• Title, Summary, Keyword: plaque index

Search Result 312, Processing Time 0.051 seconds

Comparing Chewable and Manual Toothbrushes for Reducing Dental Plaque: A Pilot Study

  • Jeong, Moon-Jin;Shin, Hye-Sun;Jeong, Soon-Jeong;Lim, Do-Seon
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
    • /
    • v.17 no.3
    • /
    • pp.267-274
    • /
    • 2017
  • This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of chewable toothbrush and manual toothbrush and provide basic data for recommendation of the chewable toothbrush in specific groups and situations. A total of 20 subjects participated in this study (rolling method, 10; non-rolling method, 10). After professional prophylaxis, participants used the manual toothbrush to brush their teeth for 3 minutes. After a 7-day wash-out period, participants used the chewable toothbrush according to the manufacturer's instructions. Pre- and post-plaque indexing of the teeth was performed. The dental plaque index was assessed using the Turesky Modification of the Quigley-Hein Plaque Index (TMQHPI) for amount of plaque and Silness-Loe Plaque Index (SLPI) for plaque thickness. The difference between pre- and post-dental plaque index was analyzed using a paired t-test and the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The Mann-Whitney U test was also used to compare the dental plaque index reduction rates. The dental plaque index differed significantly between the chewable toothbrush and the manual toothbrush. The TMQHPI reduction rate was significantly different between the rolling and non-rolling method groups for the manual toothbrush but not the chewable toothbrush. The difference in SLPI reduction rate between the rolling and non-rolling method groups was significant for the manual toothbrush but not for the chewable toothbrush. Differences in the dental plaque index reduction rates between the chewable and manual toothbrushes were not significant in the non-rolling method group. The results of this study showed higher reduction rates in dental plaque with manual toothbrush use than with chewable toothbrush use. However, the non-rolling method group did not show statistically significant differences according to toothbrush type. The present study showed that a chewable toothbrush can be an alternative to a manual toothbrush for individuals who have difficulty using the generally recommended rolling method.

Validity and Reliability of the Plaque Score Using Qraycam (Qraycam을 이용한 치면세균막 검사의 타당도와 신뢰도)

  • Kim, Mi;Lee, Su-Young;Cho, Young-Sik
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
    • /
    • v.15 no.3
    • /
    • pp.377-382
    • /
    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of plaque scoring system using new Qraycam (All in One Bio, Korea) device which enables plaque score without tooth disclosing. This study measured Quigley-Hein index and plaque control record by both Qraycam and disclosing agent on 64 elderly people and checked degree of congruence between the two methods. Reliability was evaluated with the mean of measured values, kappa index and intraclass correlation coefficient statistical analysis. The analysis of the plaque scores showed a high agreement between the measured values according to the method of measurement and the measured part. The mean of plaque index of anterior labial were not significantly different according to measurement method. The kappa index was higher by Qraycam and tooth disclosing method of plaque index. Therefore, it was verified that Qraycam has sufficient reliability as screening tool for plaque scoring system.

