• Title, Summary, Keyword: pear pectin

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The Effect of Pear Pectin on Blood Pressure, Plasma Renin ANP and Cardiac Hypertrophy in Hypertensive Rat Induced by 2K1C (배 추출 펙틴이 2K1C 고혈압 흰쥐의 혈압, 혈장 Renin, ANP 및 Cardiac Hypertrophy 에 미치는 영향)

  • Na, Chang-Su;Yun, Dae-Hwan;Choi, Dong-Hee;Kim, Jeong-Sang;Cao, Chun-Hua;Eun, Jong-Bang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.700-705
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    • 2003
  • Oriental pear was used as treatment of asthma, control of blood pressure tonic medicine vasoactio, diabetes in oriental medicine. In this study, it was investigated that pear pectin effects on cardiovascular system as blood pressure and renin and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in plasma, cardiac hypertrophy. The experiments were performed on Sprague-Dawley rats, 2K1C hypertension model was prepared by constricting the left renal artery with a sliver clip. Animals were then divided into four groups, 5 mg/kg, 10 mg/kg, 15 mg/kg and the control, pear pectin and apple pectin solutions were supplied with them. The blood pressure was more decreased in pear pectin 10 mg/kg than in apple pectin. The plasma ANP was decreased in pear pectin 10 mg/kg, and renin was increased in same concentration of drug. Cardiac hypertrophy had a tendency to decrease in pear pectin 15 mg/kg, but was not statistically significant compared to control group.

The Effect of Woohwang with Pear Phenolic compound on Blood Pressure, Plasma Renin, ANP in Hypertensive Rat Induced by 2K1C (우황(牛黃) 및 Pear Phenolic compound가 백서(白鼠)의 혈압(血壓) 변화(變化), 혈장(血漿) Renin, ANP에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Youn, Dae-Hwan
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.143-150
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    • 2006
  • Oriental pear was used as treatment of asthma, control of blood pressure tonic medicine diabetes in oriental medicine, Pear Pectin was effective on control of blood pressure in previous report. In this study, it was investigated that Woohwang with pear extractions effects on cardiovascular system as blood pressure and renin and Atrial natriuretic peptide(ANP) in plasma. The 2K1C hypertension model was prepared by constricting the left renal artery with a sliver dip. Animals were then divided into three groups, control, Woowhang:Pear Phenolic compound(1:1), Woowhang:Pear Phenolic compound(2:1),Woowhang:Pear Phenolic compound(1:2) were supplied with them. Direct-blood pressure was measured at femoral vein, Indirect-blood pressure was measured at rodent tail. The results are as follows. The blood pressure was more significantly decreased at 1:2(woohwang:pear phenolic compound)group than other groups. On 6,9,12,15days, the blood pressure was significantly decreased in 1:2(woohwang:pear phenolic compound)group. The plasma ANP was significantly increased in 1:2(woohwang:pear phenolic compound)group. It tenders to decrease in 1:2(woohwang:pear phenolic compound)group on plasma renin. Based on the above results it is assumed that oral administration of Woohwang with Pear Phenolic compound(1:2) can help the treatment of hypertension.

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Investigation of Reactive Conditions to Extract Pectin with Exo-polygalacturonase from Pear Pomace (배박에서 펙틴의 추출을 위한 Exo-polygalacturonase의 반응조건 검토)

  • Yuk, Hyun-Gyun;Choi, Jin-Ho;Cho, Yong-Jin;Ha, Jung-Uk;Hwang, Yong-Il;Lee, Seung-Cheol
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.971-976
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    • 1999
  • Exo-polygalacturonase (EPG) from Rhizopus sp. was applied to the extraction of pectin from pear pomace because EPG produces pectin by solubilizing protopectin. The content of total galacturonic acid in water-alcohol insoluble pectin (WAIP) was determined as 34.6%. Pear pomace was solubilized by using EPG, with regarding reaction pH, temperature, time and ratio of enzyme to substrate in order to find optimum condition. While the yield by an acidic treatment was 6.2%, the maximum yield by an enzymatic treatment was 23.4% under the extraction condition of pH 7.8, $60^{\circ}C$, 36 hr and 1/10 of enzyme/substrate. At this condition, the purity and methoxyl content of enzyme-extracted pectin were, respectively, 34.7% and 0.7%, while those of acid-extracted pectin were, respectively, 71.1% and 5.0%. Meanwhile, the average molecular weight of pectin extracted by the enzymatic method was $2.5{\times}10^{3}$ while that of acid-solubilized pectin was $8.4{\times}10^{3}$.

