• Title, Summary, Keyword: pro-inflammatory cytokines

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Banhabaikchulcheunma-tang Down-regulates LPS-induced Production of Pro-inflammatory Cytokines

  • Kim, Yun-Ha;Cho, Kwang-Ho;Moon, Byung-Soon
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.192-198
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    • 2009
  • Banhabaikchulcheunma-tang (BBCT), a prescription composed of thirteen herbal mixtures, has been widely used in the treatment of brain disorders in Oriental Medicine. However, the mechanisms by which the formula affects on the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in cerebral infarction (CI) patients remain unknown yet. The levels of secretory protein of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-a, interlukin (IL)-1b, and IL-6, were significantly increased in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated THP-1 differentiated macrophage-like (THP-1/M) cells and Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from CI patients. However, pretreatment with BBCT significantly inhibited the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including TNF-a, IL-1b, and IL-6, in THP-1/M cells and PBMCs from CI patients with stimulus. Thus, these data indicate that BBCT may be beneficial in the cessation of inflammatory processes of cerebral infarction through suppression on the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines.

Role of Salvia miltiorrhiza for Modulation of Th2-derived Cytokines in the Resolution of Inflammation

  • Moon, Sun-Hee;Shin, Seul-Mee;Kim, Seul-Ah;Oh, Hee-Eun;Han, Shin-Ha;Lee, Seung-Jeong;Kim, Kyung-Jae
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.288-298
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    • 2011
  • Background: Salvia miltiorrhiza (SM) has been used to treat inflammatory diseases including edema and arthritis; however, the anti-inflammatory mechanism of SM action remains unresolved. Methods: The effects of an ethanol extract of SM (ESM) on pro-inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6, and NO, and on anti-inflammatory cytokines including IL-4, IL-10, TGF-${\beta}$, and IL-1Ra have been studied in an attempt to elucidate the anti-inflammatory mechanism in murine macrophages. Results: ESM inhibited the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines via down-regulation of gene and protein expression whereas it increased the anti-inflammatory cytokines. Furthermore, ESM inhibited the expression of the chemokines, RANTES and CX3CL1, as well as of inflammatory mediators such as TLR-4 and $11{\beta}$-HSD1. Conclusion: These results indicated that the regulatory effects of ESM may be mediated though the suppression of pro-inflammatory cytokines as well as the induction of anti-inflammatory cytokines. Consequently, we speculate that ESM has therapeutic potential for inflammation-associated disorders.

Anti-inflammatory Activities of Cheongpyehwadam-tang

  • Kwak Sang-Ho;Kim Ji-Young;Han Eun-Hee;Oh Kyo-Nyeo;Kim Dong-Hee;Jeong Hye-Gwang;Yoo Dong-Youl
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.1399-1404
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    • 2005
  • In oriental medicine, Cheongpyehwadam-tang (CHT) has long been used for the cure of inflammatory diseases in the lung and bronchus such as bronchitis, bronchial asthma, pneumonia and tuberculosis. It's use is currently further extended for the treatment of allergic asthma. To investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of CHT, we investigated the effects of CHT on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) and pro-inflammatory cytokines ($TNF-{\alpha}$, IL-6, and $IL-1{\beta}$) production, and on the level of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and proinflammatory cytokines expression in murine macrophage RAW 264.7 cells. CHT alone did not affect NO or pro-inflammatory cytokines production. In contrast, CHT inhibited LPS-induced NO and proinflammatory cytokines and the levels of LPS-induced iNOS and proinflarnmatory cytokine mRNA in a dose-dependent manner. CHT also inhibited the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kB) activation. Taken together, these results suggested that CHT inhibits the production of NO and pro-inflammatory cytokines in RAW 264.7 cells through blockade of NF-kB activation.

