• Title, Summary, Keyword: polymer modification

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Hydrophilic surface formation of polumer treated by ion assisted reaction and its applications (이온빔보조 반응법을 이용한 고분자 표면의 친수성처리와 그 응용)

  • Cho, J.;Choi, S. C.;Yun, K.H.;Koh, S. K.
    • Journal of the Korean Vacuum Society
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    • v.8 no.3B
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    • pp.262-268
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    • 1999
  • Polycarbonate (PC) and Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) surface was modified by ion assisted reaction (IAR) technique to obtain the hydrophilic functional groups and improve the wettability. In conditions of ion assisted reaction, ion beam energy was changed from 500 to 1500eV, and ion dose and oxygen gas blown rate were fixed $1\times10^{16}$ ions/$\textrm{cm}^2$ and 4ml/min, respectively. Wetting angle of water on PC and PMMA surface modified by $Ar^+$ ion without blowing oxygen at 4ml/mon showed $5^{\circ}$ and $10^{\circ}$. Changes of wetting angle with oxygen gas and $Ar^+$ ion irradiation were explained by considering formation of hydrophilic group due to a reaction between irradiated polymer chain by energetic ion irradiation and blown oxygen gas. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis shows that hydrophilic groups such as -C-O, -(C=O)- and -(C=O)-O- are formed on the surface of polymer by chemical interaction. The polymer surface modification using ion assisted reaction only changed the surface physical properties and sept the bulk properties. In comparison with other modification methods, the surface modification by IAR treatment was chemically stable and enhanced the adhesion between metal and polymer surface. The applications of various kinds of polymer surface modification methods, metal and polymer surface. The applications of various kinds of polymer surface modification could be appled to the new materials about hydrophilic surface properties by IAR treatment. The adhesion between metal film and polymer measured by Scotch tape test whether the hydrophilic surfaces could improve the adhesion strength or not.

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Preparation and Characterization of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes/Lyocell Composite Fibers (다중벽 탄소나노튜브/리오셀 복합섬유의 제조 및 특성조사)

  • Lu, Jiang;Zhang, Huihui;Shao, Huili;Hu, Xuechao
    • Polymer(Korea)
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.436-441
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    • 2007
  • In this work, the multiwalled carbon nanotubes(MWNTs) were functionalized with sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate(SDBS) and then MWNTs/Lyocell composite fibers were prepared. The properties of MWNTs, the functionlization on the surface of MWNTs and their dispersion in the cellulose matrix were characterized by TEM, SEM, WAXD and FT-IR. The results showed that SDBS has been coated successfully onto the surface of the MWNTs by functionlization. This can improve effectively the dispersion uniformity of MWNTs in NMMO aqueous solution and is helpful to prepare a spinnable spinning dope. Moreover, the resultant MWNTs/Lyocell composite fibers still have cellulose II crystal structure, and their tensile strength and initial modulus increased with the increasing draw ratio and reached the optimal value with adding 1 wt% MWNTs. The thermal stability of the composite fiber was also improved by the addition of the MWNTs.

Advancements in Polymer-Filler Derived Ceramics

  • Greil, Peter
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.279-286
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    • 2012
  • Microstructure tailoring of filler loaded preceramic polymer systems offers a high potential for property improvement of Si-based ceramics and composites. Advancements in manufacturing of bulk materials by controlling microstructure evolution during thermal induced polymer-ceramic transforma-tion and polymer-filler reactions will be presented. Rate controlled pyrolysis, multilayer gradient laminate design and surface modification by gas solid reaction are demonstrated to yield ceramic components of high fractional density and superior mechanical properties. Emerging fields of applications are presented.

Hierarchical porous carbon nanofibers via electrospinning

  • Raza, Aikifa;Wang, Jiaqi;Yang, Shan;Si, Yang;Ding, Bin
    • Carbon letters
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2014
  • Carbon nanofibers (CNFs) with diameters in the submicron and nanometer range exhibit high specific surface area, hierarchically porous structure, flexibility, and super strength which allow them to be used in the electrode materials of energy storage devices, and as hybrid-type filler in carbon fiber reinforced plastics and bone tissue scaffold. Unlike catalytic synthesis and other methods, electrospinning of various polymeric precursors followed by stabilization and carbonization has become a straightforward and convenient way to fabricate continuous CNFs. This paper is a comprehensive and brief review on the latest advances made in the development of electrospun CNFs with major focus on the promising applications accomplished by appropriately regulating the microstructural, mechanical, and electrical properties of as-spun CNFs. Additionally, the article describes the various strategies to make a variety of carbon CNFs for energy conversion and storage, catalysis, sensor, adsorption/separation, and biomedical applications. It is envisioned that electrospun CNFs will be the key materials of green science and technology through close collaborations with carbon fibers and carbon nanotubes.

