• Title, Summary, Keyword: prostaglandin E2

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Study on Relationship between constitution medicine and Prostaglandin E2 in Blood (사상인(四象人) 체질(體質)과 혈중(血中) Prostaglandin E2치(値)와의 관계(關係)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Jong-Weon
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.245-261
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    • 1997
  • The investigation were carried out the 37 patient with cerebrovascular accidents who had been treated in Oriental Medical Hospital in Kyung Hee University and in KangNam Uy Lim, and the 10 examinees who had been worked in Medical Hospital in Kyung Hee University. The consitution which had discriminated by survey, which had discriminated by study on the morphological diagrammings, which had discriminated by the result of the impatient of hospital on a dosage of constitutial prescription. The Prostaglandin E2 in blood for 47 persons (37 patients & 10 examinees) was measured. The following results were obtained. 1.In the constitution which had discriminated by survey, in the value of Prostaglandin E2 in bood of ammong four constitutiens didn,t showed significant differance. 2.In the constitution which had discriminated by study on the morphological diagrammings, in the value of Prostaglandin E2 in bood of ammong four constitutiens didn,t showed significant differance. 3.In the constitution which had discriminated by the result of patient of hospital on a dosage of constitutial prescription, the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood of among four constitutions didn,nt showed signicant differance. 4.In the constitution which had discriminated by colligated three methods(survey, morphological diagrammings,the result of patient of hospital on a dosage of constitutial prescription), the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood of ammong four constituion didn,t showed significant differnce. 5.In the constitution which had discriminated by survey, a test of significance between the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood of each constitution and the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood of the others was conducted. Only the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood between in the TAE-EUM-IN(太陰人) and the others of female showed significant differance. 6.In the constitution which had discriminated by study on the morphological diagrammings,a test of significance between the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood of each constitution and the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood of the others was conducted. Only the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood between in the SO-EUM-IN(少陰人) and the others of male showed significant differance. 7.In the constitution whichhad discriminated by the result of patient of hospital on a dosage of constitutial prescription,a test of significance between the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood of each constitution and the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood of the others was conducted. Only the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood between in the TAE-EUM-IN(太陰人) and the others of male showed significant differance. 8.In the constitution which had discriminated was the colligated three methods(survey,morphological diagrammings,the result of patient of hospital on a dosage of constitutial prescription),a test of significance between the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood of each constitution and the value of Prostaglandin E2 in blood of the others didn,t showed significant differnce. In this connected study is inadequete at present. But if the study is done persistently,the analysis of various ingredient in the body enables objectification in differentiation of four types of physical constitution as the supplemental method.

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The changes of plasma prostaglandin E2 level and natural killer cell activity in EL-4 leukemia cells bearing mice (EL-4 암세포주(癌細胞株) 이식(移植)마우스에서의 혈중(血中) prostaglandin E2 농도(濃度) 및 자연살해세포(自然殺害細胞) 활성도(活性度)의 변화(變化))

  • Kim, Sung-ho
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.469-474
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    • 1989
  • The changes of plasma prostaglandin $E_2$ level, natural killer cell activity and tumor cell growth were assayed after transplantation of EL-4 leukemia cells in C57BL/6 mice. The results were summarized as follows; 1. Plasma prostaglandin $E_2$ level was increased in EL-4 bearing mice, but indomethacin treated mice group showed low level. 2. The tumor-derived prostaglandin $E_2$ inhibited the post-target binding cytolytic process of natural killer activity. 3. Indomethacin inhibited the growth of prostaglandin secreting EL-4 solid tumor.

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Clinical Implication of Prostaglandin E2 Content in Lumbar Disc Disease (추간판내 Prostaglandin E2 양의 임상적 의의)

  • Kim, Hyung Seok;Cho, Ki Hong;Kim, Ki Young;Ahn, Young Hwan;Ahn, Young Min;Yoon, Soo Han;Cho, Kyung Gi
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.29 no.10
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    • pp.1340-1344
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    • 2000
  • Objective : A prospective biochemical assay of prostaglandin $E_2$ content in symptomatic lumbar disc materials was done in order to clarify the pathogenesis of lumbar radiculopathy. Patients and Methods : Forty-eight disc specimens were purified by a standard solid-phase extraction procedure and analyzed by an enzymelinked immunosorbent assay for prostaglandin $E_2$. Clinical and anatomic correlations were evaluated with analysis of variance and t-test. Results : Acute herniated lumbar disc diseases tended to be associated with a higher prostaglandin $E_2$ content than degenerative lumbar disc disease. Sequestered discs tended to be associated with a higher prostaglandin $E_2$ content than extruded discs, which also showed higher prostaglandin $E_2$ content than protruded ones. A sciatica and positive straight leg raising test appeared to be associated with a higher prostaglandin $E_2$ content than a negative test. Conclusion : This result suggests that the level of prostaglandin $E_2$ would be correlated with clinical symptom and sign in the inflammatory process of lumbar disc herniation.

