• Title, Summary, Keyword: phenomenological methods

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Logic and Method of Phenomenological Research for Online Games (온라인게임 연구를 위한 현상학적 연구의 논리와 방법)

  • Kim, Ki-Suk;Shim, Sun-Ae;Jong, Hyung-Won
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.321-329
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of the present study is to understand the cultural aspects of the games through the logic and methods of phenomenological study for online games and to propose phenomenological research methods to many researchers performing various studies on the characteristics, addiction, culture, nature, features and types of the players. In particular, the way was investigated to study the game culture through the logic and methods of phenomenological study. Phenomenological research methods will help how to understand the game as a way to understand the cultural context of the specific and vivid life of gamers experience and human reality. This study is expected to inspire continuously more interesting and persistent phenomenological studies of many researchers with interests in the new research methods.

A Study on the Qualitative Evaluation for the Program of Clinical Social Welfare Setting : Focused on Utilizing of Phenomenological Self-Evaluation Method (사회복지조직에서의 프로그램 질적 평가 연구 : 현상학적 자기평가의 활용을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Jong-Hyug
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.47
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    • pp.334-368
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to apply to the phenomenological self-evaluation method in the social welfare agency. It means that the phenomenological self-evaluation method accepts "the reality" which occurs in the social welfare setting, and functions for the social worker to play dual role of practitioner-evaluator. This paper examines two dimensions of social work evaluation theory and practice. Firstly, this study is to investigate a trend of evaluation in social work setting, and seeks theoretical aspect of phenomenological self-evaluation method, with emphasis on the strength and limit of the positivism evaluation methods. Although qualitative evaluation was suggested to make an alternative to the positivism by qualitative researchers, they did not suggest the specific methods and roles of the practitioner-evaluator. In this study, two directions of the phenomenological self-evaluation method are suggested to overcome the limitations. which are "environment-relation self-evaluation" and "program-oriented self-evaluation". Secondly, the result of phenomenological self-evaluation studies for the social welfare community center program and organization in kangnam district from June, 1994 (Program-oriented self-evaluation) to march, 2000 (Environment-relation self-evaluation) are presented. the phenomenological self-evaluation study showed the expected outcome such as; reflective self-training, making a practice knowledge, enhancing service quality, and reinforcing the identity of social welfare profession.

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Husserlian Phenomenology in Korean Nursing Research: Analysis, Problems, and Suggestions

  • Kim, Hye-Kyung;Jun, Myunghee;Rhee, Stephanie;Wreen, Michael
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.5-15
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This paper is a critical review of descriptive phenomenological methodology in Korean nursing research. We propose constructive suggestions for the improvement of descriptive phenomenological methodology in light of Husserl's phenomenological approaches. Methods: Using the key words of 'phenomenology,' 'experience,' and 'nursing,' we identify and analyze 64 Korean empirical phenomenological studies (selected from 282 studies) published in 14 Korean nursing journals from 2005 to 2018. The PubMed and the Korea Citation Index were used to identify the studies. Results: Our analysis shows that all the reviewed articles used Giorgi's or Colaizzi's scientific phenomenological methodology, without critical attention to Husserl's philosophical phenomenological principles. Conclusions: The use of scientific phenomenology in nursing research, which originated in North America, has become a global phenomenon, and Korean phenomenological nursing research has faithfully followed this scholarly trend. This paper argues that greater integration of Husserlian phenomenological principles into scientific phenomenological methodology in nursing research, such as participant-centered bracketing and eidetic reduction, is needed to ensure that scientific phenomenology lives up to its promise as a research methodology.

A Study on the Landscape Analysis and Evaluation Method : A Phenomenological Approach (경관분석 및 평가방법에 관한 연구 - 현상학적 접근 -)

  • 임승빈
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.43-51
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    • 1988
  • Phenomenological approach suggests a new dimension in landscape evaluation, which is a contrast to the existing scientific evaluation methods. The characteristics of the phenomenological approach is qualitative, holistic, open, and experiential, whereas that of the scientific approach is quantitative, reductive, closed, and experimental. In phenomenological approach, the average response of a group is not considered as meaningful in landscape evaluation. Instead, the individual response, experience, and feeling are considered as important. In phenomenological approach, people try to see the real world as it is, while scientists tend to simplify the real world in order to handle the complex Phenomena easily. Due to its holistic and qualitative nature, the phenomenological approach has limitations to be a practical landscape evaluation technique. However, recent research demonstrate the possibility of practical phenomenological landscape evaluation technique which is able to satisfy the criteria scientific methods should meet.

