• Title, Summary, Keyword: persimmon

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Optimization on Organoleptic Properties of Kochujang with Addition of Persimmon Fruits (감과실을 첨가한 고추장의 관능적 특성 최적화)

  • 이기동;정용진
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.1132-1136
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    • 1998
  • The optimum mixing conditions of kochujang(persimmon kochujang) added persimmon puree was optimized by four dimensional response surface methodology. The organoleptic color of persimmon kochujang showed the maximum score in 86.74g red pepper powder, 133.51g persimmon puree and 26.31g salt. The organoleptic aroma persimmon kochujang showed the maximum score in 83.48g red pepper powder, 135.38g persimmon puree and 24.50g salt. The organoleptic taste of persimmon ko chujang showed the maximum score in 85.09g red pepper powder, 133.61g persimmon puree and 25.57g salt. The overall palatability of persimmon kochujang showed the maximum score in 82.99g red pepper powder, 133.10g persimmon puree and 25.47g salt. The optimum mixing conditions for overall orga noleptic properties of persimmon kochujang were 83.00g red pepper powder, 133.00g persimmon puree and 25.00g salt.

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Extablishment of Optimum Recipe on Persimmon Chokochujang using Persimmon Vinegar and Kochujang (감식초 및 감고추장을 이용한 감초고추장의 최적 배합비 설정)

  • 이기동;정용진;서지형;이명희
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.309-315
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    • 1998
  • The optimum recipe of persimmon chokochujang using persimmon vinegar and kochujang was established by four-dimensional response surface methodology. The organoleptic color of persimmon chokochujang showed maximum score in 18.16g of persimmon vinegar, 5.58g of garlic and 1.62 g of sucrose. The organoleptic aroma of persimmon chokochujang showed macimum score in 18.19g of persimmon vinegar, 4.57g of garlic and 2.06g of sucrose. The organoleptic taste of persimmon chokochujang showed maximum score in 19.28g of persimmon vinegar, 4.97g of garlic and 2.34g of sucrose. The organoleptic color of persimmon chokochujang showed maximum score in 18.81g of persimmon vinegar, 4.81g of garlic and 2.65g of sucrose. Optimum mixing ranges for organoleptic properties of persimmon chokkochujang were 18.25~19.25g of persimmon vinegar, 4.60~5.00g of garlic and 2.06~2.65g of sucrose.

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Effects of Calcium and Galactose on the Ethylene Production of Persimmon Fruits (감과실의 에틸렌 생성에 미치는 칼슘과 Galactose의 영향)

  • 김미현;신승렬
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.29-34
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    • 1998
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of calcium and galactose treatments on ethylene productions in persimmon fruits for the study on the study of persimmon fruits. Ethylene was producted in green mature persimmon fruits treated with water, calcium and galactose after 24hrs of treatment. Ethylene productions of persimmon fiuits treated with galactose was very higher than those of persimmon fruits treated with water and calcium after 72hrs of treatment. Ethylene productions of persimmon fruits teated with water and calcium were similarly to that of persimmon fruit tested with calcium. The treatment of glucose was not effected on ethylene production of persiommn fruits. The ACC contents and ACC synthase activity in persimmon fruit treated with galactose were higher than those of other groups after 72hrs of storage, but the ACC contents and ACC synthase activity of persimmon fruits treated with calcium were lower than those of control and persimmon fruits treated with water.

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Development of Granular Tea by Using Astringent Persimmon and Persimmon Leaves (떫은 감과 감잎을 이용한 과립차 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Byun, Gwang-In;Kwon, Yong-Ju;Park, Mi-Lan
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.273-285
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to find appropriate processing condition of astringent persimmon and persimmon leaf granular tea. Under the condition of 4 hour extraction and $50^{\circ}brix$, extraction yield and concentrating of astringent persimmon were the greatest. Under the condition of 2 hour extraction and $7^{\circ}brix$, extraction yield and concentrating of persimmon leaf were the greatest. The optimum condition of granular tea with astringent persimmon and persimmon leaf added was the best in astringent persimmon concentrate of 16% and persimmon leaf concentrate of 4%. It had the best taste after the condition in a brix value of 16.15% and a pH of 5.57. The L-value of chromaticity was -79.13, a-value 2.27, and b-value 2.41. In the sensory properties correlation analysis of astringent persimmon and persimmon leaf granular tea, sweet taste, color acceptability, odor acceptability and taste accept-ability were positively significant correlation with most sensory properties. However, astringent taste was no significant correlation with sensory acceptability. Bitter taste and after taste were negatively significant correlation with most sensory properties.

