• Title, Summary, Keyword: polymer composite particles

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Synthesis of Polymer-Carbon Nanotubes Composite Nanoparticles and Their Applications into Forming Hybrid Composite Thin Films (폴리머-탄소나노튜브 복합체 에어로졸 입자의 생성 및 이를 이용한 하이브리드 복합체 박막 제조)

  • Kim, Whi-Dong;Ahn, Ji-Young;Kim, Soo Hyung
    • Particle and aerosol research
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.61-67
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, we describe a new method to form polymer thin films, in which carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are homogeneously distributed so that they can strengthen the mechanical property of resulting polymer film. To do so, we first homogeneously mixed CNTs with polymer in a DMF solvent. With the assistance of ultrasonic nebulizer, the polymer/CNT solution was then aerosolized into micro-sized droplets and finally turned into solidified polymer/CNT composite particles by gas-phase drying process. As the results of SEM and TEM analysis, CNTs were found to be homogeneously immobilized in the polymer matrix particles due to rapid drying process in the gas phase. For comparison purpose, (i) the polymer/CNTs composite particles prepared by aerosol processing method and (ii) polymer/CNTs sheets prepared by simple solution-evaporation method were employed to form polymer/CNTs composite thin films using a hot press. As the result, the aerosol processing of composite particles was found to be a much more effective method to form homogeneously distributed-CNTs in the polymer matrix thin film.

Core-Shell Polymerization with Hydrophilic Polymer Cores

  • Park, Jong-Myung
    • Macromolecular Research
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.51-65
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    • 2001
  • Two-stage emulsion polymerizations of hydrophobic monomers on hydrophilic seed polymer particles were carried out to make core-shell composite particles. It was found that the loci of polymerization in the second stage were the surface layer of the hydrophilic seed latex particles, and that it has resulted in the formation of either eccentric core-shell particles with the core exposed to the aqueous phase or aggregated nonspherical composite particles with the shell attached on the seed surface as many small separated particles. The driving force of these phenomena is related to the gain in free energy of the system in going from the hydrophobic polymer-water interface to hydrophilic polymer-water interface. Thermodynamic analysis of the present polymerization system, which was based on spreading coefficients, supported the likely occurrence of such nonspherical particles due to the combined effects of interfacial free energies and phase separation between the two polymer phases. A hypothetical pathway was proposed to prepare hydrophilic core-hydrophobic shell composite latex particles, which is based on the concept of opposing driving and resistance forces for the phase migration. It was found that the viscosity of the monomer-swollen polymer phase played important role in the formation of particle morphology.

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Magnetic and Temperature-Sensitive Composite Polymer Particles and Adsorption Behavior of Emulsifiers and Trypsin

  • Ahmad, Hasan;Rahman, M.Abdur;Miah, M.A. Jalil;Tauer, Klaus
    • Macromolecular Research
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.637-643
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    • 2008
  • A combination of magnetic and temperature-responsive properties in the same polymer composites is expected to increase their potential applications in the biomedical field. Accordingly, micron-sized magnetite/polystyrene/poly(2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate-ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate), which are abbreviated as $Fe_3O_4$/PS/P (DM-EGDM) composite polymer particles, were prepared by the seeded copolymerization of DM and EGDM in the presence of magnetite/polystyrene ($Fe_3O_4$/PS) particles. $Fe_3O_4$/PS/P(DM-EGDM) composite particles with magnetic properties showed a temperature-sensitive phase transition at approximately $31^{\circ}C$. The adsorption behavior of the low molecular weight emulsifiers and trypsin (TR) as biomolecules were examined on $Fe_3O_4$/PS/P(DM-EGDM) composite polymer particles at different temperatures. The native conformation of TR was followed by measuring the specific activity under various adsorption conditions. The activity of the adsorbed TR on composite polymer particles was higher than those of the tree TR and TR adsorbed on $Fe_3O_4$/PS particles.

Preparation of Amine-epoxy Adducts(AEA)/Thin Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes (TWCNTs) Composite Particles using Dry Processes

  • Jung, Hyun-Taek;Cho, Young-Min;Kim, Tae-Ho;Kim, Tae-Ann;Park, Min
    • Carbon letters
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.107-111
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    • 2010
  • We prepared the amine epoxy adducts (AEA)/thin multiwalled carbon nanotubes (TWCNTs) composite particles using nonsolvent based methods including dry mechano-chemical bonding(MCB) process and supercritical fluid (SCF) process. The resulting TWCNTs/AEA composite particles have been used as curing agents for urethane modified bispheol A type epoxy resin. The thermal, thermomechanical properties of the epoxy resins cured with TWCNTs/AEA composite particles were measured by DMA and the dispersion of CNT was characterized by SEM. Because of high degree of CNT dispersion, thermal and mechanical properties of the epoxy resin cured with TWCNTs/AEA composite particles prepared by SCF process are better than those cured with mechano-chemically prepared TWCNTs/AEA composite particles.