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A Study on the Phenomenological Characteristics of Alvaro Siza's Design (알바루 시자의 건축에 나타난 현상학적 건축특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jun-Sung;Chung, Tae-Yong
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 2014
  • The aim of this study is to review phenomenological characteristics in Alvaro Siza's works through his design intention, methods and results. As a Portuguese architect, his personal and local background as well as pursuing the essence of architecture made phenomenological characteristics of his works. The emphasis of the placeness of site and the existence of architecture has close relationship with Heidegger's concept of dwelling and the role of architecture. Although Siza has maintained white plat plane of interior space which is one of features of modern architecture, he provides dramatic and dynamic experiences of space using curved and acute angle of plane in his latter part of works. Another his phenomenological nature of buildings is a striking display of space and light which is remarkable especially in his museum designs. He made this character in adopting various shapes of double ceilings, openings and their combination with natural light which he always emphasizes. As a result, Alvaro Siza's phenomenological characteristics comes not from clear architectural or philosophical theory but from continuous practice based on pursuing the essence of architecture.

The Limits and Problems of 'Pedagogical Phenomenology' for Qualitative Research (질적 연구를 위한 '교육학적 현상학'의 한계와 문제)

  • Bae, Sang-sik
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • v.129
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    • pp.83-109
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    • 2014
  • The aim of this study is to examine the limits and problems of researchers that appear in the papers of applied qualitative research by phenomenological methods. Using phenomenological methods in the field of Pedagogy, pedagogical phenomenology is not to approach pedagogical issues that are closely related to human life through scientism or positivism, but to explain them in things themselves. The problem, however, is that cases misunderstood and distorted in the essential meaning of phenomenology are happening as domestic researchers are applying pure phenomenology(the philosophical phenomenology) to the field of phenomenology of practice(the pedagogical phenomenology). Especially, these researchers show some errors caused by lack of basic understanding about research logic and research techniques in qualitative research methodology. Thus if a researcher carry out a qualitative study by using phenomenological methods, she or he needs insights in analysing and interpreting the essence of the various phenomena appearing from the participants by comparing in with her or his own lives.

A Review of Research Methodology in Mathematics Education from Phenomenological Perspective (현상학적 관점을 반영한 학교수학의 연구방법론에 대한 고찰)

  • Cho, Cheong-Soo
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.383-408
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    • 2012
  • This study is to review phenomenology as a legitimate research methodology in mathematics education. Phenomenology is considered a perspective which will be able to provide varieties of viewpoints for mathematics education. Phenomenology is a research about phenomena and experience, and phenomenological research is to reveal the meanings from persons who experience something that researcher is interested in. Through such review, this study is to identify if phenomenology has potential possibility to open as a qualitative research methodology in mathematics education. In order to doing this, this study has reviewed the trend of qualitative research methods in mathematics education, major concepts of phenomenology, phenomenological attitudes for phenomenological research, and the methods and procedures for phenomenological research. The major conclusions are as the followings: the focus of lived-experience in mathematics education, the importance of recognizing life world in mathematics education, and the essence of general phenomena and the meanings of experience general in mathematics education.

A Comparison of Phenomenological Research Methodology - Focused on Giorgi, Colaizzi, Van Kaam Methods - (현상학적 연구방법의 비교고찰 - Giorgi, Colaizzi, Van Kaam방법을 중심으로 -)

