• Title, Summary, Keyword: plate and shell structure

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The actuation equation of macro-fiber composite coupled plate and its active control over the vibration of plate and shell

  • Tu, Jianwei;Zhang, Jiarui;Zhu, Qianying;Liu, Fan;Luo, Wei
    • Structural Monitoring and Maintenance
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.297-311
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    • 2018
  • Plate and shell structure is widely applied in engineering, i.e. building roofs, aircraft wings, ship platforms, and satellite solar arrays. Its vibration problem has become increasingly prominent due to the tendency of lightening, upsizing and flexibility. As a new smart material with great actuating force and toughness, macro-fiber composite (MFC) is composed of piezoelectric fiber and epoxy resin basal body, which can be directly pasted onto the surface of plate and shell and is suitable for vibration control. This paper deduces the actuation equation of MFC coupled plate in different boundary conditions, an equivalent finite element modeling method is proposed which uses MFC actuating force as the applied excitation, and on this basis the active control simulation and experiment of MFC over plate and shell structure vibration are accomplished. The results indicate that MFC is able to implement effective control over plate and shell structure vibration in multi-band range. The comparison between experiment and simulation proves that the actuation equation deduced herein, effective and practicable, can be applied into the simulation calculation of MFC vibration control over plate and shell structure.

Free Vibration Analysis of a Curvatured Plate Welded to a Clamped-Free Circular Cylindrical Shell (곡률 원판이 결합된 외팔 원통 쉘의 고유진동 해석)

  • Yim, J.S.;Sohn, D.S.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.529-534
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    • 2002
  • The receptance method was applied for the analysis of a cylindrical shell with a curvaturated plate attached at the top of the shell. The boundary conditions of the shell considered here were clamped at the bottom and free at the top of the shell. Before the analysis of the shell/plate combined structure, the natural frequencies of the plate and the shell were calculated separately and then they were used in the calculation of the frequencies of the combined structure by the receptance method. The frequency equation of the combined structure was derived from the continuity condition at the junction of the shell and the plate. The frequencies for various curvature factors of the plate were presented and compared with those from ANSYS to show its validity of the present method.

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Numerical study of dynamic buckling for plate and shell structures

  • Liu, Z.S.;Lee, H.P.;Lu, C.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.241-257
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    • 2005
  • A numerical approach combining the finite element method with two different stability criteria namely the Budiansky and the phase-plane buckling criteria is used to study the dynamic buckling phenomena of plate and shell structures subjected to sudden applied loading. In the finite element analysis an explicit time integration scheme is used and the two criteria are implemented in the Finite Element analysis. The dynamic responses of the plate and shell structures have been investigated for different values of the plate and shell imperfection factors. The results indicate that the dynamic buckling time, which is normally considered in predicting elasto-plastic buckling behavior, should be taken into consideration with the buckling criteria for elastic buckling analysis of plate and shell structures. By selecting proper control variables and incorporating them with two dynamic buckling criteria, the unique dynamic buckling load can be obtained and the problems of ambiguity and contradiction of dynamic buckling load of plate and shell structure can be resolved.

Progressive Inelastic Deformation Characteristics of Cylindrical Structure with Plate-to-Shell Junction Under Moving Temperature Front

  • Lee, Hyeong-Yeon;Kim, Jong-Bum
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.400-408
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    • 2003
  • A study on the progressive inelastic deformation behavior of the 316 L stainless steel cylindrical structure with plate-to-shell junction under moving temperature front was carried out by structural test and analysis. The structural test intends to simulate the thermal ratcheting behavior occurring at the reactor baffle of the liquid metal reactor as free surface of hot sodium pool moves up and down under plant transients. The thermal ratchet load that heats the specimen up to 550$^{\circ}C$ was applied repeatedly and residual deformation was measured. The thermal ratcheting test was carried out with two types of cylindrical structures, one with plate to-shell junction and the other without the junction to investigate the effects of the geometric discontinuities on the global ratcheting deformation. The temperature distributions of the test specimens were measured and were used for the ratcheting analysis. The ratchet deformations were analyzed with the constitutive equation of the non-linear combined hardening model. The analysis results were in good agreement with those of the structural tests.

Robust optimization of reinforced concrete folded plate and shell roof structure incorporating parameter uncertainty

  • Bhattacharjya, Soumya;Chakrabortia, Subhasis;Dasb, Subhashis
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.56 no.5
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    • pp.707-726
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    • 2015
  • There is a growing trend of considering uncertainty in optimization process since last few decades. In this regard, Robust Design Optimization (RDO) scheme has gained increasing momentum because of its virtue of improving performance of structure by minimizing the variation of performance and ensuring necessary safety and feasibility of constraint under uncertainty. In the present study, RDO of reinforced concrete folded plate and shell structure has been carried out incorporating uncertainty in the relevant parameters by Monte Carlo Simulation. Folded plate and shell structures are among the new generation popular structures often used in aesthetically appealing constructions. However, RDO study of such important structures is observed to be scarce. The optimization problem is formulated as cost minimization problem subjected to the force and displacements constraints considering dead, live and wind load. Then, the RDO is framed by simultaneously optimizing the expected value and the variation of the performance function using weighted sum approach. The robustness in constraint is ensured by adding suitable penalty term and through a target reliability index. The RDO problem is solved by Sequential Quadratic Programming. Subsequently, the results of the RDO are compared with conventional deterministic design approach. The parametric study implies that robust designs can be achieved by sacrificing only small increment in initial cost, but at the same time, considerable quality and guarantee of the structural behaviour can be ensured by the RDO solutions.

