• Title, Summary, Keyword: phenomenological study

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A Study on the Phenomenological Characteristics of Alvaro Siza's Design (알바루 시자의 건축에 나타난 현상학적 건축특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jun-Sung;Chung, Tae-Yong
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 2014
  • The aim of this study is to review phenomenological characteristics in Alvaro Siza's works through his design intention, methods and results. As a Portuguese architect, his personal and local background as well as pursuing the essence of architecture made phenomenological characteristics of his works. The emphasis of the placeness of site and the existence of architecture has close relationship with Heidegger's concept of dwelling and the role of architecture. Although Siza has maintained white plat plane of interior space which is one of features of modern architecture, he provides dramatic and dynamic experiences of space using curved and acute angle of plane in his latter part of works. Another his phenomenological nature of buildings is a striking display of space and light which is remarkable especially in his museum designs. He made this character in adopting various shapes of double ceilings, openings and their combination with natural light which he always emphasizes. As a result, Alvaro Siza's phenomenological characteristics comes not from clear architectural or philosophical theory but from continuous practice based on pursuing the essence of architecture.

Phenomenological Study on the Essential Meaning of Gentile New Yorkers -Focusing on Fashion Designers and Advertising Designers- (이방인 뉴요커의 본질적 의미에 대한 현상학적 연구 -패션디자이너와 광고디자이너를 중심으로-)

  • Oh, Hyun Jeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.910-923
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    • 2015
  • This phenomenological study is to understand the meaning and essence of experience from the perspective of a New Yorker. Participants were 11 Korean single women around 30 years old who work as fashion designers or advertising designers living and working in New York. Data were collected from November, 2013 to February, 2014, and one-to-one in-depth interviews were performed for data collection. Data analysis used the descriptive phenomenological method proposed by Giorgi. Phenomenological research is useful to understand the meaning of the experience for select cases and is used as an epoch and free variation method. The study results were identified from 70 common meanings to 14 exposed themes and 4 essentially themes from a gentile New Yorker's experience. The 4 essential themes were as follows. 1) Self-realization at the highest stage, 2) Indulge in the advanced culture of affluence and freedom, 3) Collapsing every day in depressed foreign workers, and 4) Becoming a rootless gentile New Yorker.

A Study on the Phenomenological Light Element in Contemporary House Interior Spaces (현대 주거 실내공간에 있어 현상학적 빛에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jae-Sun;Kim, Moon-Duck
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Interior Design Conference
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    • pp.151-154
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    • 2005
  • These days we are more interested in the space of architecture that how the change is likely to affect and how to be realized human. Human beings are recognizable the space and the creation of the space is eventually effected through human beings being perceptible the space of architecture and the equivalence of the space. That is the light, one of phenomenological elements, has been the first visual experience at birth. This study will concentrate on the importance of the phenomenological light especially indoors and study how architectural elements influence human beings with the light as one of the basic design factors for human life. That is exactly purpose of this research paper and this paper can make our lives worth living significant with the actively various uses inside spaces through the phenomenological light as a natural light in our human beings.

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A Study on the Spatial Characteristics of Phenomenology in Museum Space (박물관 공간에 나타난 현상학적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Ah-Ram;Kim, Moon-Duck
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Interior Design Conference
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    • pp.22-25
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    • 2007
  • The purpose is to analyze space through phenomenological features of museum space with the background of studying patterns and characteristics appearing in modern museum space based on Perceptional Phenomenology by Merleau Phonty, and then giving meanings to our daily-life space and offering new museum space. This research studies about recognizing phenomenological cognitive experiences not as conception fixed in modern museum, analyzes phenomenological particularities based on Phenomenological conception by Merleau Phonty, and studies on the features appearing in museum space by phenomenological language focusing on museums since 1990's.

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A Study on the Formation of the Orientation and the Event Through the phenomenological cognitive system (현상학적 지각체계에 의한 정위와 사건의 형성에 관한 연구)

  • Byun, Dae-Joong
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.68-77
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    • 2012
  • Appreciating the aspect of modem architecture requires not only the comprehension of the nature of design and architects' ways of thinking and expression but also observers' views on buildings and their perceptive/cognitive stages. This calls for an in-depth study on the "system of phenomenological perceptions" that works as a new architectural experience system. The system of phenomenological perceptions makes it possible to specify the individual process of understanding architecture, that is, hands-on experiences, participations, feelings, perceptions, and cognition. The value of user experience and cognition has been emphasized by philosophical and aesthetical concepts as well. Therefore, in order to better appreciate the modern architecture, this study suggests theoretical consideration to "orientation and event" that are crucial elements in understanding a phenomenological view and materializing actual space formation. This offers the cognitive system with which we analyze modem architecture and comprehensive expressional methods. In other words, this study contemplates the system of phenomenological perceptions from an existential spatial perspective by structurizing the system of the orientation and the event in order to segmentalize users' current locations, potential directions, the relations with spaces, continual vie'wpoints as well as buildings' functions and interior and exterior division. The system of phenomenological perceptions helps understand and systemize modern architecture through a system based on relations between sensation, perception, cognition, sensitivity, and rationality. This creates a new cognitive system employing the concept of the orientation and the event, which is different from a normal cognitive system basing on the sense of vision. When observers appreciate space, they tend to relate the space to a certain event and to remember their experiences in it. During the process, they draw borders of the space in which the event takes place and give shape to their experiences including actions, movements, cognition and sensation. The process leads to the formation of "placeness," and here, the concept of the orientation comes in as the location and the center of the placeness. This study proves that a determined orientation coupled with individual experience and events settles the place ness; detailed elements in the cognitive system have close relations with one another; the orientation, actions, events, and places are the factors that materialize observers' architectural experience.

