• 제목, 요약, 키워드: pesticide residues

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대전 지역 유통 식용 한약재의 잔류농약 실태 연구 (A Study on the Pesticide Residues Monitoring of Medicinal Herbs which has marketed in the Daejeon)

  • 김경신;김성구;임재윤;김병수
    • 혜화의학회지
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.129-143
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to investigate the residue amount of pesticide on the 41 medicinal herbs in Daejeon area. This study was carried out to monitor the current status of pesticide residues in commercial medicinal herbs for sale of food use in 2012. It was performed using GC/ECD, GC/NPD, HPLC to analyze pesticides residues. Residues of 283 pesticides were analyzed by a simultaneous multiresidue method in 41 medicinal herbs being on sale in Daejeon. The medicinal herbs detected pesticides in 10 of 41 cases, showed a detection rate of 24.39%. The medicinal herbs which exceed the maximum residue limit were five cases as Cnidii Rhizoma, Osterici Radix, Artemisiae Capillaris Herba, Zizyphi Fructus and Alismatis Rhizoma. And pesticide residue of Cnidii Rhizoma and Alismatis Rhizoma exceeds the limit standard presented in only medicine use of KFDA. The residual pesticides which had the high detection rate were Chlopyrifos, Tebuconazole and Endosulfan in the detection of medicinal herbs. For further research, standards of Pesticide Residues in medicinal herbs should be added and more research of pesticide residues in medicinal herbs required. And standards of pesticide residues in medicinal herbs should be applied equally as medicines and food.

식품위생에 대한 소비자의 인식도 및 정보요구도에 관한 연구(I): 잔류농약을 중심으로 (Consumers' Awareness and Information Needs towards Food Hygiene(I): Focused on Pesticide Residues)

  • 김효정;김미라
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.15-26
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the consumers' awareness and information needs towards pesticide residues and to find out the factors affecting the information needs. Data were collected from 506 adults in Seoul, Daegu and Busan by the self-administered questionnaire. Frequencies, X²tests, and regression analysis were conducted to analyze the data by SPSS Windows. The results of this study were as follows: (1) many respondents showed the high concerns and information needs for pesticide residues (2) many people worried to eat vegetables, fruits and cereals in turn due to pesticide residues, and did not trust the results from food safety tests by the government, and (3) age, educational attainment and concerns about pesticide residues were factors affecting the consumers' information needs.

미강유의 정제과정중 잔류농약의 감소 (Removal of Pesticide Residues in Rice Bran Oil by Refining Process)

  • 이철원;신효선
    • 한국식품위생안전성학회지
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.89-97
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    • 1996
  • This study was carried out to determine the pesticide residues in rice bran, crude rice bran oil and the oil of various stages of refining process. Each samples were analyzed for 41 pesticide residues by multiclass multiresidue methods with GC-ECD, NPD and identified by GC-MSD. Rice bran were detected cypermethrin, diazinon, dichlofluanid, and its level were ranged from 0.01~0.122 ppm. Crude rice bran oil were detected cypermethrin, diazinon, dichlofluanid, dimethoate, etrimfos, flucythrinate, and its level were ranged from 0.015~0.654 ppm Crude rice bran oil has the higher level of pesticide residues and more varieties of pesticides than rice bran. But pesticide residues in the crude rice bran oil was found to be almost removed then pigment was decolorized by absorption using active carbon and clealy removed by thermolysis for deodorization.

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서울특별시 강북지역 유통 농산물 중 농약잔류실태조사(2008) (Survey on Pesticide Residues in Commercial Agricultural Products in the Northern Area of Seoul(2008))

  • 승현정;박성규;하광태;김욱희;최영희;김시정;이경아;장정임;조한빈;최병현
    • 한국식품위생안전성학회지
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.357-367
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried out to investigate the current status of pesticide residues in 3,735 agricultural products in the northern area of Seoul from January to December in 2008. 3,735 samples, comprising 119 types of agricultrural products were assessed via a multiresidue method to detect 260 pesticides. Pesticide residues were detected in 19.7% (737 of 3,735 samples), and the rate at which the detected residues violated the maximum residue levels(MRLs) of the Korean Food Code was 3.2% (121 of 3,735 samples). Pesticide residues were detected in 72 spin-aches, 64 peppers, 45 sweet peppers, 40 perilla leaves, 38 korean cabbages and 37 dried agricultural products. The samples that violated the MRLs included 14 perilla leaves, 13 spinaches, 12 leek, 6 lettuces(leaf), 6 chards and 6 gyeojchaes. Procymidone, endosulfan, chlorfenapyr, cypermethrin, bifenthrin, tebuconazole and fenvalerate were all frequently observed. Procymidone, endosulfan, dimethomorph and diniconazole were the pesticides most frequently detected at levels that violated the Korean Food Code MRLs.

