• Title, Summary, Keyword: piperazine

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Preparation of Piperazine Salts with Some Phenols and Organic Carboxylic Acids (Phenol 류 및 유기산류와 Piperazine 류의 제조)

  • 채동규
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.8-12
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    • 1963
  • The piperazine salts with 24 kinds of phenols and 6 kinds of organic carboxylic acids were prepared. The test of anthelmintic effect against Ascaris suilla, in vitro, for Hexachlorophene-piperazine salt, Bithionol-piperazine salt, Kainic acid-piperazine salt were also carried out compared with piperazine, Hexachlorophene, Bithionol and Kainic acid.

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Kinetics of the Reaction of Carbon Dioxide with AMP and Piperazine (AMP에 Piperazine을 첨가한 CO2 흡수 동역학)

  • Jang, Sang-Yong;Song, Ju-Seouk;Cho, Sang-Won;Oh, Kwang-Joong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.485-494
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    • 2000
  • According to the worldwide interest in controlling $CO_2$ which contributes to green house effect. new techniques of reducing $CO_2$ are under development. We have developed new technique for reducing $CO_2$. In low $CO_2$ concentration. the chemical absorption method is useful. In this study. the kinetics of the reaction between $CO_2$ and the sterically hindered amine solution with piperazine. have been investigated from measurements of the rate of absorption of $CO_2$ in the stirred vessel that has a horizontal liquid-gas interface, in the temperature range $30{\sim}70^{\circ}C$. The experiments were carried out in the range 10.130~20.260 kPa of partial pressure of $CO_2$, and in aqueous $2.0kmol/m^3$ AMP solution with $0{\sim}0.4kmol/m^3$ piperazine The experimental results are as follows: 1) The absorption rate of $CO_2$ into aqueous AMP + piperazine solution is gett ng faster than that of aqueous AMP absorbents with temperature. Because the activation energy of piperazine 57.147 kJ/mol is higher than that of AMP 41.7kJ/mol. therefore the effect of piperazine on absorption rate increases with temperature. 2) Compared with aqueous AMP solution. the absorption rate of $CO_2$ into AMP + piperazine solution increases from 6.33% at $30^{\circ}C$ to 12% at $70^{\circ}C$, so AMP + piperazine solution is thought to be a better than AMP solution, 3) The reaction rate constants of piprazine in aqueous AMP solution with $CO_2$ have been determined as 217.21, 420.46, 707.00 and $3162.167m^3/kmol{\cdot}s$ respectively at 30, 40, 50 and $70^{\circ}C$ but these results are higher than those of Xu which were 186.7. 367.32. 693.01. $2207.65m^3/kmol{\cdot}s$ at 30, 40, 55, $70^{\circ}C$in aqueous MDEA solution. So the regression analysis of the data has led to the following equation In $k_p$ =28.324-6934.7/T.

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The Design and Synthesis of 1,4-Substituted Piperazine Derivatives as Triple Reuptake Inhibitors

  • Han, Min-Soo;Han, Young-Hue;Song, Chi-Man;Hahn, Hoh-Gyu
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.33 no.8
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    • pp.2597-2602
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    • 2012
  • Novel 1,4-substituted piperazine derivatives 5, Series A and B were designed by fragment analysis and molecular modification of 4 selected piperazine-containing compounds which possess antidepressant activity. We synthesized new 39 analogues of Series A and 10 compounds of Series B, respectively. The antidepressant screening against DA, NE, and serotonin neurotransmitter uptake inhibition was carried out using the Neurotransmitter Transporter Uptake Assay Kit. The compounds in Series B showed relatively higher reuptake inhibitory activity for SERT, NET, and DAT than those in Series A. The length of spacer between the central piperazine core and the terminal phenyl ring substituted at the piperazine ring in Series B seems to exert an important role in the activity.

