• Title, Summary, Keyword: preschoolers' gender

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Preschoolers' Effortful Control according to Paternal and Maternal Parenting Behaviors: Focusing on the Interaction Effect between Gender and Parenting Behaviors (부·모의 양육행동에 따른 유아의 의도적 통제: 유아 성별과 양육행동의 상호작용을 중심으로)

  • Bae, Yun Jin;Lim, Ji Young
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.77-97
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to examine 1) the relations among parent-reported, teacher-reported, and task-observed effortful control, and 2) the differences of preschoolers' effortful control based on preschoolers' gender and parenting behaviors (affectionate, controlled). In this study, the subjects were 221 preschoolers (104 boys, 117 girls) and their parents. The preschoolers' effortful controls was measured by Effortful Control Battery (Snack Delay, Turtle and Rabbit, and Red-Green Sign) and the Children's Behavior Questionnaire-Short Form. Parenting behavior was measured by the Parenting Style scale. The major results of this study were as follows. First, there were positive correlations between parent-reported effortful control and both teacher-reported and task-observed effortful control. Second, there were significant differences in preschoolers' effortful control by gender and level of affectionate parenting behavior. And there was an interaction effect between gender and level of affectionate parenting behavior on preschoolers' effortful control. The implications of this study were as follows. It is needed to evaluate effortful control in various circumstances and by multiple raters, and affectionate parenting behavior had an important role upon boys' effortful control rather than that of girls.

Observation Research on Preschoolers' Play Behavior for the Design Plan for the Indoor Play Area of Day Care Centers - Focusing on Preschoolers of Day Care Centers between Korea and US - (어린이집 실내놀이 영역 계획을 위한 유아의 놀이행위 관찰 연구 - 한국과 미국의 어린이집 이용 유아를 대상으로-)

  • Jang, Sang-Ock;Shin, Kyung-Joo
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.214-223
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    • 2010
  • As the population of preschooler increases with the increment of employed women today, the physical environment of day-care center is becoming an important factor for the preschooler as well as home environment. In order to create a suitable and desirable day-care environment for preschoolers, the using behavior of the preschoolers, who are the main users, needs to be applied to the spacial design. In this research, play preference area of Korea and United States which have different physical environments are analyzed. Child behavior observation analysis technique, interview with the teacher in charge, floor plan and furniture arrangement plan of the day-care centers and photography were performed for this research. The subjects were 63 preschoolers of 50 months old who are using Korean and American day-care centers and play of five minutes per preschooler was filmed for 3 days. Total 01 189 motion pictures were analyzed for this research. As a result, the physical environment, programs, preference area and finally the similarity and difference according to the gender were clarified for each countries' day-care center. The Korean preschoolers preferred the block area most, the second most favorite area being art for the younger class and language for older class. According to the gender, girls preferred language area while boys chose block area. On the other hand in American preschoolers' case, due to the large variety of play area, the play preference was distributed among various area except several high preference area. Based on this research, when designing indoor play area of day care centers, the area of block, language, and art which are popular play preferences should be considered firsthand, and gender preference is also needed to be thought of. These results may be used as an important data for planning the day care center play area in the future.

Preschoolers' Adjustment Behavior - Focusing on the Socio-demographic Variables of Children and their Mothers, Children's Temperament and Mother's Parenting Attitudes - (유아의 적응행동에 관한 연구 - 유아와 어머니의 사회인구학적 변인, 유아의 기질 및 어머니의 양육태도를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Young-Sook;Seo, So-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.143-155
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to examine which variables of interest predicted preschoolers' adjustment behavior. The variables of interest in this study were: 1) socio-demographic variables of children and their mothers 2) children's temperament 3) mother's parenting attitudes and 4) children's adjustment behavior. The study subjects were 365 preschooler-mother pairs. SPSS 11.0 program was used to analyze the data of this study. The results of regression analyses showed that a child's age was found to be the most influential predictor of the preschoolers' adjustment behavior. Also, gender and temperament, and maternal parenting altitudes were found to be predictive in the preschoolers' adjustment behavior. Finally, patterns in regression results differed by the preschooler's gender. Implications for research and practice were discussed in light of the study results.

