• Title, Summary, Keyword: physicochemical

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Synthesis and characterization of physicochemical properties of hydrophilic imidazolium-based ionic liquids

  • Yousefi, Maryam;Abdouss, Majid;Beigi, Ali Akbar Miran;Naseri, Ali
    • The Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering
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    • v.34 no.9
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    • pp.2527-2535
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    • 2017
  • A series of ionic liquids based on Octyl and Decyl methylimidazolium with different anions such as chloride, glycinate, dihydrogen phosphate and trihydrogen diphosphate, were synthesized and characterized by $^1HNMR$ and elemental analysis. IL containing trihydrogen diphosphate anion, was synthesized for the first time. Physicochemical properties, including density, viscosity, surface tension, refractive index, and pH, were measured in temperature range 283.15 to 363.15 K and atmospheric pressure. The effects of temperature, alkyl chain, and anion type on physicochemical properties were investigated. The results revealed that the physicochemical properties decreased as a function of temperature. Unlike viscosity, other properties, such as density, surface tension, refractive index and pH values, decreased, while alkyl chain length increased. Understanding ILs properties and determining their unique abilities helps researchers to use them in new applications. These long alkyl chain ILs, are being used as surfactants to reduce Oil/Water interfacial tension in EOR process.

Implementation of soft computing approaches for prediction of physicochemical properties of ionic liquid mixtures

  • Atashrouz, Saeid;Mirshekar, Hamed;Hemmati-Sarapardeh, Abdolhossein;Moraveji, Mostafa Keshavarz;Nasernejad, Bahram
    • The Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.425-439
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    • 2017
  • The main objective of this study was to develop soft computing approaches for prediction of physicochemical properties of IL mixtures including: density, heat capacity, thermal conductivity, and surface tension. The proposed models in this study are based on support vector machine (SVM), least square support vector machines (LSSVM), and group method of data handling type polynomial neural network (GMDH-PNN) systems. To find the LSSVM and SVM adjustable parameters, genetic algorithm (GA) as a meta-heuristic algorithm was utilized. The results showed that LSSVM is more robust and reliable for prediction of physicochemical properties of IL mixtures. The proposed GA-LSSVM model provides average absolute relative deviations of 0.38%, 0.18%, 0.77% and 1.18% for density, heat capacity, thermal conductivity, and surface tension, respectively, which demonstrates high accuracy of the model for prediction of physicochemical properties of IL mixtures.

Identification of Workflow for Potential Contaminants and their Physicochemical Properties (불특정 오염부지에 대한 잠재적 오염물질 선정 및 물리·화학적 특성 정보화)

  • Kim, Yoon Ji;Kim, Youn-Tae;Han, Weon Shik;Lee, Seunghak;Choung, Sungwook
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.8-22
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    • 2019
  • Among numerous chemicals used globally, the number of emerging contaminants is increasing. Numerical modeling for contaminant fate and transport in the subsurface is critical to evaluate environmental and health risk. In general, such models require physicochemical properties of contaminants as input values, which can be found in numerous chemical databases (DB). However, there exist lack of information specific to recently emerging contaminants, which requires estimation of physicochemical properties using regression programs. The purpose of the study is to introduce the workflow for identifying physicochemical properties of potential contaminants utilizing numerous chemical DBs, which frequently lists up potential contaminants for estimating chemical behavior. In this review paper, details of several chemical DBs such as KISChem, TOXNET, etc. and regression programs including EPI $Suite^{TM}$, ChemAxon, etc. were summarized and also benefit of using such DBs were explained. Finally, a few examples were introduced to estimate predominant phase, removal ratio, partitioning, and eco-toxicities by searching or regressing physicochemical properties.

