• Title, Summary, Keyword: polyetylene

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Tensile Behavior of Polyetylene Fiber-Reinforced Cementless Composite (폴리에틸렌섬유 보강 무시멘트 복합재료의 인장 거동)

  • Lee, Bang Yeon;Choi, Jeong-Il;Kim, Young-Suk
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.5600-5607
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated experimentally the tensile behavior of polyetylene fiber-reinforced cementless composite. Four types of polyetylene fiber-reinforced cementless composite were designed. The water to binder ratio was 0.30-0.38, and the amount of polyetylene fiber was 1.75 vol%. A series of experiments including uniaxial tension, density, and compression tests were performed to evaluate the performance of the composites. From the test results, it was exhibited that the composite has superior tensile performance such as high tensile strength and tensile strain capacity compared with other types of composites.

Compressive and Tensile Behavior of Polyetylene Fiber Reinforced Composite According to Silica Sand and Fly Ash (규사 혼입과 플라이애쉬 혼입에 따른 폴리에틸렌 섬유보강 복합재료의 압축 및 인장거동)

  • Kwon, Seung-Jun;Kang, Su-Tae;Choi, Jeong-Il;Lee, Bang-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean Recycled Construction Resources Institute
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.25-30
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate experimentally the effect of reinforcement of polyetylene fiber, inclusion of silica sand, and replacement of cement with fly ash on the compressive and tensile behavior of fiber reinforced composite. Five types of mixture proportions were determined and compressive strength and uniaxial tension tests were performed. Test results showed that strength, ductility, and control of cracking were improved by the reinforcement of fiber. Although the strength was improved by the inclusion of dried silica sand, the ductility was reduced and the crack width was increased. On the other hand, the increase of ductility, the decrease of crack width, and the decrease of strength were observed by the replacement of cement with fly ash.

The crystallinity and electrical characteristics of low density polyetylene thin film (저밀도 폴리에틸렌 필림의 결정화도 및 전기적 특성)

  • 윤중락;권정열;이헌용
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.164-168
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    • 1996
  • The relation between crystallinity and thermal history in low density polyethylene thin films and their effect on electric conduction phenomena and dielectric breakdown was studied. The low density polythylene thin films obtained by the solution growth method heat-treated at 140[$^{\circ}C$] for 2 h and subsequently cooling to various ways. The degree of crystallinity was estimated by the X-ray diffraction measurement for the specimen of slowly cooling, ICE quenching and liquid nitrogen quenching. The result shows that the crystallinity decreases become faster as the cooling speed increased, and that conduction phenomenon is governed by the space charge limited current in high field. It was found that the dielectric breakdown field increases with an increase in cooling speed and test number in self-healing breakdown method.

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Interspecific Protoplast Fusion between Fusarium poae and Fusarium sporotrichioides (Fusarium poae와 Fusarium sporotrichioides간의 원형질체 융합)

  • 하경란;장성렬;민병례
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.123-129
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    • 1991
  • In order to develop the protoplast fusion method of the strains of Fusarium, the interspecific protoplast fusion was attempted between Fusarium poae and F. sporotrichioides. Various auxotrophic mutants were isolated by the treatment of N-Methyl-N'-Nitro-N-Nitrosoguanidine. The optimal conditions for the formation and regeneration of protoplasts were examined and the characteristics of a fusant were studied. As a results, protoplasts were readily obtained from 18 hours cultured mycelia by the treatment of driselase for 3 hours and 0.6 M KCl as a best osmotic stabilizer at pH 6.0 for the formation of protoplast. Sucrose was the most suitable for the regeneration. Polyetylene glycol (M.W. 8,000) in $CaCl_{2}$-glycine solution was used to induce the protoplast fusion. The interspecific fusion frequency between protoplasts among the auxotrophic mutants of the two strains ranged from $2.7*10^{-2}$ to $5.7*10^{-3}$ . DNA content and cellulase activity were rather increased in the interspecific fusant. The lag phase of growth curve was slightly elongated in the fusant.