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Physicochemical Properties and Glucose Transport Retarding Effect of Pectin from Flesh of Asian Pear at Different Growth Stages (생장단계별 배 과육에서 추출된 펙틴의 이화학 특성 및 포도당 흡수 저해 효과)

  • Zhang, Xian;Lee, Fan Zhu;Eun, Jong-Bang
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.491-496
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    • 2008
  • Properties of pectin extracted from flesh of Asian pear in 3 cultivars were investigated at different growth stages. The extraction yields of pectin by the acidic treatment decreased during the growth. The $L^*$ value of young fruit was lower than unripe and ripe fruit, and $a^*$ and $b^*$ value were higher in the same cultivars. The degree of esterification (DE) and intrinsic viscosity of pectin were 21.1-41.3% and 1.90-3.81 dL/g, respectively. The pectin extracted from flesh of pear showed about 30% glucose retarding effect. The DE value had a high correlation with retarding effect on glucose transport and intrinsic viscosity (p<0.01 and p<0.05). The intrinsic viscosity of the pectin seems to affect the retardation of glucose transport in blood. Pectin extracted from flesh of Asian pear by acidic treatment could be a good source to develop low calorie and functional food.

Changes of Phenolic Compounds and Pectin in Asian Pear Fruit during Growth (배의 생장시기에 따른 페놀성물질과 펙틴의 변화)

  • Zhang, Xian;Lee, Fan-Zhu;Eun, Jong-Bang
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.7-13
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    • 2007
  • The changes in phenolic compounds and pectin content were investigated during the growth of 3 cultivars (Hosui, Niitaka and Chuwhangbae) of Asian pear (Pyrus pyrifolria) fruits. The amounts of total phenolic compounds in peel, flesh and core was 20.61-22.98mg/g, 0.87-1.23mg/g and 6.39-37.96mg/g during early growth, respectively, and decreased with pear growth. Arbutin, chlorogenic acid and epicatechin were detected in each part of all three cultivars during early growth; of these, arbutin content was the highest. Caffeic acid, catechin and 4-hydroxymethyl benzoic acid were detected in the peel and core during the ripening process. The total pectin content in the flesh of Hosui, Niitaka, and Chuwhangbae cultivars decreased from 5.93mg/g, 5.99mg/g and 5.40mg/g to 1.07mg/g, 1.60mg/g and 1.63mg/g, respectively. Of the soluble pectins, the hydrochloric acid-soluble pectin content was the highest, 3.21-3.45mg/g, and decreased during growth.

Changes of Fruit Characteristics and Cell Wall Component during Maturation and Ripening in Asian Pear 'Hanareum', 'Manpungbae', and 'Niitaka' (Pyrus pyrifolia Nakai) ('한아름', '만풍배' 및 '신고' 배의 성숙 기간 중 과실특성 및 세포벽 관련물질의 변화)