Effects of Packaging Materials on the Physicochemical Characteristics of Seasoned Anchovies During Storage (포장재가 멸치조미가공품의 저장 중 이화학적 품질 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Eui-Seok;Lee, Hyong-Ju;Bae, Jae-Seok;Kim, Yong-Kuk;Lee, Jong-Hyeouk;Hong, Soon-Taek
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.461-469
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    • 2013
  • This research is performed to investigate the changes in the physicochemical properties and microbial growths of seasoned anchovies with various packaging materials (PET/CPP : polyethylene terephthalate/cast polypropylene, PET/EVOH : polyethylene terephthalate/ethylene-vinyl alcohol, PET/AL/LDPE: polyethylene terephthalate/aluminum/low density polyethylene), which are stored at various temperatures (25, 35, $45^{\circ}C$) for 60 days. Generally, it is being observed that changes in physicochemical properties (i.e., moisture content, color, brown intensity, TBA value, TMA, VBN etc) of seasoned anchovies are significant when stored at higher temperatures. Particularly, the packaging materials are found to influence substantially on the physicochemical properties of seasoned anchovies. With packaging materials of high oxygen transmission rates and moisture vapor transmission rates (i.e., PET/CPP), the changes in physicochemical properties of seasoned anchovies are significant, while being low with low oxygen transmission rates and low moisture vapor transmission rates (i.e., PET/EVOH). In addition, results of microbial growths in seasoned anchovies show that significant increases in total aerobic bacteria counts (about 100-fold after 60 day of storage) are observed in samples with packaging materials of high oxygen transmission rates and moisture vapor transmission rates (i.e, PET/CPP), while with only small increases for samples of low oxygen transmission rates and low moisture vapor transmission rates (i.e., PET/EVOH). Based on the changes in the physicochemical properties and results of microbial growths, it is being concluded that PET/EVOH film is suitable for the packaging of seasoned anchovies.

The Study of Acceptance and Physicochemical Characteristics of Beef Consomme by Boiling Time (가열시간에 따른 Beef Consomme의 기호도 및 이화학적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 김용식;장명숙
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.271-279
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    • 2003
  • This study was conducted to investigate the sensory and physicochemical properties of beef consomme made with different boiling times (1, 2, 3 and 4hrs). The sensory properties were evaluated with respect to both the acceptability (color, smell, mouth feel, taste, overall acceptability) and intensity characteristics (color, smell, clarify, taste). From the results, the 3hr treatment was most favored for color, smell, mouth feel, taste and overall acceptability, from the sensory evaluation tests. According to a quantitative descriptive analysis of the sensory evaluation for the product, the color, smell and taste gave higher scores with increases in the boiling time. As for the physicochemical characteristics, the pH was increased with increasing boiling time. The reducing sugars, turbidity and viscosity increased with increasing boiling time. The colorimetric lightness values (L) decreased, and redness (a), yellowness(b) and color difference values (ΔE) increased with increasing boiling time. There were 18 free amino acids identified; the alanine, glutamic acid, arginine and leucine contents were high in the free amino acids of the consomme made with different boiling times. There were 3 free sugars identified, glucose, fructose and sucrose. The free sugar contents increased with increasing boiling time. There were changes in the mineral contents of the consomme made with different boiling time; with high K, Na and P contents. The mineral contents increased with increasing, boiling time. The results showed the consomme made by boiling for 3hrs was superior in both its sensory and physicochemical qualities.

Changes in Physicochemical Properties and Antioxidant Activities of Brown Rice (Oryza sativa L.) throughout Germination

  • Oh, Sea-Kwan;Lee, Jeong-Huei;Hwang, Hung-Goo;Lee, Dong-Hyeon;Kim, Yeon-Gyu;Lee, Jin-Hwan
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.221-228
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    • 2010
  • The objective of this research was to investigate the changes in the contents of physicochemical properties including $\gamma$-aminobutyric acid (GABA), total dietary fiber (TDF), amylose, protein, and fat content in brown rice through germination for 2 different years. Total phenolic contents and antioxidant activities of DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging capacities were also determined in different solvent extracts. For the physicochemical properties, GABA, TDF, protein, and fat content increased, whereas amylose levels decreased. Specially, GABA and TDF levels showed the greatest variations among cultivars and harvest years. Total phenolic content and antioxidant activity significantly increased. The average total phenolic content at a concentration of 0.5 mg/mL in different extract solvents occurred in this order: methanol>ethylacetate>chloroform>hexane extracts. Additionally, 'Keunnun' exhibited the highest GABA levels, highest total phenolic content, and highest antioxidant activity after germination, with increases of approximately 3.7, 2.0, and 1.9 times, respectively, compared to levels before germination. These results suggest that, because of its high physicochemical contents and strong radical scavenging activities, germinated brown rice can be used as beneficial supplement.

