• Title, Summary, Keyword: phenomenological study

Search Result 823, Processing Time 0.052 seconds

A Study on Phenomenological Application Methodology of Architectonics of Steven Holl - Focus on Architectural Common Ground of Phenomenological Concepts - (스티븐 홀의 현상학적 건축구성방법론에 관한 연구 -현상학적 개념의 건축적 공통부분을 중심으로-)

  • Lim, Ki-Taek
    • Journal of The Korean Digital Architecture Interior Association
    • /
    • v.13 no.4
    • /
    • pp.13-23
    • /
    • 2013
  • Steven Holl is outstanding architect who has been applied his phenomenological thinking to his works. he has been reported that he had adhered to focus his interest on coherent phenomenological theme and sublimated his architectural concept succesfully. This study focuses on relationship how phenomenological concept has common ground with architectural parts and with the study on phenomenological application methodology of architectonics of Steven Holl. In the case of Holl, with the theme of sense and flesh, he molds phenomenologically sensitive space. His works contains coherent phenomenolgical concepts such as distrust of rationality, synthesis of consciousness, and qeustions of perception. The Methodologies of connection with environment(nature or bridge), regional values, placeness, light and time are considered in his works(books and architectural works) as anchoring, interwining and parallax for phenomenological process in his concepts. His methodologies of enlisted works contain many valuable concepts of phenomenological intuition and would be applicable to contemporary and future architecture for humanism.

Phenomenological characteristics and possibilities in the contemporary spatial design - From the Viewpoint of Phenomenology of Perception of M. Merleau-Ponty - (현대 공간디자인에서의 현상학적 특징과 가능성 - 메를로퐁티의 지각의 현상학을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Mi-Kyung
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.10-19
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study is to predict the possibilities of phenomenological spatial design, by recognizing that a phenomenological spatial design brings about a change in the type, regime, role and materials of a spatiality due to the effect of contemporary digital technology and by analyzing their characteristics. Therefore, the study is based on the phenomenology of perception of Morris Merleau Ponty, which has the same concept to contemporary out-of-material and out-of-hierarchical paradigm. The case study has been carried out by selecting some of all works since 1980s, which were influenced by Merleau-Ponty. The analyses were performed by substituting the cases into the spatiality of Situation, spatiality of participation and creation, spatiality of retrospect and prospect, and the spatiality of unpredictability, which were the concept of phenomenological space of Merleau-Ponty for the analyses of features of type, regime, role and material of a spatial design. This article has a great significance in expecting the possibilities of changes of phenomenological spatial design by examining the characteristics of phenomenological spatial design.

A Study on the Qualitative Evaluation for the Program of Clinical Social Welfare Setting : Focused on Utilizing of Phenomenological Self-Evaluation Method (사회복지조직에서의 프로그램 질적 평가 연구 : 현상학적 자기평가의 활용을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Jong-Hyug
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
    • /
    • v.47
    • /
    • pp.334-368
    • /
    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to apply to the phenomenological self-evaluation method in the social welfare agency. It means that the phenomenological self-evaluation method accepts "the reality" which occurs in the social welfare setting, and functions for the social worker to play dual role of practitioner-evaluator. This paper examines two dimensions of social work evaluation theory and practice. Firstly, this study is to investigate a trend of evaluation in social work setting, and seeks theoretical aspect of phenomenological self-evaluation method, with emphasis on the strength and limit of the positivism evaluation methods. Although qualitative evaluation was suggested to make an alternative to the positivism by qualitative researchers, they did not suggest the specific methods and roles of the practitioner-evaluator. In this study, two directions of the phenomenological self-evaluation method are suggested to overcome the limitations. which are "environment-relation self-evaluation" and "program-oriented self-evaluation". Secondly, the result of phenomenological self-evaluation studies for the social welfare community center program and organization in kangnam district from June, 1994 (Program-oriented self-evaluation) to march, 2000 (Environment-relation self-evaluation) are presented. the phenomenological self-evaluation study showed the expected outcome such as; reflective self-training, making a practice knowledge, enhancing service quality, and reinforcing the identity of social welfare profession.

