• Title, Summary, Keyword: phenomenology

Search Result 255, Processing Time 0.037 seconds

A Study on the Kenneth Frampton's Contribution to Architectural Phenomenology (케네스 프램턴이 건축 현상학에 끼친 영향)

  • Chung, Tae-Yong
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
    • /
    • v.26 no.5
    • /
    • pp.75-82
    • /
    • 2017
  • The aim of this study is to find phenomenological characteristics in the background and contents of Kenneth Frampton's architectural theories and their contribution to architectural phenomenology. His theories reflect on the interpretations of Modern architecture synchronically and diachronically. This difference makes Frampton have more concrete direction for architectural phenomenology. Hanna Arendt, who contribute to form Frampton's architectural theory, introduced various concepts of Heidegger's phenomenology to Frampton. And criticism of image centered late capitalism also act as a background for Frampton to relate to phenomenology. Frampton emphasized the importance of 'critical regionalism' and 'tectonic' as a poetics of construction as the resistance of globalization. All of these have relations to 'place' and 'perception' that are main themes of phenomenology. Frampton explains his theory with phenomenological terms and above all things, he assimilates concerns of architectural phenomenology with critical thinking. In these aspects, his theories can be recognized as playing an important role to the development of architectural phenomenology.

Existential Phenomenology and the Practice of Caring (실존적 현상학과 돌봄의 실천)

  • Kong, Byung Hye
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
    • /
    • v.19 no.1
    • /
    • pp.138-145
    • /
    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was done to provide fundamental ontological understanding of caring and inquiring into the possibility of a caring practice in nursing based on existential phenomenology. Methods: According to Heidegger's existential phenomenology, caring has been interpreted as a fundamental ontological basis for caring practice in nursing. Further, based on Merleau-Ponty's phenomenology, the meaning of the lived experience of illness and the way of caring practice have been described from the aspect of the existential involvement in the embodied life world. Results: Heidegger's phenomenology provided ontological thinking about caring, which is understood in a basic way as the possibility of human existence and dwelling in oneself in the confrontation of the illness experience. Merleau-Ponty's phenomenology offered a meaning of human existence according to bodily intention and situated freedom in the life world. This perspective of embodiment enables nurses to understand bodily experiences of patients and recovery of their bodily capacity in responding to the situation in caring practice. Conclusion: Existential phenomenology gives insight into fundamental reflection for caring attitude and practice in nursing. Existential phenomenological nursing research can provide descriptions and meaning of the lived experience of illness and a way of coping with the crisis of human existence in caring practice.

The existential phenomenology in Parse's and Watson's theory of nursing (파시(R. R. Parse)와 왓슨(J. Watson)의 간호이론에서의 실존적 현상학)

  • Kong, Byung-Hye
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
    • /
    • v.6 no.3
    • /
    • pp.431-449
    • /
    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to contribute to a understanding the philosophical foundation of Parse's and Watson's theory of nursing. Parse's human becoming Research Methodology, Principle and main concepts are based on existential phenomenology. And Watson's theory of human care indicate that the optimal method for studying and inquiring theory of trans-personal caring is phenomenological-existential methodology. The chief theme of this study ist to illuminate how ideas and concepts of existential phenomenology are applied to Parse's and watson's theory of nursing. Content of this Study are summarized as follow; 1. Principles, concepts, theoretical structure of Man-Living-Health theory were investigated in Parse's theory of nursing as Human science. 2. Essential assumptions, chief concepts and methodology of human science and human care were investigated in Watson's theory of trans- personal caring. 3. Phenomenological analysis of "Human being" und poetic thinking of truth were described in the context of the Heidegger's fundamental ontology und existential phenomenology. 4. Meaning of existential subjectivity, freedom and choice war interpreted according to Sartre's existential philosophy 5. Phenomenological analysis of perception und function of body were investigated in the context of Merleauponty's existential phenomenology. 6. Ultimately this study provided how ideas and concepts of existential phenomenology war applied to Parse's und Watson's nursing theory und methodology.