Immunomodulatory Effects of Dioscoreae Rhizome Against Inflammation through Suppressed Production of Cytokines Via Inhibition of the NF-${\kappa}B$ Pathway

  • Kim, Seulah;Shin, Seulmee;Hyun, Bobae;Kong, Hyunseok;Han, Shinha;Lee, Aeri;Lee, Seungjeong;Kim, Kyungjae
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.181-188
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    • 2012
  • Dioscoreae Rhizome (DR) has been used in traditional medicine to treat numerous diseases and is reported to have anti-diabetes and anti-tumor activities. To identify a bioactive traditional medicine with anti-inflammatory activity of a water extract of DR (EDR), we determined the mRNA and protein levels of proinflammatory cytokines in macrophages through RT-PCR and western blot analysis and performed a FACS analysis for measuring surface molecules. EDR dose-dependently decreased the production of NO and pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6, TNF-${\alpha}$, and $PGE_2$, as well as mRNA levels of iNOS, COX-2, and pro-inflammatory cytokines, as determined by western blot and RT-PCR analysis, respectively. The expression of co-stimulatory molecules such as B7-1 and B7-2 was also reduced by EDR. Furthermore, activation of the nuclear transcription factor, NF-${\kappa}B$, but not that of IL-4 and IL-10, in macrophages was inhibited by EDR. These results show that EDR decreased pro-inflammatory cytokines via inhibition of NF-${\kappa}B$-dependent inflammatory protein level, suggesting that EDR could be a useful immunomodulatory agent for treating immunological diseases.

Flower MeOH Extract of Panax Notoginseng Attenuates the Production of Nitric Oxide and Pro-inflammatory Cytokines in LPS-stimulated RA W264.7 Cells (삼칠화(三七花)의 대식세포로부터 LPS에 의해 유도되는 nitric oxide와 전염중성 사이토카인의 생성 억제효과)

  • Joo, Ye-Jin;Jung, Hye-Mi;Seo, Un-Kyo
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.150-162
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    • 2009
  • Objectives: Inflammatory mediators, such as nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 ($PGE_2$) and pro-inflammatory cytokines, TNF-${\alpha}$ and IL-$1{\beta}$ playa critical role in inflammatory immune response. Therefore, intervention of inflammatory mediator production promises therapeutic benefit for treatment of many chronic inflammatory diseases, such as allergic asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, septic shock and neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, the pharmacological effects of the flower MeOH extract Panax notoginseng (Notoginseng Flos; NF) on inflammation were investigated to address potential therapeutic or toxic effects. Methods: RA W264.7 cells were treated with different concentrations of NF methanol (NF-M) extract in the presence or absence of LPS ($1{\mu}g/m{\ell}$). Results: NF-M extract significantly inhibited LPS-induced production of NO, $PGE_2$ and pro-inflammatory cytokines, TNF-${\alpha}$ and IL-$1{\beta}$ in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, NF-M extract suppressed mRNA expressions and protein levels of iNOS, COX-2 and pro-inflammatory cytokines in LPS-stimulated RA W264.7 cells. Conclusion: These results indicated that NF-M extract inhibits LPS-induced production of inflammatory mediators in macrophages and demonstrated that NF-M extract possesses anti-inflammatory properties in vitro.

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Anti-allergic Effects of Schizonepeta tenuifolia on Mast Cell-Mediated Allergy Model

  • Yoo, Jin-Su;Kim, Dae-Keun;Kim, Sang-Hyun;Shin, Tae-Yong
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.239-244
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    • 2011
  • Immediate-type hypersensitivity is involved in many allergic diseases such as asthma, allergic rhinitis and anaphylaxis. The discovery of drugs for the treatment of allergic disease is an important subject in human health. Stimulation of mast cells releases inflammatory mediators, such as histamine and pro-inflammatory cytokines with immune regulatory properties. We investigated the effect of the aqueous extract of Schizonepeta tenuifolia (AEST) (Labiatae) on the immediate-type allergic reaction. AEST inhibited compound 48/80-induced systemic allergic reaction. AEST attenuated immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated skin allergic reaction and histamine release from human mast cell line (HMC-1) cells. In addition, AEST decreased the gene expression and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines in phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) plus calcium ionophore A23187 (A23187)-stimulated HMC-1 cells. Our results indicate that AEST inhibits the mast cell-derived allergic reactions and involvement of histamine and pro-inflammatory cytokines in these effects.