Relationships between Young Children's Day Care Experience and Their Attachment Relationships with Parents and Socioemotional Behavior Problems (영유아기의 탁아 경험과 유아의 부모에 대한 애착 및 사회정서적 문제행동과의 관계)

  • Kim, Sook Ryong
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.5-18
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of the current study was to determine whether preschoolers' attachment relationships with their parents and socioemotional behaviors are related to their day care experiences in infancy and at the present time. The participants consisted of 59 preschoolers and their mothers from 2-parent, white, middle-class dual earner families in Madison, Wisconsin. Preschoolers' attachment quality was measured by two representational instruments: the Separation Anxiety Test and "My Family and Friends". Mothers completed questionnaires about their family background and their children's day care history. The quality of current day care was obtained from directors' reports about regulatable features of the day care centers. Teachers completed the Preschool Behavior Questionnaire. Data was analyzed by hierarchical multiple regression analysis. The results showed that the quality of preschoolers' attachment relationships with parents were significantly related to the amount of day care during infancy, the quality of current care, and children's gender. In addition, the amount of infant day care appeared to have negative relations with children's socioemotional behavior problems as evaluated by teachers.

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Mothers' Perceived Temperament of Their Preschoolers and its Related Factors (어머니가 지각한 학령전기 아동의 기질과 관련 요인)

  • Bang, Kyung-Sook
    • Korean Parent-Child Health Journal
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.103-114
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    • 2003
  • This descriptive study was conducted to explore the mothers' perceived temperament of their preschoolers, and its related factors. Survey from 212 mothers of preschoolers residing in Seoul, Daejeon, and Suwon was performed, and Schaefer's MBRI(Maternal Behavior Research Instrument), and PTQ(Parent Temperament Questionnaire) by Thomas and Chess, Child-rearing burden instrument by Han were used to collect data from September 15 to October 31, 2002. Data was analyzed with SPSS 10.0 Win program. Summaries of results were as follows: 1. There was no significant difference in temperament type-easy or difficult child-depending upon the demographic characteristics. 2. In temperament subscale, boys showed higher activity level than girls, and in working mothers group, adaptability was significantly lower although mood was higher. Preschoolers with expanded families were higher in activity level and intensity of reaction than with nuclear families. 3. Approach-withdrawal, adaptability, and mood showed significant negative relationship with maternal childrearing burden. 4. Temperament showed significant positive or negative relationship with maternal childrearing attitudes. In conclusion, it determined preschoolers' temperament was affected by primary environment such as maternal attitude, childrearing burden, and family type as well as children's gender. It was suggested that parent education and counselling program in nursing would be needed to promote children's desirable temperament.

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Preschoolers' Compliance and Noncompliance : As a Function of Maternal Behavior, Child Gender and Age and Social Context (유아의 순응 및 불순응 행동 : 어머니의 양육행동, 아동의 성, 연령, 및 사회적 상황과의 관계)

  • Yong, Eui-Seon;Park, Seong-Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.43-57
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    • 2011
  • This study examined preschoolers' compliance and noncompliance as it related to maternal behavior, child gender and age, and social context. The subjects were 213 preschool children in Seoul. Data were collected via questionnaires reported by mothers and teachers. The results of correlation analysis and a series of repeated measures ANOVA revealed that mothers' coercive parenting was associated with lower committed compliance and ignorant noncompliance. It was also found that the 5-year-olds studies showed higher committed compliance in moral situations whereas the 6-year-olds showed higher situational compliance in conventional situations. Noncompliance was more common among the 5-year-olds than the 6-year-olds. It was also found that girls exhibited higher compliance than boys in both moral and conventional contexts. The results were discussed in terms of a developmental perspective.

Status of Dietary Life Related Knowledge, Self-Efficacy, Food Preference and Dietary Behavior of Preschoolers in Kyunggi Area (경기 일부지역 유아의 식생활관련 지식, 자아효능감, 식품선호도 및 식행동 실태)

