• Title, Summary, Keyword: pesticide residues

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Analytical Method Validation and Monitoring of Pesticide Residues in Animal Feeds (유통 사료 중 잔류농약 다성분동시분석법 확립 및 모니터링)

  • Kim, Jin Kuk;Kim, Ho Jin;Jeong, Myeong Sil;Kim, Choong Ryeol;Jeong, Min Hee;Lee, Mi Jin;Kang, Hye Min;Lee, Jae Wheon;Park, Hyejin
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.247-263
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    • 2016
  • Safe animal feed is important for the health of animals, the environment and for the safety of foods of animal origin. Therefore, the aims of this study were: 1) to validate simultaneous analytical method and 2) to investigate the amount of pesticide residues in animal feed from Republic of Korea as a part of official control. A total of 126 samples were collected in 2015 and analyzed for 105 pesticides. According to pesticides monitoring result, no residue was found in 84.1% of the samples, whereas 15.9% of samples contained pesticide residues below the maximum residue limits (MRLs). Pirimiphos-methyl and cyproconazole were the two most frequently found pesticides. The results show that all commercial feed monitored in 2015 were safe under the Korean MRL and occurrence of pesticide residues in animal feed could not be considered serious threats to human and animal health. However, continuous monitoring with tighter regulation for pesticide residues in animal feed is recommended.

Estimate of pesticide residues in tomato varieties using ratio of surface area to weight (비표면적을 이용한 토마토의 과종별 농약 잔류량 예측)

  • Kwon, Hye-Young;Kim, Jin-Bae;Lee, Hee-Dong;Ihm, Yang-Bin;Kyung, Kee-Sung;Park, In-Hee;Choi, Jung
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.30-37
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    • 2004
  • This study estimated the correlation between surface area/weight ratios and pesticide residues in two varieties of tomato, mini tomato and tomato. The ratios of surface area/weight of mini tomato and tomato were $2.15cm^2g^{-1}$ and $1.00cm^2g^{-1}$ respectively. Pesticide residues were measured with four kinds of pesticide, chlorothalonil WP, chlorothalonil SC, oxadixyl WP, thiophanate-methyl WP. Ie residue amount of mini tomato was $1.4\sim2.4$ times higher than those in tomato regardless of the application date and frequency. The ratios of surface area/weight on tomato varieties played a key role for determining pesticide residue.

Information Resources for the Establishment of Tolerances on Pesticide Residues in Golf Courses (골프장의 농약잔류 허용기준 설정을 위한 자료)

  • Lee, Su-Rae;Han, Dae-Sung;Lee, Mi-Gyung
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.262-272
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    • 1996
  • The objective of this paper is to present relevant information and for proposing legal standards on pesticide residues around golf courses. Among 67 pesticide ingredients used for the courses in Korea, 30 items necessary for standard setting were selected and theoretical residue limits were computed. Pesticide residue limits applicable to golf courses in Korea were for 16 pesticides in run-off water on the health and ecotoxicological bases and in soil on the health basis, as selected by practical use pattern. It is recommended to accumulate scientific data by continuous research efforts in order to justify the pesticide residue limits in run-off water and soils of golf courses.

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Revision in the Codex Classification of Foods and Animal Feeds (2013)

  • Lee, Mi-Gyung
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.48-51
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    • 2014
  • Since the year of 2006 when the extended revision of the Codex Classification of Foods and Animal Feeds was undertaken, considerable progresses have been made in revising the Classification. This paper aimed to summarize the present status on revision of the Codex Classification of Foods and Animal Feeds, focusing remarkable achievements such as 1) the draft revision of the Codex Classification for the fruit commodity group and 2) the draft Principles and Guidance on the Selection of Representative Commodities for the Extrapolation of Maximum Residue Limits for Pesticides to Commodity Groups, adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission in 2012. Additionally, it included information on lists of crop group or subgroup which are holding at Step 7 and were adopted at Step 5, and further have not been yet discussed by the Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues. These information will be very helpful for a pesticide regulatory regime.