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The estimation on the insulation performance of thermal insulation materials according to water vapor permeance (투습성에 따른 단열재의 단열성능평가 및 고찰)

  • Kim, Seok-Hyun;Park, Jong-Il;Lee, Min-Woo;Hong, Jin-Kwan
    • Proceedings of the SAREK Conference
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    • pp.1012-1018
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    • 2006
  • In this study, the insulation performance of thermal insulation materials such as glass wool, polyetylene and flexible lastomeric foam according to water vapor permeance was estimated by using experimental correlation equation. The results showed the conductivity increment of flexible lastomeric foam which has very low-permeability (${\le}0.15[ng/{\cdot}s{\cdot}Pa]\;or\;{\mu}{\ge}1,000$) is about 50% lower than that of glass wool with the lapse of ten years. The conclusion is that moisture inevitably accumulated in permeable Insulations reduces insulation performance and also accelerates surface condensation in the case of cold water system.

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A Study on Crack-Prevention of Pinus Rigida during Drying by Suction Treatment of Polyetylene Grycogen (PEG흡입처리에 의한 Rigida 소나무의 건조균열방지에 관한 연구)

  • Yu, Hyo-Seon;Jeong, Se-Hui
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.15-20
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    • 1997
  • 목재의 건조 균열방지를 위한 진공흡입기술의 새로운 목재처리방법에 대해 연구를 수행하였다. 목재의 건조균열 방지를 위해 사용된 ployetylene grycogen(PEG) 처리재들은 PEG-1540, PEG-2000, PEG-4000, PEG-10000이었으며, 진공펌프의 감압정도는 85kPa과 39kPa 이었다. 시험결과, 진공흡입처리에 의한 PEG액의 흡입은 방사단면에 걸쳐 고르게 이루워졌음을 확인 할 수 있었다. 또한 PEG의 분자량이 증가할수록 단위시간당 PEG의 분자량이 증가할수록 단위시간당 PEG의 흡입량과 처리전.후의 함수률의 차인$\Delta$ M.C 는 PEG-2000을 변곡점으로 하여 감소하였다. 그리고 리기다 소나무의 건조균열 방지를 위한 약제 흡입처리에 있어 최적의 PEG 분자량과 농도 그리고 감압력의 조건은 각각 PEG-2000과 30%(wt.)그리고 85kPa임을 알 수 있었다.

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Determination of Polyol Concentration Affecting to the Transparent Bar Soap Using Design of Experiment Method (실험 계획법을 이용한 투명비누에 영향을 미치는 폴리올 농도 결정)

  • Cho, Wan-Goo
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.54-62
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    • 2012
  • In this experiment, the optimum concentration of polyols which were used for making transparent soaps was determined using design of experiment (DOE) method. Dipropylene glycol and 1,3 butylene glycol with short chains enhanced the transparency of soap, however, polyethylene glycol 400, glycerin and diglycerin made the soap opaque. The hardness of soap was increased as increasing the concentration of propylene glycol, diglycerin, dipropylene glycol and polyethylene glycol 400. The hardness, transparency, absorbance of water, and friction solubility could be optimized by controlling the concentration of dipropylene glycol, polyetylene glycol, sugar, and triethanolamine.

Effect of additives on the hydrothermal synthesis of manganese ferrite nanoparticles

  • Kurtinaitiene, Marija;Mazeika, Kestutis;Ramanavicius, Simonas;Pakstas, Vidas;Jagminas, Arunas
    • Advances in nano research
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2016
  • Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (Nps), composed of magnetite, $Fe_3O_4$, or maghemite, ${\gamma}-Fe_2O_3$, core and biocompatible polymer shell, such as dextran or chitozan, have recently found wide applications in magnetic resonance imaging, contrast enhancement and hyperthermia therapy. For different diagnostic and therapeutic applications, current attempt is focusing on the synthesis and biomedical applications of various ferrite Nps, such as $CoFe_2O_4$ and $MnFe_2O_4$, differing from iron oxide Nps in charge, surface chemistry and magnetic properties. This study is focused on the synthesis of manganese ferrite, $MnFe_2O_4$, Nps by most commonly used chemical way pursuing better control of their size, purity and magnetic properties. Co-precipitation syntheses were performed using aqueous alkaline solutions of Mn(II) and Fe(III) salts and NaOH within a wide pH range using various hydrothermal treatment regimes. Different additives, such as citric acid, cysteine, glicine, polyetylene glycol, triethanolamine, chitosan, etc., were tested on purpose to obtain good yield of pure phase and monodispersed Nps with average size of ${\leq}20nm$. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), $M\ddot{o}ssbauer$ spectroscopy down to cryogenic temperatures, magnetic measurements and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry were employed in this study.