The study of the peri-inplant soft tissue around osseointegrated implants in partial edentulous patients (하악 부분 무치악 환자의 골유착성 임플랜트 주위 연조직에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Keun-Sik;Lim, Sung-Bin;Chung, Chin-Hyung
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
    • /
    • v.27 no.3
    • /
    • pp.561-573
    • /
    • 1997
  • The keratinized mucosa around the implant is an important key in health of soft tissue and hard tissue. The purpose of this study is showed that the keratinized mucosa is associated with the keratinized mucosa index, plaque index, gingival index, probing depth. which is investigated to observing the peri-implant mucosa of mandibular partial edentulous patuent using periodontal parameter by previously published paper. It was estimated 6 site with regard to 80 fixture for 28 person, and the average age is 46.8. Each estimation is the order of less trauma, that is, plaque index, keratinized mucosa index, gingival index and probing depth. In this study, statstically analyzed treatment is used for Spss V 7.0 for Windows(Spss Inc, USA). The Kruskal Walis Test is used to compare the amount of the keratinized mucosa is into the $0{\sim}3$ index, with plaque index, gingival index and probing depth. Mann-whitney Test is used to interpreate the relation of plaque index and probing depth, which is showed significant difference. The Result are as follows 1. The kertinized mucosa index 3 amounts to 47.7%, which is much higher than the other indices and the index order is followed 3, 1, 2 and O. 2. The plaque index 1 amounts to 61.7%, which is much higher than the other indices and the index order is followed 1, 2, 3 and O. The plaque index 0 is significant to each of index(P<0.05). The plaque index is decrease as the keratinized mucosa index is increased. 3. The probing depth for 2mm, 1mm, 3mm is 48.9%, 23.5%, 16.8% respectively, which is most occupied. The probing depth 2mm and 3mm for the keratinized mucosa index is significant(P<0.05). The probing index is decreased as the keratinized mucosa index is increased. 4. The gingival index 0 amounts to 58.0%, which is much higher than the other indices and the index order is followed 0, 1, 2 and 3.

  • PDF

A comparative study for the efficacy of plaque removal of two powered toothbrushes and a manual toothbrush (수종의 전동칫솔과 수동칫솔의 치태 제거 효과에 대한 비교 연구)

  • Jun, Dae-Ho;Chung, Chin-Hyung;Lim, Sung-Bin;Hong, Ki-Seok
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
    • /
    • v.35 no.4
    • /
    • pp.975-989
    • /
    • 2005
  • Periodontal disease is caused by accumulation of bacterial plaque. For the reason, plaque control is essential to control and prevent periodontal disease. Among the plaque control methods, mechanical plaque removal, tooth brushing is common and reliable. But it depends on individual habituation and their manner. To catch up the gap of effectiveness, lots of oral hygiene appliances have been developing. Powered toothbrush is the most interesting field and is showing on the market with various motion type. This study was performed to compare clinical effects of plaque removal between powered toothbrush and manual toothbrush. The results were as follows : 1. Plaque index was decreased statistically after the brushing than before the brushing in every group.(p<0.05) 2. Comparing plaque index among the three groups before and after brushing, there were no statistically significant differences. 3. Interproximal plaque index was decreased statistically after the brushing than before the brushing in every group.(p<0.05) 4. Comparing interproximal plaque index among the three groups before and after brushing, there were no statistically significant differences.

STUDY OF DENTAL PLAQUE INDEX IN MIXED DENTITION (혼합치열(混合齒列)의 치구(齒垢)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Jin-Tae
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
    • /
    • v.7 no.1
    • /
    • pp.17-20
    • /
    • 1980
  • The purpose of this investigation was to make a comprehensive study and evaluation of the oral hygiene status by considering dental plaque index in 60 children age 7-9. The obtained results were as follows 1) Average plaque index of total mandibular teeth was higher than that of maxillary teeth. (Mandible; 2.14, Maxilla; 1.98) 2) In average plaque index per tooth surface, plaque index of facial surface was higher than that of lingual surface in maxilla and lower in mandible. 3) In mixed dentition, dental plaque occur most frequently and in greater quantity on the buccal surfaces of the maxillary permanent 1st molars and the lingual surfaces of the mandibular anterior permanent incisors.

  • PDF

THE STUDIES OF PLAQUE INDEX AND NURSING OF OUTPATIENTS AT THE DENTAL CLINIC (치과 내원 환자의 치태침착도 및 간호에 대한연구)

  • Chung, Ha-Boon
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.305-308
    • /
    • 1977
  • Dental plaque has been considered as one of the major causes of inflammation. Therefore, removal of dental plaque by tooth brushing is the most important to prevent gingival and periodontal diseases and to maintain postoperative gingival health. The author executed clinical examination on 100 outpatients who were admitted to infirmary of dental college, S.N.U. The patients were examined on their tooth brushing method, frequency, habit and admitted experience to dental clinic. The obtained results were as follows; 1. The patient group who brushed with the method of Stillman, showed the lowest plaque index. 2. The examined group who brushed more frequently per a day, showed the tendency of reduced plaque index. 3. Plaque index was lowest in the group who brushed after meals and before bed. 4. The patient group who visited more frequently to dental clinic, showed the lower tendency of plague index. 5. Among the total examined group, those who recognized the importance of oral hygiene were less than 10%.

