• Title, Summary, Keyword: perovskite manganite

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Investigation on the Structural, Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Layered Perovskite Manganite La0.5Sr1.5Mn0.5Cr0.5-xFexO4 (x=0.15, 0.3) System (층상 페로브스카이트 구조인 La0.5Sr1.5Mn0.5Cr0.5-xFexO4 (x=0.15, 0.3) 망가나이트의 구조적, 전기적, 자기적 특성의 연구)

  • Singh, Devinder
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.55 no.4
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    • pp.697-702
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    • 2011
  • The new layered perovskite manganites $La_{0.5}Sr_{1.5}Mn_{0.5}Cr_{0.5-x}Fe_xO_4$ (x=0.15, 0.3) have been prepared by standard ceramic method. The powder X-ray diffraction studies show that the phases crystallize with tetragonal unit cell in the space group I4/mmm. The electrical transport properties suggest that the phases show insulating behaviour and the electrical conduction in the phases occurs by a 3D variable range hopping mechanism. The magnetic properties suggest that both the phases are antiferromagnetic.

High-Temperature Electrical Transport and Thermoelectric Properties of La0.75Ba0.25MnO3 Ceramics (고온에서의 La0.75Ba0.25MnO3 세라믹스의 전기전도 및 열전특성)

  • Jung, Woo-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.175-180
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    • 2008
  • In this study, the thermoelectric power and resistivity of the perovskite manganite $La_{0.75}Ba_{0.25}MnO_3$ were investigated in the temperature range 300K-1200K. The electrical resistivity and thermoelectric power indicate a transport mechanism dominated by adiabatic small-polaron hopping. The power factor increases from $2{\times}10^{-6}W/mK^2$ to $1{\times}10^{-5}W/mK^2$ as to the temperature increases from 400K to 1200K, which indicates that the compound is highly feasible as a thermoelectric material at high temperatures.

Study on Possibility of PrBaMn2O5+δ as Fuel Electrode Material of Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cell (이중 페로브스카이트 촉매 PrBaMn2O5+δ의 고온전기분해조(Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cell) 연료극 촉매로 적용 가능성에 대한 연구)

  • Kwon, Youngjin;Kim, Dongyeon;Bae, Joongmyeon
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.491-496
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    • 2017
  • The hydrogen($H_2$) is promising energy carrier of renewable energy in the microgrid system such as small village and military base due to its high energy density, pure emission and convenient transportation. $H_2$ can be generated by photocatalytic water splitting, gasification of biomass and water electrolysis driven by solar cell or wind turbine. Solid oxide electrolysis cells(SOECs) are the most efficient way to mass production due to high operating temperature improving the electrode kinetics and reducing the electrolyte resistance. The SOECs are consist of nickel-yttria stabilized zirconia(NiO-YSZ) fuel electrode / YSZ electrolyte / lanthanum strontium manganite-YSZ(LSM-YSZ) air electrode due to similarity to Solid Oxide Fuel Cells(SOFCs). The Ni-YSZ most widely used fuel electrode shows several problems at SOEC mode such as degradation of the fuel electrode because of Ni particle's redox reaction and agglomeration. Therefore Ni-YSZ need to be replaced to an alternative fuel electrode material. In this study, We studied on the Double perovskite $PrBrMnO_{5+{\delta}}$(PBMO) due to its high electric conductivity, catalytic activity and electrochemical stability. PBMO was impregnated into the scaffold electrolyte $La_{0.8}Sr_{0.2}Ga_{0.85}Mg_{0.15}O_{3-{\delta}}$(LSGM) to be synthesized at low temperature for avoiding secondary phase generated when it exposed to high temperature. The Half cell test was conducted at SOECs and SOFCs modes.

Effects of Sr Contents on Structural Change and Electrical Conductivity in Cu-doped LSM ($La_{1-x}Sr_xMn_{0.8}Cu_{0.2}O_{3{\pm}{\delta}}$)

  • Ryu, Ji-Seung;No, Tae-Min;Kim, Jin-Seong;Jeong, Cheol-Won;Lee, Hui-Su
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.33.1-33.1
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    • 2011
  • Strontium doped lanthanum manganite (LSM) with perovskite structure for SOFC cathode material shows high electrical conductivity and good chemical stability, whereas the electrical conductivity at intermediate temperature below $800^{\circ}C$ is not sufficient due to low oxygen ion conductivity. The approach to improve electrical conductivity is to make more oxygen vacancies by substituting alkaline earths (such as Ca, Sr and Ba) for La and/or a transition metal (such as Fe, Co and Cu) for Mn. Among various cathode materials, $LaSrMnCuO_3$ has recently been suggested as the potential cathode materials for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). As for the Cu doping at the B-site, it has been reported that the valence change of Mn ions is occurred by substituting Cu ions and it leads to formation of oxygen vacancies. The electrical conductivity is also affected by doping element at the A-site and the co-doping effect between A-site and B-site should be described. In this study, the $La_{1-x}Sr_xMn_{0.8}Cu_{0.2}O_{3{\pm}{\delta}}$ ($0{\leq}x{\leq}0.4$) systems were synthesized by a combined EDTA-citrate complexing process. The crystal structure, morphology, thermal expansion and electrical conductivity with different Sr contents were studied and their co-doping effects were also investigated.

