• Title, Summary, Keyword: polyamide

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Sustained Drug Release of Polyamide Microcapsules (Polyamide Microcapsule의 성질과 서방성)

  • 김계용;김진홍
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.135-144
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    • 1987
  • Polyamide microcapsules were designed for a sustained drug release. As a model, riboflavin was e no apsulated in polyamide microcapsules. Polyamide microcapsules were prepared from thiamines and acid bichlorides by the interfacial polycondensation reaction. The diamines used in ttlis works were ethylenediamine and 1, 6-hexamethylenediamine. Sebacoylchloride and teruphthaloylchloride were employed as acid bichlorides. The following parameters were studied; the release of several kinds of polyamide microcapsules , the various concentrations of diamines and acid dichlorides ; the various concentrations of surfactants : the various pH range of sink solution during the dissolution test. The release amount of riboflavin from aromatic polyamide micrcapsule was higher than that of aliphatic polyamide microcapsule The release rate of riboflavin from the polyamide microcapsule was decreased with increase of concentration of thiamines, arid dichlorides and surfactants which is used for preparing polyamide microcapsule. Release riboflavin from polyamide microcapsule was lower at pH 7 than pH 2 in sink-solution for dissolution test.

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Cure Reactions of Epoxy/Anhydride/(Polyamide Copolymer) Blends

  • Youngson Choe;Kim, Wonho
    • Macromolecular Research
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.259-265
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    • 2002
  • The cure kinetics of blends of epoxy (DGEBA, diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A)/anhydride resin with polyamide copolymer, poly(dimmer acid-co-alkyl polyamine), were studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) under isothermal condition. On increasing the amount of polyamide copolymer in the blends, the reaction rate was increased and the final cure conversion was decreased. Lower values of final cure conversions in the epoxy/(polyamide copolymer) blends indicate that polyamide hinders the cure reaction between the epoxy and the curing agent. The value of the reaction order, m, for the initial autocatalytic reaction was not affected by blending polyamide copolymer with epoxy resin, and the value was approximately 1.3, whereas the reaction order, n, for the general n-th order of reaction was increased by increasing the amount of polyamide copolymer in the blends, and the value increased from 1.6 to 4.0. A diffusion-controlled reaction was observed as the cure conversion increased and the rate equation was successfully analyzed by incorporating the diffusion control term for the epoxy/anhydride/(polyamide copolymer) blends. Complete miscibility was observed in the uncured blends of epoxy/(polyamide copolymer) up to 120 $^{\circ}C$, but phase separations occurred in the early stages of the curing process at higher temperatures than 120 "C. During the curing process, the cure reaction involving the functional group in polyamide copolymer was detected on a DSC thermogram.gram.

Synthesis and Characterization of Aromatic Polyamideamide-imide and Polyamide-imide copolymers

  • Kim, Sang-Hern
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.144-150
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    • 2008
  • The polyamide-amide-imide (PAAI) was synthesized by reacting 4,4'-diaminobenzanilide (DBA) with trimellitic anhydride chloride using a two-stage heating. The precursor of polyamide-acids was formed at first stage and followed by the formation of imide of PAAI. Two polyamide-imides (PAIs) were prepared from benzidine (BZ) or 4,4'-diaminodiphenylether (DPE) with trimellitic anhydride chloride. These three polymers had glass transition temperature in the temperature range of $240-250^{\circ}C$. X-ray data were obtained on thin film specimens cured at $250^{\circ}C$. There was a minimal kind of short-range order consisting of the most probable distances between neighboring chains. The average segmental spacing of short-range order decreased in the order of polymers obtained from 4,4'-diaminobenzanilide (DBA), polyamide-imide, and 4,4'-diaminodiphenylether (DPE). The imidization of three polyamide-imides was confirmed by $^{15}N$ MAS NMR and FT-IR spectroscopy. $^{15}N$ NMR spectrum of cured polyamide-imide showed imide $^{15}N$ peak, thereby providing an evidence for the imidization of three polyamide-imides.

