• Title, Summary, Keyword: prostaglandin

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Effects of Bacterial Lipopolysaccharide on Prostaglandin Production in Primary Cultured Rat Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells (일차 배양 랫드 혈관 평활근 세포에서 Prostaglandin 생성에 미치는 Bacterial Lipopolysaccharide의 작용 특성)

  • 이수환
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.227-234
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    • 1996
  • This study was designed to characterize endotoxin-induced prostaglandin production in primary cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). The time course for prostaglandin synthesis in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated VSMC showed that the maximum production was reached in 12 hours. LPS induced prostaglandin H2 synthase (PGHS) activity in VSMC and the time course profile in the changes of PGHS activity paralleled that of total prostaglandin production. Differential treatment showed that 4 hours' exposure to LPS was enough for the maximum effect on the prostaglandin production and this effect was completely inhibited by the co-treatment of actinomycin D, a transcription inhibitor. These results suggest that LPS effect might be determined within 4 hours. Actinomycin D increased PGHS activity without affecting prostaglandin production if added 4 hours after LPS treatment. On the other hand, cyclogeximide, a translation inhibitor, augmented LPS-induced prostaglandin production if treated during first four hours, but it inhibited LPS-induced PGHS activity regardless of treatment schedule. These results suggest the existence of multiple regulating mechanisms in the LPS-induced prostaglandin synthesis.

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Inhibitory Effects of of Tacrine Derivatives on Activity of Prostanoids Biosynthesis Prostaglandin Biosynthesis: A Potential Use for Degenerative Brain Disease Treatment (퇴행성 뇌질환 치료제 Tacrine 유도체의 프로스타글란딘 생합성 억제효과)

  • Shin Hea Soon
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.103-108
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    • 2005
  • Tacrine analogues for degenerative brain disease treatments have been designed. A series of diazaanthrine derivatives as novel analogues of tacrine has been prepared through the alkyl substitution and the ring expansion. They were expected to retain anti-inflammatory activity by inhibition of prostaglandin production with reduction of side effect as the selective prostaglandin synthase inhibitor. Prostaglandin synthase expression is associated with the deposition of beta-amyloid protein in neuritic plaques in brain inflammation. Therefore selective prostaglandin synthase blockade is important for the prevention and treatment of alzheimer's disease. To evaluate inhibitory effect of prostaglandin synthase, synthetic tacrine derivatives were screened with accumulation of prostaglandin biosynthesis by lipopolysaccharide in aspirin-treated murine macrophage cell. Most of synthetic compounds have shown significant prostaglandin synthase activities in vitro screening with $84.3{\sim}33.6\%$ inhibition of the prostaglandin $E_2$ production at $10\;{\mu}g/ml$.

THE EFFECT OF INDOMETHACIN ON PROSTAGLANDINS IN 4-NITROQUINOLINE-N-OXIDE (4-NQO) INDUCED PALATAL CARCINOMA OF ALBINO RATS (Indomethacin이 4-Nitroquinoline-N-Oxide(4-NQO) 유도 백서 구개암 발암과정에서 prostaglandins에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Soo
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.187-202
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    • 1989
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of indomethacin on prostaglandins in 4-Nitroquinoline-N-Oxide (4-NQO) induced palatal carcinoma of albino rats. 128 Sprague-Dawley strain albino rats-about 100g in body weight-were used in this study, divided into as belows; 1. Normal group (16-albino rats) with no treatment, 2. Control group (16-albino rats) treated with prophylene application onto palatal mucosa 3 times a week. 3. Experimental group I (48-albino rats) treated with 0.5% 4-NQO in prophylene application onto palatal mucosa 3 times a week. 4. Experimental group II (48-albino rats) treated with 0.5% 4-NQO in prophylene application with administered $20{\mu}g/ml$ of indomethacin in drinking water ad. lib. Four animals were sacrificed 7th, 13th, 19th, and 25th week respectively in normal and control group, and 7th, 9th, 11th, 13th, 15th, 17th, 19th, 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th and 29th week respectively in experimental group I and II at each time. The palatal and lingual tissues were excised and kept frozen at $-70^{\circ}C$. Densitometer scan and Beta-counting counter were used for the thin layer chromatography of the arachidonic acid metabolites. The obtained results were as belows; 1. In normal and control group, there was little change of the arachidonic acid metabolites during experiment period, and the tissue homogenates included prostaglandin $D_2$, 6-keto-prostaglandin $F_{1{\alpha}}$, prostaglandin $E_2$, thromboxane $B_2$, prostaglandin $F_{2{\alpha}}$ in that order of relative abundances. 2. In experimental group I, prostaglandin $D_2$, and prostaglandin $E_2$ were increased, while 6-keto-prostaglandin $F_{1{\alpha}}$ and thromboxane $B_2$ were decreased in relative abundances of arachidonic acid metabolites. And there was little change in prostaglandin $F_{1{\alpha}}$ 3. In experimental group II, prostaglandin $D_2$, and prostaglandin $E_2$ were increased, while 6-keto-prostaglandin $F_{1{\alpha}}$ and thromboxane $B_2$ were decreased in relative abundances of arachidonic acid metabolites. And there was little change in prostaglandin $F_{2{\alpha}}$ also. 4. In the range of increase in prostaglandin $D_2$, and prostaglandin $E_2$, and that of decrease in 6-keto-prostaglandin $F_{1{\alpha}}$ and thromboxane $B_2$, in relative abundances, there was wider in experimental group I than in group II. 5. In the range of increase in prostaglandin $D_2$, and prostaglandin $E_2$, and that of decrease in 6-keto-prostaglandin $F_{1{\alpha}}$ and thromboxane $B_2$, in relative abundances, there was wider in palatal mucosa than in lingual mucosa in experimental group I and II.

