• Title, Summary, Keyword: polypeptide vaccine

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Immunoprophylactic effect of synthetic polypeptide vaccine derived from Theileria sergenti merozoite (Theileria sergenti merozoite부터 합성한 polypeptide vaccine의 예방효과 연구)

  • Baek, Byeong-kirl;Jung, Jae-myeong;Kim, Byung-soo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.453-461
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    • 1996
  • Eighteen holstein-calves(4~5 months old) in a divided groups including the matched control were immunized with $100{\mu}g/dose$ of 34kDa, 45kDa polypeptide and T sergenti merozoite vaccine(protein content $100{\mu}g/dose$) respectively, previously mixed with aluminium hydroxide to elicit antibodies. All groups of calves were boosted with same dose and intervals. The animals were challenged by tick infestations in the endemic pasture of theileriosis from March to September 1994. The animals were monitored for the erythrocyte count, parasitemia, hematocrit and the specific antibody reactions elicited by immunization. The immunological responses demonstrated that vaccination with 34kDa polypeptide and T sergenti merozoite derived vaccine inhibited to produce the 75kDa band immunological responds even in the vaccinated calves after being challenged by tick infestations in the pasture. However, the specific antibody reactions were detected at the 32kDa band in the nonimmunized calves and T sergenti merozoite derived vaccine by the western blot. The 34kDa polypeptide vaccine and T sergenti merozoite derived vaccine were evaluated to be able to protect inducing anemia and to decrease parasitemias level. These vaccines have the efficacy of inhibition to produce a certain antigen corresponding 75kDa band antigen of parasite in the calves as challenged with tick infestations.

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Study on the immunogenicity of synthetic polypeptide vaccine derived from Theileria sergenti merozoite (Theileria sergenti merozoite의 합성 polypeptide 백신의 면역원성에 관한 연구)

  • Baek, Byeong-kirl;Seo, Chang-hee;Kim, Jin-ho;Kim, Byeong-su
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.87-94
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    • 1995
  • Western immunoblot analysis of antigen of T sergenti merozoite revealed that the immunodominant proteins of this organism were characterized as the 18KD, 29KD, 34KD, 45KD and 105KD in Korea. The 34KD and 45KD among those immunodominant proteins of the parasite were isolated and their amino acid sequences from the $NH_2$-terminus were determined and synthesized. They respective polypeptides were cationized to enhance their antigenicity, fortified with Freund's adjuvant and tested for immunogenicity in rabbits and cattle. The results obtained were as follows; 1. Theileria sergenti merozoite antigen was shown in 120KD, 100KD, 66KD, 45KD, 34KD and 30KD in western immunoblot using serum of rabbits immunized with 34KD synthetic polypeptide and 70KD, 58KD, 55KD and 45KD using bovine serum. In western immunoblot, 45KD, 34KD and 30KD were recognized by immunized rabbits, and 50KD and 45KD by cattle sera immunized with 45KD synthetic polypeptide, respectively. 2. The ELISA utilizing the synthetic polypeptides demonstrated significant antibody response to the respective peptides. After the 2nd booster injection, an OD of 0.760(preimmunization 0.132) in rabbits and an OD of 0.645(preimmunization 0.488) to 34KD synthetic polypeptide in cattle were observed. In animals immunized with 45KD synthetic polypeptide, after the 2nd booster injection, an OD of 0.640(preimmunization 0.144) in rabbit, and an OD of 0.776 (preimmunization 0.477) in cattle were measured. 3. After the 2nd booster the reciprocal IFA titer was 1:64 in rabbits and 1:512 in cattle immunized with the 34KD synthetic polypeptide. The IFA titre was observed as 1:512 in rabbit and 1:1,024 in cattle in immunized with the 45KD synthetic polypeptide.

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Helper-Independent Live Recombinant Adenovirus Vector Expressing the Hemagglutinin-Esterase Membrane Glycoprotein

  • YOO, DONGWAN;ICK-DONG YOO;YOUNG-HO YOON;FRANK L GRAHAM;LORNE A. BABIUK
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.174-182
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    • 1992
  • The hemagglutinin-esterase glycoprotein (HE) gene of bovine coronavirus, coupled with a simian virus 40 early promoter and polyadenylation signal, was inserted into a human adenovirus transfer vector. The transfer vector was used to co-transfect 293 cells along with adenovirus genomic DNA. The hemagglutinin-esterase transcription unit was rescued into the adenovirus genome by homologous in vivo DNA recombination between the vector plasmid DNA and the adenovirus genomic DNA, and a recombinant adenovirus was isolated by several rounds of plaque assays. Thus the recombinant adenovirus carries the hemagglutinin-esterase gene in the early transcription region 3 (E3) of the adenovirus genome in the parallel orientation to the E3 transcription. The recombinant adenovirus synthesized the HE polypeptide in HeLa cells as demonstrated by immunoprecipitation with anti-coronavirus rabbit antisera. The recombinant HE polypeptide could be labelled by $[^3H]$glucosamine, demonstrating that the recombinant HE was glycosylated. Cells expressing the HE polypeptide exhibited hemadsorption activity when incubated with mouse erythrocytes. The HE was transported to the plasma membrane as shown by the cell surface immunofluorescence, indicating that the recombinant HE polypeptide retained its biological activities. Potential for the use of infectious recombinant adenovirus as a live virus-vectored vaccine candidate for bovine coronavirus disease is discussed.

