• Title, Summary, Keyword: perilla oil

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Effect of Dietary Perilla Seed Oil on Lipid Metabolism in Rats (들깨유가 흰쥐의 체내 지질대사에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • 장순덕;노숙령
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.408-419
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    • 1991
  • The effects of various dietary fats on plasma lipids. liver lipids, and Plasma Peroxide levels were studied in rats fed for 6 wk with diets containing 15 wt% fat, as sesame oil. raw perilla seed oil. roasted perilla seed oil, heated perilla seed oil. mackerel oil or beef tallow. TBA values of these lipids during 4 wk storage, and linolenic acid contents of three kinds of perilla seed oil were also measured. Linolenic acid contents of raw perilla seed oil. roasted perilla seed oil and heated perilla seed oil were 62.3%, 61.6% and 53.1% respectively. Raw perilla seed oil showed the lowest rate of lipid peroxidation after 4 wk storage at 4$^{\circ}C$, and mackerel oil showed the highest peroxidation rate. The plasma cholesterol levels of rats consuming diets in which the carbohydrate was rice were not affected by n-3 PUFA. Rather, the degree of peroxidation seems to have a direct effect on cholesterol levels as shown by the hypocholesterolemic effect of raw perilla seed oil and beer tallow. However. the HDL-cholesterol level was greater in rats fed either roasted perilla seed oil or mackerel oil. Rats fed roasted perilla seed oil and raw perilla seed oil had lower levels of plasma triglycerides than rats fed beef tallow. In rats fed roasted perilla seed oil, the total lipid and cholesterol contents of liver were significantly lower than in those fed the other kinds of perilla seed oil. The plasma lipid peroxide levels were lower in rats fed either roasted perilla seed oil or beef tallow.

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Oxidative Stability of Perilla Blended Oils in Mayonnaise Preparation (마요네즈 제조시 들기름 혼합유의 산화안정성)

  • Kim, Jae-Wook;Nishizawa, Yukio;Cha, Ga-Seong;Choi, Chun-Un
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.568-571
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    • 1991
  • This study was designed to select the most stable oil among vegetable oils for mayonnaise preparation on lipid oxidation when blended with perilla oil. Oxidative stabilities of perilla oil, soybean oil, rapeseed oil, corn oil, sunflower oil and perilla blended oils (blended perilla oil with other vegetable oil in a equal weight rate) were tested. Among the perilla blended oils, perilla blended soybean oil was the most effective on oxidative stability. This may be concerned with the fact that the content of natural antioxidant, tocopherol, is higher than that of other oils. Mayonnaise was prepared by using both perilla oil and perilla blended soybean oil. Variations of POV and tocopherol content of mayonnaise during storage at $37^{\circ}C$ were compared. The changes in POV and tocopherol content in the mayonnaise of perilla blended soybean oil were less than those of perilla oil. This result suggested that the usage of perilla blended soybean oil instead of perilla oil itself is possible in the manufacturing of mayonnaise.

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Effects of Perilla Oil Intake on Bleeding Time, Thromboxane Formation and Platelet Fatty Acid in Rats (들깨유 섭취가 흰쥐의 출혈시간, 트롬복산 생성 및 혈소판의 지방산 조성에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Yong-Nam;Yoon, Hae-Won;Kim, Sook-Hee;Han, Byung-Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.5-13
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    • 1987
  • Male rats were fed diets containing perilla oil, sardine oil or corn oil for 15 weeks in order to investigate their antithrombotic effects. Rats given perilla oil and sardine oil diets showed significantly longer bleeding time, and lower level of malondialdehyde generation during thrombin-induced aggregation of platelets than rats given corn oil. With regard to the composition of platelet fatty acid, the ratio of eicosapentaenoic acid(EPA) $(20:5{\omega}3)$ to arachidonic acid $(20:4{\omega}6)$ of perilla oil, sardine oil and corn oil treated rats were 0.54, 0.96 and 0.01, respectively, suggesting that linolenic acid $(18:3{\omega}3)$ of perilla oil was metabolized to EPA which is known to have antithrombotic activity.

