• Title, Summary, Keyword: porcine parvovirus( PPV)

Search Result 26, Processing Time 0.034 seconds

First detection and genetic characterization of porcine parvovirus 7 from Korean domestic pig farms

  • Ouh, In-Ohk;Park, Seyeon;Lee, Ju-Yeon;Song, Jae Young;Cho, In-Soo;Kim, Hye-Ryung;Park, Choi-Kyu
    • Journal of Veterinary Science
    • /
    • v.19 no.6
    • /
    • pp.855-857
    • /
    • 2018
  • Porcine parvovirus 7 (PPV7) was first detected in Korean pig farms in 2017. The detection rate of PPV7 DNA was 24.0% (30/125) in aborted pig fetuses and 74.9% (262/350) in finishing pigs, suggesting that PPV7 has circulated among Korean domestic pig farms. Phylogenetic analysis based on capsid protein amino acid sequences demonstrated that the nine isolated Korean strains (PPV-KA1-3 and PPV-KF1-6) were closely related to the previously reported USA and Chinese PPV7 strains. In addition, the Korean strains exhibit genetic diversity with both insertion and deletion mutations. This study contributes to the understanding of the molecular epidemiology of PPV7 in Korea.

Prevalence of porcine parvovirus in pigs with postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome in Jeju Island

  • Ko, Kyeong-Nam;Jung, Ji-Youl;Kang, Sang-Chul;Kim, Ki-Seung;Kim, Jae-Hoon;Kim, Dae-Yong;Hwang, Eui-Kyung;Kim, Jae-Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.51 no.3
    • /
    • pp.203-208
    • /
    • 2011
  • Postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS), which was first identified in western Canada in 1991 and more recently in the United States, Europe and Asia, is an emerging disease in pigs. Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV-2) is the primary infectious viral agent causing PMWS, but the full expression of the disease may require the presence of other agents. It is reported that there is apparent synergism between PCV-2 and porcine parvovirus (PPV) in increasing the severity of the clinical signs and lesions of PMWS. From January 2006 to May 2008, a total of the 154 lymph node samples were collected from 4~12 weeks old pigs which had been submitted to the College of Veterinary Medicine, Jeju National University, Korea. These pigs were diagnosed as PMWS on the basis of clinical and pathological examination from 48 commercial herds in Jeju Island. Based on the immunohistochemistry, porcine parvovirus was detected in 69 cases (44.8%) from 154 weaned or grower pigs. PPV antigens were detected in the cytoplasm of histiocytic cells multifocally infiltrated in the cortex and paracortex of lymph nodes. The results of this study clarify that PPV is prevalent in pigs with PMWS on Jeju Island. Therefore PPV is one of the most important co-agents in the development of naturally acquired PMWS. This study may be helpful to the control of this disease and to epidemiological aspects.

Sero-prevalence against porcine parvovirus in sows and 30-, 60-, 90-day-old pigs in Korea (한국에서 사육중인 모돈 및 30, 60, 90일령 돼지의 돼지파보바이러스에 대한 혈청학적 역학조사)

  • Kim, Hye-soo;Park, Jung-suh;Oh, Jin-sik;Park, Bong-kyun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.41 no.4
    • /
    • pp.505-510
    • /
    • 2001
  • A total of 701 swine sera from 55 swine farms (Mar, 1998 through Feb, 2001) were nation-widely collected for the presence of antibody to porcine parvovirus (PPV) in sows and 30-, 60-, 90-day-old pigs. Sero-prevalence by haemagglutination inhibition assay with guinea pig red blood cells was investigated on the basis of year, region and season, respectively. In general, there was no significant difference with gradual decrease of passive immunity for the sero-prevalence to PPV in sows and 30-, 60-, 90-day-old pigs for the period of 1999 and 2000. However, regional variation was observed in the provinces of Kyonggi, Choongnam and Kyungnam, Natural infection of the virus in 90-day-old pigs was increased during the fall and the winter. Thus, it seems that the natural infection of PPV in growing pigs may be attributed to the increased outbreak of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndorme in co-infection with porcine circoviruses.

  • PDF

Detection of viral pathogens and isolation of porcine circovirus 2 from postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome-affected piglets (이유자돈 전신소모성증후군 이환 자돈에서의 바이러스성 원인체 검색 및 porcine circovirus 2 분리동정)

  • Park, Choi-Kyu;Kim, Hyun-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.44 no.4
    • /
    • pp.561-569
    • /
    • 2004
  • To detect viral agents and isolate porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2), 60 samples of lung and lymph node were collected from 5 to 12 week-old pigs that had showed clinical signs of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS). Polymerase chain reactions (PCRs) were conducted to identify the viral pathogens including PCV1, PCV2, porcine parvovirus (PPV) and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) that have been considered to be the causal agents of PMWS. Among 60 samples, PCV 2 was detected from 57 samples but no PCV 1 was detected. PRRSV and/or PPV were also detected from 27 (47.4%) samples and 1 (1.8%) sample of these 57 PCV 2-positive samples, respectively. Tissue homogenates were inoculated onto PCV-free PK-15 cell monolayers. Seven isolates were confirmed as PCV 2 by multiplex PCR, indirect immunofluorescence assay, and transmissible electron microscopy. These date suggest that PRRSV is a major cofactors causing PMWS in pigs that were infected with PCV2 in Korea.