  • PDF

A Study on the Steven Holl's Phenomenological Approaches in Architecture - Focused on the Phenomenological Characteristics of Nelson-Atkins Art Museum - (스티븐 홀의 현상학적 건축접근 방식에 관한 연구 - 넬슨-앳킨스 미술관에 적용된 내용을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Jun-Sung;Chung, Tae-Yong
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
    • /
    • v.22 no.5
    • /
    • pp.88-95
    • /
    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the phenomenological approaches in Holl's architecture centered on his Nelson-Atkins Art Museum. This study mainly deals with concrete and practical architectural contents based on his recent works rather than existing studies about philosophical point of views to his architecture. Because Holl has had turning point from theoretical research to practical application and development stage. Therefore, this study aims to find out Holl's phenomenological approaches that were different from his early works. Nelson-Atkins art museum shows effect of luminosity as well as inflow of light in the phenomenological experiences of light and space. Holl gave new addition building that he designed contrasts of massing, transparency of material, colors to enhance existence of new building through phenomenological experiences. Narrow and long circulation and various focal points provide multi-view points and overlapped spaces in body experiences As a result, Holl shows shifts from theoretical application to architectural utilization. Nelson-Atkins art museum is important in that this project is one of stating points about this shift.

A Study on the Phenomenological Characteristics of the Expression in Composition of the Experimental Exhibition Space - Focused on Exhibition Utilizing Light - (전시체험공간 구성에서의 현상학적 표현특성에 관한 연구 - 빛을 이용한 전시를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Eun-A;Han, Hae-Ryon
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.183-194
    • /
    • 2013
  • Exhibition space emphasizes the experience in the space rather than viewing or appreciation of visitors. Because the experience spaces in today's life are limited, people experience rest, comfort, and sometimes extraordinary space experience through exhibition space. Exhibition space has changed from a static place to a space where visitors move and act with the exhibits to freely feel the space. Also, the static space expressed only with illumination and shadow becomes a new space different from daily space for users. This study analyzes the characteristics of phenomenological expression through such user-oriented exhibition space. This study is to analyze the characteristics of phenomenology through the exhibition experience space structure. It is to analyze and study on the characteristics of phenomenological expression of the exhibition experience space structure centered in the opinion of Merlo-Ponti that considers the experience of body among 'characteristics' discussed based on the study of the phenomenological experience published up to date and the viewpoint of Steven Hall that sees light as a subject of creating the space. This study is also considers how the perception of the experiencer is built in the correlation between the phenomenology and exhibition experience space by studying the relationship of the experiencer that is the common point of the exhibition experience space structure and the characteristics of phenomenological expression and analyzing the common point and difference of them. It also focuses on the space of dark whether forming any light rather than looking at the light which is the sense factor among the characteristics of phenomenological expressions. Thus, the purpose of this study is to analyze the case on whether there is any light or not applied to the exhibition experience space grounded by the theoretical materials of Merlo-Ponti and Steven Hall based on the characteristics of phenomenological expressions in the exhibition experience space structure and, based on the result, to set up the basics on the characteristics of phenomenological expressions in the composition of exhibition experience space.

A Study on the Phenomenological Characteristics of the St. Ignatius Chapel by Steven Holl (성 이냐시오 채플에 나타난 현상학적 건축특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jun-Sung;Chung, Tae-Yong
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
    • /
    • v.21 no.4
    • /
    • pp.12-20
    • /
    • 2012
  • The aim of this study is to review phenomenological characteristics in Steven Holl's architecture through his design of St. Ignatius Chapel at Seattle University. To obtain this purpose, an analytical frame based on Holl's theory of phenomenological architecture is suggested to have a systematic study for St. Ignatius chapel. This chapel can be a good example of phenomenological architecture in that it is based on the concept of 'A Gathering of Different Lights' related to phenomenology and considered perception including multi sensory (as well as vision) as primary factors from site and program interpretation to spatial configuration. Unprecedented exterior of St. Ignatius chapel reflected on characteristics and function of rooms to magnify user's spatial experiences through inducing natural light and spatial effect. Holl used various openings and screen for natural light with colors to invoke religious inspiration. He also try to give spatial depth and multi foci for experiencing space through various ceiling forms. These phenomenological features originated in client's strong will as well as appropriateness of the function of facility's religious experiences through building to the purpose of phenomenological architecture.

