• 제목, 요약, 키워드: polyurethane

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Effects of surface modification with hydroxyl terminated polydimethylsiloxane on the corrosion protection of polyurethane coating

  • Jeon, Jae Hong;Shon, MinYoung
    • Corrosion Science and Technology
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.170-177
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    • 2014
  • Polyurethane coating was designed to give a hydrophobic property on its surface by modifying it with hydroxyl terminated polydimethylsiloxane and then effects of surface hydrophobic tendency, water transport behavior and hence corrosion protectiveness of the modified polyurethane coating were examined using FT-IR/ATR spectroscopy, contact angle measurement and electrochemical impedance test. As results, the surface of polyurethane coating was changed from hydrophilic to hydrophobic property due primarily to a phase separation tendency between polyurethane and modifier by the modification. The phase separation tendency is more appreciable when modified by polydimethylsiloxane with higher content. Water transport behavior of the modified polyurethane coating decreased more in that with higher hydrophobic surface property. The decrease in the impedance modulus ${\mid}Z{\mid}$ at low frequency region in immersion test for polyurethane coatings was associated with the water transport behavior and surface hydrophobic properties of modified polyurethane coatings. The corrosion protectiveness of the modified polyurethane coated carbon steel generally increased with an increase in the modifier content, confirming that corrosion protectiveness of the modified polyurethane coating is well agreed with its water transport behavior.

산성염료 가염형 폴리우레탄의 염착 특성 연구 (Dyeing properties of acid dyeable polyurethane)

  • 김동빈;정이석;고준석
    • 한국염색가공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.45-46
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    • 2008
  • Dyeing and fastness properties of acid dyeable polyurethane have been compared with those of regular polyurethane. The Exhaustion and color strength on acid dyeable polyurethane was relatively better than regular polyurethane at heavy depth dyeing. The washing fastness properties of acid dyes on acid dyeable polyurethane were similar to those of regular polyurethane.

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Colloidal Silica를 이용한 Silylated Waterborne Polyurethane/Silica Nanocomposite의 제조 (Preparation of Silylated Waterborne Polyurethane/Silica Nanocomposites Using Colloidal Silica)

  • 홍민기;신용탁;최진주;이원기;이경배;유병원;이명구;송기창
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.48 no.5
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    • pp.561-567
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    • 2010
  • Isophrone diisocyanate, poly(tetramethylene glycol)과 dimethylol propionic acid로부터 제조된, polyurethane 부분중합체의 미반응 NCO기를 aminopropyl triethoxysilane으로 capping시켜 silylated waterborne polyurethane을 합성하였다. 연이어 이것을 colloidal silica와 혼합하여 silylated waterborne polyurethane/silica nanocomposite를 제조하였다. 동적빛 산란법에 의해 측정된 nanocomposite 입자의 평균 크기는 silica 함유량과 무관하게 거의 일정한 수치를 나타내었다. 그러나 제조된 nanocomposite의 열적안정성은 순수한 waterborne polyurethane보다 우수하였다.

스피커용 댐퍼에 사용되는 폴리우레탄/에폭시 하이브리드 수지의 합성 (Synthesis of Polyurethane/Epoxy Hybrid Resin used for Damper of Loudspeaker)

  • 최현석;최동호;허만우
    • 한국염색가공학회지
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.40-47
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    • 2016
  • As a coating material for loudspeaker dampers, resilient polyurethane/epoxy hybrid resins were synthesized to replace conventional phenol resin and examined the physical properties, which are not only environmentally friendly but also not harmful to human. Five types of polyurethane resins were synthesized in the step-shot method using methylene diisocyanate, three polyols such as poly tetramethylene ether glycol(PTMEG, MW:2000), poly(1,4-buthylene adipate(PBAP, MW:2000), and poly carbonatediol(PCD, MW:2000), and three chain extenders such as ethylene glycol(EG), neopentyl glycol(NPG), and 1,4-buthandiol(1,4-BD). The five types of synthesized polyurethane resins and commercially available bisphenol A type epoxy resin were blended in weight ratios of 90:10, 70:30, and 50:50 to synthesize 15 types of polyurethane/epoxy hybrid resins. Among the polyurethane resins, the one that was synthesized using PCD and 1,4-BD showed excellent tensile strength, 100% modulus, low extension, and relatively high viscosity. Polyurethane/epoxy hybrid resins with higher epoxy resin contents showed better thermal properties and water resistance while those with higher polyurethane contents showed higher flexibility. The polyurethane/epoxy hybrid resin made by blending the polyurethane based on PCD and 1,4-BD with a bisphenol A type epoxy resin in a weight ratio of 70:30 was identified to be the most suitable to be used in speaker dampers.

The Effect of Aggregation States on ionic Conductivity of Stolid Polymer Electrolytes Based on Waterborne Polyurethane

  • Bae, Sang-Sik;Jo, Nam-Ju
    • Macromolecular research
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.332-338
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    • 2001
  • Waterborne polyurethane as a new polymer electrolyte was synthesized by using relatively hydrophilic polyols. The morphology of polyurethane was changed as it was dispersed in water. In contrast to polyurethane ionomer, waterborne polyurethane did not form an ionic cluster but produced a binary system composed of hydrophilic and hydrophobic groups. In the colloidal system, the former and the latter existed at outward and inward, respectively. Waterborne polyurethane was prepared from poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) /poly(propylene glycol) (PPG) copolymer, 4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate(MDI), ethylene diamine as a chain extender, and three ionization agents, 1,3-propane sultone, sodium hydride and lithium hydroxide. PEG/PPG copolymer was used for suppressing the crystallinity of PEG and N-H bond was ionized for increasing the electrochemical stability of polyurethane. Low molecular weight poly(ethylene glycol) and poly(ethylene glycol dimethyl ether) (PEGDME) were used as plasticizers. DSC, FT-IR and $^1$H-NMR of the waterborne polyurethane were measured. Also, the ionic conductivity of solid polymer electrolytes based on waterborne polyurethane and various concentrations of low molecular weight poly(ethylene glycol) or PEGDME were measured by AC impedance.