Characterization of Leather Skin Layer Coatings on Water Dispersed Polyurethane Applied with Eathyl Acetate and Piperazine (Eathyl acetate와 Piperazine이 적용된 수분산 폴리우레탄의 Skin layer 코팅에 따른 특성 연구)

  • Lee, Joo-Youb
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.1235-1242
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    • 2019
  • In this study, prepolymer was synthesized through the reaction of isoporon diisocyanate (IPDI) and dimethylolbutanoic acid (DMBA) based on poly (tetramethylene ether) glycol (PTMG) for the synthesis of water-soluble polyurethane to be used as a leather surface coating applied with ethyl acetate and piperazine. Thereafter, the piperazine was chain-extended with 0.01 M, 0.03 M, 0.05 M, and 0.07 M in the water-dispersed resin, and the tensile strength, elongation, CV (cyclic voltammetry), and solvent resistance analysis were performed. Tensile strength of the prepared sample was measured at 5.422 kgf/㎟ when the piperazine content was 0.07M, and elongation was measured as 587% when the piperazine was 0.01M. Solvent resistance analysis showed the same solvent resistance regardless of piperazine content, and the redox potential was changed according to piperazine content through CV measurement.

Comparison of Removal Capabilities among Several Aqueous Amine Absorbents for Sweeting Acid Gases Contained in Natural Gas (다양한 아민 흡수제를 이용한 천연가스 중에 포함되어 있는 산성가스 제거 성능 비교)

  • Cho, Du-hee;Kim, Dong-sun;Cho, Jung-ho
    • Plant Journal
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.34-39
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    • 2014
  • Simulation works for comparing removal capabilities of acid gases contained in natural gas among several aqueous amine absorbents using commercial process simulator PROMAX(BR&E Co.) were carried out. Amine aqueous solution used in this study were 30 wt% MEA, 30 wt% DEA, 50 wt% MDEA, and 50 wt% MDEA with 3 wt% piperazine as additive. We obtained the simulated results that while MEA aqueous solution is relatively capable of more $CO_2$ gas, but DEA, MDEA, MDEA aqueous solutions with piperazine as additive are capable of more $H_2S$ gas. Also, we found that 30 wt% MDA aqueous solution is the smallest circulate rate of lean amine solution, and 50 wt% MDEA aqueous solution with 3 wt% piperazine as additive is the smallest heat duty in stripping unit. 50 wt% MDEA aqueous solution with 3 wt% piperazine as additive is found less amine circulation rate than 50 wt% MDEA due to the introduction of additive.

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3D QSAR Studies on New Piperazine Derivatives with Antihistamine and Antibradykinin Effects

  • Parkchoo, Hea-Young;Chung, Bum-Jun
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.324-328
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    • 2000
  • Three dimensional QSAR studies for antihistamine and antibradykinin effects of new piperazine derivatives were conducted using the comparative molecular field analysis. Electrostatic and steric factors, but not hydrophobic factor, of the synthesized compounds were correlated with the antagonistic effect.

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Hydro/solvothermal synthesis, crystal structure, and thermal behaviour of piperazine-templated nickel(II) and cobalt(II) sulfates

  • Kim, Chong-Hyeak;Park, Chan-Jo;Lee, Sueg-Geun
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.309-315
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    • 2006
  • Two piperazine-templated metal sulfate complexes, $(C_4N_2H_{12})[Ni(H_2O)_6](SO_4)_2$, I and ($C_4N_2H_{12}$) $[Co(H_2O)_6](SO_4)_2$, II, have been synthesized by hydro/solvothermal reactions and their crystal structures analyzed by single crystal X-ray diffraction methods. Complex I crystallizes in the monoclinic system, $P2_1/n$ space group, a=12.920(3), b=10.616(2), $c=13.303(2){\AA}$, ${\beta}=114.09(1)^{\circ}$, Z=4, $R_1=0.030$ for 3683 reflections; II: monoclinic $P2_1/n$, a=12.906(3), b=10.711(2), $c=13.303(2){\AA}$, ${\beta}=114.10(2)^{\circ}$, Z=4, $R_1=0.032$ for 4010 reflections. The crystal structures of the piperazine-templated metal(II) sulfates demonstrate zero-dimensional compound constituted by diprotonated piperazine cations, metal(II) cations and sulfate anions. The structures of complex I and II are substantially isostructural to that of the previously reported our piperazine-templated copper(II) sulfate complex $(C_4N_2H_{12})[Cu(H_2O)_6](SO_4)_2$. The central metal(II) atoms are coordinated by six water molecules in the octahedral geometry. The crystal structures are stabilized by three-dimensional networks of the $O_{water}-H{\cdots}O_{sulfate}$ and $N_{pip}-H{\cdots}O_{sulfate}$ hydrogen bonds between the water molecules and sulfate anions and protonated piperazine cations. Based on the results of thermal analysis, the thermal decomposition reactions of the complex I was analyzed to have three distinctive stages whereas the complex II proceed through several stages.