  • Lee, A Reum;Yu, Ye Lee;Kim, Hye Jin;Kim, Kyung A;Kim, Kyung Won
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.274-283
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examine dietary life characteristics such as knowledge, self-efficacy and dietary behavior of preschoolers in Namyangju, Kyunggi-province, Korea. Methods: The survey questionnaire was developed based on literature review. Preschoolers aged 4-5 years (n=208) responded to the questionnaire to measure knowledge, self-efficacy, food preference, and dietary behavior. After excluding incomplete responses, the data of 197 subjects were used for analysis. Results: Mean score of dietary life knowledge was 8.0 out of 12, showing a low level of knowledge. Two out of 12 knowledge items were significantly different by gender. Percentage of correct answer on items of 'foods to make bones strong' and 'kinds of fast foods' was higher in girls than in boys (p<0.05). Total score of self-efficacy regarding dietary life was 40.1 (possible score: 12~48), on average. Compared to girls, boys had more confidence in 'not over-eating', and 'eating balanced meals with meat, fish and vegetables' (p<0.05). Boys scored higher on total score of food preference than girls (p<0.01). The preference for fruits was quite high. Among food items, boys scored higher on the preference for rice (p<0.01), fish (p<0.01), pork (p<0.05), beef (p<0.05), milk (p<0.01), and ice cream (p<0.05) than girls. Boys also liked fast foods more than girls did, showing preference for chicken (p<0.01) and soda (p<0.05). Compared to girls, boys showed more desirable behavior in 'eating breakfast everyday' (p<0.01). Dietary behavior was significantly correlated with self-efficacy (r=0.52, p<0.01), food preference (r=0.35, p<0.01), and knowledge (r=0.25, p<0.01) of subjects. Conclusions: In this study, we observed differences in food preference by gender. Dietary behavior of preschoolers was correlated with several factors, including dietary life related knowledge, self-efficacy and food preference. Thus, it is needed to develop nutrition education programs focusing on increasing dietary life related knowledge and self-efficacy, and consider the differences in food preference of preschoolers by gender.

Preschoolers' Social Competence : Effects of Gender, Age, Emotion Regulation Strategies and Maternal Attitudes (유아의 사회적 유능성에 유아의 성, 연령 및 유아의 정서조절전략과 어머니의 정서표현 수용태도가 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Kyoung-Won;Shin, Hye-Won
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.137-153
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    • 2009
  • This study examined the effects on preschooler's social competence of preschooler's emotional regulation strategies and maternal attitude toward child's emotional expressiveness. Subjects were 57 3-to 5-year-old preschoolers, their mothers and 3 teachers in their classes. Data were adapted from the Social Intelligence part of Project Spectrum and analyzed by Pearson Correlation Coefficient and Stepwise Multiple Regression Analysis. Findings were that : (1) preschoolers' positive emotion regulation strategies significantly explained their social competence. (2) Older children showed higher social competence than younger children; the effect of children's age on social competence was more influential than emotional strategies or maternal attitudes. In conclusion, preschooler's emotion regulation strategies are an important factor as their social competence develops with age.

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The Relations Among Teachers' Beliefs Regarding Self-control, Preschoolers' Behavioral Self-regulation and School Readiness : The Gender Difference (자기조절에 대한 교사신념, 유아의 행동적 자기조절 및 학교준비도의 관계 : 유아 성별에 따른 차이)

  • Sung, Miyoung;Chang, Young Eun;Son, Seunghee Claire
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.61-78
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    • 2016
  • The current study examined the relations among teachers' beliefs, behavioral self-regulation and school readiness of preschoolers. The study sample included 229 preschoolers aged 3 to 5 attending child care centers located in Seoul and Gyeonggi area of Korea. Using Structural Equation Modeling, the paths from teachers' beliefs to children's school readiness via the mediation of their behavioral self-regulation were examined. Children's self-regulation was directly assessed using Head-to-Toe Tasks. The results showed that teachers' stronger beliefs in and responsibility for children's self-regulation and interpersonal skills significantly predicted greater behavioral self-regulation among children, which in turn, significantly influenced greater social skills and work-related skills. The contribution of teachers' beliefs and behavioral regulation to social skills and work-related skills was positive and stronger for boys.

Relationships between Preschoolers' Negative Emotionality and Peer Play Behaviors by the Mediation of Behavioral Problems: Focusing on Gender Difference (유아의 부정적 정서성과 또래놀이행동 간 관계에서 행동문제의 매개적 역할: 성차를 중심으로)

  • Sung, Miyoung
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2017
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of preschoolers' negative emotionality on their peer play behaviors, focusing on the mediation of behavioral problems. Methods: The study sample included 287 preschoolers aged 3 to 5 attending child care centers located in Seoul, Korea. The instruments used in this study were the Child Behavior Questionnaires (CBQ), Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), and Penn Interactive Peer Play Scale (PIPPS). Results: The main results of this study are as follows: First, boys and girls' negative emotionality exerted positive effects on their behavioral problems. Second, boys and girls' negative emotionality had a positive influence on their play interaction, play disruption, and play disconnection. Further, the effect of boys' negative emotionality on their play disruption and play disconnection was totally mediated by their behavioral problems, and girls' negative emotionality on their play interaction and play disconnection was totally mediated by their behavioral problems. Conclusion/Implications: These findings provide preliminary evidence that the relationships between preschoolers' negative emotionality and peer play behaviors may be mediated by their behavioral problems.