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Expression of major piroplasm protein(p33)of Theileria sergenti (Korean isolate) and its immunogenicity in guinea pigs

  • Kang, Seung-Won;Kweon, Chang-Hee;Choi, Eun-Jin;Yoon, Yong-Dhuk
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.277-283
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    • 1999
  • To investigate the development of a subunit vaccine against theileriosis in cattle, the DNA fragments encoding piroplasm surface protein (p33) of Theileria sergenti of a Korean isolate were expressed in baculoviruses. The expressed p33 was characterized by indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA) and western blotting analysis. The expression of p33 was mainly detected on the surface of infected Sf21 cells by IFA. The immunoblotting analysis revealed the presence of a same molecular weight protein band of p33. The antigenicity of expressed polypeptide was further examined through the inoculation of a guinea pig. The sera of guinea pigs immunized with p33 expressed cell Iysate showed similar fluorescent antibody patterns and reacted with the same molecular weight protein of T. sergenti in immunoblotting analysis, thus indicating that this protein can be a promising candidate for a subunit vaccine in the future.

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Immunogenicity and Protective Efficacy of Solubilized Merozoite-enriched Theileria sergenti Immunogens I: Protection against Homologous Stabilate Challenge (Theileriu sergenti merozoite 수용성 항원의 항원성과 면역성)

  • 백병걸;최인혁
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.133-140
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    • 1992
  • Theileria sergenti were isolated from infected erythrocytes by hypotonic Iysis, and soluble meroBoite antigens were purified by sonication and differential centrifugation. The preparation contained 29, 34, 35 and 105 kD immuno-dominant polypeptides. The soluble antigens (0.5 mg/ml) were prepared and fortified with Freund's adjuvant. Five month old naive Korean calves were subcutaneously inoculated with the preparation and a booster dose was administered 4 weeks later Nine weeks after the booster dose, vaccinates and controls were challenged with a homologous stabilate (5.6×106 RBC/dose, 40% Parasitemia). All animals were monitored for hematocrit, total erythrocyte count, parasitemia and for the specific antibody by Western immuno- blot (WB) and indirect immuno-auorescent antibody(IFA) test. By 18 weeks after vaccination (6 weeks after the challenge), vaccinated cattle had an average IFA titer of 1 : 10,240 compared with 1 : 1,280 of the controls. The vaccinates showed ne91igib1e change in hematocrit and total RBC count whereas control animals showed significant (P<0.05) hematological chanties and associated anemia. After vaccination and challenge, the antibody responses demonstrated that vaccination had induced significant production of antibody to the 29 and 35 kD polypeptides. The latter polypeptide was much more strongly recognized by the vaccinated animals, and thus it may be a potential candidate for the vaccine.

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Protective immunity induced by recombinant outer membrane protein H of pasteurella multocida (A:3) of fowl cholera in mice (파스튜렐라(A : 3) 균주의 재조합 외막단백질 H에 의한 가금 콜레라 감염 생쥐의 면역성 검정)

  • Kim, Younghwan;Yang, Joo-Sung;Kwon, Moosik
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.127-133
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    • 2006
  • Pasteurella multocida is a terrible veterinary pathogen that causes widespread infections in husbandry. To induce homologous and/or heterologous immunity against the infections, outer membrane protein Hs (OmpH) in the envelope of different strains of P. multocida are thought to be attractive vaccine candidates. Previously we cloned and characterized a gene for OmpH from pathogenic P. multocida (A : 3) (In Press, Korean J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 2005, 33, December). The gene is composed of 1,047 nucleotides (nt) coding 348 amino acids (aa) with signal peptide of 20 aa. The truncated ompH, a gene without nt coding for the signal peptide, was generated using pRSET A to name "pRSET A/OmpH-F2". This truncated ompH was well expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). Truncated OmpH was purified for induction of immunity against live pathogen of fowl cholera (P. multocida A : 3) in mice. Some $50{\mu}g$ of the purified polypeptide was intraperitoneally injected into mice two times with 10 day interval. Lethal dose ($25{\mu}l$) of live P. multocida A : 3 was determined by directly injecting the pathogen into wild mice (n = 25). To demonstrate the vaccine candidate of the truncated OmpH, the live pathogen ($25{\mu}l$) was challenged with the OmpH-immunized mouse group as well as positive & negative controls (n = 80). The results show that the truncated OmpH can be used for an effective vaccine production to prevent fowl cholera caused by pathogenic P. multocida (A : 3).

