• Title, Summary, Keyword: poptosis

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Comparison between Doxorubicin and Anti-Fas Antibody induced poptosis in Promyelocytic Leukemia Cell Line HL-60 (전골수성 백혈병 세포주 HL-60에 대한 Doxorubicin 유발성 Apoptosis와 Anti-Fas 항체 유발성 Apoptosis의 비교)

  • 윤경식;설지연;오현정;이광수;이원규;정성철
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.22-28
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    • 1999
  • Induction of apoptosis is considered to be the underlying mechanism that accounts for the efficiency of chemotherapeutic drugs. It has recently been proposed that doxorubicin (DOX) can induce apoptosis in human leukemic cells via the Fas/Fas Ligand (FasL) system. Comparison of Fas and FasL mRNA expression between drug- and anti-Fas antibody(Fas-Ab)- induced apoptosis was analyzed for examining the role of Fas/FasL system in the mediation of drug-induced apoptosis. After HL-60 cells were routinely cultured, MTT assay was performed for cytotoxicity test. Giemsa staining was carried out to monitor the apoptosis morphologically. By semiquantitative RT-PCR analysis, the expression of Fas and FasL at 4, 10, 24 hours was determined after DOX and Fas-Ab treatment. Dose-dependent cytotoxicity was induced by DOX-treatment, while Fas-Ab treatment showed the similar dose-dependent pattern but the cytotoxicity is not reached at LD$_{50}$ at 100 ng/ml concentration of Fas-Ab. In the 10ng/m1 DOX and 10ng/m1 Fas-Ab treated group, typical apoptotic cell morphology was shown such as fragmented nuclei and cell membrane budding in the Giemsa-stained slide. Fas mRNA expression was not changed significantly in the both groups. But, FasL mRNA expression was induced significantly at initial period of apoptosis. In this study, Fas/FasL interaction assumed to be involved in drug-induced apoptosis.s.

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Effect of Carotenoids on the Growth of HT-29 Human Colon Cancer Cells (Carotenoids가 인체의 대장암 세포인 HT-29 세포의 증식에 미치는 영향)

  • ;;;;Frederick Khachik
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.428-436
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    • 2003
  • Epidemiological studies have observed a negative association between increased consumption of green and yellow vegetables and cancer incidence. These vegetables contain carotenoids, which are reported to exhibit anticarcinogenic effects. Overexpression of ErbB2 and ErbB3 genes is a frequent event in several human cancers. The present study was performed to determine whether $\alpha$-carotene, $\beta$-carotene, lutein, or lycopene inhibits cell growth and to assess such an effect is related to changes in the levels of the ErbB receptor family and tile ErbB3 receptor signaling pathway in HT-29 cells. HT-29 cells were cultured in serum-free medium in the presence of various concentrations (0~100 $\mu$M) of the individual carotenoids. $\alpha$ -Carotene and lycopene significantly inhibited cell growth in a dose-dependent manner, whereas lutein slightly inhibited cell growth and $\beta$-carotene increased cell growth. Lycopene is more potent than $\alpha$ -carotene in inhibiting HT-29 cell growth. Lycopene inhibited DNA synthesis and induced apoptosis of HT-29 cells. The ErbB3 ligand heregulin (HRG) increased cell growth but did not prevent the lycopene-induced inhibition of cell growth. Lycopene decreased ErbB2 protein levels in a dose-dependent manner. Immunoprecipitation/Western blot studies revealed that lycopene inhibited HRG-induced phosphorylation of ErbB3, recruitment of the 985 regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) to the ErbB3 receptor, and phosphorylation of Akt. These results indicate that downregulation of ErbB2/ErbB3/PI3K/Akt signaling may be one of the mechanisms by which lycopene inhibits HT-29 cell pro-liferation and induces apoptosis.