• Title, Summary, Keyword: photoaffinity labeling

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Synthesis and Photoaffinity Labeling of 3'(2')-O-(p-azidobenzoyl) ATP

  • Shin, Seung-Jin;Lee, Woo-Kyoung;Park, Jong-Sang
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.211-215
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    • 1997
  • A photoactive analog of ATP, 3'(2')-O-(p-azidobenzoyl)-adenosine 5-triphosphate (AB-ATP) was synthesized by chemically coupling N-hydroxysuccinimidyl-4-azidobenzoate (NHS-AB) and ATP. The utility of AB-ATP as an effective active-site-directed photoprobe was demonstrated using catalytic subunit of protein kinase A as a model enzyme. Photoincorporation of AB-ATP was saturated with apparent dissociation constant of $30{\mu}m$ and protected completely by $100{\mu}m$ of ATP. When the enzyme was covalently modified by photolysis in the presence of saturating amounts of photoprobe, about 60% inhibition of enzyme activity was observed. These results demonstrate that AB-ATP has potential application as a probe to characterize ATP-binding proteins including protein kinases.

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Potential Role of Protein Kinase C on the Differentiation of Erythroid Progenitor Cells

  • Lee, Sang-Jun;Cho, In-Koo;Huh, In-Hoe;Yoon, Ki-Yom;Ann, Hyung-Soo
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.90-99
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    • 1995
  • The effect of protein kinase C inhibitors, sturosporine and 1-(5-isoquinolinyl sulfonyl)-2-methyl piperazine(H7) on in vitro differentiation of erythroid progenitor cells which were isolated from spleens of mice infected with the anemia-inducing strain of Friend virus were examined. Erythropoietin-mediated differentitation of erythroid progenitor cells, as determined by the incorporation of $^{59}Fe$ into protoporphyrin, was inhibited by staurosporine and H7 in a concentration -dependent manner. Scatchard analysis of the $^3H-phorbol-12$, 13-dibutyrate binding to erythroid progenitor cells revealed that at the high affinity sites the dissociation constant was 22nM and the maximum number of $^3H-phorbol-12$, 13-dibutyrate binding to erythroid progenitor cells revealed that at the high affinity sites the dissociation constant was 22nM and the maximum number of $^3H-phorbol-12$, 13-dibutyrate binding sites per cell was approximately $3.7\times10^5$. Cytosonic protein kinase C was isolated from erthroid progenitor cells and then purified by sequential column chromatogrphy. Two isoforms of protein kinase C were found. Photoaffinity labeling of the purified protein kinase C samples with $^3H-phorbol-12$12-myristate 13-acetate followed by analysis of SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and autofluorography showed radiolabeled 82-KDa pepticles. Rediolabeling of the 82-KDa peptides with $^3H-phorbol-12$myristate 13-acete was almost completely blocked by excess unlabeled phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate was almost 12-muristate 13-acetate-promoted phosphorylation with the puyrified protein kinase C samples showed that the phosphorylation of 82-KDa peptides was increased as the concentration of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate was increased from $10^{-8}M{\;}to{\;}10^{-4}$M. In light of the findings that erythroid progenitor cells possessed an abundance of protein kinase C and that stauroporine and H7 inhibited erythroid differentiation, it seemed likely that protein kinase C would play a role in the erythroid progenitor cell development.

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