• Title, Summary, Keyword: porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus(PRRSV)

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Characterization of Interaction Between Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus and Porcine Dendritic Cells

  • Park, Jie-Yeun;Kim, Hyun-Soo;Seo, Sang-Heui
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.10
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    • pp.1709-1716
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    • 2008
  • The porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Virus (PRRSV) is an infectious disease that causes abortions and respiratory disorders in swine. In this study, the interaction between PRRSV and porcine dendritic cells generated from $CD14^{+}$ monocytes in the presence of GM-CSF and IL-4 was examined. As a result, it was shown that immature and mature dendritic cells can be productively infected with PRRSV. When the expression of surface MHC molecules on infected dendritic cells was determined, MHC classes I and II were found to be downregulated when compared with un infected dendritic cells. With the exception of the IL-4 and IFN-$\gamma$ cytokines, the induction of the IL-10, IL-12, and TNF-$\alpha$ cytokines all increased in dendritic cells infected with PRRSV. A mixed lymphocyte reaction showed that peripheral blood mononuclear cells cocultured with PRRSV-infected dendritic cells were less stimulated than peripheral blood mononuclear cells cocultured with dendritic cells treated with PBS, LPS, or UV-inactivated PRRSV. Therefore, these results suggest that PRRSV would appear to modulate the immune stimulatory function of porcine dendritic cells.

Expression of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) ORF7 gene and monoclonal antibody production (돼지생식기호흡기증후군바이러스 ORF7 유전자 발현 및 단크론항체 생산)

  • Lee, Seung-Chul;Park, Ga-Hye;Lee, Kyeong-Won;Ryu, Min-Sang;Kang, Shien-Young
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.143-150
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    • 2014
  • Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is the etiological agent of PRRS characterized by reproductive losses in sows and respiratory disorders in piglets. The PRRSV is a small enveloped virus containing a positive-sense, single-stranded RNA genome and divided into two genotype, type 1 (European) and type 2 (North American), respectively, by nucleotide identity. In this study, ORF7 gene of the type 1 and type 2 PRRSV was cloned and expressed in Baculovirus expression system. Also, monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against ORF7 were produced and characterized. The expressed ORF7 proteins in the recombinant virus were confirmed by indirect fluorescence antibody (IFA) test using His6 and PRRSV-specific antiserum. A total of eight MAbs were produced and characterized. One (3G12) MAb was type 1 PRRSV ORF7-specific and two (6B10 and 16H8) were type 2 PRRSV ORF7-specific. Other five (1A1, 2A4, 4B4, 12C4 and 13F11) MAbs reacted with both type 1 and type 2 PRRSV. Some PRRSV ORF7-specific MAbs recognized the porcine tissues infected with PRRSV by IFA or immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay. From this experiment, it was confirmed that MAbs produced in this study were PRRSV ORF7-specific and could be used as reliable reagents for type 1/type 2 PRRSV detection.

Detection of antibody to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus from pig sera collected during the period of January to December 2000

  • Jung, Hae-Sun;Kim, Su-Mi;Kim, Jong-Taik;Han, Tae-Uk;Kang, Shien-Young;Shin, Kwang-Soon;Kim, Chul-Joong;Park, Bae-Keun;Kim, Hyun-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.343-346
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    • 2001
  • During the period of January to December 2000, a total of 3,505 swine sera was collected from 208 farms, which are located throughout country, for the diagnosis of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome(PRRS). The antibody to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus(PRRS) was tested by indirect immunofluorescent antibody(IFA) test. Of 208 farms tested, at least one or more than one pigs was positive for PRRSV antibody in 188(90.4%) farms. The overall seroprevalence of PRRSV antibody was 45.1% (1581/3505). Most pigs were infected with PRRSV at around 50- to 60-day old. The seroprevalence of antibody varied with age. The highest seroprevalence of PRRSV antibody was observed in the growing pigs at around 80-day old. About one-thirds of adult pigs including boar, gilt and sow were positive to PRRSV antibody. In many farms, the infection of PRRSV was chronic and confined to grower and/or finisher. However, antibody was detected from all production phase in some farms.