  • Vu, Thi Kim Oanh;Lee, Ug-Yong;Choi, Jin-Ho;Lee, Han-Chan;Chun, Jong-Pil
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.345-356
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    • 2012
  • We investigated the changes of fruit quality parameters, polysaccharide contents and cell wall components during maturation and ripening of two Korean pear cultivar 'Hanareum' and 'Manpungbae' compared with 'Niitaka' pear (Pyrus pyrifolia Nakai) which showed different physiological maturity based on days after full bloom (DAFB). Flesh firmness decreased continuously with fruit development and maturation, reaching a final level of 29.4, 33.5, and 27.4N at maturity in 'Hanareum' (127 DAFB), 'Manpungbae' (163 DAFB), and 'Niitaka' (170 DAFB), respectively. The level of ethylene production was very low in early season 'Hanareum' pear which showed at most 0.39 ${\mu}L{\cdot}L^{-1}$ at maturity and no ethylene was detected in 'Manpungbae' and 'Niitaka' at maturity. Fructose was the most abundant soluble sugar during fruit maturation in the pears tested and an increase of sucrose was observed during fruit ripening in the Asian pears commonly. Ethanol insoluble solids (EIS) content decreased gradually with different levels among the pear cultivars as fruit ripens consisted of 10.79, 12.72, and 12.75 $mg{\cdot}g^{-1}$ FW. The amount of total soluble polyuronides was higher in early season cultivars 'Hanareum' than those of mid-season cultivar 'Manpungbae' and 'Niitaka'. In 'Niitaka' which harvested most late season, the level of 4% KOH soluble hemicelluloses was lower than 'Hanareum' and 'Manpungbae' and maintained constantly during fruit ripening period. Cellulosic residues were determined high level in 'Niitaka' which showed 612.33 ${\mu}g{\cdot}mg^{-1}$ EIS at maturity when compared with 'Hanareum' (408.0 ${\mu}g{\cdot}mg^{-1}$ EIS) and 'Manpungbae' (538.67 ${\mu}g{\cdot}mg^{-1}$ EIS). The main constituents of cell wall neutral sugars which consisted of arabinose, xylose, galactose, and glucose were decreased gradually with onset of fruit ripening regardless of cultivar. Arabinose which was predominant in 'Hanareum' pear decreased at the last stage of ripening, but the changes of cell wall neutral sugar during ripening were not occurred in 'Niitaka' pear. The change of molecular mass distribution in water soluble pectin observed dominantly at the early stage of fruit development. Depolymerization of 4% KOH-soluble hemicelluloses and degradation of xyloglucan showed in early-season cultivar 'Hanareum' during fruit maturation, and degradation of those fractions were detected only at the early stage fruit development in mid-season cultivar 'Manpungbae' and 'Niitaka'. The molecular mass profile of CDTA soluble pectin, $Na_2CO_3$-SP and 24% KOH soluble hemicelluloses showed no significant change during fruit maturation regardless of cultivar.

반응표면분석에 의한 손바닥 선인장 열매의 겔타입 파우치 제조

  • 김정옥;이기동;권승혁;권중호
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Postharvest Science and Technology of Agricultural Products Conference
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    • pp.125.2-126
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    • 2003
  • 손바닥 선인장(Opuntia ficus indica var. saboten)은 열대지역 유래의 다년초로서 열매와 줄기를 공복에 갈아 마시면 변비치료, 이뇨효과, 장운동의 활성화 및 식욕증진에 효능이 있으며, 선인장 줄기는 오래전부터 피부질환, 류머티스 및 화상치료에 이용되어 왔다 선인장 열매(prickly pear pulp)는 14.5%의 고형분 함량을 가지고 있으며, 0.21%의 단백질, 0.12%의 지방, 0.44%의 회분, 0.19%의 pectin 이외에 미량의 비타민 A와 C 그리고 여러 종류의 무기질을 포함하고 있다. 선인장 열매로부터 분리된 pectin 성분은 콜레스테롤 수치를 낮추는 효과가 있다고 보고된 바 있다. 본 연구에서는 손바닥 선인장의 소비 확대 방안의 일환으로 손바닥 선인장 열매를 이용한 겔타입 파우치 제품의 개발을 위한 최적의 제조조건을 확립하고자 하였다. 이를 위하여 손바닥 선인장 열매의 추출특성을 반응표면분석에 의해 모니터링하고, 최적조건에서 얻은 추출물을 이용하여 제조한 파우치 제품의 관능적 특성을 검토하였다. 그 결과 가용성 고형분 함량은 추출온도 82.7$0^{\circ}C$, 추출시간 118.98min 및 용매비 24.91 $m\ell$/g일 때 최대값을 나타내었으며, 총페놀성화합물 함량의 최대값은 578.96 $\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$으로 추출온도 89.37$^{\circ}C$, 추출시간 144.77 min 및 용매비 22.81 $m\ell$/g일 때였다. 전자공여능은 추출 온도 97.26$^{\circ}C$, 추출시간 109.30 min, 용매비 19.73 $m\ell$/g일 때 최대값을 나타내었다. 손바닥 선인장 열매의 겔타입 파우치에 대한 관능검사 결과, 최대의 관능점수를 나타내는 배합비는 전반적인 기호도가 3.75점으로 xanthan gum의 함량이 0.11%, 당의 함량이 6.59%, 사과식초의 함량이 1.34%인 것으로 나타났다.