Surface Modified Glass-Fiber Effect on the Mechanical Properties of Glass-Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Composites

  • Park, Sanghoo;Kim, Su-Jong;Shin, Eun Seob;Lee, Seung Jun;Kang, Beom Mo;Park, Kyu-Hwan;Hong, Seheum;Hwang, Seok-Ho
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.54 no.3
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    • pp.182-187
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    • 2019
  • To improve the mechanical properties of glass-fiber-reinforced polypropylene (PP) composites through interfacial adhesion control between the PP matrix and glass fiber, the surface of the glass fiber was modified with PP-graft-maleic anhydride (MAPP). Surface modification of the glass fiber was carried out through the well-known hydrolysis-condensation reaction using 3-aminopropyltriethoxy silane, and then subsequently treated with MAPP to produce the desired MAPP-anchored glass fiber (MAPP-a-GF). The glass-fiber-reinforced PP composites were prepared by typical melt-mixing technique. The effect of chemical modification of the glass fiber surface on the mechanical properties of composites was investigated. The resulting mechanical and morphological properties showed improved interfacial adhesion between the MAPP-a-GF and PP matrix in the composites.

Surface modification of polymeric membranes for low protein binding

  • Higuchi, Akon;Tamai, Miho;Tagawa, Yoh-Ichi;Chang, Yung;Ling, Qing-Dong
    • Membrane Water Treatment
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.103-120
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    • 2010
  • Surface modification of microfiltration and ultrafiltration membranes has been widely used to improve the protein adsorption resistance and permeation properties of hydrophobic membranes. Several surface modification methods for converting conventional membranes into low-protein-binding membranes are reviewed. They are categorized as either physical modification or chemical modification of the membrane surface. Physical modification of the membrane surface can be achieved by coating it with hydrophilic polymers, hydrophilic-hydrophobic copolymers, surfactants or proteins. Another method of physical modification is plasma treatment with gases. A hydrophilic membrane surface can be also generated during phase-inverted micro-separation during membrane formation, by blending hydrophilic or hydrophilic-hydrophobic polymers with a hydrophobic base membrane polymer. The most widely used method of chemical modification is surface grafting of a hydrophilic polymer by UV polymerization because it is the easiest method; the membranes are dipped into monomers with and without photo-initiators, then irradiated with UV. Plasma-induced polymerization of hydrophilic monomers on the surface is another popular method, and surface chemical reactions have also been developed by several researchers. Several important examples of physical and chemical modifications of membrane surfaces for low-protein-binding are summarized in this article.

Modification and Properties of Polyolefin with Maleic Anhydride as a Functional Monomer (관능성 단량체로서 Maleic Anhydride를 이용한 Polyolefin의 개질 및 물성)

  • Mo, Jong-Hun;Lee, Jae-Seok;Choi, Im-Cheol;Lee, Won-Kee;Park, Sang-Bo;Min, Seong-Kee;Park, Chan-Young
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.162-167
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    • 2012
  • Surface modification of macromolecules renders a progressive and favorable method to enhance the properties of polymeric materials and improves conductivity, wettability, stability, adhesion, antibacterial properties, etc. of polymeric surfaces without deterioration of the polymer bulk properties. Polyolefins such as polyethylene and polypropylene were grafted with maleic anhydride(MAH) as a functional monomer in solution. Evidence for grafting was shown with FTIR measurement. The grafting ratio was determined from chemical titration. The higher MAH loading, the lower contact angle(${\theta}$) was obtained. With the increasing content of MAH, melting temperature($T_m$) of maleic anhydride grafted polymer decreased while decomposition temperature($T_d$) of maleic anhydride grafted polymer increased.

Effect of Surface Modification Process Conditions on Properties of Aramid Paper (아라미드 종이의 특성에 대한 표면 개질 과정 조건의 영향)

  • Sha, Lizheng;Zhao, Huifang
    • Polymer(Korea)
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.196-203
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    • 2013
  • Surface modification of meta-aramid fibers was performed by phosphoric acid treatment. Surface morphology and element composition of untreated and treated fibers were analyzed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Effects of surface modification on the mechanical strength of aramid papers made from meta-aramid fibers and fibrid were investigated. Surface modification conditions were optimized by response surface analysis (RSA). Results show that phosphoric acid treatment increases the surface roughness and oxygen content of aramid fibers. They improve the interface bonding strength between aramid fibers and fibrid, which improves the tensile strength of aramid papers. The results of response surface analysis indicate that the tensile strength of aramid papers increases by 47.5% and reaches the maximum when meta-aramid fibers are treated with 21.1wt% phosphoric acid solution at $39.3^{\circ}C$ for 36.7 min.