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Pathologic studies in lymph nodes of pigs infected with porcine circovirus type 2, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (돼지 써코바이러스 2형과 돼지 생식기 호흡기 증후군 바이러스 감염에 따른 림프절 병변에 대한 병리학적 연구)

  • Jung, Ji-Youl;Kim, Jae-Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.245-251
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    • 2013
  • Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) have been suspected to have immunosuppressive effects on pigs. To investigate the correlation between these virus infection and the lesions of lymph nodes including sub-mandibular and inguinal lymph node, 44 pigs (PCV2 single, n = 14; PRRSV single, n = 10; PCV2/PRRSV, n = 14; negative control, n = 6) were examined by histopathology and immunohistochemistry. Histopathologically, granulomatous lymphadenitis characterized by lymphoid depletion with histiocytic cells infiltration was observed in PCV-2 single and PCV-2/PRRSV group. Immunohistochemically, there were significant reduction of B and T lymphocytes in lymph nodes of these groups, while the number of macrophages was increased. In only PRRSV infected group, germinal center hypertrophy and lymphoid necrosis were observed. Immunohistochemically, the number of CD3+ T lymphocytes was slightly increased. Severe lymphocytic depletion in PCV-2 infection-related lymph nodes might be associated with producing immunocompromised state in pig. Comparing with PCV-2 infected group, PRRSV produced minor effects on the changes in immune cell population in the lymph nodes of pigs. PRRSV may increase susceptibility of the disease in pigs by disruption of the first defense lines in target organs, such as the alveolar macrophages in lungs.

Detection of viral pathogens and isolation of porcine circovirus 2 from postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome-affected piglets (이유자돈 전신소모성증후군 이환 자돈에서의 바이러스성 원인체 검색 및 porcine circovirus 2 분리동정)

  • Park, Choi-Kyu;Kim, Hyun-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.561-569
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    • 2004
  • To detect viral agents and isolate porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2), 60 samples of lung and lymph node were collected from 5 to 12 week-old pigs that had showed clinical signs of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS). Polymerase chain reactions (PCRs) were conducted to identify the viral pathogens including PCV1, PCV2, porcine parvovirus (PPV) and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) that have been considered to be the causal agents of PMWS. Among 60 samples, PCV 2 was detected from 57 samples but no PCV 1 was detected. PRRSV and/or PPV were also detected from 27 (47.4%) samples and 1 (1.8%) sample of these 57 PCV 2-positive samples, respectively. Tissue homogenates were inoculated onto PCV-free PK-15 cell monolayers. Seven isolates were confirmed as PCV 2 by multiplex PCR, indirect immunofluorescence assay, and transmissible electron microscopy. These date suggest that PRRSV is a major cofactors causing PMWS in pigs that were infected with PCV2 in Korea.

Pathologic Studies in Piglets Naturally Infected with Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus (돼지 생식기 호흡기 증후군 바이러스 자연감염 예의 병리학적 연구)

  • Kim, Jae-Hoon;Hwang, Eui-Kyung;Kim, Yong-Joo;Sohn, Hyun-Joo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Pathology
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.125-134
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    • 1997
  • Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus infection (PRRSV) was confirmed by serology histopathology immunohistochemistry and bacteriologic examination in young pigs. Four suckling and six weaned piglets submitted from three different farms showed coughing sneezing labored rapid abdominal respiration lethargy and anorexia. Grossly apical and cardiac lung lobes appeared mottled with pale to dark tan discoloration. Submandibular and bronchial lymph nodes were tan and enlarged. All piglets were seropositive for PRRSV antibodies by the indirect immunofluorescent antibody(IFA) test. Microscopically lung lesions were characterized by hyperplasia and hypertrophy of type 2 pneumocytes infiltration of mononuclear cells in alveolar intersitium accumulation of necrotic debris in alveolar spaces accompanied by proliferation of alveolar multinucleated syncytial cells. Using immunohistochemical technique PRRSV antigens were demonstrated in alveolar macrophages and type 2 pneumocytes in histologic lung tissue sections. Also PRRSV antigens were detected in brain lymph nodes spleen and heart. Additionally piglets showed nonsuppurative meningoencephalitis mandibular necrotic lymphadenopathy splenic atrophy and myocardial necrosis.

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Preliminary assessment of correlation between T-lymphocyte responses and control of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) in piglets born after in-utero infection of a type 2 PRRSV