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A Phenomenological Study on the experience of the physically abused children (학대받은 아동에 대한 현상학적 연구)

  • Ko, Me-Young
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.56 no.1
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    • pp.71-102
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    • 2004
  • This study is conducted to understand the meanings and nature of the experience of the physically abused children. This is a phenomenological study utilizing van Manen's method to present the children's inner world. The participants for this study were 10 children, in the age of 8 to 12, who were physically abused by their parents. Data were collected by using semi-structured interviews by the workers who regurally contacted children at the service agencies. Data were analyzed by using 'line by line' reflection by two graduate level students and by the researcher. Eight essential themes were drawn and used for the phenomenological understanding which reveals the meanings given by the children experiencing abuse. There were some suggestions for the abuse counsellors based on these findings.

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A Study on the Phenomenological Elements Appearing in Small-Scale Art Museums - From the Viewpoint of Phenomenology of Perception of M. Merleau-Ponty - (소규모 미술관에 나타나는 현상학적 요소에 관한 연구 - 메를로 퐁티의 지각의 현상학을 중심으로 -)

  • Choi, Jin-Seok;Kim, Moon-Duck
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.212-221
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to analyze and explore phenomenological elements that appear in small-scall art museums with spatial concepts, such as top and bottom, depth, movement, and experienced space on the basis of Merleau-Ponty $Ph\acute{e}nom\acute{e}nologie$ de la perception.' Therefore, small-scale art museums may be regarded as an ideal space that can be analyzed with Merleau-Ponty's phenomenological theory since they should provide viewers with various spatial experiences in a limited space, breaking away from spatial limitations beyond appreciation of artworks. As research subjects, the range of art museums was limited to ones whose designs architectures or interior designers participated in out of all the small-scale art museums constructed after the 1990s, when the concepts and directing methods of spatial experience elements started being applied to art museums. Small-scale art museums chosen as cases were analyzed with Merleau-Ponty's spatial concepts explained earlier, and this study drew conclusions for each one. The significance of this study is that the results of this study can be used as efficient materials to reflect phenomenological elements on planning future small-scale art museums through further studies on various small-scale art museums.

Convergent approach of phenomenological methodology about Emergency Nurses' experience of hospital violence (응급실 간호사들의 폭력 경험에 대한 현상학적 방법론의 융합적 접근)

  • Jeong, Young-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.6 no.5
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    • pp.63-75
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    • 2015
  • The aim of this study was to know the experience of emergency nurses on hospital violence and violence's effect on nurses via convergent approach of phenomenological methodology to be known for a good method to study alive human's experience. This study is a qualitative study converged the phenomenological methods and 5 emergency nurses participated in an in-depth interview. From the transcript, 41 significant statements, 17 clusters of theme, 6 categories were extracted. The extracted categories are violence's background, emotional response, physical response, social response, passive coping and active coping. The hospital violence's negative effect on emergency nurses occurred in various sides and the countermeasure is required to prevent violence from hospital setting anymore.

A Study on the Landscape Analysis and Evaluation Method : A Phenomenological Approach (경관분석 및 평가방법에 관한 연구 - 현상학적 접근 -)

  • 임승빈
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.43-51
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    • 1988
  • Phenomenological approach suggests a new dimension in landscape evaluation, which is a contrast to the existing scientific evaluation methods. The characteristics of the phenomenological approach is qualitative, holistic, open, and experiential, whereas that of the scientific approach is quantitative, reductive, closed, and experimental. In phenomenological approach, the average response of a group is not considered as meaningful in landscape evaluation. Instead, the individual response, experience, and feeling are considered as important. In phenomenological approach, people try to see the real world as it is, while scientists tend to simplify the real world in order to handle the complex Phenomena easily. Due to its holistic and qualitative nature, the phenomenological approach has limitations to be a practical landscape evaluation technique. However, recent research demonstrate the possibility of practical phenomenological landscape evaluation technique which is able to satisfy the criteria scientific methods should meet.

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A Phenomenological Study Defining the Fundamentals between Artistic Stimulation and the Creation of a Product-Service Innovation Idea (학습자의 경영예술 창작 체험이 제품-서비스 혁신 아이디어 생성에 미치는 영향에 대한 현상학적 연구)

  • Yoon, Ayoung;Kym, Hyogun;Suh, Hyunju
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.105-135
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    • 2019
  • This study investigates cognitive and emotional changes in individuals to clarify the principle between artistic stimulation and business innovation idea generation based on phenomenological research methodology. We conducted in-depth interviews with six participants who participated in the artistic creation program of business art, and derived meanings from their experience. As a result, we presented 4 essential categories, 8 main subjects, and 20 sub-subjects; 1) Optimizing rational and creative thinking, 2) Projecting oneself to the artist, finding balance, 3) Having room in mind to view the surroundings, finding insight into the world, 4) Eureka moment, crossing the boundary between business and art. We also found out participants of the program 1) Gradually expanded the criteria, 2) In chaotic directions, and 3) Leaded business creativity through from a non-form to reality throughout the project experience, The attempt to identify business phenomena by using phenomenological qualitative research methods had an academic significance regarding the unfamiliarity of the method in the business administration area. Moreover, this study broadened the possibility of promoting creativity by art in business areas. The study verified the categories and subjects of the business art, paving the way towards application in the real business situation.