• Title, Summary, Keyword: pesticide residues

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A Survey on Pesticide Residues of Commercial Agricultural Products in Gwangju Area (광주지역 유통 농산물의 농약 잔류실태 조사연구)

  • Kim Jongpil;Gang Gyunglee;Yang Yongshik;Lee Hyanghee;Chung Jaekeun;Kim Eunsun
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.165-174
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    • 2005
  • This survey was conducted to monitor the current status of pesticide residues in agricultural products collected in wholesale markets and big retailers in Gwangju, in 2004. A total of 751 samples was analyzed by multiresidue method. Vegetables and fruits accounted for the largest proportion of the commodities analyzed and those two commodity groups comprised 604 $(80\%)\;and\;83\;(11\%)$ of the total number of 751 samples. Of these 751 samples, 112 samples $(14.9\%)$ had pesticide residues and 29 samples $(3.9\%)$ had violative residues. The detection rate was the highest $25\%$ in January and the lowest $9.5\%$ in June. The violation rate was the highest $7.0\%$ in March and the lowest $0\%$ in April. The violation rate in wholesale products was higher than that in big retailer products, $5.8\%$ verses $3.5\%$. And of 112 samples with pesticide residues, the agricultural product in which the pesticide residues were the most flequently detected was perilla leaf $(17.9\%)$ followed by korean lettuce $(16.1\%)$, spinach $(8.0\%)$ and korean cabbage $(5.4\%)$ and among 112 samples, 22 samples $(20\%)$ had more than one pesticide. Procymidone $(20.3\%)$, endosulfan $(18.2\%)$, dimethomorph $(13.3\%)$, chlorpyrifos $(7.7\%)$ and azoxystrobin $(6.3\%)$ were the most frequently found in agricultural product analyzed.

Current status on pesticide residues in commercial agricultural commodities in Seoul area (서울시내 유통 농산물에서의 농약잔류 실태)

  • 한선희
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society of Environmental Toocicology Conference
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    • pp.49-53
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    • 2003
  • Through the five years analysis of monitoring data on pesticide residues from 1998 to 2002, current status on pesticide residues on commercial agricultural products in Seoul area was evaluated. The rate of over maximum residue limits(MRLs) has been decreased into 5.8% in 1998, 2.5% in 1999, 1.6% in 2000, 1.4% in 2001, and 1.5% in 2002 gradually, where as total sample numbers analyzed increased 1,300 in 1998, 4,200 in 1999, 5740 in 2000, 6,160 in 2001, and 5,440 in 2002 annually, The pesticide which frequently detected in samples were endosulfan, procymidone, chlorotalonil, vinclozolin, and chlorpyriphos and pesticide found over MRLs were procymidone, vinclozolin, endosulfan and etc.

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Evaluation on the effects of pesticide residues to agroecosystem in Korea (농업 생태계에 대한 잔류농약의 영향 평가)

  • Lee, Kyu-Seung
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.80-93
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    • 1997
  • Pesticide residues in soil could be affected to the growth of micro organisms and the activity of enzymes directly, and successively to the soil properties as pH, Eh and nitrogen metabolism. However, residues are diminished by degradation of soil microorganisms, run-off, leaching, volatilization, photodecomposition and uptake through crops. In this paper research results published in Korea were summarized about translocation of soil residues into crops, fates of residues in soil, effects to the activity of soil microorganisms and metabolic pathways of some pesticides. Generally speaking, pesticide residues in soil were not much affected to the agro-ecosystem except few chemicals. So it should be needed more further researches in this field, continuously.

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Studies on the Contamination of Kimchi Material - Pesticide Residues in Vegitables - (김치의 오염(汚染)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) - 김치 재료(材料)의 농약오염(農藥汚染) -)

  • Yoon, Suk-Kyung
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 1980
  • In order to investigate the level of pesticide residues in the vegetables for Kimchi materials (Chinese cabbage, radish, red pepper, garlic and cucumber), which were produced in Andong district, organochlorine and organophosphur pesticide residues were analyzed using gas chromatography. The results were as follows; 1) In chinese cabbage, radish and some other vegetables harvested in early summer (June), organochlorine and organophosphur pesticide residues were detected in almost all of the samples tested, and a few of them showed a level higher than the organochlor APR(allowable pesticide residues). 2) Heptachlor, the soil insecticide was the most abundantly detected pesticide among the four organochlorine pesticides tested (Dieldrin, Endrin, BHC, Heptachlor) in this study. 3) Somewhat higher concentrations of organochlorine pesticides were detected in all kinds of sample vegetables harvested in late summer than in those harvested in early summer. And the frequency of organochlorine pesticide contamination was also increased, but the frequency of organophosphur pesticide contamination was decreased. 4) In the vegetable harvested in late autumn, level of organochlorine pesticide residues and frequency of contamination were markedly decreased and organophosphur pesticide residues (Diaginon, Malathion, Thiometon, EPN) were rarely detected. 5) The results of this study indicates that to take a lot of vegitables grown in summer was somewhat uncomfortable than those grown in autumn.