Manufacture of PMMA/PBA and PBA/PMMA core Shell Composite Particles - Effect of emulsifier - (PMMA/PBA와 PBA/PMMA Core Shell 복합입자의 제조 - 유화제의 영향 -)

  • Seul, Soo Duk
    • Journal of Adhesion and Interface
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.112-119
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    • 2010
  • Poly(methyl methacrylate)/poly(butyl acrylate) PMMA/PBA core-shell composite particles were prepared by the emulsion polymerization of MMA and BA in the presence of different concentration of sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS). The following conclusions are drawn from the measured conversion and particle size distribution, morphology, average molecular weight distribution, observation of film formation and particle formation, glass transition temperature and physical properties of polymerized core-shell composition particles for using adhesive binder. When the concentration of 0.03 wt% surfactant, the conversions of PMMA and PBA core polymerization are excellent as 95.8% for PMMA core and 92.3% for PBA core. Core-shell composite particles are obtained 90.0% for PMMA/PBA core-shell composite particles and 89.0% for PMMA/PBA core-shell composite particles. It is considered that the core and shell particles are polymerized to be confirmed FT-IR spectra and average molecular weight measured with a GPC, formation of the composite particles is confirmed by the film formation from normal temperature, and composition of inside and outside of the composite particle is confirmed by TEM photograph. The synthesized polymer has two glass transition temperatures, suggesting that the polymer is composed of core polymer and shell polymer unlike general copolymers. It is considered that each core-shell composite particle can be used as a high functionality adhesion binder by the measurement of tensile strength and elongation.

The Bending Analysis of Three Phase Polymer Composite Plate Reinforced by Glass Fiber and Titanium Oxide Particles Including Creep Effect

  • Duc, Nguyen Dinh;Minh, Dinh Khac;VanThu, Pham
    • International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.360-365
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    • 2010
  • Three phase composite materials are widely used in the shipbuilding industry. When reinforced with fiber and particle, the physical and mechanical properties of polymer composite materials are improved. This paper presents the bending analysis of a three phase composite plate with an epoxy matrix, reinforced glass fiber and titanium oxide particles including creep effect when shear stress is taken into account. The obtained results indicate that creep strains lead to compression in the composite material. Introducing reinforced fibers and particles reduces the plate's deflection, when increasing the stretch coefficient allows the calculation of creep deflection during a long loading period.

Effect of Anionic Surfactants in Synthesizing Silicone Dioxide/Styrene Core-Shell Polymer(II) (이산화규소/스티렌 코어-셀 합성에서 음이온 계면활성제의 영향(II))

  • Park, Keun-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.74-79
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    • 2009
  • The inorganic-organic composite particles with core-shell structure were polymerized by using styrene and potassium persulfate (KPS) as a shell monomer and an initiator, respectively. We studied the effect of surfactants on the core-shell structure of silicone dioxide/styrene composite particles polymerized in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate(SDS), polyoxyethylene alkylether sulfate (EU-S133D), and at none surfactant condition. We found that $SiO_2$ core / polystyrene(PS) shell structure was formed when polymerization of styrene was conducted on the surface of $SiO_2$ particles, and the concentration SDS and EU-Sl33D was $8.34{\times}10^{-2}mole/L$. The core-shell structure was confirmed by measuring the thermal decomposition of the polymer composite using thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA), and the morphology of the composite particles was characterized by transmission electron microscope (TEM).

Biodegradable Polymer-Nanoceramic Composite for Bone Regeneration

  • Kim, Sang-Soo;Park, Min-Sun;Kim, Byung-Soo
    • Proceedings of the Polymer Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.179-179
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    • 2006
  • PLGA/HA composite scaffold fabricated by GF/PL method showed enhanced mechanical property, hydrophilicity and osteoconductivity compared with the SC/PL scaffolds, and this enhancement was most likely due to a higher extent of exposure of HA particles to the scaffold surface. The biodegradable polymer/bioceramic composite scaffolds fabricated by the GF/PL method could enhance bone regeneration efficacy for the treatment of bone defects compared with conventional composite scaffolds.

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Suspension Polymerization with Hydrophobic Silica as a Stabilizer III. Poly(butyl methacrylate) Composite Particles Containing Carbon Black (소수성 실리카를 안정제로 하는 현탁중합 III. 카본블랙을 함유하는 폴리부틸메타크릴레이트 복합체 입자의 합성)

  • Moon, Ji-Yeon;Park, Moon-Soo
    • Polymer(Korea)
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.477-484
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    • 2009
  • Suspension polymerization with hydrophobic silica as a stabilizer and AIBN as an initiator was conducted to synthesize PBMA particles and PBMA composite particles containing carbon black. Surface modification of silica particles by controlling pH revealed that 90% of them functioned as stabilizer and 10% were incorporated into PBMA particles. While stabilizer concentration had no impact on reaction kinetics and particle diameter, an increase in stabilizer concentration displayed an increase in molecular weights when it exceeded 1.67 wt%. An increase in initiator concentration and reaction temperature decreased molecular weights in close agreement with the theoretical equation. An increase in carbon black concentration from 1 to 7 wt%, relative to the monomer, showed a progressive decrease in reaction conversion. As carbon black was increased from 3 to 5 wt%, glass transition showed a $4^{\circ}C$ increase. The presence of carbon black was confirmed by TEM while its concentration was measured by TGA.

The Thermal Properties of PVC-Ni Composite Materials

  • Moon, Tak-Jin;Kang Chang-Gyun
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.45-50
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    • 1985
  • The glass transition temperature, dynamic shear moduli, and bulk viscosities of PVC, filled with nickel particles, were investigated. The glass temperature of the composite increased with increasing filler concentration. The data were interpreted by assuming that the interaction between filler particles and the polymer matrix reduces molecular mobility and flexibility of the polymer chains in the vicinity of the interfaces. The relative modulus for the PVC/Ni composite system followed the Kerner equation. The relative viscosities were strongly temperature dependent and did not agree with the conventional viscosity predictions for suspensions. It is suggested that the filler has a twofold effect on the viscosity of the composite materials; one is due to its mechanical presence and the other is due to modification of part of the polymer matrix caused by interaction. This phenomenon is approximately bounded by Kerner's predictions for suspensions.

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