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Physiological Activities of Dried Persimmon, Fresh Persimmon and Persimmon Leaves (곶감, 생감 및 감잎 추출물의 생리활성 효과)

  • Hong, Jung-Hee;Kim, Hyun-Jeong;Choi, Yong-Hwa;Lee, In-Seon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.37 no.8
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    • pp.957-964
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    • 2008
  • Antioxidative, antidiabetes, antibacterial, anticancer and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activities of methanol extracts of dried persimmon, fresh persimmon and persimmon leaves were investigated. Total polyphenol content of dried persimmon, fresh persimmon and persimmon leaves were 147.79, 301.45 and $315.90\;{\mu}g/mg$, respectively, of which fresh persimmon and persimmon leaves had significantly higher total polyphenol than dried persimmon. Activities of DPPH radical scavenging, lipid peroxidation inhibition and salivary $\alpha$-amylase inhibition were increased in persimmon leaves related to total polyphenol contents. Anticancer activities against AGS of fresh persimmon and persimmon leaves were $65{\sim}70%$; however, there were no significant differences between dried persimmon and fresh persimmon on free radical scavenging activity and inhibitory activity of salivary $\alpha$-amylase. Also, extracts of dried persimmon, fresh persimmon and persimmon leaves showed good ACE inhibitory activities. Dried persimmon and fresh persimmon showed antibacterial activities on E.coli O157:H7. Therefore, there are many difference activities by dried and parts of persimmon. From this result, it is suggested that persimmon leaves is believed to have possible antioxidative, antidiabetes and anticancer capacities by polyphenol, but further studies on the identification of the active compound(s) as antioxidant, antidiabetic, antihypertensive and antibacterial materials will be needed to develop a better understanding of its potency on persimmons.

Effect of Pectin Degradation Enzyme during Alcohol Fermentation of Persimmon Pulp for Persimmon Vinegar Preparation (감식초 제조를 위한 감펄프의 알콜발효시 펙틴분해효소 처리의 효과)

  • 정석태;김지강
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.179-185
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    • 1996
  • This study was carried out for the purpose of improving the persimmon vinegar. Crushed persimmon(persimmon pulp) was used at alcohol fermentation using Saccharomyces bayanus for persimmon alcohol medium preparation. Glucose(8.39%) and fructose(7.96%) were the dominant free sugar in persimmon pulp before the at cohol fermentation. They decreased abruptly during alcohol fermentation and glucose was consumed more rapidly than fructose. Final alcohol concentration was finally reached to 8%(v/v) in 5 days for mentation of persimmon pulp. Pectinase pre-treatment of persimmon pulp resulted in tusker contents of galacturonic acid, galactose, methyl alcohol and isoamyl alcohol in main mash for alcohol fermentation than those in main mash prepared without pectinase pre-treatment. After alcohol fermentation tannin concentration was 350ppm and astringency was not perceived.

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The Qualitative Differences of Persimmon Tannin and the Natural Removal of Astringency (품종에 따른 감 탄닌물질의 특성과 자연탈삽현상)

  • 성종환;한준표
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.66-70
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    • 1999
  • The mechanism of natural removal of astringency and seasonal changes of tannin substance in sweet persimmon(Fuyu) and astrigent persimmon(Chungdo Bansi)were investigated. Tannin productivity of astringent persimmon fruit was higher than that of sweet perimmon fruit during growth. In the reactivity of tannin to acetaldehyde, it was observed that tannin from sweet persimmon have a milder chemical properties than that from astrigent persimmon. The threshold value of astringency on sweet persimmon tannin was higher than that of astrigent persimmon tannin. Tannin substances from sweet persimmon distributed mainly in lower molecular weight range at harvest stage, but those from astrigent persimmon distributed mainly in higher molecular weight range. Therefore, the natural removal of astringency was related to difference of tannin productivity, threshold value of astringency, reactivity and qualitative difference of tanni.

