• Title, Summary, Keyword: phytate

Search Result 187, Processing Time 0.043 seconds

Effect of Phytate on the Solubility and Digestibility of Rapeseed Protein Isolate (분리 유채단백의 용해도와 소화율에 미치는 Phytate의 영향)

  • Cho, Hee-Kyung;Yoon, Jae-Young;Lee, Su-Rae
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.24 no.3
    • /
    • pp.279-283
    • /
    • 1992
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of added phytate and pH on the solubility and in vitro digestibility of low-phytate rapeseed protein isolate. Phytate content of low-phytate rapeseed protein isolate was 1.5%, as a result of 66% removal from defatted rapeseed flour and the protein: phytate ratio was 58:1. Solubility of rapeseed protein isolate at pH 2.0 and pH 11.5 was much higher than near the isoelectric point, pH 5.0. It's solubility was lowered by adding an increased amount of phytate especially at pH 2.0. The inhibitory effect of phytate toward pepsin digestibility of rapeseed protein isolate decreased by the increasing amount of phytate added. It is suggested that the production of low-phytate rapeseed protein isolate is necessary to improve the functionality and nutritional value in order to utilize it as food material.

  • PDF

Strategies to Reduce Phytate Content in the Korean Diet

  • Lee, Jee-Min;Li, Sun-Hee;Joung, Hyo-Jee;Paik, Hee-Young
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
    • /
    • v.4 no.1
    • /
    • pp.25-34
    • /
    • 2003
  • High dietary phytate is a known factor in reducing the bioavailability of minerals such as zinc and calcium which are already chronically low in the Korean diet. This study was conducted to develop methods for reducing dietary phytate through the addition of phytate and/or the substitution of high phytate foods with low phytate foods. Ten units of phytase per 100g of uncooked brown rice were added to brown rice gruel resulted in a 16.2% phytate reduction after a 3-hour incubation period; an 18.2% reduction was produced after a 6-hour incubation period. The addition of ten units of phytase per 100g of soybean curd residue at 45$^{\circ}C$, followed by refrigeration for 3 hours, resulted in a 19.1% phytate reduction. The addition of 20 units of phytase under the same conditions reduced phytate content by 24.6%. In this study, two typical Korean meals consisting of legumes and unrefined cereals were prepared as high phytate meals; these were then compared to low phytate meals that had been prepared by treating the foods with phytase and substituting unrefined with refined cereals (i.e., brown rice with white rice, whole wheat bread with white bread). The phytate content of the two high phytate meals was 1878.2mg and 1811.8mg. After the addition of phytase and the food substitution, the phytate content of the low phytate meals was reduced to 788.9mg and 606.0mg. The phytate to zinc molar ratio of high phytate diets was 22.4 and 21.3 and 9.4 and 7.9 for the low phytate meals. These results indicate that the nutritional status of Koreans in terms zinc and other minerals can be improved by phytate reduction. This can be accomplished through the change of milling process for some cereals and/or the enzyme treatment of some high phytate food items.

Phytate Effect on the Absorption of Total Zinc in Zinc-Depleted Rats

  • Sook, Kwun-In
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.30 no.4
    • /
    • pp.406-414
    • /
    • 1997
  • It has been known that dietary phytate decreases the absorption of body zinc pool which is composed of the dietary and endogenous zinc in the body. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of phytate on the absorption of total bodyzinc in Zn-depleted rats. Rats were Zn-depleted with either low(0.8%) or high(1.6%) Ca diet containing sodium phytate for 4 weeks. After zinc depletion, rats were assigned into phytate or non-phytate dietary groups within each low-or high-Ca dietary group. ant feces were collected for 2 weeks of the initial collection and 1 week after dietary crossover, during which the phytate and the non-phytate diet was switched over within the same Ca group. The content of Zn and Ca measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometer and phytate content was analyzed. food intake was higher in the high Ca group than in the low Ca group(p <0.0001), and was also higher in the non-phytate group than in the phytate group(p <0.0001). Food intake and phytate level affected body weight gain in rats(p <0.0001). Zinc excretion in the total feces was higher in the phytate group than in the non-phytate group at both low and high Ca level(p <0.0001), except during the crossover collection period in high Ca group. Calcium, however, didn't show any synergistic effect on phytate effect(p <0.05). This study showed that phytate decreased the absorption of total body zinc at both low and high Ca levels in Zn-depleted rats. A large portion of total body zinc originated from the endogenous zinc pool in these rats. The results of the present study showed the same effect of phytate on the endogenous zinc in Zn-depleted rats as in a previous study, confirming that phytate adversely affects zinc bioavailability, especially under marginal and poor zinc nutrition.