Determination of brightener concentrations in Watt-type Ni Electroplating bath using dilution titration-cyclic voltammetry stripping (DT-CVS) (희석 적정-순환전류전압법을 이용한 와트욕 내부 광택제 농도 모니터링)

  • Choe, Seung-Hoe;Gwon, Yeong-Hwan;Lee, Ju-Yeol;Kim, Man;Park, Yeong-Bae;Lee, Gyu-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Surface Engineering Conference
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    • pp.30-30
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    • 2018
  • 스마트 도금공장을 구축하기 위해서는 도금액 내부의 화학 물질 농도 변화를 측정할 수 있는 화학 센서 기술이 필수적으로 요구된다. 와트욕은 대표적인 고속 니켈 도금액 중 하나로 기본적으로 황산니켈, 염화니켈, 보릭산의 염과 함께 케리어(type-1 광택제), 광택제(type 2-광택제), 응력 제어제 등의 유기 첨가제로 구성되어 있다. 이러한 유기 첨가제는 전차된 니켈층의 두께 균일도, 조도, 미세 구조, 내부 응력 등 다양한 특성을 제어하며, 정밀한 농도 관리가 필수적으로 요구되나, 분석 기술의 부재로 인하여 지금까지도 대부분의 액관리는 할셀법이나 작업자의 경험에 의존하고 있다. Cyclic voltammetry stripping(CVS) 방법은 전기화학 분석 과정에서 나타나는 첨가제의 가속, 감속 특성 등과 여기에 수반되는 stripping peak의 변화를 이용하여 개별 첨가제의 농도를 측정하는 방법이며, 지금까지 인쇄회로기판의 비아필 공정, 전해 동박 제조, 반도체 배선 등 구리도금 산업 전반에 걸쳐 첨가제 관리에 효과적으로 적용되고 있다. 그러나 수소 발생으로 인한 stripping 효율 문제로 인하여 니켈, 주석, 아연 등 표준 환원 전위가 높은 금속 도금액 내부 첨가제 농도 측정은 아직 어려운 상황이다. 본 연구에서는 이 문제를 극복하기 위해 염소를 과량 첨가한 구리 도금액을 CVS 분석의 base 용액으로 이용하여 니켈 도금액 내부 여러 광택제 (polyetylene glycol(PEG) 계열, thiourea 계열, 2-butyne-1,4-diol 등) 농도를 측정하는 법을 제시하였다. 제시된 방법은 CVS 분석 과정에서 구리-염소 사이의 상호 작용으로 인해 생성되는 3가지 stripping peak의 상대적인 크기 변화가 첨가제 농도에 따라 영향을 받는다는 사실에 기반하였다. 본 연구에서는 여기에 관한 원인에 대해 고찰하였으며, 제시된 방법을 통해 광택제 계열 첨가제 농도 측정을 선택적으로 할 수 있다는 것을 증명하였다.

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The Effect of Pre-Wilting Herbage on the Composition and Feeding Value of Silage (예건의 Silage의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • 신정남;윤익석
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.92-99
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    • 1983
  • Experiment were conducted to study effect of pre-wilting on the quality of silage. Herbage samples were taken on November 11, 1981. Italian ryegrass and rye plant at grazing stage were taken and wilted to adjust their dry matter contents to the range of 15.8 to 53.2% and ensiled in order to evaluate the effect of pre-wilting on the chemical composition and nutrient loss of silage. Both prewilted and unwilted grass material were ensiled in small polyetylene film bag and stored under room temperature. 1. The formation of total acid decreased by increasing DM content, however, lactic acid content of the total organic acid increased. 2. In the silage, the loss of DM declined as DM content increased. 3. The quality of silage estimated by organic acid constituent was improved as DM content in the herbage increased. 4. The production of $NH_3-N$ decreased by increasing degree of prewilting. 5. In vitro dry matter digestibility was not affected by prewilting.

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