Production and diagnostic application of monoclonal antibodies against infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV에 대한 단크론항체 생산 및 진단적 응용)

  • Ryu, Min-Sang;Song, Yoon-Ki;Lee, Seung-Chul;Mo, In-Pil;Kang, Shien-Young
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.5-12
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    • 2011
  • Infectious bursal disease (IBD) caused by infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is a highly contagious viral disease in chicken. It causes heavy economic loss by immune suppression and high mortality. The IBDV, designated Avibirnavirus in the Family Birnaviridae, has a double-stranded RNA genome formed by two segments, segment A and segment B. Segment A encodes a 108 KDa polypeptide that is self-cleaved to produce pVP2, VP3 and VP4, and later pVP2 is cleaved to VP2. The VP2 contains the antigenic regions responsible for elicitation of neutralizing antibodies and VP3 is a major immunogenic protein of IBDV. In this study, monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) specific for IBDV were produced and characterized. All 15 MAbs were specific for IBDV and did not react with other viruses used in this study. The protein specificity of MAbs was determined by comparing the reactivity patterns of each MAb with IBDV VP2 and VP234 recombinant baculoviruses and Western blot analysis. As a result, 7 MAbs (1F5, 2C8, 2F4, 3C7, 4C3, 6F11, 6G5) and 5 MAbs (2A4, 2G2, 3F5, 3G2, 4F10) were specific for VP2 and VP3, respectively. The protein specificity of 3 MAbs (2B8, 3F7, 3F8) were not determined. Five (2C8, 2F4, 4C3, 6F11, 6G5) of the VP2-specific MAbs had a neutralizing activity against IBDV. Some MAbs reacted with IBDV-infected bursa of Fabricius by indirect fluorescence antibody (IFA) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay. The MAbs produced in this study would be used for diagnostic reagents for the detection of IBDV infection.

Surface Display of Heme- and Diflavin-Containing Cytochrome P450 BM3 in Escherichia coli: A Whole-Cell Biocatalyst for Oxidation

  • Yim, Sung-Kun;Kim, Dong-Hyun;Jung, Heung-Chae;Pan, Jae-Gu;Kang, Hyung-Sik;Ahn, Tae-Ho;Yun, Chul-Ho
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.712-717
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    • 2010
  • Cytochrome P450 enzymes (P450s) are involved in the synthesis of a wide variety of valuable products and in the degradation of numerous toxic compounds. The P450 BM3 (CYP102A1) from Bacillus megaterium was the first P450 discovered to be fused to its redox partner, a mammalian-like diflavin reductase. Here, we report the development of a whole-cell biocatalyst using ice-nucleation protein (Inp) from Pseudomonas syringae to display a hemeand diflavin-containing oxidoreductase, P450 BM3 (a single, 119-kDa polypeptide with domains of both an oxygenase and a reductase) on the surface of Escherichia coli. The surface localization and functionality of the fusion protein containing P450 BM3 were verified by flow cytometry and measurement of enzymatic activities. The results of this study comprise the first report of microbial cell-surface display of a heme- and diflavin-containing enzyme. This system should allow us to select and develop oxidoreductases containing heme and/or flavins into practically useful whole-cell biocatalysts for extensive biotechnological applications, including selective synthesis of new chemicals and pharmaceuticals, bioconversion, bioremediation, live vaccine development, and biochip development.

Sequencing and Baculovirus-Based Expression of the Glycoprotein B2 Gene of HSV-2 (G)

  • Uh, Hong-Sun;Park, Jong-Kuk;Kang, Hyun;Kim, Soo-Young;Lee, Hyung-Hoan
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.482-490
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    • 2001
  • The gene for glycoprotein B (gB2) of HSV-2-strain G was subcloned, sequenced, recombinated into the lacZ-HcNPV, expressed in insect cells, and compared with the homologous gene of other HSV-2 strains. The ORF of the gB2 gene was 2,715 bp. The overall nucleotide sequence homology of te gB2 gene compared ith that of the two previously reported HSV-2 strains appeared to be over 98%. A recombinant virus named Baculo-gB2 protein in insect cells. The recombination was confirmed by a PCR and the expression was demonstrated by radio immunoprecipitation. Insect cells infected with the Baculo-gB2 virus synthesized and processed gB2 with approximately 120 kDa in the cells, and then secreted it into the culture media, where it reacted with a nomoclonal antibody to gB2. The gB2 polypeptide contained two main hydrophobic regions (a signal sequence from 1 to 23 amino acid residues, and a membrane anchor sequence from aa 745 to 798), eight N-glycosylation sites evenly distributed, and was rich in alanine (11.2%). Antibodies to this recombinant protein that were raised in mice recognized the viral gB2 and neutralized the infectivity of the HSV-2 in vitro. There results show that the gB2 protein was successfully porduced in insect cells and could be used to raise a protective neutralizing antibody. Accordingly, this particular recombinant protein may be useful in the development of a subunit vaccine.

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