Effect of Photosensitization on the Diminution of Pesticide Residues on Red Pepper (고추중 잔류농약의 경감에 미치는 감광작용의 효과)

  • Lee, Jae-Koo;Kwon, Jeong-Wook;Ahn, Ki-Chang;Park, Ju-hyoung;Lee, Jun-Su
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.116-121
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    • 2000
  • Photosensitizing activities of some selected photosensitizers (PS) on the artificial diminution of pesticide residues on red pepper were investigated. Red peppers were sprayed 4 times with the three fungicides, dithianon, triflumizole, and triforine, according to the conventional method, followed by the application of photosensitizers once. Recoveries for the analyses of the pesticide residues were high $(90.7{\sim}98.5%)$ except for dithianon $(76.6{\sim}78.3%)$. In case of dithianon, after 1 day of the application of PS-1 (10 ppm), the residual amount was 76% of that of the control. For triflumizole, the residual amount after 3 days of the application of PS-4 (50 ppm) accounted for 48% of that of the control. In case of triforine, the residual amount after 1 day of the application of PS-3 (100 ppm) was 55% of that of the control. The results indicated that the photosensitizing activities of photosensitizers varied with chemicals and the matrices where pesticide residues are remaining.

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Development and Validation of Analytical Method for Nitroxoline in Chicken Using HPLC-PDA (HPLC-PDA를 이용한 닭고기 중 Nitroxoline 분석법 개발)

  • Cho, Yoon-Jae;Chae, Young-Sik;Kim, Jae-Eun;Kim, Jae-Young;Kang, Ilhyun;Lee, Sang-Mok;Do, Jung-Ah;Oh, Jae-Ho;Chang, Moon-Ik;Hong, Jin-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.70-77
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    • 2013
  • BACKGROUND: Nitroxoline is an antibiotic agent. It is used for the treatment of the second bacterial infection by the colibacillosis, salmonellosis and viral disease of the poultry. When the nitroxoline is indiscreetly used, the problem about the abuse of the antibiotics can occur. Therefore, this study presented the residue analytical method of nitroxoline in food for the safety management of animal farming products. METHODS AND RESULTS: A simple, sensitive and specific method for nitroxoline in chicken muscle by high performance liquid chromatograph with PDA was developed. Sample extraction with acetonitrile, purification with SPE cartridge (MCX) were applied, then quantitation by HPLC with C18 column under the gradient condition with 0.1 % tetrabutylammonium hydroxide-phosphoric acid and methanol was performed. Standard calibration curve presented linearity with the correlation coefficient ($r^2$) > 0.999, analysed from 0.02 to 0.5 mg/L concentration. Limit of quantitation in chicken muscle showed 0.02 mg/kg, and average recoveries ranged from 72.9 to 88.1 % in chicken muscle. The repeatability of measurements expressed as coefficient of variation (CV %) was less than 12 % in 0.02 and 0.04 mg/kg. CONCLUSION(S): Newly developed method for nitroxoline in chicken muscle was applicable to food inspection with the acceptable level of sensitivity, repeatability and reproducibility.

Simultaneous Determination of Penicillin Antibiotics in Meat using Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS를 이용한 육류 중 페니실린계 항생제 8종의 동시분석 및 적용성 검증)

  • Kim, Myeong-Ae;Yoon, Su-Jin;Kim, MeeKyung;Cho, Yoon-Jae;Choi, Sun-Ju;Chang, Moon-Ik;Lee, Sang-Mok;Kim, Hee-Jeong;Jeong, Jiyoon;Rhee, Gyu-Seek;Lee, Sang-Jae
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.131-140
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    • 2014
  • The objective of this study was to develop a simultaneous method of 8 penicillin antibiotics including amoxicillin, ampicillin, cloxacillin, dicloxacillin, nafcillin, oxacillin, penicillin G and penicillin V in meat using LC-MS/MS. The procedure involves solid phase extraction with HLB cartridge and subsequent analysis by LC-MS/MS. To optimize MS analytical condition of 8 compounds, each parameter was established by multiple reaction monitoring in positive ion mode. The chromatographic separation was achieved on a $C_{18}$ column with a mobile phase of 0.05% formic acid and 0.05% formic acid in acetonitrile at a flow rate of 0.2 mL/min for 20 min with a gradient elution. The developed method was validated for specificity, linearity, accuracy and precision in beef, pork and chicken. The recoveries were 71.0~106%, and relative standard deviations (RSD) were 4.0~11.2%. The limit of detection (LOD) and the limit of quantification (LOQ) were 0.003~0.008 mg/kg and 0.01~0.03 mg/kg, respectively, that are below maximum residue limit (MRL) of the penicillins. This study also performed survey of residual penicillin antibiotics for 193 samples of beef, pork and chicken collected from 9 cities in Korea. Penicillins were not found in all the samples except a sample of pork which contained cloxacillin (concentration of 0.08 mg/kg) below the MRL (0.3 mg/kg).