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Monitoring and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Residues for Circulated Agricultural Commodities in Korea-2013 (국내 유통 농산물의 잔류농약 모니터링 및 위해평가-2013년)

  • Kim, Jae-Young;Lee, Sang-Mok;Lee, Han-Jin;Chang, Moon-Ik;Kang, Nam-Sook;Kim, Nam-Sun;Kim, Heejung;Cho, Yoon-Jae;Jeong, Jiyoon;Kim, Mee Kyung;Rhee, Gyu-Seek
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.57 no.3
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    • pp.235-242
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is the establishment of scientific processes for making food safety policies. Thus, we investigated pesticide residue level of the agricultural commodities from market, and performed risk assessment. Fifteen agricultural items are chosen based on the frequency of Korean consumption. The samples were collected from 9 cities where populations are more than one million. Total 283 active ingredients were monitoring ( total sample number =232). Single-analysis of target pesticides was for three kinds of possible growth regulators and the multicomponent analysis was for 280 kinds of pesticides, a total of 283 species were selected to perform the pesticide residues. Before monitoring the analytes, the improvements of the analytical methods were done by method validations under the CODEX analytical method development guidelines and can produce metrics that represent the international standards applied in accordance with the guidelines. In addition to residual pesticides detected during monitoring we compare the ADI to EDI values using detected result and dietary consumption data which is extracted from annual market basket survey. The 163 samples were non-detected in the total 232 samples so it means that every agricultural commodity will residual pesticides-free in 70.3%. The detected residual pesticides showed for a total of 69 cases (29.7%). Two of samples violate Korean MRL (0.9%). The ratio of EDI compared to ADI resulted in only from 0.00087 to 0.902%. In result, we can assume that all detected residual pesticides are very safe level and current policies of Korean pesticides control may be working.

Reduction of Pesticide Residues in the Production of Red Pepper Powder

  • Chun, Mi-Hwa;Lee, Mi-Gyung
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.57-62
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    • 2006
  • Six organophosphorus, one organochlorine, and three synthetic pyrethroid pesticides were analyzed for their residues during washing and hot-air drying of red peppers conducted in the production of powder. The residue ratio in organophosphorus pesticides was 33% in chlorpyrifos, 31 % in diazinon, 50% in methidathion, 80% in EPN, 28% in fenitrothion, and 60% in profenofos. The ratio in pyrethroids was 109% in cypermethrin, 102% in deltamethrin, and 106% in fenvalerate. That in organochlorine was 56% in ${\alpha}$-endosulfan and 90% in ${\beta}$-endosulfan. The results were greatly different between organophosphorus and pyrethroid pesticides. UV irradiation along with hot-air drying brought about a remarkable reduction of the residues, up to 70% as compared with hot-air drying only. The removal effect was most remarkable in pyrethroids, which are hardly removed by hot-air drying. The color of the pepper was not changed during UV irradiation. The use of oxidizing agents such as hydrogen peroxide or chlorine dioxide during washing did not show a remarkable removal of residues. The residue ratio was not affected whether the pesticide is contaminated artificially or naturally.

A Monitoring Survey on Pesticide Residues in Pears and Sweet Persimmons (배와 단감 중 농약 잔류에 관한 조사 연구)

  • 이해근;이영득;신용화
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.131-137
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    • 1988
  • A pesticide monitoring survey was undertaken for the both 30 samples of pears and sweet persimmons from chief producing districts in1985 to evaluate pesticide residues in these agrcultural products and also to give basic informations in establishing maximum residue limits. Pesticide residues in pears were detected with fairly low in 7-60% of total samples. Even the maximum residue levels were only in the amount of 1/53-2/3 compared with maximum residue limits established in fruits in Environment Administration, Korea. Most of the residues (71-82%) was remained in peels of pears. Incase of sweet persimmons, captan, captafol, EPN, parathion, and phenthoate residues were also detected with fairly low in 3-20% of total samples. Presently, it is considered that pesticide residues in pears and sweet persimmons may be no harmful levels for food commodities.