  • PDF

Effect of Phytate on the Digestibility and Electrophoretic Pattern of Soy Protein Isolate (분리 대두단백의 소화율과 전기영동패턴에 미치는 Phytate의 영향)

  • Yoon, Jae-Young;Cho, Hee-Kyung;Lee, Su-Rae
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.25 no.4
    • /
    • pp.360-365
    • /
    • 1993
  • This study was carried out to examine the effects of phytate addition on the solubility and digestibility of the low-phytate soy protein isolate (LSPI) and high-phytate soy protein isolate (HSPI). In SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of soy protein isolate, different patterns of proteins were observed in both HSPI and LSPI at various phytate and pH levels, suggesting that phytate may bind specifically to certain protein fractions at a particular pH. For example, proteins of M.W $1.8{\sim}3.5\;kDa$ resisted phytate binding at acidic pH. LSPI was fractionated into albumin, globulin, gliadin and glutelin, and phytate was shown to bind with difficultly to all three gliadin bands. Effects of phytate on the pepsin digestibility of soy proteins were apparent, especially in the short term digestion.

  • PDF

Effect of Phytate on the Solubility and Digestibility of Soy Protein Isolates (분리 대두단백의 용해도와 소화율에 미치는 Phytate의 영향)

  • Cho, Hee-Hwan;Yoon, Jae-Young;Lee, Su-Rae
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.23 no.3
    • /
    • pp.286-290
    • /
    • 1991
  • Phytic acid known as an antinutritional facfor was studied for its effect on the solubility and digestibility of high-phytate and low-phytate soy protein isolates (SPI) obtained by two different methods of pH adjustment. Phytic acid content was 2.48% in high-phytate SPI and 0.72% in low-phytate SPI. Solubility of soy proteins was higher in low-phytate SPI than in high-phytate SPI at all pH values tested and it was lowered by adding more phytic acid to result in precipitation of the proteins. The inhibitory effect of phytic acid toward pepsin digestion of SPI increased by the increasing amount of phytic acid added and its effect was slightly higher in high-phytate SPI than in low-phytate SPI.

  • PDF

Phytate Determination in Various Cultivars of Korean Rice

  • Huang, Long Shuang;Sok, Dai-Eun;Kim, Hyoung-Chin;Yoon, Won-Kee;Kim, Hwan-Mook;Kim, Mee-Ree
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.67-72
    • /
    • 2006
  • To determine the amount of phytate in rice grains from various cultivars, two methods were employed and compared in respect of the accuracy and conveniency. Phytate in rice samples was extracted with HCl, and then the extracts were subjected to an anion-exchange column. Finally, the phytate in eluate was quantitated using two methods: one method is based on the complex formation between ferric ion and sulfosalicylic acid in the presence of phytate, and the other is the prior acid digestion of phytate sample, followed by the colorimetric determination of liberated phosphorus. Although two methods showed similar values of phytate in rice samples, the former method is simpler and more precise than the latter. Moreover, the former is more reliable for the samples with lower phytate levels. Especially, the dilution condition of rice sample before anion exchange column separation was important for the recovery of phytate in rice samples. Based on the former method, the amount of phytate in rice of various cultivars was estimated to range from 7.3 mg/g to 12.4 mg/g rice. This method would be useful for the determination of phytate in crop samples with a lower level of phytate, one of anti-nutrients in some agricultural plants.

Isolation and Application of Phytate-Hydrolysing Lactic Acid Bacteria. (Phytate 분해 유산균의 분리 및 이용)

  • 양시용;송민동;김창원;유제현;정기철
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
    • /
    • v.29 no.4
    • /
    • pp.195-200
    • /
    • 2001
  • Among lactic acid bacteria isolated from young animal feces, a bacterium having high phytate degradation ability, identified as L. paracasei subsp. paracasei, was selected. When inoculated into soybean meal, wheat bran and rice bran, the bacterium showed phosphate group of phytate (phytate-P) degrad- ability of 27.07% for soybean meal and 12.18% for wheat bran. However, degradation of phytate-P was not observed for rice bran L. paracasei subsp, paracasei had good acid and bile juice tolerance, having 9.70, 9.66 and 8.80 (log CFU/ml) for control, acid and bile juice treatment. Feed efficiency increased from 3.71 to 3.21 with addi- tion of the bacterium at 0.4% (w/w) level in swine fattener\`s diets.