Absorption Properties of $CO_2$ in Aqueous Solutions of Piperazine, Piperidine, Cyclohexylamine (Piperazine, Piperidine, Cyclohexylamine 수용액에 대한 이산화탄소의 흡수특성)

  • Song Ho-Jun;Lee Seoungmoon;Song Hocheol;Ahn Se-Woong;Park Jin-won
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.219-225
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    • 2005
  • for the removal of carbon dioxide in flue gas, which is the main cause of the global warming, chemical absorption methods were widely used for years. Alkanolamines such as MEA, AMP, MDEA are mainly used as an absorbent. In this study, cyclic amines - Piperazine, Piperidine and Cyclohelylamine are investigated to compare the chemical solubilities, absorption capacities and rate ot reaction. In conclusion, Piperazine is the most effective absorbent of $CO_2$ and ran be the excellent alternative to the former absorbents. Experiments were performed at 5, 10, 15 weight percent, 30, 40, $50^{\circ}C$, and the gas solubilities are determined by back-titration method, and using Gas Chromatography the absorption rate was compared.

Absorption of CO2 Using Mixed Aqueous Solution of N-methyldiethanolamine with Piperazine for Pre-combustion CO2 Capture (연소전 이산화탄소 포집을 위한 N-methyldiethanolamine과 Piperazine 혼합 수용액의 이산화탄소 흡수)

  • Jang, Won Jin;Yoon, Yeo Il;Park, Sang Do;Rhee, Young Woo;Baek, Il Hyun
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.645-651
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    • 2008
  • In this study, the new solubility data at high pressure condition applicable to pre-combustion $CO_2$ capture system were found. Experiments were conducted within the temperature range of $40{\sim}80^{\circ}C$ while increasing the pressure from 0 to 50 bar. The effect of MDEA (N-methyldiethanolamine) concentration was studied by varying the concentration from 30 to 50 wt%. In order to improve the absorption rate of MDEA, piperazine was added in ranging of 5~10 wt% into the MDEA solution as a activator. From this experiment, the equilibrium partial pressure was increased with increasing MDEA concentration in absorbent and reaction temperature. Also absorption rate was increased with increasing the reaction temperature. It was noted that the mixture of piperazine and MDEA aqueous solution showed faster absorption rate by 2.5 times than only the MDEA aqueous solution with 40 wt% cencentration at initial reaction stage and also increased absorption capacity by 16%.

Adsorption Characteristic of Carbon Dioxide on Activated Carbon Impregnated with Piperazine (Piperazine으로 함침된 활성탄의 이산화탄소 흡착 특성)

  • Choi, Sung-Woo
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.22 no.7
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    • pp.847-853
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    • 2013
  • Functionalized adsorbent has been synthesized by piperazine(Pz) on activated carbon. Quantitative estimations of $CO_2$ were undertaken using gas chromatography with GC/TCD and the prepared adsorbents were characterized by BET surface area and FT-IR. It was also studied effect of various parameters such as piperazine loadings and adsorption temperature. The specific surface area decreased from $1212.0m^2/g$ to $969.8m^2/g$ by impregnation and FT-IR revealed a N-H functional group at about $1400cm^{-1}$ to $1700cm^{-1}$. The $CO_2$ adsorption capacity at $20^{\circ}C$ and $50{\sim}100^{\circ}C$ was as follow: AC > Pz(10)-AC> Pz(30)-AC> Pz(50)-AC at $20^{\circ}C$ and Pz(10)-AC > AC > Pz(30)-AC> Pz(50)-AC at $50{\sim}100^{\circ}C$. Therefore, for high temperature flue gas condition, the Pz(10)-AC showed the highest adsorption capacity due to physical adsorption and chemical adsorption by amino-group content. The results suggest that activated carbon impregnated with Pz is an effective adsorbent for $CO_2$ capture from real flue gases above $50^{\circ}C$.