  • 김분한;김금자;박인숙;이금재;김진경;홍정주;이미향;김영희;유인영
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.1208-1220
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to describe the differences in three phenomenological research methods used to understand the experience of families of patients with cancer and so provide as guideline to novices first attempting qualitative research. The subjects were 3 family members - spouse, daughter, daughter-in-law -of cancer patients at S-hospital. Unstructured deep interviews were carried out and taped for further analyzed. Interviews were analyzed using three phenomenological methods ; Giorgi's, Colazzi's, and Van Kaam's. The results are as follows. : The experience of family the analyzed using Giorgi's method showed different characteristics according to the family members' role. According to Colaizzi's method, they experienced burden, a willingness to care, role conflict, thanks to family and significant others, and ambivalence about treatment. Using Van Kaam's methodology, two categories were identified ; change of family function and burden. Themes in change of family function were positive attitude(9), role conflict(6), negative attitude(5), active attitude(2), and passive attitude(2) ; Themes in burden were emotional burden, physical burden, and economic burden. The result from using Giorgi's method were centered or individual characteristics and these results constituteds situational structured description and a general structured description. From Colaizzi's method the focus was on the common experience of all fo the subjects. In Van Kaam's method, subthemes (13), themes(8), and categories(2) were identified. So researchers should choose the qualitative method according to their research goals and methodological characteristics.

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A Study on the Formation of the Orientation and the Event Through the phenomenological cognitive system (현상학적 지각체계에 의한 정위와 사건의 형성에 관한 연구)

  • Byun, Dae-Joong
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.68-77
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    • 2012
  • Appreciating the aspect of modem architecture requires not only the comprehension of the nature of design and architects' ways of thinking and expression but also observers' views on buildings and their perceptive/cognitive stages. This calls for an in-depth study on the "system of phenomenological perceptions" that works as a new architectural experience system. The system of phenomenological perceptions makes it possible to specify the individual process of understanding architecture, that is, hands-on experiences, participations, feelings, perceptions, and cognition. The value of user experience and cognition has been emphasized by philosophical and aesthetical concepts as well. Therefore, in order to better appreciate the modern architecture, this study suggests theoretical consideration to "orientation and event" that are crucial elements in understanding a phenomenological view and materializing actual space formation. This offers the cognitive system with which we analyze modem architecture and comprehensive expressional methods. In other words, this study contemplates the system of phenomenological perceptions from an existential spatial perspective by structurizing the system of the orientation and the event in order to segmentalize users' current locations, potential directions, the relations with spaces, continual vie'wpoints as well as buildings' functions and interior and exterior division. The system of phenomenological perceptions helps understand and systemize modern architecture through a system based on relations between sensation, perception, cognition, sensitivity, and rationality. This creates a new cognitive system employing the concept of the orientation and the event, which is different from a normal cognitive system basing on the sense of vision. When observers appreciate space, they tend to relate the space to a certain event and to remember their experiences in it. During the process, they draw borders of the space in which the event takes place and give shape to their experiences including actions, movements, cognition and sensation. The process leads to the formation of "placeness," and here, the concept of the orientation comes in as the location and the center of the placeness. This study proves that a determined orientation coupled with individual experience and events settles the place ness; detailed elements in the cognitive system have close relations with one another; the orientation, actions, events, and places are the factors that materialize observers' architectural experience.

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A Phenomenological Study Defining the Fundamentals between Artistic Stimulation and the Creation of a Product-Service Innovation Idea (학습자의 경영예술 창작 체험이 제품-서비스 혁신 아이디어 생성에 미치는 영향에 대한 현상학적 연구)

  • Yoon, Ayoung;Kym, Hyogun;Suh, Hyunju
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.105-135
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    • 2019
  • This study investigates cognitive and emotional changes in individuals to clarify the principle between artistic stimulation and business innovation idea generation based on phenomenological research methodology. We conducted in-depth interviews with six participants who participated in the artistic creation program of business art, and derived meanings from their experience. As a result, we presented 4 essential categories, 8 main subjects, and 20 sub-subjects; 1) Optimizing rational and creative thinking, 2) Projecting oneself to the artist, finding balance, 3) Having room in mind to view the surroundings, finding insight into the world, 4) Eureka moment, crossing the boundary between business and art. We also found out participants of the program 1) Gradually expanded the criteria, 2) In chaotic directions, and 3) Leaded business creativity through from a non-form to reality throughout the project experience, The attempt to identify business phenomena by using phenomenological qualitative research methods had an academic significance regarding the unfamiliarity of the method in the business administration area. Moreover, this study broadened the possibility of promoting creativity by art in business areas. The study verified the categories and subjects of the business art, paving the way towards application in the real business situation.