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Establishment of Analytical Method for Dichlorprop Residues, a Plant Growth Regulator in Agricultural Commodities Using GC/ECD (GC/ECD를 이용한 농산물 중 생장조정제 dichlorprop 잔류 분석법 확립)

  • Lee, Sang-Mok;Kim, Jae-Young;Kim, Tae-Hoon;Lee, Han-Jin;Chang, Moon-Ik;Kim, Hee-Jeong;Cho, Yoon-Jae;Choi, Si-Won;Kim, Myung-Ae;Kim, MeeKyung;Rhee, Gyu-Seek;Lee, Sang-Jae
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.214-223
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    • 2013
  • BACKGROUND: This study focused on the development of an analytical method about dichlorprop (DCPP; 2-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)propionic acid) which is a plant growth regulator, a synthetic auxin for agricultural commodities. DCPP prevents falling of fruits during their growth periods. However, the overdose of DCPP caused the unwanted maturing time and reduce the safe storage period. If we take fruits with exceeding maximum residue limits, it could be harmful. Therefore, this study presented the analytical method of DCPP in agricultural commodities for the nation-wide pesticide residues monitoring program of the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety. METHODS AND RESULTS: We adopted the analytical method for DCPP in agricultural commodities by gas chromatograph in cooperated with Electron Capture Detector(ECD). Sample extraction and purification by ion-associated partition method were applied, then quantitation was done by GC/ECD with DB-17, a moderate polarity column under the temperature-rising condition with nitrogen as a carrier gas and split-less mode. Standard calibration curve presented linearity with the correlation coefficient ($r^2$) > 0.9998, analysed from 0.1 to 2.0 mg/L concentration. Limit of quantitation in agricultural commodities represents 0.05 mg/kg, and average recoveries ranged from 78.8 to 102.2%. The repeatability of measurements expressed as coefficient of variation (CV %) was less than 9.5% in 0.05, 0.10, and 0.50 mg/kg. CONCLUSION(S): Our newly improved analytical method for DCPP residues in agricultural commodities was applicable to the nation-wide pesticide residues monitoring program with the acceptable level of sensitivity, repeatability and reproducibility.

Information Resources for the Establishment of Tolerances on Pesticide Residues in Water Quality (수질중 농약잔류 허용기준 설정을 위한 근거자료)

  • Lee, Su-Rae;Kim, Yong-Hwa;Lee, Mi-Gyung
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.351-373
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    • 1995
  • The objective of this paper is to present relevant information and data from domestic and foreign references and to propose legal standards on pesticide residues in order to mitigate the pesticide contamination in the water environment. Among 200 pesticide ingredients in use in Korea, items necessary for standard setting were selected and theoretical residue limits were computed. The results are summarized as follows. In advanced countries, drinking water standards are established on the basis of health index ADI and water intake, whereas standards for surface water are established temporarily on the basis of different parameters, inconsistent with different countries. Pesticide residue limits applicable in Korea were proposed for 24 pesticides in drinking water(health basis) and for 25 pesticides in surface water(ecotoxicological basis), as selected by risk priority. It was recommended to accumulate scientific data by persistent research efforts in order to maintain the justification of the pesticide residue limits in water and relevant research topics to be undertaken in future were proposed.

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Development and Validation of a Simultaneous Analytical Method for the Detection of Mefentrifluconazole and Triticonazole Fungicide in Agricultural Crops (농산물 중 메펜트리플루코나졸 및 트리티코나졸 살균제의 동시 분석법 개발 및 검증)

  • Park, Ji-Su;Lee, Han Sol;Lee, Su Jung;Shin, Hye-Sun;Shim, Jae-Han;Yun, Sang Soon;Jung, Yong-hyun;Oh, Jae-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.130-137
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    • 2020
  • BACKGROUND: Mefentrifluconazole and triticonazole are the triazole fungicides. The maximum residue levels for agricultural products need to be set up. Therefore, development of the official analytical method for determination of mefentrifluconazole and triticonazole residues from agricultural crops was necessary due to safety management, and then a simultaneous analytical method was developed for the determination of mefentrifluconazole and triticonazole in agricultural crops. METHODS AND RESULTS: Samples were extracted using acetonitrile and purified using dispersive solid phase extraction, and then detected with liquid chromatograph-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Matrix-matched calibration curves (0.0025-0.25 ㎍/mL) were linear into a sample extract with r2>0.99. For validation, the recovery test was carried out at three fortification levels (LOQ, 10 LOQ and 50 LOQ) from agricultural samples. The results for mefentrifluconazole and triticonazole ranged between 92.3 to 115.3% and 91.4 to 108.5%, respectively and RSD (relative standard deviation) values were also below 6.0%. Furthermore, inter-laboratory was conducted to validate the method. CONCLUSION: All values were corresponded with the criteria ranges requested by both the CODEX (CAC/GL 40-1993, 2003) and MFDS guidelines (2016). Therefore, the proposed method can be used as an official analytical method for determination of mefentrifluconazole and triticonazole (triazole fungicides) in the Republic of Korea.