  • PDF

Comparison of traditional dental plaque indices with real stained plaque area (실제 착색된 치면세균막 면적과 전통적인 치면세균막 지수 비교)

  • Kim, Ji-Soo;Yang, Yong-Hoon;Jun, Eun-Joo;Kim, Jin-Bom;Jeong, Seung-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health
    • /
    • v.41 no.4
    • /
    • pp.262-266
    • /
    • 2017
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare Plaque Percent Index (PPI), calculated by Patient Hygiene Performance Index (PHPI), Rustogi's modification of the Navy Plaque Index (RMNPI), and the Quigley & Hein Plaque Index (QHPI), with visual assessment. Methods: Ninety-six subjects, aged between 30-65 years, were examined; twenty subjects were included in the final analysis. The subjects' teeth were stained and photographed. Dental coloring and intraoral camera photography were performed by a single examiner. The oral images obtained were analyzed using Image J to measure the area of dental plaque. The values of PHPI, RMNPI, and QHPI were calculated twice. Statistical analyses were performed using descriptive statistics, chi-square test, and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results: The results of the correlation analyses of PPI with PHPI, QHPI, and RMNPI were as follows: for PHPI, the correlation coefficient (r)=0.584; for QHPI, r=0.689; and for RMNPI, r=0.729. Further, the kappa indices of PHPI, QHPI, and RMNPI were 0.810, 0.677, and 0.590 respectively. Conclusions: Among RMNPI, QHPI, and PHPI dental plaque indices, RMNPI and QHPI showed a high degree of correlation with the actual stained dental plaque area; on the other hand, PHPI showed the highest kappa index.

The Effect of Dextranase-Containing Mouthwash in Human Experimental Gingivitis (실험적 치은염에서 dextranase 함유 구강 세정액의 양치 효과)

  • Son, Eun-Ju;Kim, Young-Jun;Kim, Do-Man;Chung, Hyun-Ju
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
    • /
    • v.31 no.2
    • /
    • pp.401-420
    • /
    • 2001
  • A novel glucanhydrolase from a mutant of Lipomyces starkeyi(KSM 22)has been shown effective in hydrolysis of mutan, reduction of mutan formation by Streptococcus mutans and removal pre-formed sucrose-dependent adherent microbial film and Lipomyces starkeyi KSM 22 dextranase has been strongly bound to hydroxyapatitie. These in vitro properties of Lipomyces starkeyi KSM 22 dextranase are desirable for its application as a dental plaque control agent. This study was performed to determine oral hygiene benefits and safety of dextranase(Lipomyces starkeyi KSM 22 dextranase)-containing mouthwash in human experimental gingivitis. This 3-week clinical trial was placebo-controlled double-blind design evaluating 1U/ml dextranase mouthwash and 0.12% chlorhexidine mouthwash. A total 39 systemically healthy subjects, who had moderate levels of plaque and gingivitis were included. At baseline, 1, 2 and 3 weeks, subjects were scored for plaque(Silness and $L{\ddot{o}e$ plaque index and plaque severity index), gingivitis($L{\ddot{o}e$ and Silness gingival index), and at baseline and 3 weeks of experiment, subjects were scored for plaque(Turesky-Quingley-Hein's plaque index and plaque severity index), tooth stain(Area and severity index system by Lang et al). Additionally, oral mucosal examinations were performed and subjects questioned for adverse symptoms. Two weeks after pre-experiment examinations and a professional prophylaxis, the subjects provided with allocated mousewash and instructed to use 20-ml volumes for 30s twice dailywithout toothbrushing. All the groups showed significant increase in plaque accumulation since 1 week of experiment. During 3 weeks' period, the dextranase group showed the least increase in plaque accumulation of Silness and $L{\ddot{o}e$ plaque index, compared to the chlorhexidine and placebo groups, but chlorhexidine group showed the least increase inplaque accumulation of Turesky-Quingley-Hein's plaque index. As for gingival inflammation, all the groups showed significant increase during 3 weeks of experiment. The dextranase group also showed the least increase in gingival index score, compared to the chlorhexidine as well as the placebo groups. Whereas the tooth stain was increased significantly in the chlorhexidine group, compared to the baseline score and the placebo group since 3 weeks of mouthrinsing. It was significantly increased after 3 weeks in the dextranase group, still less severe than the chlorhexidine group. As for the oral side effect, the dextranase group showed less tongue accumulation, bad taste, compared to the chlorhexidine group. From these results, mouthrinsing with Lipomyces starkeyi KSM 22 dextranase was comparable to 0.12% chlorhexidine mouthwashin inhibition of plaque accumulation and gingival inflammation and local side effects were if anything less frequent and less intense than chlorhexidine, in human experimental gingivitis. All data had provided positive evidence for Lipomyces starkeyi KSM 22 dextranase as an antiplaque agent and suggested that further development of dextranase formulations for plaque control are warranted.

