• Title, Summary, Keyword: pedagogical content knowledge

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Comparative Analysis of the PCK of Teachers on Plane Figure and Their Educational Practice (평면도형에 대한 교사의 PCK와 수업 실제의 비교 분석)

  • Kwak, Ju-Cheol;Ryu, Heui-Su
    • School Mathematics
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.423-441
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the Pedagogical Content Knowledge(PCK) of teachers and their educational practice in the category of plane figure, to make a comparative analysis of their PCK and educational practice, and to discuss the relationship between their PCK and the characteristics of their instruction. Instruction of four selected elementary school teachers was analyzed to find out their educational practice. In conclusion, the characteristics of the PCK and actual instruction of the teachers could be listed as below: First, as a result of comparing their PCK and educational practice on plane figure by applying selected analysis criteria, there was a close correlation between their PCK and actual instruction. Second, the teachers had various levels of PCK on different areas. Especially, there was a large disparity in mathematical content knowledge and knowledge of teaching methods. Third, the teachers who had plenty of PCK were more excellent in textbook reconstructing, and those who fell behind in terms of PCK were more reliant on textbooks as if the textbooks had been the Bible.

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A Study on Improvement of the TPACK Educational Program based on Programming (프로그래밍 기반 TPACK 교육 프로그램의 개선 연구)

  • Kim, Seong-Won;Lee, Youngjun
    • Proceedings of The KACE
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    • pp.21-23
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    • 2018
  • 테크놀로지의 중요성이 증가함에 따라 다양한 영역에 테크놀로지가 활용되고 있다. 교육에서도 효과적인 학습을 촉진하기 위하여 테크놀로지를 도입하고 있다. 하지만 테크놀로지에 대한 교사의 지식 부족으로 인하여 맹목적인 테크놀로지 활용이 이루어지고 있다. 이러한 문제를 해결하기 위하여 TPACK 연구가 활발하게 진행되고 있으며, 김성원과 이영준(2017)은 프로그래밍을 도입한 TPACK-P 교육 프로그램을 개발하였다. TPACK-P 교육 프로그램은 예비 교사의 Technological Pedagogical Knowledge (TPK), Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK), Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) 발달에는 효과적이었지만, Technological Content Knowledge (TCK)에는 영향을 주지 않았다. 본 연구에서는 이러한 문제를 해결하기 위하여 프로그래밍 기반 수업 사례 탐색 및 분석을 보완한 TPACK-P 교육 프로그램을 개선하였다. 개선한 TPACK-P 교육 프로그램이 예비 교사의 TPACK에 미치는 영향을 살펴보기 위하여, K 대학에 다니고 있는 예비 교사 20명을 대상으로 개선한 TPACK-P 교육 프로그램을 적용하였다. 예비 교사의 TPACK 변화를 살펴보기 위하여 박기철과 강성주(2014)의 TPACK 검사 도구를 사용하였다. 이러한 실험을 통하여 TPACK-P 교육 프로그램은 예비 교사의 TPACK 향상에 효과적인 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 또한, TPACK의 모든 세부 영역의 발달에 효과적인 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 본 연구에서는 단일 집단을 대상으로 개선한 교육 프로그램을 적용하였다. 향후 연구에서는 대조군을 설정하고, TPACK-P 교육 프로그램이 예비교사의 TPACK에 미치는 영향을 비교 분석하여야 한다.

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An Investigation into the Pre-Service Mathematics Teachers' Knowledge of Content and Students (예비수학교사의 '내용과 학습자에 대한 지식(KCS)' 탐색 연구)

  • Park, Kyungmee
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.269-285
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    • 2016
  • PCK(pedagogical content knowledge) has been frequently discussed in the field of subject matter education as well as education in general. Considering the fact that PCK characterizes teacher professionalism, and the distinction of mathematics education from neighboring disciplines, PCK is one of the core concepts in the discourse of mathematics education. This study focused on KCS(knowledge of content and students) among the areas of PCK. The purpose of this study to investigate the KCS of pre-service teachers attending a private university located in Seoul. An in-depth interview with 30 pre-service teachers was conducted in a semi-structured manner, using four questions dealing with common student errors, students' understanding of content, and student developmental sequences. The pre-service teachers gave mathematical answers while in others they gave priority to pedagogical considerations. The implication drawn from the interview data is that the teacher training program should fully reflect the complexity of mathematical concepts which appeared in school mathematics over several grade levels and content areas.

