• Title, Summary, Keyword: pedagogical content knowledge

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Science Teaching Practice and Science Teaching Efficacy Beliefs by Development of Elementary School Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge (초등교사의 과학 교과교육학 지식의 발달이 과학 교수 실제와 교수 효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Cheong-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.258-272
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    • 2003
  • This study explored the effectiveness of science teaching practice and science teaching efficacy beliefs by development of elementary school teachers' pedagogical content knowledge. Three research questions are formulated: 1) Is there any relationship between the development of teachers' pedagogical content knowledge and the science teaching efficacy beliefs? 2) How does the development of teachers' pedagogical content knowledge affect the science teaching practice? 3) How do the science teaching efficacy beliefs affect the science teaching practice? 120 subjects were chosen in 53 public elementary schools. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected and analyzed to triangulate the results. Results indicate that the development of teachers' pedagogical content knowledge and science teaching efficacy beliefs are more developed in accordance with teachers' teaching career and academic career are increased. There are significant relationships between teachers' science pedagogical content knowledge and science teaching efficacy beliefs. The more the teachers' pedagogical content knowledge, the more confident in science teaching practice. The more the science teaching efficacy beliefs, the more confident in science teaching practice. Also these teachers tried to present teaching objectives and learning problems in the beginning stages of science lessons, and they tried to review each learning stage.

Literature Review: Pedagogical Content Knowledge as Specialized Knowledge for Teaching

  • Lee, Eun-Mi
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.27 no.8
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    • pp.699-710
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    • 2007
  • During the last two decades, many researchers have attempted to understand pedagogical content knowledge (PCK). Now it is time to think about how to apply the theoretical aspects of PCK to practice. In an attempt to address this issue, it is indispensable to review the existing literature on teachers' knowledge bases and PCK. Therefore, the purposes of this paper are to look at how the concept of PCK has been developed and extended over the past two decades as well as to provide a shared understanding of PCK for the practical use of this concept in teacher education programs. The paper begins with a discussion of various models of teachers' knowledge as conceptualized by several renowned researchers, moves on to a review of existing research focusing on the knowledge of science teachers, then examines the literature on PCK as a critical part of teachers' professional knowledge, and finally concludes with an integrated operational definition of PCK that can be employed into designing teacher education programs.

An Analysis on the Prospective Elementary Teachers' Knowledge in the Case of Division of Fractions (예비 초등 교사들의 분수 나눗셈에 대한 지식 분석)

  • Pang, Jeong-Suk;Li, Yeping
    • The Mathematical Education
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.291-310
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    • 2008
  • This article is based on an international collaborative study that aimed to investigate mathematical preparation of prospective elementary teachers in several selected education systems in East Asia. This article reports the Korean portion of the study. A survey instrument was developed to explore not only prospective teachers' knowledge of elementary mathematics curriculum and their beliefs in their preparation and mathematics instruction but also their subject matter knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge on the topic of fraction division. A total of 291 seniors in 3 universities participated in the survey. The results reveal these prospective teachers' strengths and weaknesses with regard to their knowledge of fraction division, and suggest that content-specific pedagogical knowledge needs to be emphasized in the teacher preparation program.

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Preservice elementary teachers' pedagogical content knowledge of addition and subtraction (예비초등교사의 덧셈과 뺄셈에 관한 교수학적 지식)

  • 이종욱
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.447-462
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to Investigate the preservice elementary teachers' pedagogical content knowledge of addition and subtraction. The subjects for data collection were 29 preservice elementary teachers and data were collected through open ended problems. The findings imply that the preservice elementary teachers show low level of understanding of addition and subtraction such as the word problem posing and the contexts of part-part-whole and compare. The research results indicate that the preservice elementary teachers possess primarily a procedural knowledge of pedagogical content knowledge and don't understand relationship with real-world situation. This study provide the information available on developing program for preservice elementary teachers.

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Exploration of Teaching Elements on Pedagogical Content Knowledge(PCK) for Teaching Professional Growth (교수 전문성 신장을 위한 내용 교수 지식(PCK) 관련 교수활동 요소의 탐색)

  • Won, Hyo-Heon
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.231-244
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to explore domains and elements of pedagogical content knowledge(PCK) for effective teaching in secondary schools. The value of PCK lies essentially in its relation with specific topics. Teachers' PCK becomes through making explicit the nature of their pedagogical reasoning and the associated decision making within the context of teaching content. This study propose the process of PCK research and development. The theoretical definition of PCK, basic directions of PCK development were discussed. This research provides teachers with an opportunity to think about what is important in the teaching of a topic and why and to consider possibilities for future development.

Roles of Teachers in Learning Study: A Case Study in Teaching Fractions

  • Wong, Tak Wah;Lai, Yiu Chi
    • Research in Mathematical Education
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.47-61
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    • 2013
  • This paper aims to explore whether Learning Study improves teachers' subject content knowledge, pedagogical content knowledge, and attitude toward teaching mathematics. A Learning Study was conducted in a Hong Kong primary school for a research lesson on comparing the size of fractions to explore the new teacher roles.

Development of TPACK-P Education Program for Improving Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge of Pre-service Teachers

  • Kim, Seong-Won;Lee, Youngjun
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.22 no.7
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    • pp.141-152
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    • 2017
  • As the importance of technology increases, so too does its use in various areas. In education, technology is often used. However, due to teachers' lack of knowledge about technology, they often remain at the level of simple utilization, without applying it to learning. Thus, there is a growing need for Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK), which enables teachers to have knowledge about technology and use it appropriately given the content. Although TPACK studies are underway in many subjects, they suffer from the limited functionality of the included technology. To solve this problem, in this study, the range of technology in TPACK was extended to programming, and a TPACK-P model was developed to teach this expanded TPACK to pre-service teachers. To verify the effectiveness of this model, the TPACK-P training program developed during the 15th classes was applied to 19 pre-service teachers. We used Park and Kang (2014) as a tool to measure these teachers' TPACK before and after treatment to observe any changes. The results showed that the TPACK-P education program showed statistically significant improvement in all areas except Pedagogical Content Knowledge(PCK). Compared with the ICT-based TPACK training program, which was administered to a control group, the TPACK-P training program proved to be more effective in the development of Technological Pedagogical Knowledge(TPK) and TPACK among pre-service teachers.

