• Title, Summary, Keyword: post synaptic current

Search Result 5, Processing Time 0.046 seconds

Neuron Circuit Using a Thyristor and Inter-neuron Connection with Synaptic Devices

  • Ranjan, Rajeev;Kwon, Min-Woo;Park, Jungjin;Kim, Hyungjin;Park, Byung-Gook
    • JSTS:Journal of Semiconductor Technology and Science
    • /
    • v.15 no.3
    • /
    • pp.365-373
    • /
    • 2015
  • We propose a simple and compact thyristor-based neuron circuit. The thyristor exhibits bi-stable characteristics that can mimic the action potential of the biological neuron, when it is switched between its OFF-state and ON-state with the help of assist circuit. In addition, a method of inter-neuron connection with synaptic devices is proposed, using double current mirror circuit. The circuit utilizes both short-term and long-term plasticity of the synaptic devices by flowing current through them and transferring it to the post-synaptic neuron. The double current mirror circuit is capable of shielding the pre-synaptic neuron from the post synaptic-neuron while transferring the signal through it, maintaining the synaptic conductance unaffected by the change in the input voltage of the post-synaptic neuron.

Integrate-and-Fire Neuron Circuit and Synaptic Device using Floating Body MOSFET with Spike Timing-Dependent Plasticity

  • Kwon, Min-Woo;Kim, Hyungjin;Park, Jungjin;Park, Byung-Gook
    • JSTS:Journal of Semiconductor Technology and Science
    • /
    • v.15 no.6
    • /
    • pp.658-663
    • /
    • 2015
  • In the previous work, we have proposed an integrate-and-fire neuron circuit and synaptic device based on the floating body MOSFET [1-3]. Integrate-and-Fire(I&F) neuron circuit emulates the biological neuron characteristics such as integration, threshold triggering, output generation, refractory period using floating body MOSFET. The synaptic device has short-term and long-term memory in a single silicon device. In this paper, we connect the neuron circuit and the synaptic device using current mirror circuit for summation of post synaptic pulses. We emulate spike-timing-dependent-plasticity (STDP) characteristics of the synapse using feedback voltage without controller or clock. Using memory device in the logic circuit, we can emulate biological synapse and neuron with a small number of devices.

Ultra-Low Powered CNT Synaptic Transistor Utilizing Double PI:PCBM Dielectric Layers (더블 PI:PCBM 유전체 층 기반의 초 저전력 CNT 시냅틱 트랜지스터)

  • Kim, Yonghun;Cho, Byungjin
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
    • /
    • v.27 no.11
    • /
    • pp.590-596
    • /
    • 2017
  • We demonstrated a CNT synaptic transistor by integrating 6,6-phenyl-C61 butyric acid methyl ester(PCBM) molecules as charge storage molecules in a polyimide(PI) dielectric layer with carbon nanotubes(CNTs) for the transistor channel. Specifically, we fabricated and compared three different kinds of CNT-based synaptic transistors: a control device with $Al_2O_3/PI$, a single PCBM device with $Al_2O_3/PI:PCBM$(0.1 wt%), and a double PCBM device with $Al_2O_3/PI:PCBM$(0.1 wt%)/PI:PCBM(0.05 wt%). Statistically, essential device parameters such as Off and On currents, On/Off ratio, device yield, and long-term retention stability for the three kinds of transistor devices were extracted and compared. Notably, the double PCBM device exhibited the most excellent memory transistor behavior. Pulse response properties with postsynaptic dynamic current were also evaluated. Among all of the testing devices, double PCBM device consumed such low power for stand-by and its peak current ratio was so large that the postsynaptic current was also reliably and repeatedly generated. Postsynaptic hole currents through the CNT channel can be generated by electrons trapped in the PCBM molecules and last for a relatively short time(~ hundreds of msec). Under one certain testing configuration, the electrons trapped in the PCBM can also be preserved in a nonvolatile manner for a long-term period. Its integrated platform with extremely low stand-by power should pave a promising road toward next-generation neuromorphic systems, which would emulate the brain power of 20 W.

Silicon Based STDP Pulse Generator for Neuromorphic Systems (뉴로모픽 시스템을 위한 실리콘 기반의 STDP 펄스 발생 회로)

  • Lim, Jung Hoon;Kim, Kyung Ki
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.27 no.1
    • /
    • pp.64-67
    • /
    • 2018
  • A new CMOS neuron circuit for implementing bistable synapses with spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) properties has been proposed. In neuromorphic systems using STDP properties, the short-term dynamics of the synaptic efficacies are governed by the relative timing of the pre- and post-synaptic spikes, and the efficacies tend asymptotically to either a potentiated state or to a depressed one on long time scales. The proposed circuit consists of a negative shifter, a current starved inverter and a schmitt trigger designed using 0.18um CMOS technology. The simulation result shows that the proposed circuit can reduce the total size of neurons, and the spike energy of the proposed circuit is much less compared to the conventional circuits.

Induction of Oscillatory Firing Activity by TTX in Rat Cerebellar Purkinje Cells

  • Seo, Wha-Sook
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
    • /
    • v.29 no.1
    • /
    • pp.103-111
    • /
    • 1995
  • Intracellular recordings were obtained from Purkinje cells in rat cerebellar slices maintained in vitro. Adding tetrodotoxin to the superfusion solution produced a typical pattern of repetitive burst firing consisting of a cluster of action potentials followed by a long hyperpolarization. TTX-induced oscillatory activity was not due to modulation of membrane potential although underlying mechanisms for maintenance of oscillatory activity were influenced by membrane voltage. The mechanism of TTX-induced oscillation was not related to the presence or amplitude of $I_h$ and could still induce the oscillatory activity after blockade of $I_h$ by cesium. The result from an experiment in which QX-314 was injected intracellularly strongly suggested that TTX-induced oscillatory firing activity was due to blockade of post-synaptic $Na^{+}$ currents intrinsic to PCs.

  • PDF