Determination of Ceftiofur Residues by Simple Solid Phase Extraction Coupled with Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry in Eel, Flatfish, and Shrimp

  • Kim, Joohye;Shin, Dasom;Kang, Hui-Seung;Lee, Eunhye;Choi, Soo Yeon;Lee, Hee-Seok;Cho, Byung-Hoon;Lee, Kang-Bong;Jeong, Jiyoon
    • Mass Spectrometry Letters
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.43-49
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    • 2019
  • The aim of this study was conducted to develop an analytical method to determine the concentration of ceftiofur residue in eel, flatfish, and shrimp. For derivatization and extraction, the sample was hydrolyzed with dithioerythritol to produce desfuroylceftiofur, which was then derivatized by iodoacetamide to obtain desfuroylceftiofur acetamide. For purification, the process of solid phase extraction (Oasis HLB) was used. The target analytes were confirmed and quantified in $C_{18}$ column using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry with 0.1% formic acid in water (A) and 0.1% formic acid in acetonitrile (B) as the mobile phase. The linearity of the standard calibration curve was confirmed by a correlation coefficient, $r^2>0.99$. The limit of quantification for ceftiofur was 0.002 mg/kg; the accuracy (expressed as the average recoveries) was 80.6-105%; the precision (expressed as the coefficient of variation) was below 6.3% at 0.015, 0.03, and 0.06 mg/kg. The validated method demonstrated high accuracy and acceptable sensitivity to meet the Codex guideline requirements. The developed method was tested using market samples. As a results, ceftiofur was detected in one sample. Therefore, it can be applied to the analysis of ceftiofur residues in fishery products.

Detection of Multi-class Pesticide Residues Using Surface Plasmon Resonance Based on Polyclonal Antibody

  • Yang, Gil-Mo;Kang, Suk-Won
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.547-552
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    • 2008
  • The detection of carbamate (carbofuran, carbaryl, benfracarb, thiodicarb, and methomil) and organophosphate (diazinon, cadusafos, ethoprofos, parathion-methyl, and chlorpyrifos) pesticide residues with very low detection limits was carried out using surface plasmon resonance (SPR) based equipment. The capacity to develop a portable SPR biosensor for food safety was also investigated. The applied ligand for the immunoassays was polyclonal goat anti-rabbit immunoglobulin (IgG) peroxidase conjugate. Concentration tests using direct binding assays showed the possibility of quantitative analysis. For ligand fishing to find a proper antibody to respond to each pesticide, acetylcholinesterase (AChE), and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) were tested. The reproducibility and precision of SPR measurements were evaluated. With this approach, the limit of detection for pesticide residues was 1 ng/mL and analysis took less than 11 min. Thus, it was demonstrated that detecting multi-class pesticide residues using SPR and IgG antibodies provides enough sensitivity and speed for use in portable SPR biosensors.

Gas chromatograph-mass selective detector를 이용한 식육 중 잔류농약의 동시분석 (Simultaneous detection method for pesticide residues in meat by gas chromatograph-mass selective detector)

  • 홍인석;최윤화;권택부;이정학
    • 한국가축위생학회지
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.285-294
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to investigate the extraction method for the determination of organochlorine, organophosphorus and synthetic pyrethroid pesticide residues in beef fat by gas chromatography-mass selective detector(GC-MSD). Twenty one pesticide residues in fat were determined using a simple and rapid procedure based on solid- phase extraction(SPE) clean-up cartridges with octadecyl $(C_{18})-bonded$ porous silica, florisil, $10\%$ deactivated florisil. a tandem $C_{18}$ and florisil and a tandem $C_{18}$ and $10\%$ deactivated florisil. Solvent-solvent extraction using acetonitrile was not satisfied to eliminate fat interference for pesticide residue analysis by GC-MSD, and the recoveries of the method in fat ranged from 16.2 to $57.3\%$ except DDT$(83.2\%)$. The recoveries of SPE methods using a tandem $C_{18}$ and Florisil was $59.6\~123.8\%$ except fenitrothion $(135.2\%)$. the SPE method was verified the satisfactory performance of pre-treatment for pesticide residues analysis in fat by GC-MSD. The efficiency of florisil deactivated with $10\%$ water has been not proved significantly on recoveries of pesticide residues in fat.