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Antiradical Capacities of Perilla, Sesame and Sunflower Oil

  • Hong, Sun-Hee;Kim, Mi-Jin;Oh, Chan-Ho;Yoon, Suk-Hoo;Song, Yeong-Ok
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.51-56
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    • 2010
  • The aim of this study is to examine the radical scavenging activity of perilla and sesame oil that Koreans traditionally consume. For DPPH radical scavenging activity, oil and its hexane/70% methanol extracts (ME) are used and for superoxide and hydroxyl radical scavenging activities, ME are used. Unrefined perilla oil, sesame oil, and refined sunflower oil are used. The yields for ME of perilla, sesame and sunflower oil are 0.57, 0.61, and 0.30%, respectively, and the amounts of phenolic compounds in ME of corresponding oil are 18.77, 88.64 and $0.05\;{\mu}g$ tannic acid/mg, respectively. $IC_{50}$ for DPPH scavenging activity of perilla, sesame and sunflower oil are 2.12, 1.91, and 3.35 mg/mL, respectively and those for ME of corresponding oils are 0.42, 0.07, and 43.11 mg/mL, respectively. In DPPH assay, the solvent used for oil sample is iso-octane and that for ME is methanol. Superoxide anion scavenging activity of ME of perilla, sesame and sunflower oil tested at 1 mg/mL concentration are 21.10, 13.25, and 3.14%, respectively. Hydroxyl radical scavenging activities of those samples tested at 1 mg/mL concentration are 86.08, 93.30, and 93.17%, respectively. In summary, the refining process seems to remove the phenolic compound during oil processing. Antiradical substances in perilla and sesame oils responsible for scavenging DPPH radicals are present in the methanol fraction, while the antiradical substances in the sunflower oil are in the lipid fraction. DPPH scavenging activity of ME of sesame oil is significantly higher than that of perilla oil (p<0.05). However, superoxide anion scavenging capacity of ME of perilla oils was found to be greater than that of both sesame and sunflower oils (p<0.05).

Effects of Perilla Oil and Tuna Oil on Lipid Metabolism and Eicosanoids Production in Rats (들기름과 참치유의 섭취가 흰쥐의 지방대사에 Eicosanoids 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • 김우경
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.29 no.7
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    • pp.703-712
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    • 1996
  • This study planned to compare the effects of source and amount of dietary n-3 fatty acid, tuna oil and perilla oil, on lipid metabolism and eicosanoids production in Spargue-Dawley strain male rats. Weaning rats were fed 5 different experimantal diets for 4 weeks. (S : beef tallow 50%+sesame oil 50%, T1 : beef tallow 50%+sesame oil 40%+tuna oil 10%, T2 : beef tallow 50%+sesame oil 25%+tuna oil 25%, P1 : beef tallow 50%+sesame oil 40%+perilla oil 10%, P2 : beef tallow 50%+sesame oil 25%+perilla oil 25%) Food intake was higher in T2 group than in other groups, but body weight gain and food efficiency tate were not different among groups. Plasma total lipid and triglyceride were significantly lower in groups fed perilla oil as much as groups fed tuna oil than in S. But tuna oil reduced plasma cholesterol level more than perilla oil. Liver total lipid per unit, cholesterol and triglyceride were not affected by dietary fat sources. Peroxisomal $\beta$-oxidation was higher in T1 and T2 than in P1 and P2. Activities of glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase and malic enzyme were lower in T1 and T2 than in group fed sesame oil only. Plasma TXB2 was affected by n-3 fatty acid consumption, and it was lower in perilla oil groups as much as tuna oil groups than in S. But 6-keto PGF1$\alpha$ was not different among experimental groups. The results of this study indicated that tuna oil and perilla oil both decreased plasma lipids, however, the mechanism may be different. And tuna oil and perilla oil had a similar effects on eicosanoids production.

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Effects of perilla oil on plasma concentrations of cardioprotective (n-3) fatty acids and lipid profiles in mice

  • Chung, Keun Hee;Hwang, Hyo Jeong;Shin, Kyung Ok;Jeon, Woo Min;Choi, Kyung Soon
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.256-261
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    • 2013
  • The aim of this study was to examine the effects of perilla oil as well as several vegetable oils, including flaxseed oil, canola oil, and rice bran oil on plasma levels of cardioprotective (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids in mice by feeding each vegetable oil for a period of eight weeks. Concentrations of docosapentaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), fish-based (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids, showed an increase in the plasma of mice fed perilla and flaxseed oils compared to those of mice in the control group (P < 0.05), whereas rice bran and canola oils did not alter plasma DPA and EPA concentrations. Arachidonic acid concentration was increased by feeding rice bran oil (P < 0.05), but not canola, flaxseed, or perilla oil. In addition, oleic acid, linoleic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid concentrations were altered by feeding dietary rice bran, canola, perilla, and flaxseed oils. Findings of this study showed that perilla oil, similar to flaxseed oil, is cardioprotective and could be used as an alternative to fish oil or even flaxseed oil in animal models.