  • PDF

The effect of dentifrice containing garlic extract on dental plaque and gingivitis (마늘추출물 함유 치약이 치면세균막 감소 및 치은염 완화에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Jong-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
    • /
    • v.8 no.2
    • /
    • pp.67-76
    • /
    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of dentifrice containing 0.1% extracts of garlic on dental plaque and gingivitis in a double blind and crossover clinical studies in 33 healthy adults aged from 20 to 22 years who provided a consent for their participation. Oral examination was performed through clinical periods and on day of baseline, 6, 13, 19, 25 days plaque index and gingival index were scored by Turesky' modified index and L$\ddot{o}$e & Silness index. After 12, 19, 25 days use of their respective dentifrices, statistically decreases of plaque index, gingival index were shown in both the experimental and the control group, respectively, Experimental group exhibited significantly the lower plaque levels and the higher levels of gingival health by the use of the dentifrices contained extract of garlic from 12 days compare with control group(p<0.05). The degree of decrease was more significant on gingivitis level of the experimental group than the control group(p <0.05). This result indicate that the use of dentifrice containing extract of garlic has a positve effect in preventing plaque and gingivitis and treating periodontal diseases.

  • PDF

A STUDY ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE PARENTS' ATTITUDES TOWARD THE DENTAL HEALTH OF THEIR CHILDREN AND THE DENTAL PLAQUE INDEX OF CHILDREN WITH PRIMARY DENTITION (보호자(保護者)의 구강보건관리태도(口腔保健管理態度)와 유치열기(乳齒列期) 아동(兒童)의 치태지수(齒苔指數)와의 관계(關係)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Lim, Kwang-Ho;Kim, Nam-Hong
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.215-232
    • /
    • 1984
  • The purpose of this research was to analyze the relationship between parents' attitudes toward their children's dental health and dental plaque index. Dental plaque index was obtained through oral examination of 118 children(female 40, male 78) with primary dentition The maintenance status of children's dental health though parents' aids was evaluated by means of questionaire to which 79 persons among the 118 children's parents answered. The results were as follows : 1. In children with primary dentition, toothbrushing together with toothbrushing instruction and continuous reinforcement had decreased plaque accumulation progressively. 2. Dental plaque index before toothbrushing showed that dental plaque was accumulated more in the buccal surfaces of teeth in the maxilla and in the lingual surfaces of teeth in the mandible. It was higher in the posterior teeth than in the anterior teeth and in the maxillary teeth than in the mandibular teeth. 3. Dental plaque index of childern was inversely proportional to the level of education of their parents. 4. Those parents who have much knowledge of oral hygiene were more positive toward their children's oral hygiene.

  • PDF