Physicochemical Properties and Consumer Acceptability of Commercial Gang-jeong (시판 강정류의 이화학적 특성 및 소비자 기호도에 관한 연구)

  • Ryu, Ji-Hye;Kwon, Yong-Suk;Kim, Kyoung-Mi;Lee, Jin-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.637-647
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to examine the physicochemical properties and consumer acceptability of commercial Gang-jeong. The samples used in this study were nine different Gang-jeong as commercial products. To accomplish this research, the physicochemical properties of nine samples, including moisture, crude lipid, sugar contents, acid value, color values, and texture, were measured. In addition, consumer panels evaluated the overall acceptability, appearance, flavor, sweetness, and texture of samples using a 9-point Likert type scale as well as the perceived intensities of sweetness and rancid odor by a 9-point Just-About-Right (JAR) scale. All data were statistically analyzed using One-way ANOVA, Principle Component Analysis, Hierarchical Cluster Analysis, and Pearson's Correlation Analysis. All physicochemical properties were significantly different among the samples (p<0.001). Analyses of consumer acceptability and JAR ratings of the nine samples showed significant differences (p<0.001).

Polyacetylenic compounds from Atractylodes rhizomes

  • Kim, Jung-Hoon
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.25-39
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : Atractylodes rhizomes, which have been widely used to treat gastrointestinal disorders, consist of numerous chemical compounds. Polyacetylenes are the parts of characteristic compounds of importance required to understand the therapeutic properties of Atractylodes rhizomes. It is necessary to understand the physicochemical and pharmacological properties of polyacetylenes in the Atractylodes rhizomes.Methods : The literatures from 1970 to January 2016 were searched using Korean and international electronic databases. The chemical structures of polyacetylenes were drawn by structure-drawing software.Results : The reported polyacetylenes were classified by their chemical skeletons and original resources, and their physicochemical and pharmacological features were discussed. Polyacetylenes with skeletal moieties were reported, such as diene-diyne types (two double and two triple carbon-bonds), triene-diyne types (three double carbon bonds and two triple carbon bonds), and monoene-diyne types (one double carbon bonds and two double carbon bonds), with various functional groups. Atractylodin was most frequently reported from many Atractylodes species. Atractylodin-related polyacetylenes showed chemical instability in both high and freezing temperatures. Processing of the Atractylodes rhizomes by stir-frying with bran could affect the contents of polyacetylenes and their bioavailability in vivo. Several polyacetylenes showed structure-related anti-inflammatory activities and gastrointestinal activities.Conclusion : Polyacetylene compounds in Atractylodes rhizomes were based on three chemical backbones and showed diverse physicochemical and pharmacological features. The present study provides structural, physicochemical, and pharmacological information of polyacetylene from Atractylodes rhizomes. This information provides fundamental data for further research.

Influence of Functionalization on Physicochemical Properties of Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes/Epoxy Matrix Nanocomposites

  • Seo, Min-Kang;Park, Soo-Jin
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.124-128
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    • 2009
  • In this study, the effect of multi-step purification or functionalization on physicochemical properties of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs)/epoxy (EP) nanocomposites was investigated. The nanocomposites containing multi-step purified MWNTs showed a stronger influence on $T_g$ and increased in mechanical properties in comparison to nanocomposites containing the same amount of only purified MWNTs. Consequently, the multi-step purification of MWNTs led to an improvement of thermomechanical properties of nanocomposites, resulting from improving the intermolecular interaction of MWNTs in epoxy matrix resins.

Effects of Composts and Soil Amendments on Physicochemical Properties of Soils in Relation to Phytophthora Root and Crown Rot of Bell Pepper

  • Kim, Ki-Deok;Nemec, Stan;Musson, George
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.283-285
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    • 2000
  • Two field tests were conducted in 1995 to examine the effects of composts and soil amendments on physicochemical properties of soil in relation to Phytophthora root and crown rot of bell pepper. Chitosan, crab shell waste, humate, sewage sludge-yard trimmings, and wood chips were applied to test plots, some of which affected the levels of P, K, Mg, pH, and H. Physicochemical properties were not related with disease incidence, but percent organic matter, estimated nitrogen release, K, and Mg were correlated with total microbial activity. The elements K and Mg were especially responsible for the increased soil microbial activity that could affect development of root and crown rot of pepper.

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