Quantitative Real-Time PCR of Porcine Parvovirus as a Model Virus for Cleaning Validation of Chromatography during Manufacture of Plasma Derivatives (혈장분획제제 제조공정에서 크로마토그래피 세척 검증을 위한 모델바이러스로서의 Porcine Parvovirus 정량)

  • Kil Tae Gun;Kim Won Jung;Lee Dong Hyuk;Kang Yong;Sung Hark Mo;Yoo Si Hyung;Park Sue-Nie;Kim In Seop
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
    • /
    • v.41 no.3
    • /
    • pp.216-224
    • /
    • 2005
  • Chromatography has now been used successfully to provide the requisite purity for human plasma-derived biop-harmaceuticals such as coagulation factors and immunoglobulins. Recently, increasing attention has been focused on establishing efficient cleaning procedures to prevent potential contamination by microorganisms as well as carry-over contamination from batch to batch. The purpose of present study was to develop a cleaning validation system for the assurance of virus removal and/or inactivation during chromatography process. In order to establish an assay system for the validation of virus clearance during chromatography cleaning process, a quantitative real-time PCR method for porcine parvovirus(PPV) was developed, since PPV, a model virus for human parvovirus B19, has a high resistance to a range of physico-chemical treatment. Specific primers for amplification of PPV DNA was selected, and PPV DNA was quantified by use of SYBR Green I. The sensitivity of the assay was calculated to be 1.5 $TCID_{50}/ml$. The established real-time PCR assay was successfully applied to the validation of PPV removal and cleaning during SP-Sepharose cation chromatography for thrombin purification and Q-Sepharose anion chromatography for factor VIII purification. The comparative results obtained by real-time PCR assay and infectivity titrations suggested that the real-time PCR assay could be a useful method for chromatography cleaning validation and that it could have an additive effect on the interpretation and evaluation of virus clearance during the virus removal process.

Investigation of post - weaning atrophic pig diseases in swine breeding complex in Jeonbuk - Iksan (전북 익산 양돈단지 이유 후 위축자돈 질병 조사)

  • Chu, Keum-Suk;Jo, Young-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
    • /
    • v.30 no.1
    • /
    • pp.85-93
    • /
    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the infection situation of several diseases (post-weaning atrophic pigs) such as porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) in swine breeding complex in Jeonbuk-Iksan. From February to October in 2006, a total of 28 swine samples (6-10 week old) were collected from 6 farms and examined by polymerase chain reaction(PCR) and clinical signs. In the rate of single infection, pneumonia was top (32.1%), followed by salmonellosis (14.2%)and Glasser's disease (10.7%) and double infection pneumonia/Glasser's disease (17.8%) was detected. PCR was detected of PCV 2 from 28 (100.0%) and PPV 6 (21.4%), PRRS PORF6 10 (35.7%) and POR7 11 (39.2%), but HC and AD was not detected. The results suggest that PCV 2 is complex infection PRRS, PPV and bacterial disease.

Studies on porcine parvovirus inactivated vaccine and titration of serum neutralizing antibody (돼지 parvovirus불활화(不活化) vaccine 및 중화항체가측정(中和抗體價測定)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Kwon, Hyock-jin;Yeh, Jae-gil;Lee, Chang-koo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.28 no.2
    • /
    • pp.355-359
    • /
    • 1988
  • A porcine parvovirus inactivated vaccine was prepared and inoculated to 7 piglets and also 8 guinea-pigs, and their serum antibodies were titrated. Twenty-two field serum samples of unvaccinated sows were also tested by SN and HI methods. It was observed that SN test was superior over HI test. Therefore, it is suggested that the SN test could well be used in the detection of serum antibody for PPV in vaccinated pigs.

  • PDF

Process development of a virally-safe dental xenograft material from porcine bones (바이러스 안전성이 보증된 돼지유래 골 이식재 제조 공정 개발)