Re-conceptualization of Secondary Science Teacher's Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) and Its Application (과학교사 교수내용지식(PCK)의 재구성과 적용 방법)

  • Cho, Hee-Hyung;Ko, Young-Ja
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.618-632
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    • 2008
  • Despite the rapidly growing body of research on science teachers' pedagogical content knowledge (PCK), most of the research has mainly focused on the definition of PCK and its components. The main purpose of this research was to explore the operational definition of PCK and to suggest another form by re-conceptualizing PCK, with the newly defined and conceptualized PCK capable of being used as standards and/or criteria in selecting the curricular content of and deciding the subject area of science teacher education. In this research, the science teachers' PCK was defined as the "practical knowledge and skills that are acquired through the curriculum of science education and in the course of teaching experiences, and which are used in their teaching of secondary school science." The science teachers' PCK was further defined as consisting of two integrated and/or combined dimensions: subject matter and pedagogy, each of which comprises several components. In this paper, the PCK is called science education literacy. The paper also presents the ways to apply the operational definition of PCK and re-conceptualized PCK and a few suggestions for the research on science teachers' PCK.

An Analysis of Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge about Teaching Ratio and Rate (비와 비율 지도에 대한 교사의 PCK 분석)

  • Park, Seulah;Oh, Youngyoul
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.215-241
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzed teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) regarding the pedagogical aspect of the instruction of ratio and rate in order to look into teachers' problems during the process of teaching ratio and rate. This study aims to clarify problems in teachers' PCK and promote the consideration of the materialization of an effective and practical class in teaching ratio and rate by identifying the improvements based on problems indicated in PCK. We subdivided teachers' PCK into four areas: mathematical content knowledge, teaching method and evaluation knowledge, understanding knowledge about students' learning, and class situation knowledge. The conclusion of this study based on analysis of the results is as follows. First, in the 'mathematical content knowledge' aspect of PCK, teachers need to understand the concept of ratio from the perspective of multiplicative comparison of two quantities, and the concept of rate based on understanding of two quantities that are related proportionally. Also, teachers need to introduce ratio and rate by providing students with real-life context, differentiate ratios from fractions, and teach the usefulness of percentage in real life. Second, in the 'teaching method and evaluation knowledge' aspect of PCK, teachers need to establish teaching goals about the students' comprehension of the concept of ratio and rate and need to operate performance evaluation of the students' understanding of ratio and rate. Also, teachers need to improve their teaching methods such as discovery learning, research study and activity oriented methods. Third, in the 'understanding knowledge about students' learning' aspect of PCK, teachers need to diversify their teaching methods for correcting errors by suggesting activities to explore students' own errors rather than using explanation oriented correction. Also, teachers need to reflect students' affective aspects in mathematics class. Fourth, in the 'class situation knowledge' aspect of PCK, teachers need to supplement textbook activities with independent consciousness and need to diversify the form of class groups according to the character of the activities.

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도형 개념에 대한 교사 지식에 관한 연구

  • Park, Deok-Jin;Choi, Jae-Ho
    • East Asian mathematical journal
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.181-202
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    • 2011
  • The study was planned to analyze the figure concepts teachers have according to the years of experiences based on the two aspects, the subject matter knowledge and the pedagogical content knowledge. Further, it aims to have the results utilized in teacher education and training, and ultimately to help elementary school students to establish the accurate figure concepts. We administered the test to the random sample of 77 elementary school teachers of the grade 3 to grade 6, from nine schools of the Daegu, Ulsan and Gyeongsangbuk-do districts, and we analyzed the results. Correlational analysis between the years of experience and the knowledge showed that the content understanding and knowledge decreases as the years of experience increases, while the experiential knowledge related to the understanding of the students and the pedagogical methods increases as the years of experience increases.