  • PDF

Effects of Phytate and Calcium on the Reabsorption of Endogenous Zinc in Zinc-Depleted Bats

  • Sook, Kwun-In;Oberleas Donald
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.30 no.4
    • /
    • pp.394-405
    • /
    • 1997
  • Endogenous zinc is important for maintaining zinc homeostasis because the size of endogenous zinc pool is almost 3-4 times bigger than that of dietary zinc. The purpose of this study was to examine the phytate effect on the reabsorption of endogenous zinc and the additional Ca effect on the phytate effect. Rats were fed a casein-based diet with added sodium phytate containing either high(1.6%) or low(0.8%) Ca concentrations for 4 weeks to reduce the body zinc pool. After the depletion period, $^{65}$ Zn was given by intraperitoneal injection to label the endogenous zinc pool. Rats were then assigned into phytate or non-phytate group within the same Ca group. feces were collected for 2 weeks of the initial collection period and 1 week after dietary crossover. The ratios of excreted fecal $^{65}$ Zn radioactivity of phytate group non-phytate group were determined as a measure of the phytate effect on the endogenous zinc. Mean fecal $^{65}$ Zn radioactivity was higher in the phytate group than in the non-phytate group during the entire 3 weeks of the collection period in the low Ca group, and during the initial collection period in the high Ca group(p <0.0001). This study showed an adverse phytate effect on endogenous zinc at both high and low dietary Ca levels. Elevated dietary Ca levels showed a synergistic effect on the phytate effect on endogenous zinc(p <0.05). These results imply greater phytate effect on zinc homeostasis rather than on zinc bioavailability through complexing with the endogenous zinc which is larger portion than the dietary zinc on zinc homeostasis.

  • PDF

Dietary Molar Ratios of Phytate : Zn and Phytate $\times$ Ca : Zn for Zn Nutrition Assessment in Koreans

  • Kwun, In-Sook;Kwon, Chong-Suk
    • Nutritional Sciences
    • /
    • v.2 no.2
    • /
    • pp.82-87
    • /
    • 1999
  • Zinc nutriture in South Koreans was evaluated by estimating Zn, Ca, and phytate intake, and the molar ratios of phytate : Zn and the millimolar ratios of phytate $\times$ Ca Zn. food consumption data from the 95 National Nutrition Survey was used. For the present study, data from the nationwide, large city and urban area level were used. No standard deviation measures were provided in the 95 National Nutrition Survey : only mean values were reported. Nationwide daily intake of Zn and Ca were 10.1 mg/day and 426.5 mg/day, respectively. The estimated daily phytate intake was 1676.6 mg/day nationwide. The molar ratio of phvtate : Zn, the millimolar ratio of phytate $\times$ Ca : Zn and the phytate $\times$ Ca Zn mmol per 4.2 MJ (1000 kcal) were 15.9, 168.9 and 91.8 in nationwide, respectively. The major food groups for zinc intake were meat, poultry products (43%), and cereals and grain products (18%). Sixty two percent of Zinc was from animal food sources. Cereal and grain products supplied most of the phytate intake (46%), followed by seasonings, fruits, and legume products. The major food source of phytate was rice (39%) . The results of the present study suggest that Zn status of Koreans maybe influenced by high dietary intake of phytate and high molar ratios of phytate : Zn and phytate $\times$ Ca : Zn. These results raise concerns about Zn status of Koreans, who consume a diet higher in phytate than Western diets. further research is necessary to confirm whether such poorly available dietary Zn has any impact on the health of Koreans.

  • PDF

Studies on the Removal of Phytate from Korean Perilla (Perilla ocimoides, L.) Protein (들깨종실단백질 중의 phytate 제거에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jin-Hee;Yang, Cha-Bum
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.343-349
    • /
    • 1990
  • The solubility of protein and phytate was measured at various pH's in distilled water and at various concentrations of NaCl, $CaCl_2\;and\;Na_2SO_3$ solutions, and then optimum condition for producing low phytate protein isolate from perilla flour was investigated. The protein solubility in water showed minimum at pH 4.0 and increased at pH higher or lower than 4.0, while phytate solubility was highest at pH 5.0 and decreased at pH higher or lower than 5.0. In NaCl solution, protein solubility was lowest between pH 3.0-4.0, while phytate solubility was high between pH 2.0-5.0 and abruptly decreased above PH 6.0. In $Na_2SO_3$ solution, protein solubility was lowest between pH 2.0-3.0 and phytate solubility showed maximum values between pH $5.0{\sim}6.0$, and it's solubility was low in 3% salt concentration at all pH ranges. In $CaCl_2$ solution, protein solubility in 3% salt concentration was relatively low at all pH ranges, and phytate solubility showed highest values between pH $2.0{\sim}3.0$ and abruptly decreased (1.0%) above pH 4.0. In order to make low phytate protein isolate, defatted perilla flour protein was extracted at pH9.0 and precipitated at pH 4.0 in 3% NaCl solution. The yield of low phytate protein isolate was 61.4% of total protein. This protein was found to contain 0.02% phytate by weight.

  • PDF