쌀의 저장온도, 세척 및 취반이 일부 농약잔류의 제거에 미치는 효과 (Effect of Storage Temperature, Washing, and Cooking on Postharvest-treated Pesticide Residues in Polished Rice)

  • 한선희;조한빈
    • 한국식품위생안전성학회지
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 1999
  • Effect of storage temperature, washing, and cooking on postharvest-treated pesticide residues in polished rice was investigated. After being treated with each 500 mg/kg of captan, carbaryl, phenthoate, fenthion, fenitrothion, chlorpyriphos-methyl, pirimiphos-methyl, the polished rice was stored for 8 weeks at 4 and 3$0^{\circ}C$, respectively. The penetation rate of carbaryl was the highest as 27.5% and the others, 13 to 18%. The half lives of pesticide residues were estimated as 30 to 230 weeks at 4$^{\circ}C$, but 1 to 12 weeks at 3$0^{\circ}C$. The residues were reduced faster at 3$0^{\circ}C$ than at 4$^{\circ}C$. The half lives of pesticide residues by water washing were estimated as 0.7 to 4.6 trials and the removed with the washing trials. The residues of captan and carbaryl in cooked rice were removed 100 and 98%, respectively, comparing to initial residues concentration in treated rice but those of other 5 pesticides were removed 80%.

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Development of an Acetylcholinesterase-Based Detection Kit for the Determination of Organophosphorus and Carbamate Pesticide Residues in Agricultural Samples

  • Kim, Bo-Mee;El-Aty, A.M.Abd;Hwang, Tay-Eak;Jin, Li-Tai;Kim, Young-Sig;Shim, Jae-Han
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.929-935
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    • 2007
  • The objective of this study was to develop a rapid, simple, and qualitative acetylcholinesterase (AChE)- detection kit, based on a modification of the Ellman and ELISA methods, for the detection of organophosphorus (OP) and carbamate (CB) pesticide. The developed kits were used to screen a large number of agricultural samples (spiked and real) for OP and CB pesticide residues. AChE was extracted from the heads of honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) using Triton X-100, and was purified through 3 steps: diethylaminoethylcellulose chromatography (DEAE), affinity chromatography and membrane filtering, and Mono-Q column chromatography. Epoxy-activated Sepharose 6B affinity chromatography was used for large-scale purification. The presence of OP and CB pesticide residues in agricultural samples was assayed on the basis of AchE inhibition value. The presence (6 bands) or absence of some colored bands on the test line indicated a negative or positive result, respectively. The limits of detection for measured organophosphorus (OP) and carbamates (CB) pesticide residues in standard pesticide solutions and fortified samples were ranged from 0.50 to 2.50 ppm and 0.50 to 4.75 ppm, respectively.

서울북부지역에서 유통되고 있는 농작물의 잔류농약 분포 (The Distribution of Pesticide Residues in Commercial Agricultural Products for the Northern Area of Seoul)

    • Environmental health and toxicology
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.311-322
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    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to investigate the 106 kinds of pesticide residues in agricultural products (n=3,614) by GC, for the northern area of Seoul from March (1999) to December (2000). The detection rate of pesticide residues in samples was 5.0% (mean =2.86$\pm$7.22 mg/kg, n=180). The order of the agricultural products in which pesticide residues were detected was korean lettuce > perilla leaf, pepper > chinese cabbage > leek > spinach. The percentage of the agricultural products in excess of MRL was 2.0% (n=73). The agricultural products in excess of MRL were korean lettuce (n=15), perilla leaf(n=13), leek (n=6), spinach (n=6), pepper (n=5), chwinamul (n=5), etc. The order of the pesticide residues which were detected in agricultural products was procymidone endosulfan chlorpyrifos vinclozolin chlorothalonil and diazinon. The average residual values of procymidone, endosulfan, chlorpyrifos, vinclozolin, chlorpyrifos, and diazinon were 4.07, 1.24, 1.27, 2.83, 17.71 and 1.48 respectively. The pesticide residues in excess of MRL were chlorpyrifos (n=19), endosulfan (n=12), procymidone(n=), vinclozolin (n=6), etc, and the measured concentration ranges of chlorpyrifos, endosulfan, procymidone, vinclozolin, pyrazophos, diazinon and EPN were 0.03-6.72, 0.18-5.8, 2.0-60.8, 1.70-20.33, 0.26-1.21. 0.59-4.3 and 0.28-4.19 respectively.