• Title, Summary, Keyword: potentiometric sensor

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Nano Structured Potentiometric Sensors Based on Polyaniline Conducting Polymer for Determination of Cr (VI)

  • Ali, Mohammad-Khah;Ansari, Reza;Delavar, Ali Fallah;Mosayebzadeh, Zahra
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.1247-1252
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, a potentiometric sensor based on polyaniline conducting polymer for potentiometric determination of Cr (VI) ions is reported. Polyaniline was synthesized electrochemically (cyclic voltammetry method) onto a micro pencil graphite electrode (0.7 mm diameter) in the presence of HCl and diphenylcarbazide (termed as (PGE/PAni/DPC). Some initial experiments were performed in order to find out the optimized conditions for preparation of the introduced Cr (VI) sensor electrode. The plot of E vs. log [Cr (VI)], showed a linear response in the range from $1.0{\times}10^{-6}$ to $1.0{\times}10^{-1}$ M. High repeatability with the detection limit of $8.0{\times}10^{-7}$ M was obtained.

Potentiometric sensor of graphene oxide decorated with silver nanoparticles/molecularly imprinted polymer for determination of gabapentin

  • Abdallah, Nehad A.;Ibrahim, Heba F.
    • Carbon letters
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    • v.27
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    • pp.50-63
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    • 2018
  • An imprinted potentiometric sensor was developed for direct and selective determination of gabapentin. Sensor is based on carbon paste electrode adapted by graphene oxide that is decorated with silver nanoparticles and mixed with molecularly imprinted polymers nanoparticles using gabapentin as a template molecule. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by Fourier transmission infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. Under optimal experimental conditions, the studied sensor exhibited high selectivity and sensitivity with LOD of $4.8{\times}10^{-11}mol\;L^{-1}$. It provided a wide linearity range from $1{\times}10^{-10}$ to $1{\times}10^{-3}mol\;L^{-1}$ and high stability for more than 3 mo. The sensor was effectively used for the determination of gabapentin in pharmaceutical tablets and spiked plasma samples.

Evaluation of Two Types of Biosensors for Immunoassay of Botulinum Toxin

  • Choi, Ki-Bong;Seo, Won-Jun;Cha, Seung-Hee;Choi, Jung-Do
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.101-105
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    • 1998
  • Immunoassay of botulinum toxin (BTX) B type was investigated using two typed of biosensors: light addressable potentiometric sensor (LAPS) and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor. Urease-tagged and immuno-filtration capture method have been used for LAPS. Tag-free and direct binding real-time detection method have been used for SPR sensor. The detection limit of sandwich assay format with LAPS was 10 ng/ml, which was the lowest among methods tested. SPR has the advantage of being more convenient because tag-free direct binding assay can be used and reaction time was reduced, regardless of low sensitivity. This result shows that sandwich assay format with LAPS can be used as an alternative method of BTX mouse bioassay which is known as the most sensitive method for the detection of BTX.

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A Solid-Contact Indium(III) Sensor based on a Thiosulfinate Ionophore Derived from Omeprazole

  • Abbas, Mohammad Nooredeen;Amer, Hend Samy
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.1153-1159
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    • 2013
  • A novel solid-contact indium(III)-selective sensor based on bis-(1H-benzimidazole-5-methoxy-2-[(4-methoxy-3, 5-dimethyl-1-pyridinyl) 2-methyl]) thiosulfinate, known as an omeprazole dimer (OD) and a neutral ionophore, was constructed, and its performance characteristics were evaluated. The sensor was prepared by applying a membrane cocktail containing the ionophore to a graphite rod pre-coated with polyethylene dioxythiophene (PEDOT) conducting polymer as the ion-to-electron transducer. The membrane contained 3.6% OD, 2.3% oleic acid (OA) and 62% dioctyl phthalate (DOP) as the solvent mediator in PVC and produced a good potentiometric response to indium(III) ions with a Nernstian slope of 19.09 mV/decade. The constructed sensor possessed a linear concentration range from $3{\times}10^{-7}$ to $1{\times}10^{-2}$ M and a lower detection limit (LDL) of $1{\times}10^{-7}$ M indium(III) over a pH range of 4.0-7.0. It also displayed a fast response time and good selectivity for indium(III) over several other ions. The sensor can be used for longer than three months without any considerable divergence in potential. The sensor was utilized for direct and flow injection potentiometric (FIP) determination of indium(III) in alloys. The parameters that control the flow injection method were optimized. Indium(III) was quantitatively recovered, and the results agreed with those obtained using atomic absorption spectrophotometry, as confirmed by the f and t values. The sensor was also utilized as an indicator electrode for the potentiometric titration of fluoride in the presence of chloride, bromide, iodide and thiocyanate ions using indium(III) nitrate as the titrant.

