagon, insulin, somatostatin, bovine pancreatic polypeptide and 5-hydroxytryptamine-were found in forming small or large groups and scattered in the exocrine gland region. However porcine chromogranin- and motilin-immunoreactive cells could not be demonstrated in the pancreas.

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