  • PDF

A Study on the Characteristics of Korean Traditional Space through Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology - Focusing on Dok Rak Dang - (메를로-퐁티의 현상학을 통해서 본 한국전통공간의 특성에 관한 연구 - 독락당을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Chan;Kim, Tae-Woo
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
    • /
    • v.15 no.6
    • /
    • pp.11-18
    • /
    • 2006
  • Ceaseless studies and efforts to verify today's Korean nature that has advanced into digital era of 21C are continued. At this point of time, it is required to look back our heritage in diverse points of view free from theoretical and formal studies on our traditional spaces. Phenomenology, which is rising as the important theme in recent modem Western philosophy, suggests interesting analyses from this standpoint. This study is intended to analyze Korea's traditional residents 'Dok Rak Dang' based on Marleau-Ponty's phenomenology, and explore phenomenological spatial principle and new point of view implied in it. Particularly, Marleau-Ponty's phenomenology is the philosophy that shows intersubjective and involved relations between space and human, and intended to accept coincidental incidents occurred by human's action truthfully as they are. With three spatial concepts of direction, depth, and movement in Ponty's phenomenology, and placement nature of the earth that intercombine with human's body who is subject of these three concepts as analyze tool, Korea's traditional residents, 'Dok Rak Dang' has been analyzed. More segmentalized analyses have been deduced, and principle of phenomenology, that perceptions such as direction, depth, movement, etc are working synthetically to be accepted as essence of experiences could also be found in Dok Rak Dang.

A Study on the Meaning and Limitations of Architectural Phenomenology of Norberg-Schulz (노르베르크-슐츠의 건축 현상학이 갖는 의의와 한계)

  • Chung, Tae-Yong
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
    • /
    • v.25 no.6
    • /
    • pp.89-97
    • /
    • 2016
  • The aim of this study is to review Norberg-Schulz's architectural phenomenology to find out its meaning and limitations in contemporary architecture. His phenomenological trilogy, 'Existence, Space and Architecture', 'Genius Loci' and 'The Concept of Dwelling' are main texts to examine background, characteristics, meaning and limitations of his theory in relation to Structuralism and Heidegger's thoughts. Heidegger's phenomenology, especially his dwelling concept, had great impacts on forming Norberg-Schulz's architectural phenomenology. However, since his architectural phenomenology was strongly influenced by Structuralism, his theories present unstable combination of phenomenology and semiotics. And this results in instrumentalization, and overlooking body movement and socio-economical elements in his theory. In spite of these limitations, his theory also shows possibility to go beyond the theory of Modern architecture and plays important role in suggesting direction for better environment through applicability from single building to city in Postmodern architecture. Another meaning of his theory lies in presenting theoretical background for new way to interpret regionalism and specific policy tool to make town planning in Finland.

A Study on Religious Phenomenological Light and Meaning found in Monasteries designed by Dom Hans van der Laan (돔 한스 반 데어 란의 수도원 건축에서 나타나는 종교현상학적 빛과 의미에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jin-Kyung;Kim, Jong-Jin
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
    • /
    • v.27 no.2
    • /
    • pp.196-203
    • /
    • 2018
  • The background of this study was the fact that the religious spaces require sacred space devices in addition to aesthetic aspects. This study began with the definition that 'philosophical phenomenology provides one of the theoretical frameworks for religious phenomenology'. Seeing that 'philosophical phenomenology has limitations in drawing out the characteristics, this study attempted to study religious spaces through the method of specialized and refined religious phenomenology for the religious spaces alone. The purpose of this study was to understand the characteristics of religious spaces and the fact that the religious spaces are divided into 'profane' domains and 'sacred' ones and to analyze the characteristics of space and light in terms of religious phenomenology through Dutch religious architect Dom Hans van der Laan's architectural projects of monasteries. The study method was to present the relationship between space and light in terms of religious phenomenology and to summarize Van der Laan's interpretational method of the religious spaces through the architect's life and architectural philosophy.The conclusion of this study was that Dom Hans van der Laan's entire works were judged to have sufficient research value in studying the religious spaces as they were all created in the special category of 'religion'. With his project, it is possible for us to study 'hierophany' as experience of space and light through the methodology of religious phenomenology. This study has significant meaning in that it introduced an architect of religious spaces and a related new view on architecture.