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손바닥 선인장 열매 추출물의 기능성

  • 김정옥;이기동;권중호
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Postharvest Science and Technology of Agricultural Products Conference
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    • pp.142.2-142
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    • 2003
  • 손바닥 선인장(Opuntia ficus indica)은 중심자목 선인장과에 속하는 다년생 초본으로 열매는 서양배 모양이며 많은 종자가 들어있고 다량의 점질물을 함유하고 있다. 손바닥 선인장 열매(prickly pear pulp)는 14.5%의 고형분 함량을 가지고 있으며, 0.21%의 단백질, 0.12%의 지방, 0.44%의 회분, 0.19%의 pectin 이외에 미량의 비타민 A와 C 그리고 여러 종류의 무기질을 포함하고 있다. 주요 당류로서 sucrose(68.7%), fructose(18.0%) 및 glucose(12.8%)를 함유하고 있으며, 점질다당류의 구성분인 mannose 가 0.5% 포함되어 있다. 손바닥 선인장 열매는 높은 혈중 콜레스테롤, 염증 및 비만 등의 치료에 유용한 것으로 알려져 있다. 본 연구에서는 손바닥 선인장 열매 추출물의 기능적 특성을 반응표면분석에 의해 모니터링 하였다. 그 결과 환원당 함량은 최대값이 33.39 mg%로 추출온도 69.87$^{\circ}C$, 추출시간 68.84 min및 시료에 대한 용매비 16.29 ml/g일 때였다. 총 플라보노이드 함량은 추출온도 89.7$0^{\circ}C$, 추출시간 170 min 및 시료에 대한 용매비 17.07 ml/g일 때 2,03 mg%로 최대값을 나타내었다. 펙틴 함량은 추출온도 96.54$^{\circ}C$, 추출시간 135.28 min및 시료에 대한 용매비 20.02 nWg일 때 최대값 82.04 mg%를 나타내었으며, 비타민 C 함량은 추출온도 61.8$0^{\circ}C$, 추출시간 101.98 min 및 시료에 대한 용매비 12.14 ml/g일 때 최대값이 3.76 mg%였다.

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Comparison of Changes in Cell Wall Characteristics during Storage in 'Niitaka' and 'Pingguoli' Pear Fruits (동양배 '신고'와 '사과배' 과실의 저장 중 세포벽 특성의 변화 비교)

  • Kim, Jin-Gook;Piao, Yilong;Chun, Jong-Pil;Kataoka, Ikuo;Hwang, Yong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2009
  • The characteristics of fruit ripening and cell wall modifications of two oriental pear fruits were compared during storage. The loss of fresh weight was lower in 'Pingguoli' than 'Niitaka', probably due to the difference in wax accumulation and skin structure. 'Pingguoli' produced much higher amount of ethylene and showed climacteric ripening pattern, but this response was not found in 'Niitaka'. A significant difference in soluble pectin contents was found, thus, the amount of water soluble pectins were much higher in 'Niitaka' at harvest but this difference was not significant at later stage of storage. A severe loss of water soluble pectins in 'Niitaka' was confirmed whereas a similar tendency was not found in CDTA soluble ones. Even the amount of $Na_2CO_3$ soluble pectins was relatively low, 'Pingguoli' contained approximately 2 times higher than 'Niitaka' and both cultivars showed an increasing tendency in $Na_2CO_3$ soluble polymers at later stage of storage. No significant difference in alkali soluble polysaccharides (hemicelluloses fraction) was found between both cultivars. There was a significant change in gel filtration profiles regardless of cultivars, especially in water soluble pectins resulting from severe depolymerization probably due to degradation of higher molecular weight pectins and loss of their side chains. In gel filtration profiles of $Na_2CO_3$ soluble pectins, neutral sugars were evenly distributed regardless of molecular size of pectic polymers but the decrease of high molecular weight fraction was found. In comparison of alkali soluble polymers, a similar trend was found, that is, there was no difference in gel filtration profiles but 'Niitaka' seemed to have longer side chains in alkali soluble polysaccharides in both 4% and 24% of KOH soluble fractions.

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