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Quality Characteristics of Yanggaeng containing Various Amounts of Dried Persimmon (곶감 첨가량을 달리한 양갱의 품질 특성)

  • Bong, Jun-Ho;Kim, Ji-Young;Choi, Soo-Keun
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.664-671
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    • 2014
  • This study was performed to develop dried persimmon using Yanggaeng by addition of dried persimmon puree(0, 5.6, 11.2, 16.8 and 22.4%). L value, pH, sugar contents, hardness, chewiness, cohesiveness, gumminess, springiness were, moisture contents, a value, b value and adhesiveness were of dried persimmon puree. different attributes, dried persimmon puree content significantly affected properties including color intensity, gloss, dried persimmon flavor, dried persimmon taste, sweetness, moistness and after taste. In the acceptance test, dried persimmon puree was preferred appearance, flavor, taste, texture and overall quality. The optimal dried persimmon puree content for overall quality of dried persimmon Yanggaeng was 16.8%.

An Effect of Red-ripe Persimmon on Fermentation and Sensory Characteristics of Kimchi (연시첨가가 김치의 발효와 기호성에 미치는 영향)

  • 하귀현;박상욱
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.570-575
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    • 1998
  • This paper presents an investigation of chemical and sensory properties of Kimchi with red-ripe persimmon. Kimchi with different levels(0, 5, 10, 15%) of real-ripe persimmon was fermented at 4$^{\circ}C$ for 20days. During the fermentation, pH decreased in all Kimchi samples and pH of Kimchi with red-ripe persimmon was a little lower than that of Kimchi without red-ripe persimmon. Acidity increaased continuously and saltiness was maintained at 1.2∼2.2% levels during fermentation. The reducing sugar of Kimchi with red-ripe persimmon was relatively higher than that of the other sample without red-ripe persimmon. Total vitamin C(Vit. C) in Kimchi added red-ripe persimmon increased in the early stage of fermentation and reduced gradually after 4days of fermentation. In the sensory evolution, Kimchi with 10% red-ripe persimmon recorded high scores in taste, flavor, texture and overall acceptability during all fermentation period.

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Studies on Persimmon Wine (감술제조에 관한연구)

  • 편재영
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.455-461
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    • 1999
  • The possibility of wine making from soft and dried persimmon and the effects of treatment for persimmon on the quality of wine have been investigated. Soft persimmon was pretreated by two method of heat and hydrochloric acid treatment. Fermentation mash was composed of 12% persimmon and 15% of sucrose and was fermented at 17$^{\circ}C$ for 36 days. The fermentation using persimmons which were untreated and treated by acid was not successful because of contamination caused by lactic acid and acetic acid bacteria. Acidity of the fermented broth produced from boiled dried acid treated and untreated persimmon was 4,4, 5.0, 5,8 and 13.5ml(0.1N NaOH/10ml broth) respectively. Ethanol concentration of the fermented broth produced from boiled dried acid treated and untreated persimmon was 11.2, 10.0, 9.4 and 6.1% v/v respectively. The wine fermented for 28day's fermentation using boiled persimmon as substate had the best quality and stability. After 36day's fermentation using boild persimon following composition was obtained: 4.65% of total sugar 3.65% of reducing sugar 0.03mg/ml of protin 0.17$\mu$/ml of amino acid and 13.02 $\mu$g/ml of pectin. The pH and yeast cell of the boiled persimmon broth were 3.4 and 5.75 logCFU/ml. Fermented wine using dried persimmon had aslo good quality but the fermentation rate was slow.

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