Ammonium Ion Binding Property of Naphtho-Crown Ethers Containing Thiazole as Sub-Cyclic Unit

  • Kim, Hong-Seok;Do, Kyung-Soon;Kim, Ki-Soo;Shim, Jun-Ho;Cha, Geun-Sig;Nam, Hak-Hyun
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.25 no.10
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    • pp.1465-1470
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    • 2004
  • A short and efficient synthesis, solvent extraction and potentiometric measurements of new thiazole-containing naphtho-crown ethers are reported. The naphthalene moiety enhances the ammonium ion selectivity over potassium ion. The selectivity of ${NH_4}^+/K^+$ follows the trend $3\;{\approx}\;2\;>\;1$, indicating that the differences in conformational changes of 2 and 3 in forming ammonium complexes affect little on the resulting ammonium/potassium extraction selectivity ratio. The ammonium ion-selective electrodes were prepared with noctylphenyl ether plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) membranes containing 1-4 the effect of one naphthalene unit introduced on either right (2) or left (3) side of thiazolo-crown ether on their potentiometric properties (e.g., ammonium ion selectivity over other cations, response slopes, and detection limits) were not apparent. However, the ammonium ion selectivity of 1, 2 and 3 over other alkali metal and alkaline earth metal cations is 10-100 times higher than that of nonactin.

Potentiometric Sensor for the Determination of Dibucaine in Pharmaceutical Preparations and Electrochemical Study of the Drug with BSA

  • Ensafi, Ali A.;Allafchian, A.R.
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.32 no.8
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    • pp.2722-2726
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    • 2011
  • Plasticized poly(vinyl chloride), PVCs, with different membrane compositions tested for use in the construction of an ion-selective sensor for the determination dibucaine. A prepared membrane with dioctyl phthalate-PVC and ion-pair of N-(1-naphthyl)ethylenediamine dihydrochloride-tetraphenyl borate had a good potential to acts as a potentiometric sensor for the analysis of dibucaine. A linear relationship was obtained between potential and logC varying between $1.0{\times}10^{-6}$ and $1.0{\times}10^{-2}$ M dibucaine with a good repeatability and reproducibility. The sensor was applied for the determination of the drug in pharmaceuticals and biological fluids such as plasma and urine samples with satisfactory results. The drug electrode has also been used to study the interaction of bovine serum albumin (BSA) with dibucaine. The saturated quantities of dibucaine binding were 13.04, 5.30 and 9.70 mol/mol in 0.01, 0.02 and 0.1% of protein, respectively.

Novel Copper(Ⅱ)-Selective Senor Based on a New Hexadentates Schiff's Base

  • Ganjali, Mohammad Reza;Emami, Mehdi;Salavati Niasari, Masoud
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.23 no.10
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    • pp.1394-1398
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    • 2002
  • A novel copper(II) membrane electrode based on diphenylisocyanate bis(acetylacetone) ethylenediimine (DIBAE), as a new hexadentates Schiff's base was prepared. The electrode exhibited a Nernstian response for Cu$^{2+}$ ions over a wide concentration range (1.0 ${\times}$ 10$^{-1}$ to 1.0 ${\times}$ l0$^{-6}$ M) with a limit of detection of 6.0 ${\times}$ 10$^{-7}$ M (39 ppb). The sensor shows a fast response time (15s) and the membrane can be used for more than 4 months without observing any major deviation. The electrode revealed very good selectivity with respect to many cations including alkali, alkaline earth, transition and heavy metal ions. The proposed sensor could be used in a pH range of 3.0-7.5. It was applied to the direct potentiometric determination of copper in black tea, and in wastewater of copper electroplating samples. The electrode was also used in potentiometric titration of the copper(II) ion with EDTA.

The way to standardize electronic tongue system using IEEE 1451.4 (IEEE 1451.4를 이용한 전자혀 시스템의 표준화 방안)

  • Kim, Dong-Jin;Kim, Jeong-Do;Byun, Hyung-Gi;Ham, Yu-Kyung;Han, Dong-Won
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.444-454
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    • 2005
  • The IEEE 1451.4 standards defines an architectural model for interfacing smart transducers for sensors & actuators. This standard allows analogue transducers to communicate their identification and calibration data in a digital format. A digital format is called the TEDS (transducer electronic data sheet). However, the standard template TEDS of IEEE 1451.4 do not supports sensors to use in electronic tongue system, such as arrayed-potentiometric and voltametric sensors. In this paper, a solution to standardize sensors for E-Tongue (electronic tongue) and electronic tongue systems is presented.

Potentiometric NOx sensors for automotive exhaust using YSZ(yittria stabilized zirconia) electrolyte (YSZ 전해질을 이용한 농담전지식 자동차용 NOx센서)

  • Park, Jin-Su;Park, Kwang-Chol;Park, C.O.
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.434-440
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    • 2007
  • Two kinds of new NOx sensing mechanism was proposed and examined. One of those was potentiomtric sensor based on the measurement of decomposed oxygen from NO using YSZ porous diffusion barrier and Pd catalytic electrode. The sensor based on decomposed oxygen measurement responded to the range of 300 - 1000 ppm NO in $N_{2}$ environment and the sensitivities were coincident with theoretical values at 700 and $800^{\circ}C$ but the decomposition rate depended on gas flow rate. The other sensor was equilibrium potentiometric type using $Gd_{2}O_{3}$-nitrates solid solution as sensing material. The sensor using $Gd_{2}O_{3}$-nitrates solid solution was suitable for NOxxsensing at $700^{\circ}C$ in 5 % oxygen and the sensitivity was 19.3 mV/decade. However, long term stability of the sensing material at high temperature was not sufficient.