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Large Magnetic Entropy Change in Single Crystalline and Ploystalline $La_{0.7}Ca_{0.3}MnO_3$ (망간산화물 $La_{0.7}Ca_{0.3}MnO_3$의 거대 자기 엔트로피 효과)

  • 신현수;주홍렬
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.149-153
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    • 2000
  • Large magnetic entropy change in single crystalline and polycrystalline perovskite manganites La$_{0.7}$Ca$_{0.3}$MnO$_3$ has been observed as magnetic field is changed. The large magnetic entropy change is believed to be caused by the abrupt reduction in magnetization as a result of 1st order-like magnetic transition. The large magnetic entropy change and easiness of the Curie temperature manipulation in the temperature range 100 K

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Magneto-transport Properties of La0.7Sr0.3Mn1+dO3-Manganese Oxide Composites Prepared by Liquid Phase Sintering

  • Kim, Hyo-Jin;You, Jae-Hyoung;Choi, Soon-Mi;Yoo, Sang-Im
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.221-226
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    • 2014
  • Significantly enhanced low-field magnetoresistance (LFMR) and maximum dMR/dH {$(dMR/dH)_{max}$} values were successfully achieved from $La_{0.7}Sr_{0.3}MnO_3$(LSMO)-manganese oxide composite samples prepared by liquid phase sintering, compared with those of the same composites prepared by solid state reaction. For this study, pure LSMO and LSMO-manganese oxide composites with various nominal compositions of (1-x)LSMO-$xMn_2O_3$ (x = 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, and 0.8) were sintered at $1450^{\circ}C$, above the eutectic temperature of $1430^{\circ}C$, for 1 h in air. The highest LFMR value of 1.28% with the highest $(dMR/dH)_{max}$ value of 21.1% $kOe^{-1}$ was obtained from the composite sample with x = 0.3 at 290 K in 500 Oe. This enhancement of LFMR and $(dMR/dH)_{max}$ values is ascribed to efficient suppression of magnetic disorder at the LSMO grain boundary, by forming a characteristic LSMO-manganese eutectic structure.

Magnetic and Magnetocaloric Properties of Perovskite Pr0.5Sr0.5-xBaxMnO3

  • Hua, Sihao;Zhang, Pengyue;Yang, Hangfu;Zhang, Suyin;Ge, Hongliang
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.386-390
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    • 2013
  • This paper studies the effects of A-site substitution by barium on the magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of $Pr_{0.5}Sr_{0.5-x}Ba_{x}MnO_{3}$ (x = 0, 0.04, 0.08 and 0.1). The tetragonal crystal structures of the samples are confirmed by room temperature X-ray diffraction. The dependence of the Curie temperature ($T_C$) and the magnetic entropy change (${\Delta}S_M$) on the Ba doping content has been investigated. The samples of all doping contents undergo the second order phase transition. As the concentration of Ba increased, the maximum entropy change ($|{\Delta}S_M|_{max}$) increased gradually, from 1.15 J $kg^{-1}$ $K^{-1}$ (x = 0) to 1.36 J $kg^{-1}$ $K^{-1}$ (x = 0.1), in a magnetic field change of 1.5 T. The measured value of $T_C$ is 265 K, 275 K, 260 K and 250 K for x = 0, 0.04, 0.08 and 0.1, respectively. If combining these samples for magnetic refrigeration, the temperature range of ~220 K and 290 K, where |${\Delta}S_M$|max is stable at ~1.27 J $kg^{-1}$ $K^{-1}$ and RCP = 88.9 $J{\cdot}kg^{-1}$ for ${\Delta}H$ = 1.5 T. $Pr_{0.5}Sr_{0.5-x}Ba_{x}MnO_{3}$ compounds, are expected to be suitable for magnetic-refrigeration application due to these magnetic properties.

The Magnetic and Magnetocaloric Properties of the Perovskite La0.7Ca0.3Mn1-xNixO3

  • Hua, Sihao;Zhang, Pengyue;Yang, Hangfu;Zhang, Suyin;Ge, Hongliang
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.34-38
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    • 2013
  • This paper studies the effects of the Mn-site substitution by nickel on the magnetic properties and the magnetocaloric properties of $La_{0.7}Ca_{0.3}Mn_{1-x}Ni_xO_3$ (x = 0, 0.05 and 0.1). The orthorhombic crystal structures of the samples are confirmed by the room temperature X-ray diffraction. The dependence of the Curie temperature ($T_C$) and the magnetic entropy change (${\Delta}S_M$) on the Ni doping content was investigated. The samples with x = 0 had the first order phase transition, while the samples with x = 0.05 and 0.1 had the second order phase transition. As the concentration of Ni increased, the maximum entropy change (${\mid}{\Delta}S_M{\mid}_{max}$) decreased gradually, from 2.78 $J{\cdot}kg^{-1}{\cdot}K^{-1}$ (x = 0) to 1.02 $J{\cdot}kg^{-1}{\cdot}K^{-1}$ (x = 0.1), in a magnetic field change of 15 kOe. The measured value of $T_C$ was 185 K, 150 K and 145 K for x = 0, 0.05 and 0.1, respectively. The phase transition temperatures became wider as x increased. It indicates that the Mn-site substitution by Ni may be used to tailor the Curie temperature in $La_{0.7}Ca_{0.3}Mn_{1-x}Ni_xO_3$.