Current Status and Prospects of Quality Evaluation in Perilla (들깨 품질평가 현황과 전망)

  • 이봉호;류수노;곽태순
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.47
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    • pp.150-162
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    • 2002
  • Perilla, Perilla frutescens. (L.) Britton, is a traditional oil seed crops grown in Korea. The seeds and seed oil is used for edible and some industrial sectors. The seeds of perilla contains 35-54% of a drying oil which is similar to the linseed oil. The fatty acids of seed oil is composed with linolenic acid, linoleic acid, and oleic acid. The majority of fatty acids of the oil is $\alpha$-linolenic acid proportioned 51-71% of the oil. This high linolenic acid makes it unstable of the oil and owing to the fast oxidation. Therefore, the plant breeders are challenges to develope a new varieties with low linolenic acid for edlible oil and high linolenic acid for industrial uses. Perilla foliage is also used as a potherb. The green leaves contains a special flavor, perilla aldehyde, and some abundant minerals and vitamins. The vitamin C and $\beta$-carotene is more available than lettuce and crown-daisy of which used for similar potherb and vegetables in traditional Korean food table. The authors are reviewed and discussed on the current status and prospects of the quality evaluations and researches in perilla seeds and leaves to provide and refers the condensed informations on their quality.

Characteristics of browning Materials in Perilla Oil and Change of Oxidative Stability of Blended Perilla Oil (들기름에 존재하는 갈색물질의 특성과 혼합 들기름의 산화 안정성 변화)

  • 김영언;김인환;이영철
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.504-508
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    • 1996
  • This study was performed to investigate the browning intensity and electron donating ability of browning material in perilla oils from seeds roasted at 150~21$0^{\circ}C$ for 10~30 min. It was also investigated the oxidative stability of the blended perilla oil on the basis of sensory property and oxidative stability. The browning intensity in perilla oil increased with the roasting temperature and time increased. The browning intensity of perilla oil from seed roasted at 21$0^{\circ}C$ for 30 min indicated 13 times higher than that of perilla oil from seed at 15$0^{\circ}C$ for 10 min. Electron donating ability on DPPH of browning materials presented in perilla oils increased with the roasting temperature and time increased. The electron donating ability of browning materials in perilla oil from seed reasted at 21$0^{\circ}C$ for 30 min indicated 3 times higher than those of perilla oil from seed at 15$0^{\circ}C$ for 10 min. In conclusion, for the improvement of oxidative stability of perilla oil, perilla seed should be roasted at 21$0^{\circ}C$ for 30 min. These results suggest that browning materials formed between sugars and amino acids attribute to improve quality of oil such as sensory properties and oxidative stabilities. For the improvement of sensory property and oxidative stability of oil, perilla oil from seed roasted at 19$0^{\circ}C$ for 20 min was blended with the oil from seed roasted at 21$0^{\circ}C$ for 30 min as ratio of 85 : 15.

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Changes in oxidative stability of the oil extracted from perilla seed roasted at different roasting conditions (들깨의 볶음 조건에 따른 들기름의 산화 안정성 변화)

  • Kim, In-Hwan;Lee, Young-Chul;Jung, Sook-Young;Jo, Jae-Sun;Kim, Young-Eon
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.39 no.5
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    • pp.374-378
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    • 1996
  • The oxidative stabilities of perilla oil increased as roasting temperature and time increased. Induction period of the perilla oil from unroasted perilla seed was 3.9 days, but that of the oil from perilla seed roasted at $210^{\circ}C$ for 30 min was 55 days. The electron donating ability(EDA) on DPPH by perilla oils increased as the roasting temperature and time increased. EDA of the unroasted perilla oil was 24% but that of the perilla oil roasted at $210^{\circ}C$ for 30 min was 64%. These results indicated that the reducing compounds were formed during the roasting process. The fluorescence intensity in perilla oil increased as the roasting temperature and time were increased. This result indicated that Maillard reaction has occurred during the roasting process and the reaction products seemed to provide stability to perilla oil.

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The Changes of Erythrocyte Feature and Ca Concentration in Rat Fed the Diet Containing Different Common Oils in Korea : Sesame Oil, Perilla Oil, Rice Bran Oil and Mixed Oil (급원이 다른 식이 지방이 흰쥐의 적혈구 성상 및 Ca 함량에 미치는 영향 -참깨유, 들깨유, 미강유 중심으로-)

  • 김숙희
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.524-531
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    • 1993
  • In this experiment, we investigated the changes of erythrocyte feature and Ca concentration in rat fed the diet containing different common oils in Korea for different feeding periods(4 weeks or 12 weeks), using Korea sesame oil, perilla oil, rice bran oil and mixed oil. W-3/w-6 ratio of each group was 0.001, 1.44, 0.03 and 0.112, respectively. P/S ratio of each group was 9.64, 10.49, 5.58 and 1.68, respectively. Perilla oil(w-3 rich) increased w-3/w-6 ratio of erythrocyte membrane, decreased the amount of trapped Ca and inhibited the decrease of cell volume. These results indicate that in maybe increase erythroyte fluidity and deformability, and affect erythrocyte function. In conclusion, w-3 rich perilla oil affects erythrocyte feature.

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