A Hybrid Knowledge Representation Method for Pedagogical Content Knowledge (교수내용지식을 위한 하이브리드 지식 표현 기법)

  • Kim, Yong-Beom;Oh, Pill-Wo;Kim, Yung-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.369-386
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    • 2005
  • Although Intelligent Tutoring System(ITS) offers individualized learning environment that overcome limited function of existent CAI, and consider many learners' variable, there is little development to be using at the sites of schools because of inefficiency of investment and absence of pedagogical content knowledge representation techniques. To solve these problem, we should study a method, which represents knowledge for ITS, and which reuses knowledge base. On the pedagogical content knowledge, the knowledge in education differs from knowledge in a general sense. In this paper, we shall primarily address the multi-complex structure of knowledge and explanation of learning vein using multi-complex structure. Multi-Complex, which is organized into nodes, clusters and uses by knowledge base. In addition, it grows a adaptive knowledge base by self-learning. Therefore, in this paper, we propose the 'Extended Neural Logic Network(X-Neuronet)', which is based on Neural Logic Network with logical inference and topological inflexibility in cognition structure, and includes pedagogical content knowledge and object-oriented conception, verify validity. X-Neuronet defines that a knowledge is directive combination with inertia and weights, and offers basic conceptions for expression, logic operator for operation and processing, node value and connection weight, propagation rule, learning algorithm.

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Designing and Implementing Integrated Lessons for Pre-service Elementary Teachers' Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge Development (예비 초등교사의 테크놀로지 교수학적 내용지식을 향상하기 위한 프로그램의 개발 및 적용)

  • Choi, Youngmi;Hong, Seung-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.287-304
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    • 2019
  • Teaching with technology has been widespread in practical classroom settings, and increased the needs to enhance pre-service teachers' capability with a variety of technologies. The purpose of this study is focused on designing and implementing a training program to develop pre-service teachers' Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge(TPACK) which promotes them use technologies tactically in integrated science classes. Based on the theoretical framework of TPACK and Practitioner's Guide to TPACK, the authors developed ten periods of lessons comprised instructional skills in elementary science education. Subsequently, the program was applied into a teacher trainee course in Korea. The results of this study indicate that the TPACK training program for pre-service teachers significantly influenced on attitude toward convergence, TPACK, and science teaching efficacy of the engaged participants. The developed program, meanwhile, caused a significant TPACK improvement of female participants of the teachers college more effectively. Furthermore, it mitigated the gap between science and humanity tracks coming from their high schools. Consequently, there are possibilities to improve pre-service teachers' teaching strategies for integrated classes, if they have opportunities to review the comprehensibility of technological, pedagogical, content knowledge, and intersected areas with metacognitive perspectives.

Promising Advantages and Potential Pitfalls of Reliance on Technology in Learning Algebra (대수학습에서 테크놀로지 사용의 긍적적인 요소와 잠정적인 문제점)

  • Kim, Dong-Joong
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.89-104
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    • 2010
  • In a rapidly changing and increasingly technological society. the use of technology should not be disregarded in issues of learning algebra. The use of technology in learning algebra raises many learning and pedagogical issues. In this article, previous research on the use of technology in learning algebra is synthesized on the basis of the four issues: conceptual understanding, skills, instrumental genesis, and transparency. Finally, suggestions for future research into technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPCK) are made.

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A Study of the Teaching-Learning Collaboration Between Subject Teacher and Teacher Librarian Based on TPCK Framework (TPCK 프레임워크를 기반으로 한 교과교사와 사서교사 간의 교수-학습 협력에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hye-Won
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.449-467
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    • 2008
  • In this study, collaboration of teacher librarians and subject teachers in school libraries has been investigated(tried, attempted, suggested) in order to improve the information literacy. The effective teaching-learning can be conducted by extending student's roles, which are essential elements in school education. Above all, the model. focused on direct exchange of knowledges in communications between teachers and students has been suggested with consideration of content knowledge, pedagogical knowledge, and technological knowledge.

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