Enzymatic Treatment of Polyamide Fiber by Alcalase (알칼라제를 이용한 폴리아미드 섬유의 효소가공)

  • Song, Yu-Sun;Song, Wha-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.35 no.8
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    • pp.1006-1013
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    • 2011
  • An enzymatic treatment method using alcalase was introduced to improve the moisture characteristic of the polyamide fiber. The alcalase treatment conditions such as the pH, treatment temperature, enzyme concentration, and treatment time were optimized by measuring the amino groups. The changes in the weight loss, tensile strength, moisture regain, water contact angle (WCA), and water absorption rate of the polyamide fiber with the changes in the alcalase treatment conditions were evaluated. The optimum alcalase treatment conditions for polyamide fiber were found to be a treatment temperature of 50oC, a treatment time of 50 minutes, an alcalase concentration of 10% (owf), and a pH of 7.0. The ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and L-cysteine accelerated the activity of the enzyme; however, they did not have an effect on the amino group production of the fiber surface. The alcalase treatment of the polyamide fiber improved the fiber's moisture regain, WCA, and absorption rate due to the amino group on the fiber surface. The results showed that the alcalase treatment of polyamide fiber is an effective method to improve the moisture characteristic of the polyamide fiber.

Dyeing properties of cationic dye on polyamide fibers using syntan treatment (Syntan 처리에 의한 폴리아마이드 섬유의 캐티온 염료 염착특성)

  • Park, Young-Min;Kim, Byung-Soon;Son, Young-A
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.12-16
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    • 2007
  • Exhaustion increase using cationic dyes on polyamide fibers are not easy work due to the limited amounts of the functional end groups(-COOH) in the substrates. Therefore, to enhance dye exhaustion, polyamide fibers are required to be modified onto desired surface properties of the fibers using anionic bridging agent. In this study, synthetic tanning agent for pre-treatment finishing and cationic dye(berberine chloride) for dyeing of polyamide fibers were used. For surface modification, polyamide fibers were pre-treated with synthetic tanning agent at various concentrations and temperatures. The increased concentration and temperatures of synthetic tanning agents had resulted in exhaustion increase. The modified polyamide substrates skewed increased cationic dyeing exhaustions and the corresponding dyeing results from treated samples represented higher exhaustion properties than those of non-treated counterpart. The increased dyeing effects of cationic dye can be attributed to the supplied ionic interaction and electrostatic attraction sites on the surface of polyamide substrates.

Properties of Polyamide Modified PVC-sol Sealants (II) (폴리아미드가 함유된 PVC졸 실란트의 물성 (II))

  • Lee, Seung-Jin;Kim, Hyun-Kyo;Park, Hwan-Man;Cho, Won-Jei;Ha, Chang-Sik
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.53-64
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    • 1999
  • The mechanical, electrical, and thermal properties of polyamide-modified poly (vinyl chloride) (PVC)-sol was investigated. PVC-sol was plasticized with dioctyl phthalate (DOP). In this work, the effects of the addition of polyamide on the properties of PVC-sol seal-ants were investigated. Two kinds of polyamide resins having different amine value were used. It was found that the properties of the PVC-sol sealants were significantly affected by the contents and types of the added polyamide rosins. The PVC-sol sealants modified with polyamide A (low amino value) showed higher tensile properties than those modified with polyamide B(high amino value) did, and thermal stability of the sealants showed nearly the same trends. The tensile strength of sealants were decreased with increasing the $CaCO_3$ contents. The dielectric constant were not strongly dependent on the polyamide types and contents.