Simultaneous Determination of Aminoglycoside Antibiotics in Meat using Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS를 이용한 육류 중 아미노글리코사이드계 항생제 9종의 동시분석 및 적용성 검증)

  • Cho, Yoon-Jae;Choi, Sun-Ju;Kim, Myeong-Ae;Kim, MeeKyung;Yoon, Su-Jin;Chang, Moon-Ik;Lee, Sang-Mok;Kim, Hee-Jeong;Jeong, Jiyoon;Rhee, Gyu-Seek;Lee, Sang-Jae
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.123-130
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    • 2014
  • A simultaneous determination was developed for 9 aminoglycoside antibiotics (amikacin, apramycin, dihydrostreptomycin, gentamicin, hygromycin B, kanamycin, neomycin, spectinomycin, and streptomycin) in meat by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Each parameter was established by multiple reaction monitoring in positive ion mode. The developed method was validated for specificity, linearity, accuracy, and precision based on CODEX validation guideline. Linearity was over 0.98 with calibration curves of the mixed standards. Recovery of 9 aminoglycosides ranged on 60.5~114% for beef, 60.1~112% for pork and 63.8~131% for chicken. The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) were 0.001~0.009 mg/kg and 0.006~0.03 mg/kg, respectively in livestock products including beef, pork and chicken. This study also performed survey of residual aminoglycoside antibiotics for 193 samples of beef, pork and chicken collected from 9 cities in Korea. Aminoglycosides were not found in any of the samples.

A Safety Survey of Pesticide Residues in Fruit Products Circulated in Chungcheongnam-do Province, Korea (충남도내 유통 과일류의 잔류농약 안전성 조사)

  • Lee, Kang-Bum;Kim, Nam-Woo;Song, Nak-Soo;Lee, Jung-Ho;Jung, Sang-Mi;Shin, Myoung-Hee;Choi, Seon-Sil;Kim, Ji-Hee;Sung, Si-Youl
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.421-430
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    • 2019
  • In this study, 195 pesticide residues in fruit samples (n=150) at local markets in Chungcheongnam-do Chungnam, Korea were monitored using a multi-residue method combined with GC-MS/MS and LCMS/MS. Among 150 fruit samples, 40 types of pesticides were detected in 63 samples and the detection rate was 42.0%. However, the amounts were below the maximum residue limit (MRL). Detection rates for pesticides in each thpe of fruit were as follows ; citrus fruits (55.2%), pome fruits (41.3%), berries (38.7%) and stone fruits (36.0%). Although the sample size was small (n=2), pesticide residues were not detected in tropical fruits. Occurrences of detection of pesticide residues in apple showed the highest level, and mainly, insecticides were detected most frequently. The most commonly detected pesticides residues were bifenthrin (21), pyraclostrobin (17), novaluron (13), boscalid (10), chlorfenapyr (9), trifloxystrobin (9), furathiocarb (9), acetamiprid (8) and chlorpyrifos (8). Five types of residual pesticides (bifenthrin, chlorfenapyr, deltamethrin, fenpropathrin and fenvalerate) were detected in quince, and out of these five, fenpropathrin exceeded the MRL based on the Positive List System (PLS). These results suggested that pesticide residues in fruit samples should be continuously monitored, although residue levels in 63 other fruit samples were evaluated as being within a safe level.

Development of analytical method for cyantraniliprole residues in welsh onion (Allium species) (대파(Allium속)에서 살충제 Cyantraniliprole 잔류분석을 위한 시험법 개발)

  • Do, Jung-Ah;Lee, Mi-Young;Chang, Moon-Ik;Hong, Jin-Hwan;Oh, Jae-Ho
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.175-181
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    • 2015
  • Cyantraniliprole, which is an ananthranilic diamide insecticide that was developed by the DuPont Corporation, was registered in the Republic of Korea in 2012. It offers exceptional insecticidal activity on a broad range of Lepidopera, Coleoptera, Diptera, and Isoptera. The maximum residue limits are set to pepper, peach, apple, sweet pepper, welsh onion, and so on (0.2~2.0 mg/kg). Therefore, an analytical method for determining cyantraniliprole residue in agricultural products was developed to ensure food safety. In previous studies, welsh onions were among vegetables included in the allium species, which is a representative plant with sulfur organic compounds. In this study, the analytical method was developed and evaluated for the elimination of sulfur compounds from the test solution of allium species during pesticide residue analysis. In order to inactivate the enzyme allinase and produce sulfur compounds, sample extraction was made in the base state pH 10 by reducing the activity of the enzyme. The recoveries of the developed method ranged from 81.9% to 83.2%, and the relative standard deviations were less than 10%. Therefore, based on the results, the method developed in this study is accurate and appropriate for use in cyantraniliprole determination. It will be used as the official method for managing the safety of cyantraniliprole residues in agricultural products.