Erythrinae Cortex inhibits Synthesis of Inflammatory Cytokines induced by IL-1$\beta$ and TNF-$\alpha$ in Cultured Human Synovial Cells

  • Lee Ho;Kim Dong Hee
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.1101-1111
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    • 2003
  • Our study shows that EC extract has inhibitory effect on pro-inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-1, IL-6, iNOS and COX2 in hFLSs. IL-1β, IL-6, iNOS and COX2 mRNA expression is suppressed at a low dasage (1㎍/ml) of EC extract. TNF-α was also suppressed at higher dosages (10 ㎍/ml, 100㎍/ml). EC extract also inhibited TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 production in pro-inflammatory cytokine stimulated-hFLSs. Expecially IL-1β(p<0.05) production are suppressed significantly. On the other hand, EC extract did not show any cytotoxicity. Thses data suggest that EC extract has anti-inflammatory effect mostly by inhibiting IL-1β production, and thus could be used to prevent or treat some inflammatory disease such as RA. It remains to be known what are the major components responsible for anti-inflammatory effect and what is the main mechanism.

Chemicals from Cimicifuga dahurica and Their Inhibitory Effects on Pro-inflammatory Cytokine Production by LPS-stimulated Bone Marrow-derived Dendritic Cells

  • Thao, Nguyen Phuong;Lee, Young Suk;Luyen, Bui Thi Thuy;Van Oanh, Ha;Ali, Irshad;Arooj, Madeeha;Koh, Young Sang;Yang, Seo Young;Kim, Young Ho
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.194-198
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    • 2018
  • Inflammation is a biological response caused by overactivation of the immune system and is controlled by immune cells via a variety of cytokines. The overproduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines enhances abnormal host immunity, resulting in diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer's disease, and cancer. Inhibiting the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-12p40, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor $(TNF)-{\alpha}$ might be one way to treat these conditions. Here, we investigated the anti-inflammatory activity of compounds isolated from Cimicifuga dahurica (Turcz.) Maxim., which is traditionally used as an antipyretic and analgesic in Korea. In primary cell culture assays, 12 compounds were found to inhibit the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-12p40, IL-6, and $TNF-{\alpha}$) in vitro in bone marrow-derived dendritic cells stimulated with LPS.

Effects of Spatholobi Caulis MeOH Extract on the Production of NO and Pro-inflammatory Cytokines in LPS-activated Raw264.7 Cells (계혈등 메탄올추출물이 LPS로 활성화된 Raw264.7 Cell에서 Nitric Oxide 및 Pro-inflammatory Cytokines 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • Choe, Song-I;Park, Sook-Jahr;Byun, Sung-HUi;Lee, Jong-Rok;Park, Moon-Ki;Kim, Sang-Chan
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.21-27
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    • 2009
  • Objectives: Spatholobi Caulis is the stem of Spatholobus suberectus Dunn., which has been used for treating menstrual disorders, anemia, and rheumatic arthralgia in traditional Oriental medicine, This study was conducted to evaluate the inhibitory effects of Spatholobi Caulis extract (SCE) on the production of nitric oxide (NO) and pro-inflammatory cytokines in LPS-activated Raw264,7 cells. Methods : Cell viability was determined by MIT assay. Relative levels of NO were measured with Griess reagent and pro-inflammatory cytokines were detected by ELISA Expression of iNOS and COX-2 proteins were determined by western blotting. Results : NO production and iNOS expression were increased by incubation with LPS for 24 h. However, the augmented NO was reduced by SCE in a dose-dependent manner. Expressions of iNOS and COX-2 were inhibited by the treatment with SCE, SCE also suppressed the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-1beta and IL-6. Conclusions : These results indicate that the MeOH extract of Spatholobi Caulis warrant further development as an anti-inflammatory agent for the treatment of Gram-negative bacterial infections.

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Stress, Inflammation and Neurogenesis in Major Depression (주요우울증에서 스트레스, 염증반응, 신경조직발생)

  • Kim, Yong-Ku
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.169-175
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    • 2011
  • Stress, a risk factor of major depression induces cytokine mediated inflammation and decreased neurogenesis. In patients with major depression, significant increases of pro-inflammatory cytokines have been consistently reported. The pro-inflammatory cytokines can stimulate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis to release glucocorticoids. In the brain, microglia and play a role of immune activation in response to stress. Increased pro-inflammatory cytokine play a role in restricting neurogenesis in the brain. Although neurogenesis may not be essential for the development of depression, it may be required for clinically effective antidepressant treatment. Hence, stimulation of neurogenesis is regarded as a promising strategy for new antidepressant targets. This review introduces changes in neurotransmitter, cytokine and neurogenesis in major depression and explores the possible relationship between pro-inflammatory cytokines and neurogenesis related to stress in major depression.