Application of TPACK-P Educational Program for Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge of In-service Teachers' (교사의 테크놀로지 교수 내용 지식 향상을 위한 TPACK-P 교육 프로그램 적용)

  • Kim, Seong-Won;Lee, Youngjun
    • Proceedings of The KACE
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    • pp.217-220
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    • 2017
  • 테크놀로지의 발전에 따라 교육에서도 테크놀로지를 도입하기 위한 움직임이 활발하게 진행되었다. 교육에서는 테크놀로지를 학생들이 학습 과정에서 겪는 문제점을 해결하기 위한 목적으로 활용하였다. 하지만, 교사들의 테크놀로지에 대한 전문성 부족으로 인하여, 교사들은 수업에 테크놀로지를 도입하는데 많은 어려움을 겪고 있었다. 테크놀로지를 기반으로 한 교사의 수업 전문성 발달을 위하여 테크놀로지 교수 내용 지식(TPACK)이 도입되었고, 교사의 TPACK 향상을 위한 연구가 많이 진행되었다. 최근에는 테크놀로지가 가진 한계점을 극복하기 위하여 새로운 테크놀로지 도구로써 프로그래밍이 주목받고 있다. 따라서 선행 연구에서는 프로그래밍을 기반으로 TPACK 교육 프로그램을 향상시키기 위한 교육 프로그램이 개발되었다. 본 연구에서는 김성원과 이영준(2017)에서 개발한 TPACK 교육 프로그램의 효과를 검색하기 위한 연구를 진행하였다. 교사에게 적합한 40차시의 TPACK-P 교육 프로그램을 개발하였고, 연구를 위하여 모집한 17명의 교사를 대상으로 교육 프로그램을 적용하였다. 또한, 교사의 TPACK 변화를 관찰하기 위하여 박기철과 강성주(2014)의 연구에서 개발한 검사 도구를 교육 프로그램 투입 전, 후에 실시하였다. 적용 결과, TPACK-P 교육프로그램을 통하여 교사의 TPACK은 통계적으로 유의미한 향상이 나타났다. 세부 영역에서는 Pedagogical Knowledge(PK), Technological Knowledge(TK), Technological Content Knowledge(TCK), Technological Pedagogical Knowledge(TPK), Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge(TPACK)에서 통계적으로 유의미한 차이가 나타났다. 하지만, Content Knowledge(CK)와 Pedagogical Content Knowledge(PCK)에서는 통계적으로 유의미한 차이가 나타나지 않았다. 이러한 결과를 통하여 TPACK-P 교육 프로그램이 모든 영역은 아니지만, 테크놀로지와 관련된 지식과 교사의 TPACK 발달에 효과적인 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 본 연구에서는 TPACK-P 교육 프로그램을 통한 교사의 TPACK 변화를 검사 도구를 통하여 측정하였다. 후속 연구에서는 TPACK-P 교육 프로그램에 참여한 교사의 수업 전문성의 변화와 학교 현장에서 수업의 변화, 이에 대한 학생들의 반응을 측정하는 연구가 필요하다.

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The Structural Model Analysis of Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Teaching Efficacy and Teacher's Attitude for Childhood Music Education (유아음악교육에 대한 교수내용지식, 교수효능감과 교사의 태도 간의 구조분석)

  • Kim, Ji-Woon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.270-278
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    • 2018
  • In this study, the Pedagogical Content Knowledge for childhood's music education and Teacher's Efficacy empirically examined the relationship between teachers' attitudes through structural equation model analysis. Data were collected for 132 infant teachers working for early childhood educational institutions for this study. Structural equation model analysis was performed using SPSS and AMOS. In this research, conformity to the research model was appropriate. Pedagogical content knowledge for childhood's music education clearly confirmed the relationship between the teacher's efficacy, the attitude variables of the teacher. The Pedagogical Content Knowledge for childhood's music education proved to have a meaningful influence on the attitude of the teacher for music education. The Pedagogical Content Knowledge for childhood's music education proved to have a meaningful influence on Teacher's Efficacy for music education. The Pedagogical Content Knowledge for childhood's music education has been found to influence the attitude of the teacher indirectly with the intermediation of Teacher's Efficacy. The effect of the parameter was the effect of the partial parameters. The results of this study can be used as basic material important for strengthening the expertise of young children's teachers for music development of young children. In particular, it was confirmed that the knowledge variable of the content of the music professor of an infant teacher is a very important variable in early childhood music education.

A Study on Elementary Preservice Teachers' Subject Matter Knowledge and Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Fraction-related Operations: A Teacher Education Perspective (예비 초등 교사들의 분수 연산에 관한 내용적 지식과 교수학적 지식 수준에 대한 연구: 교사교육적 관점)

  • 서관석;전경순
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.103-113
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    • 2000
  • A case study was conducted to investigate the understandings of the subject matter knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge held by 63 elementary preservice teachers in dealing with the division by a fraction. The study results showed that, in terms of the subject matter knowledge, the preservice teachers did not have a conceptual understanding of the division by a fraction and, in terms of the pedagogical content knowledge, they depended heavily on algorithms without a conceptual understanding of the meaning of the division by a fraction.

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