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Prepolymer와 Resin Premix로 부터 제조된 Polyurethane Foam의 기계적 성질 (Mechanical Properties of Polyurethane Foam Prepared from Prepolymer with Resin Premix)

  • 김태성;박찬영
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.241-248
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    • 2013
  • polyester형 polyurethane foam은 낮은 내가수분해성을 가지므로 quasi prepolymer법에 의한 acrylic polyol을 사용함으로써 극복될 수 있다. acrylic polyol을 함유한 polyurethane foam은 acrylic polyol 함량이 증가함에 따라 인장강도와 경도가 증가하였다. 하지만 split 인열강도와 인열강도는 약간씩 변화되었다. polyurethane foam의 내가수분해성은 인장강도의 손실 백분율로 측정하였으며 acrylic polyol 함량이 25.5g에서 102g으로 증가함에 따라 향상되었다.

인계 화합물의 첨가에 의한 폴리우레탄의 난연성 (Flame Retardant Properties of Polyurethane by the Addition of Phosphorus Compounds)

  • 정영진
    • 한국화재소방학회논문지
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.110-115
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    • 2006
  • 폴리우레탄에 인계 화합물을 첨가하여 폴리우레탄폼을 제조하였으며, 인계 화합물이 제조된 폴리우레탄폼의 기계적 물성과 난연성에 미치는 영향에 대하여 고찰하였다. 폴리우레탄과 인계 난연제인 Tri(chloroisopropyl) phosphate(TCPP), Triethyl phosphate(TEP), Trimethyl phosphate(TMP) 각각을 약 $90^{\circ}C$에서 혼합시켜 혼합물로부터 제조된 경질 폴리우레탄폼에 대한 여러 실험을 통하여 기계적 물성뿐만 아니라 난연 효과도 상당히 향상됨을 확인하였다. Cone calorimeter를 이용하여 열방출율(heat release rate, HRR)을 측정하여 난연 첨가제의 함량에 따른 재료별 난연 특성을 평가하였다. 그리고 Scanning Electron Microscope(SEM)을 사용하여 난연제를 첨가하여 만든 폴리우레탄폼의 morphology를 관찰한 결과 순수한 폼과 마찬가지로 매우 균일한 형태의 cell 분포를 가짐을 확인하였다.

PUR/CuO 복합재료의 기계적 특성 연구 (A Study on the Mechanical Properties of Composite Materials of Polyurethane Resin and CuO)

  • 김은봉;구수진;정상구;김석현
    • 한국동력기계공학회지
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.106-114
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    • 2014
  • For the purpose of development of polyurethane sealing material, polyurethane resins reinforced with CuO were prepared from polyol and MOAC(4,4'-Methylenebis(2-chlorobenzeneamine)). And the effects of compositions on the mechanical properties of the reinforced polyurethane resin were experimentally examined. The polyurethane resin got to be thermally decomposed at $260^{\circ}C$ and completely carbonized around $500^{\circ}C$. Tensile strength, elongation and hardness of the polyurethane resin increased with the content of MOCA. CuO was uniformly dispersed in the polyurethane resin by 1 minute's ultrasonic radiation. Tensile strength, elongation and hardness of the polyurethane resin reinforced with CuO increased with the content of CuO. Tensile strength and hardness of the reinforced polyurethane resin increased with particle size of the CuO, but elongation decreased. CuO showed higher tensile strength and hardness than any other additives, and lowest elongation.

폴리우레탄폼 절삭에서 절삭력을 고려한 공구 오프셋이 가공정도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 (A Study of an Effect of Tool Offset on Cutting Precision Considering Cutting Force in Polyurethane Foam Cutting)

  • 민세홍;김희송
    • 대한기계학회논문집A
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    • v.24 no.12
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    • pp.3018-3025
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    • 2000
  • It is possible to shorten developing process by making model using polyurethane foam in the area of automobile development process, etc. However, this skill is too difficult to be of practical use because machining is not easy due to characteristic of polyurethane foam. Domestic and foreign automobile company use clay, polyurethane foam. etc,, those are easy to handle and to make model after completing design sketch. But these materials is difficult to the machined and be worked by humans hand, There are so many difficult problem for machining by making model using polyurethane foam since cutting of elastic body like polyurethan foam has never been studied. Therefore, in this study, it is investigated to measured cutting force that is generated in case of polyurethane foam machining, and to make systematize tool compensation of polyurethane foam cutting work on automobile model by modification of tool offset method on existing steel.

Polyurethane Elastomer의 합성 및 특성 (Synthesis and Characterization of Polyurethane Elastomer)

  • 정부영;천정미;천제환;목동엽;이학명
    • 접착 및 계면
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.169-173
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    • 2009
  • 본 연구에서는 폴리우레탄 엘라스토머 합성 시 사용되는 폴리올, 사슬 연장제, 이소시아네이트에 따른 물성 변화를 알아보았다. 폴리우레탄 엘라스토머 합성시 poly(tetramethylene) glycol을 사용하였을 경우가 인라인 스케이트 휠의 요구물성을 만족하였다. 사슬 연장제의 함량이 증가함에 따라 인장강도와 경도는 증가하였으나, 신율은 감소하는 경향을 나타내었다. 또한 방향족 이소시아네이트의 종류에 따른 평가 결과 bulky한 구조보다는 상대적으로 유연한 구조를 가지고 있는 이소시아네이트가 우수한 물성을 나타내었다.

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