  • Kim, Dong-Myong;Kang, Ho-Chang;Cha, Hyung-Joon;Bae, Jung Eun;Kim, In Seop
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
    • /
    • v.52 no.2
    • /
    • pp.140-147
    • /
    • 2016
  • A process for manufacturing virally-safe porcine bone hydroxyapatite (HA) has been developed to serve as advanced xenograft material for dental applications. Porcine bone pieces were defatted with successive treatments of 30% hydrogen peroxide and 80% ethyl alcohol. The defatted porcine bone pieces were heat-treated in an oxygen atmosphere box furnace at $1,300^{\circ}C$ to remove collagen and organic compounds. The bone pieces were ground with a grinder and then the bone powder was sterilized by gamma irradiation. Morphological characteristics such as SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) and TEM (Transmission Electron Microscopy) images of the resulting porcine bone HA (THE Graft$^{(R)}$) were similar to those of a commercial bovine bone HA (Bio-Oss$^{(R)}$). In order to evaluate the efficacy of $1,300^{\circ}C$ heat treatment and gamma irradiation at a dose of 25 kGy for the inactivation of porcine viruses during the manufacture of porcine bone HA, a variety of experimental porcine viruses including transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV), pseudorabies virus (PRV), porcine rotavirus (PRoV), and porcine parvovirus (PPV) were chosen. TGEV, PRV, PRoV, and PPV were completely inactivated to undetectable levels during the $1,300^{\circ}C$ heat treatment. The mean log reduction factors achieved were $${\geq_-}4.65$$ for TGEV, $${\geq_-}5.81$$ for PRV, $${\geq_-}6.28$$ for PRoV, and $${\geq_-}5.21$$ for PPV. Gamma irradiation was also very effective at inactivating the viruses. TGEV, PRV, PRoV, and PPV were completely inactivated to undetectable levels during the gamma irradiation. The mean log reduction factors achieved were $${\geq_-}4.65$$ for TGEV, $${\geq_-}5.87$$ for PRV, $${\geq_-}6.05$$ for PRoV, and $${\geq_-}4.89$$ for PPV. The cumulative log reduction factors achieved using the two different virus inactivation processes were $${\geq_-}9.30$$ for TGEV, $${\geq_-}11.68$$ for PRV, $${\geq_-}12.33$$ for PRoV, and $${\geq_-}10.10$$ for PPV. These results indicate that the manufacturing process for porcine bone HA from porcine-bone material has sufficient virus-reducing capacity to achieve a high margin of virus safety.

Multifocal interstitial nephritis of pigs slaughtered in Jeju (제주지역 도축돈의 간질성 신염)

  • Yang, Hyoung-Seok;Yang, Na-Yeon;Kang, Wan-Cheul;Kang, Sang-Chul;Kang, Hong-Won;Kim, Jae-Hoon;Bae, Jong-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.44 no.2
    • /
    • pp.279-286
    • /
    • 2004
  • Total 160 head of porcine kidneys were examined for gross and histopathological lesions and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV-2), porcine parvovirus (PPV), Leptospira species and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). Grossly, 137 kidneys (85.6%) had lesions characterized by the presence of the scattered white foci. Microscopically, multifocal interstitial nephritis, which classified into 4 grades such as, no lesion (Score 0), mild lesion (Score 1), moderate lesion (Score 2) and severe chronic lesion (Score 3) with fibrosis, was observed in 159 cases (99.4%). The histopathologic mean score for multifocal interstitial nephritis was significantly different (P<0.05) between the cases of PCV-2 single infection and the cases of co-infection with PCV-2 and PPV. According to PCR evaluation, PCV-2 were detected in 73.8% (118 cases), PPV were in 66.9% (107 cases), however Leptospira spp. and PRRSV were negative in all kidneys. Both PCV-2 and PPV were detected in 52.5% (84 cases). In 84 cases co-infected with PCV-2 and PPV, the occurrence of lymphoid follicle and vasculitis were observed as 65.5% (55 cases) and 26.2% (22 cases), respectively. These results revealed that PCV-2 and PPV were major infectious agents for interstitial nephritis in slaughtered pigs, Jeju. And the histopathologic lesions of multifocal interstitial nephritis were more severe in the case co-infected with PCV-2 and PPV.

Etiological Study of Porcine Viral Abortions and Stillbirths in Gyeongbuk Province (경북지역 돼지의 바이러스성 유사산 원인조사)

  • Chae, Tae-Chul;Kim, Seong-Guk;Cho, Kwang-Hyun;Eo, Kyung-Yeon;Kwon, Oh-Deog
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
    • /
    • v.30 no.4
    • /
    • pp.236-240
    • /
    • 2013
  • A total of 170 litters (575 samples) of aborted and stillbirth fetuses submitted to the Gyeongsangbuk-Do Veterinary Service Laboratory (GVSL) between January 2006 and December 2010 from pig farms in Gyeongbuk province were studied to identify porcine abortion- and stillbirth-associated viruses such as Porcine parvovirus (PPV), Encephalomyocarditis Virus (EMCV), Japanese Encephalitis Virus (JEV), Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus (PRRSV), and Aujeszky's Disease Virus (ADV). Virus was not detected by PCR in 36 litters, but viral antibody was detected by HI and ELISA in 93 litters. The majority of etiological viruses were PPV (67 litters, 39.4%), EMCV (50 litters, 29.4%), PRRSV (15 litters, 8.8%), and JEV (11 litters, 6.5%); ADV was not detected by either PCR or ELISA. Single infection occurred in 52 litters (30.6%), co-infection occurred in 41 litters (24.1%), and unknown cases with no detection of any of the five viruses occurred in 77 litters (45.3%).