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Study on Relationship between constitution medicine and Prostaglandin E2 in Blood (사상인(四象人) 체질(體質)과 혈중(血中) Prostaglandin E2치(値)와의 관계(關係)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Jong-Weon
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.245-261
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    • 1997
  • The investigation were carried out the 37 patient with cerebrovascular accidents who had been treated in Oriental Medical Hospital in Kyung Hee University and in KangNam Uy Lim, and the 10 examinees who had been worked in Medical Hospital in Kyung Hee University. The consitution which had discriminated by survey, which had discriminated by study on the morphological diagrammings, which had discriminated by the result of the impatient of hospital on a dosage of constitutial prescription. The Prostaglandin E2 in blood for 47 persons (37 patients & 10 examinees) was measured. The following results were obtained. 1.In the constitution which had discriminated by survey, in the value of Prostaglandin E2 in bood of ammong four constitutiens didn,t showed significant differance. 2.In the constitution which had discriminated by study on the morphological diagrammings, in the value of Prostaglandin E2 in bood of ammong four constitutiens didn,t showed significant differance. 3.In the constitution which had discriminated by the result of patient of hospital on a dosage of constitutial prescription, the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood of among four constitutions didn,nt showed signicant differance. 4.In the constitution which had discriminated by colligated three methods(survey, morphological diagrammings,the result of patient of hospital on a dosage of constitutial prescription), the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood of ammong four constituion didn,t showed significant differnce. 5.In the constitution which had discriminated by survey, a test of significance between the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood of each constitution and the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood of the others was conducted. Only the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood between in the TAE-EUM-IN(太陰人) and the others of female showed significant differance. 6.In the constitution which had discriminated by study on the morphological diagrammings,a test of significance between the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood of each constitution and the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood of the others was conducted. Only the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood between in the SO-EUM-IN(少陰人) and the others of male showed significant differance. 7.In the constitution whichhad discriminated by the result of patient of hospital on a dosage of constitutial prescription,a test of significance between the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood of each constitution and the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood of the others was conducted. Only the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood between in the TAE-EUM-IN(太陰人) and the others of male showed significant differance. 8.In the constitution which had discriminated was the colligated three methods(survey,morphological diagrammings,the result of patient of hospital on a dosage of constitutial prescription),a test of significance between the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood of each constitution and the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood of the others didn,t showed significant differnce. In this connected study is inadequete at present. But if the study is done persistently,the analysis of various ingredient in the body enables objectification in differentiation of four types of physical constitution as the supplemental method.

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Prostaglandin 관련 물질들에 대한 검색방법

  • 홍기환
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.153-153
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    • 1993
  • Prostaglandin은 인체의 여러 조직에서 생성되어 체내에 널리 분포되어 있지만 그 함유량은 극히 적다. 또한 대사산물의 반감기가 매우 이에 대한 연구결과를 알기 위하여는 조직 또는 체액을 추출하여 세심한 주의가 필요하고 측정방법에 있어서 정밀성이 요구된다. 또 여러가지 대사산물과 전구물질을 분리할 수 있는 방법이 요구된다. Prostaglandin가 생성되고 대사되는 과정이 매우 복잡하기 때문에 보다 정확하게 여러가지 대사산물을 분리할 수 있는 방법이 요구된다. 한편, prostaglandin은 전신의 거의 모든 조직에 분포하며 그 이용도 다양하다. 뿐만 아니라, prostaglandin이 임상적으로 생체기능의 조절(고혈압, 신기능조절, 난소와 자궁의 생리 등) 및 prostaglandin analogue의 길항약물 및 생합성 억제약물로서도 중요한 의미를 가지고 있다. 본 연구에서는 이러한 관점에서 prostaglandin을 측정하는데 있어서: 1. 조직의 추출과 조작에 대한 일반적 방법 2. 생체조직에서 eicosanoid의 추출 방법 3. Prostaglandin, thromboxane 및 leukotriene에 대하여 평활근을 이용한 생물학적 검정 4. Eicosanoids의 방사면역학적 검정 5. 효소면역 검정법 6. Cyclooxygenase의 측정, 정체 및 특성 7. Lipoxygenase의 특성과 측정 8. 지질과산화 반응의 측정 등을 다루었다.

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The Effects of Licorice Fraction and Glycyrrhizin on Prostaglandin Synthetase Activity of Bull Seminal Vesicle (감초의 분획과 Glycyrrhizin이 황소정랑의 Prostaglandin Synthetase활성에 미치는 효과)

  • Joe, Young-Sun;Kim, Nak-Doo;Ko, Kwang-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.107-112
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    • 1986
  • The investigation aimed to study the effects of methanol fraction of licorice (FM 100) and glycyrrhizin on prostaglandin synthetase activity, in relation to their analgesic effects. Effects of FM 100 and glycyrrhizin on the activity of prostaglandin synthetase extracted from bull seminal vesicles were examined by the modified method of Takeguchi et al. The analgesic effect of FM 100 was tested in mice by the acetic acid writhing method. FM 100 was administered orally to mice. BSV prostaglandin synthetase activity was inhibited significantly by FM 100 in a dose-dependent manner, whereas the activity was slightly inhibited by glycyrrhizin. Statistically significant analgesic effects were also observed with FM 100. The results suggest that analgesic effect of licorice may be due to the inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis.

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