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A Study on Polyamide-6 Sintering and Effect by $CO_2$ Laser ($CO_2$ Laser에 의한 Polyamide-6 소결과 그 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Bae S.W.;Kim D.S.;Ahn Y.J.;Kim H.I.;Choi K.S.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.197-198
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    • 2006
  • In the solid freeform fabrication (SFF) system using selective laser sintering (SLS), polyamide-12 powder is currently recognized as general material. In this study, some kinds of polyamide-6 powders with different shape and particlesize were fabricated to investigate the formability, the microstructure and mechanical properties. Also, to develop a more elaborate and rapid system, this study employs a new SLS device with a 3-axis dynamic focusing scanner system instead of the existing fe lens used in commercial SLS. Polyamide-6 powders having the average size of 100 m were treated thermally in order to keep the spherical symmetry in shape. These polyamide-6 powders were mixed with polyamide-12 powders having the average size of 50 m to give the bimodal distribution of size. These mixed powders showed the better fabrication in the selective laser sintering process because the smaller particles of polyamide-11 played an important role in the compact packing of powders by filling the void space between the large particles of polyamide-6. Also, Experiments have performed to evaluate the effect of a scanning path and sintering parameters by fabricating the various 3D objects.

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Selective Laser Sintering of Cu/Polyamide Mixed Powder (Cu/Polyamide 혼합분말의 선택적 레이저 소결)

  • 박흥일;이길근
    • Journal of Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.239-244
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    • 2001
  • To investigate the effect of process parameters on selective laser sintering of Cu/polyamide mixed powder, Cu/polyamide mixed powder was sintered by selective laser with changing laser power and scanning speed. The properties of sintered body were evaluated by measuring the density and tensile strength, and analysis of XRD, FT-Raman and microstructure. With an increase in the laser power, the density and ultimate tensile strength of sintered Cu/polyamide body increase and then decrease. The maximum values of the density and ultimate tensile strength were decreased with increasing laser scanning speed. These changes were concerned with the difference of irradiation energy of laser into the powder layer. It was considered that the change of the mechanical property of the sintered body with irradiation energy of laser is due to the changes of amount of copper particle and property of polyamide.

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Thermal Properties of the Themoplastic Elastomers Based on EPDM Ionomer/Polyamide-6 Blends (EPDM 이오노머/Polyamide-6 블렌드계 열가소성 탄성체의 열적 성질)

  • Jin, Sung-Hoon;Song, Gwang Seok;Lee, Dai-Soo
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.167-172
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    • 2012
  • A new type of thermoplastic elastomer (TPE) based on EPDM ionomer as an elastomer and polyamide-6 as a reinforcing crystalline polymer was prepared and the thermal properties of TPEs were investigated. Especially effects of neutralization of maleated EPDM (MA-EPDM) to prepare EPDM ionomer with zinc oxide and the content of polyamide-6 on the thermal properties of the blends were investigated. Both the neutralization and blending were carried out employing a twin screw extruder. It was found that the neutralization of MA-EPDM results in the increase of cooling crystallization temperatures. Polyamide-6 plays the role of reinforcing filler in the blends due to the high crystallinity. Fine dispesion of polyamide-6 in the blends was confirmed and attributed to the imide formation between the maleic anhydride of MA-EPDM and amine group of polyamide-6. TPEs based on EPDM ionomer/Polyamide-6 blends showed balanced mechanical properties with improvement in heat resistance.

Laccase Treatment on Polyamide Fabrics (라카제를 이용한 폴리아미드 섬유의 효소 가공)

  • Seo, Hye-Young;Kim, Hye-Rim
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.35 no.10
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    • pp.1264-1270
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    • 2011
  • This study is to optimize the conditions for the treatment of polyamide fabrics using laccase. The pH, temperature, treatment time, and concentration were varied; their effects were evaluated by measuring the number of primary amide groups by the uptake of an acid dye measured by K/S of dyed polyamide fibers. The hydrophilicity of the fabrics was evaluated in terms of moisture regain and wettability. The effects of the mediator, ABTS, on the laccase activity were also evaluated. The optimal treatment conditions were identified as a pH of 4.5, temperature of $30^{\circ}C$, treatment time of 6 hours, and concentration of 10% of the weight of the fabric (o.w.f.). ABTS facilitated the activity of laccase on the polyamide fabrics. Voids and cracks on the surfaces of the laccase-treated polyamide fabrics were responsible for improved wettability. The results proved that laccase treatment improved the hydrophilicity of polyamide fibers without decreasing their strength.