  • Cha, Sang-Ho;Bandaranayaka-Mudiyanselage, Carey;Bandaranayaka-Mudiyanselage, Chandima B.;Ajiththos, Dharani;Yoon, Kyoung-Jin;Gibson, Kathleen A.;Yu, Ji-Eun;Cho, In-Soo;Lee, Stephen S.;Chung, Chungwon J.
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.58 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2018
  • A preliminary study into the protective mechanisms of adaptive immunity against porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) in piglets (n = 9) born to a gilt challenged intranasally with a type-2 PRRSV. Immune parameters (neutralizing antibodies, $CD3^+CD4^+$, $CD3^+CD8^+$, $CD3^+CD4^+CD8^+$ T-lymphocytes, and PRRSV-specific interferon $(IFN)-{\gamma}$ secreting T-lymphocytes) were compared with infection parameters (macro- and microscopic lung lesion, and PRRSV-infected porcine alveolar macrophages ($CD172{\alpha}^+PRRSV-N^+\;PAM$) as well as with plasma and lymphoid tissue viral loads. Percentages of three T-lymphocyte phenotypes in 14-days post-birth (dpb) peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) had significant negative correlations with percentages of $CD172{\alpha}^+PRRSV-N^+\;PAM$ (p < 0.05) as well as with macroscopic lung lesion (p < 0.01). Plasma and tissue viral loads had significant (p < 0.05) negative correlations with $CD3^+CD4^+CD8^+$ T-lymphocyte percentage in PBMC. Frequencies of $CD3^+CD8^+$ and $CD3^+CD4^+$ T-lymphocytes in 14-dpb PBMC had significant negative correlations with of lymph node (p = 0.04) and lung (p = 0.002) viral loads. $IFN-{\gamma}$-secreting T-lymphocytes frequency had a significant negative correlation with gross lung lesion severity (p = 0.002). However, neutralizing antibody titers had no significant negative correlation (p > 0.1) with infection parameters. The results indicate that T-lymphocytes contribute to controlling PRRSV replication in young piglets born after in-utero infection.

Evaluation of the efficacy of an attenuated live vaccine based on virulent porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus 2 in young pigs

  • Lee, Seung-Chul;Noh, Yun-Hee;Lee, Sunhee;Choi, Hwan-Won;Yoon, In-Joong;Kang, Shien-Young;Lee, Changhee
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.58 no.3
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    • pp.137-141
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    • 2018
  • The efficacy of the CA-2-MP120 vaccine, a cell culture-attenuated strain of virulent porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), was assessed in pigs. Despite the persistence of viremia in all vaccinated animals during the immunization period, the virus was not detected in vaccinated pigs following challenge. Furthermore, no pigs in the vaccinated group shed PRRSV nasally, orally or rectally throughout the experiment. Moreover, histopathological lung and lymph node lesions in the immunized group were much milder than those in the unimmunized and challenged group. These results indicated that CA-2-MP120 can provide effective protection against virulent wild-type PRRSV-2.

Isolation and identification of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus from serum samples collected from swine farms (돼지 농장으로부터 수집한 혈청가검물에서 돼지생식기 호흡기증 바이러스의 분리 및 동정)

  • Kim, Hyun-Soo;Kong, Sin-Koog
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.363-370
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    • 1999
  • Isolation of PRRSV was attempted from 646 swine sera collected from swine farms. The MARC-145 cell, which is highly permissive to PRRSV, was used for virus isolation, propagation, IFA test, and VN test. Total 36 cytopathic viruses to MARC-145 cells were isolated. The virus isolates were identified as a PRRSV by the IFA test and VN test using the reference sera prepared by experimental infection of reference PRRSV CNV-1 into 30 day-old pig. In addition to serological conformation, ORF5 of genomic RNA of 6 selected cytopathic viruses were amplified by the RT-PCR. The resulting PCR products were examined by electrophoresis in 1.2% agarose gel. An appropriate bands of about 680bp including the flanking sequence of total 80bp were seen on agarose gel.

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Virucidal efficacy of a fumigant containing orth-phenylphenol against classical swine fever virus and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (Ortho-phenylphenol을 주성분으로 하는 훈증소독제의 돼지열병바이러스와 돼지생식기호흡기증후군바이러스에 대한 살바이러스 효과)

  • Cha, Chun-Nam;Park, Eun-Kee;Jung, Ji-Youn;Yoo, Chang-Yeul;Kim, Suk;Lee, Hu-Jang
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.117-124
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    • 2016
  • In this study, the virucidal efficacy of a fumigant containing 20% ortho-phenylphenol against classical swine fever virus (CSFV) and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) was examined. After each carrier deposited with CSFV and PRRSV suspensions was exposed to the fumigant in a $25-m^3$ test room for 15 h, all carriers were neutralized and diluted, and each diluted suspension was inoculated into each proper cell line. After incubation, CSFV and PRRSV viability in each cell line was examined and 50% tissue culture infectious dose $(TCID_{50})/mL$ was calculated. In the results, the concentration of viable virus in all of pathogen control-carriers was more than $2{\times}10^5TCID_{50}/mL$, and there were no cytotoxicity in all of toxicity control-carriers. In addition, the fumigant inactivated ${\geq}4.8{\log}_{10}(TCID_{50}/mL)$ of both CSFV and PRRSV. These findings will be useful for preventing the spread of CSFV and PRRSV infection.