Linear Buckling Analysis of Thin-walled Structures by Flat Shell Elements with Drilling D.O.F. (회전자유도를 갖는 평면쉘요소에 의한 박판구조물의 선형 좌굴해석)

  • 최창근;송명관
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.258-265
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    • 1998
  • Application of the flat shell element with drilling D.O.F to linear buckling analysis of thin-walled structures is presented in this paper. The shell element has been developed basically by combining a membrane element with drilling D.O.F. and Mindlin plate bending element. Thus, the shell element possesses six degrees-of-freedom per node which, in addition to improvement of the element behavior, permits an easy connection to other six degrees-of-freedom per node elements(CLS, Choi and Lee, 1995). Accordingly, structures like folded plate and stiffened shell structure, for which it is hard to find the analytical solutions, can be analyzed using these developed flat shell elements. In this paper, linear buckling analysis of thin-walled structures like folded plate structures using the shell elements(CLS) with drilling D.O.F. to be formulated and then fulfilled. Subsequently, buckling modes and the critical loads can be output. Finally. finite element solutions for linear buckling analysis of folded plate structures are compared with available analytic solutions and other researcher's results.

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Analysis of Free Vibration of a Cylindrical Shell with a Circular Plate Under Various Kinds of Boundary Conditions (다양한 경계조건에서 원판이 결합된 원통 셸의 고유진동 해석)

  • 임정식;손동성
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.936-948
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    • 1998
  • A theoretical formulation for the analysis of free vibration of a cylindrical shell with a circular plate attached at an arbitrary axial position of the shell under various kinds of boundary conditions was derived and programed to get the numerical results for natural frequencies and mode shapes of the combined system. The boundary conditions of the shell to be considered here are clamped-free, clamped-simply supported, both ends clamped and both ends simply supported. The frequencies and mode shapes from theoretical calculation were compared with those of commercial finite element code, ANSYS. The results showed good agreement with those of ANSYS in frequencies and mode shapes. The program will contribute to the design optimization of a shell/plate combined system through the analysis of natural frequencies and mode shapes for the system.

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Benchmark tests of MITC triangular shell elements

  • Jun, Hyungmin;Mukai, Paul;Kim, San
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.68 no.1
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    • pp.17-38
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, we compare and assess the performance of the standard 3- and 6-node MITC shell elements (Lee and Bathe 2004) with the recently developed MITC triangular elements (Lee et al. 2014, Jeon et al. 2014, Jun et al. 2018) which were based on the partitions of unity approximation, bubble node, or both. The convergence behavior of the shell elements are measured in well-known benchmark tests; four plane stress tests (mesh distortion test, cantilever beam, Cook's skew beam, and MacNeal beam), two plate tests (Morley's skew plate and circular plate), and six shell tests (curved beam, twisted beam, pinched cylinder, hemispherical shells with or without hole, and Scordelis-Lo roof). To precisely compare and evaluate the solution accuracy of the shell elements, different triangular mesh patterns and distorted element mesh are adopted in the benchmark problems. All shell finite elements considered pass the basic tests; namely, the isotropy, the patch, and the zero energy mode tests.

Experimental Study on Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop Characteristics for R-718 in Plate and Shell Heat Exchanger (Plate & Shell 열교환기내에서 R-718의 열전달 및 압력강하 특성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Kang, Seok-Hyun;Seo, Moo-Kyo;Kim, Young-Soo
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.270-275
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    • 2000
  • In this study, heat transfer and Pressure drop characteristics for R-718 in the plate and shell heat exchanger (P&SHE) investigated experimentally. The plates are circular and welded into a stack which fits into a cylindrical shell in P&SHE. Although apparently very different from rectangular the compact brazed plate heat exchanger (CBE), the underlying flow passage structure through the P&SHE is the same as in the CBE. The R-718 between plate side and shell side was performed a counterflow heat exchange. Heat transfer characteristic of R-718 were measured for turbulent flow in P&SHE by using wilson plot technique. Heat transfer experiment Ivas performed in the $200{\leq}Re{\leq}500$ regime and Pressure drop experiment was performed in the $150{\leq}Re{\leq}1600$ regime. The purpose of this study is to investigate heat transfer and friction factor correlations for R-718 in P&SHE and to offer fundamental data for experiment

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A Study on the Structure Strength of Wing In Ground effect Ship (표면 효과익선(WIG)의 구조 강도에 관한 연구)

  • 고재용;박석주;정성호;박성현
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.95-100
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    • 2002
  • The wing in ground effect (WIG) ship is an energy saying vessel that uses the lift from its air-wing along with the lift increase from the ground effect by flying low above the sea surface. The WIG Ship should consist of thin plate in order to float on the sea and to fly in the air. Therefore, the structure of WIG, Ship has very thin and light shell plate and stiffener like stringer and frame has comparatively large cross section area. This structure makes shell plate nearly pure shear field when shell plate is pressed by in-plane load. This complex thin plate structure of WIG Ship can he considered as a closed section beam which makes it possible to analyze structure response of WIG Ship affected by shear load and bending load. In this respect, the present study will show basic theory for analysing shear stress and focus on the analysis of structure strength of model WIC Ship's wing.

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