The Limits and Problems of 'Pedagogical Phenomenology' for Qualitative Research (질적 연구를 위한 '교육학적 현상학'의 한계와 문제)

  • Bae, Sang-sik
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
    • /
    • v.129
    • /
    • pp.83-109
    • /
    • 2014
  • The aim of this study is to examine the limits and problems of researchers that appear in the papers of applied qualitative research by phenomenological methods. Using phenomenological methods in the field of Pedagogy, pedagogical phenomenology is not to approach pedagogical issues that are closely related to human life through scientism or positivism, but to explain them in things themselves. The problem, however, is that cases misunderstood and distorted in the essential meaning of phenomenology are happening as domestic researchers are applying pure phenomenology(the philosophical phenomenology) to the field of phenomenology of practice(the pedagogical phenomenology). Especially, these researchers show some errors caused by lack of basic understanding about research logic and research techniques in qualitative research methodology. Thus if a researcher carry out a qualitative study by using phenomenological methods, she or he needs insights in analysing and interpreting the essence of the various phenomena appearing from the participants by comparing in with her or his own lives.

A Study on the Background and Characteristics of Pallasmaa's Architectural Phenomenology (팔라스마 건축 현상학의 배경과 특성)

  • Chung, Tae-Yong
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
    • /
    • v.24 no.2
    • /
    • pp.42-49
    • /
    • 2015
  • The aim of this study is to review the background and characteristics of Pallasmaa's architectural phenomenology. As a prominent architect, educator and phenomenologist, Pallasmaa criticizes the contemporary architecture that has been commercialized and intended to addict superficial images. He suggests the restoration of essentials of architecture related to human existence. His architectural phenomenology shows a solution to problems of contemporary architecture through focusing on architectural experiences. Pallasmaa argues 'multi-sensory architecture' to criticize architecture based on visual images and emphasizes the importance of tactile sense for architectural experiences. His phenomenology of architecture has significant meaning in that it bridges between theory and practice but also has limits in depth rather than width of theory. Pallasmaa believes that the essence of architecture can be explained as existential activities to maintain existence of our lived space.

A Study on the Characteristics of Modern Christian Spaces seen from the Perspectives of M. Eliade's Religious Phenomenology (M.엘리아데의 종교현상학 관점으로 본 현대 기독교공간의 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jin-Kyung;Kim, Moon-Duck
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
    • /
    • v.26 no.4
    • /
    • pp.57-64
    • /
    • 2017
  • Modern Christian spaces are developing from the past architectural styles to the phenomenological aspects. This study was conducted since it was judged that research and analysis is desirable with the application of religious phenomenological theories which fit the characteristics of religious spaces. A scholar of religion, M. Eliade studied religious phenomenology based on religious studies. This study analyzed the characteristics of religious phenomenology of the Christian spaces based on his theory. As a research method, this study analyzed the category of religious studies and religious phenomenology derived from them and selected M. Eliade as one of the theorists in the field of religious phenomenology. Study drew out the characteristics of Christian spaces from the perspective of M. Eliade's religious phenomenology as follows; In the Christian spaces, characteristics of experiential spatiality and ambiguous spatiality appeared in relation to the spaces of 'Sacred' and 'Profane' which M. Eliade aimed to explain. The characteristics of Christian spaces drawn out from the time of 'Sacred' and 'Profane', which is M. Eliade's theory, were fundamental temporality, environmental temporality and subjective temporality. From the structure and form of 'Sacred' and 'Profane', which is M. Eliade's theory, the characteristics of Christian spaces can be considered to be formative symbolism and physical naturalness. Various characteristics of Christian spaces materialize the concepts of 'hierophany' and 'sublimity' vaguely felt in religious spaces. The results of this study is expected to provide researchers, religious people and general public who study Christian spaces with research basis to further objectify results of their studies as well as basic data on the phenomenological methodology of religion.

A Review of Research Methodology in Mathematics Education from Phenomenological Perspective (현상학적 관점을 반영한 학교수학의 연구방법론에 대한 고찰)

  • Cho, Cheong-Soo
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
    • /
    • v.26 no.4
    • /
    • pp.383-408
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study is to review phenomenology as a legitimate research methodology in mathematics education. Phenomenology is considered a perspective which will be able to provide varieties of viewpoints for mathematics education. Phenomenology is a research about phenomena and experience, and phenomenological research is to reveal the meanings from persons who experience something that researcher is interested in. Through such review, this study is to identify if phenomenology has potential possibility to open as a qualitative research methodology in mathematics education. In order to doing this, this study has reviewed the trend of qualitative research methods in mathematics education, major concepts of phenomenology, phenomenological attitudes for phenomenological research, and the methods and procedures for phenomenological research. The major conclusions are as the followings: the focus of lived-experience in mathematics education, the importance of recognizing life world in mathematics education, and the essence of general phenomena and the meanings of experience general in mathematics education.