  • PDF

An Aesthetical Thinking in Phenomenological Research of Nursing Science (간호학문의 현상학적 연구에서의 미학적 사유)

  • Kong, Byung-Hye
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
    • /
    • v.15 no.3
    • /
    • pp.441-451
    • /
    • 2003
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to illuminate the relation between the aesthetics and qualitative nursing research, and especially to consider the aesthetical characteristics of phenomenological nursing research which may reflect works of art. Method: Based on Heidegger, Merleau-ponty and Gadamer' philosophical aesthetics, this study shows how aesthetical thought can be is applied to artistic creation and aesthetical criticism in the phenomenological research of nursing. Result: The result of aesthetical characteristics of phenomenological nursing research were as follows: 1) Poetical thought of the client's experience as the living is revealed as poetic expressions in forms of listening gazing, reflection and metaphor. 2) Literature works, paintings, poetry and fiction used as sources of lived-experience help to awaken insight into the essence of lived-experience. 3) Aesthetical evaluation of phenomenological product as art is related to the harmony as a whole, especially to the ability to do vicarious lived-experience of the client. Conclusion: In order to produce creative phenomenological works in nursing research, two suggestions are made: aesthetical thought and poetic language in phenomenological reflective writing which enables researchers to transmit the essence of the lived-experience.

  • PDF

Study on the Sense Space by Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenological body Perception (메를로-퐁티의 신체지각을 통한 감성 공간 연구)

  • Lee, Chan;Choi, Young-Jae
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
    • /
    • v.17 no.2
    • /
    • pp.39-46
    • /
    • 2008
  • This paper is a research about the expression and characteristics of sense space by a phenomenological approach through body from an anthropocentric point of view. The phenomenological expression elements of sense space have been abstracted by putting the characteristics of body perception into shape through the phenomenological approach. This research aims to provide the expression and characteristics of sense space that can be applied by phenomenological elements of emotional expression, and analyze their application level by phenomenological body perception in space through corresponding examples. As a result of this research, the expressions of sense space approach - such as migration of moving lines, reiteration and segmentation of region, spatial flexibility, transferal of sense, stimulation of combined senses, symbolic abstraction of memory, perception of environment and space, time by light, phenomenal water space, time expression by surrounding environments etc. - and the characteristics of sense space according to each expression have been obtained through the phenomenological expression elements in sense space such as expansive perception by consecutive scenes, spatial and sensory experience, embodiment of place, phenomenal change by time. It aims to grope for a new approach and possibility to the embodiment and expression of sense space through the expression of sense space approach based on the phenomenological body perception.

Logic and Method of Phenomenological Research for Online Games (온라인게임 연구를 위한 현상학적 연구의 논리와 방법)

  • Kim, Ki-Suk;Shim, Sun-Ae;Jong, Hyung-Won
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.13 no.11
    • /
    • pp.321-329
    • /
    • 2015
  • The purpose of the present study is to understand the cultural aspects of the games through the logic and methods of phenomenological study for online games and to propose phenomenological research methods to many researchers performing various studies on the characteristics, addiction, culture, nature, features and types of the players. In particular, the way was investigated to study the game culture through the logic and methods of phenomenological study. Phenomenological research methods will help how to understand the game as a way to understand the cultural context of the specific and vivid life of gamers experience and human reality. This study is expected to inspire continuously more interesting and persistent phenomenological studies of many researchers with interests in the new research methods.

A Study on the Phenomenological Centrality shown in Spatial Organization of Contemporary Architecture since 1960s (현대건축의 공간구성에서 나타나는 현상학적 중심성에 관한 연구)

  • Suh, Jeong-Yeon
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.56-64
    • /
    • 2006
  • From ancient times to today the formation of centrality in architecture has taken very important role as an organizing device. However after 19th century modem architecture focused on the universal aspect and homogeneity of space, and developed its own vocabulary through de-centralization. Since 1960's the reflections on de-humanized space of modem space have been evloved. As those movement has been understood seriously, the centrality can be changed to phenomenological one. And The phenomenological centrality maintains organic balance with its surroundings not trying to form a hierarchic system. So it shows human-oriented tendency and facilitates experiential movements of human body. And it also gives a sense of being. The phenomenological centrality is comprised of center, boundary, and two types of axis. The characteristics of phenomenological centrality can be analyzed as practical and meaningful center, visible boundary, experiential movement, and unexpectable encounters with spaces and nature.