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Relationships between Radiation-induced Prostaglandin E2 and Natural Killer Cell Activity in Mice (방사선조사(放射線照査)에 의한 Prostaglandin E2 및 자연살해세포(自然殺害細胞) 활성도(活性度)의 변화(變化))

  • Kim, Sung-ho
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.185-189
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    • 1987
  • The number of splenic lymphocyte, serum prostaglandin $E_2$ level and natural killer cell activity were assayed after single whole body irradiation of a sublethal dose of $^{60}Co-{\gamma}$ ray to C57BL/6J mice. With a view to knowing the relationships between radiation induced prostaglandin $E_2$ level and the normal natural killer cell activity after natural killer cell-target cell conjugation, The change of normal natural killer cell activity were measured by administration of prostaglandin $E_2$ containing serum from irradiated mice. The results were summarized as follows; 1. The total number of splenic lymphocyte was significantly decreased by irradiation and the number was not affected by indometacin, prostaglandin synthesis inhibitor, treatment. 2. Serum prostaglandin $E_2$ level was increased in irradiated mice, but indometacin treated mice group showed low level of prostaglandin $E_2$. 3. In the case of irradiated mice, natural killer cell activity was not shown any difference between irradiated group and indometacin combined group. But when natural killer cell-target cell conjugations were exposed to the serum of each group during cytotoxic activity assay, whereas the normal natural killer cell activity was significantly decreased by treatment of serum from irradiated mice, the activity was not changed by treatment of indometacin pretreated mice serum. This result indicated that the prostaglandin $E_2$ induced by the radiation inhibited the post-target binding cytolytic process of natural killer activity.

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THE EFFECT OF INDOMETHACIN ON PROSTAGLANDINS IN 4-NITROQUINOLINE-N-OXIDE (4-NQO) INDUCED PALATAL CARCINOMA OF ALBINO RATS (Indomethacin이 4-Nitroquinoline-N-Oxide(4-NQO) 유도 백서 구개암 발암과정에서 prostaglandins에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Soo
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.187-202
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    • 1989
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of indomethacin on prostaglandins in 4-Nitroquinoline-N-Oxide (4-NQO) induced palatal carcinoma of albino rats. 128 Sprague-Dawley strain albino rats-about 100g in body weight-were used in this study, divided into as belows; 1. Normal group (16-albino rats) with no treatment, 2. Control group (16-albino rats) treated with prophylene application onto palatal mucosa 3 times a week. 3. Experimental group I (48-albino rats) treated with 0.5% 4-NQO in prophylene application onto palatal mucosa 3 times a week. 4. Experimental group II (48-albino rats) treated with 0.5% 4-NQO in prophylene application with administered $20{\mu}g/ml$ of indomethacin in drinking water ad. lib. Four animals were sacrificed 7th, 13th, 19th, and 25th week respectively in normal and control group, and 7th, 9th, 11th, 13th, 15th, 17th, 19th, 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th and 29th week respectively in experimental group I and II at each time. The palatal and lingual tissues were excised and kept frozen at $-70^{\circ}C$. Densitometer scan and Beta-counting counter were used for the thin layer chromatography of the arachidonic acid metabolites. The obtained results were as belows; 1. In normal and control group, there was little change of the arachidonic acid metabolites during experiment period, and the tissue homogenates included prostaglandin $D_2$, 6-keto-prostaglandin $F_{1{\alpha}}$, prostaglandin $E_2$, thromboxane $B_2$, prostaglandin $F_{2{\alpha}}$ in that order of relative abundances. 2. In experimental group I, prostaglandin $D_2$, and prostaglandin $E_2$ were increased, while 6-keto-prostaglandin $F_{1{\alpha}}$ and thromboxane $B_2$ were decreased in relative abundances of arachidonic acid metabolites. And there was little change in prostaglandin $F_{1{\alpha}}$ 3. In experimental group II, prostaglandin $D_2$, and prostaglandin $E_2$ were increased, while 6-keto-prostaglandin $F_{1{\alpha}}$ and thromboxane $B_2$ were decreased in relative abundances of arachidonic acid metabolites. And there was little change in prostaglandin $F_{2{\alpha}}$ also. 4. In the range of increase in prostaglandin $D_2$, and prostaglandin $E_2$, and that of decrease in 6-keto-prostaglandin $F_{1{\alpha}}$ and thromboxane $B_2$, in relative abundances, there was wider in experimental group I than in group II. 5. In the range of increase in prostaglandin $D_2$, and prostaglandin $E_2$, and that of decrease in 6-keto-prostaglandin $F_{1{\alpha}}$ and thromboxane $B_2$, in relative abundances, there was wider in palatal mucosa than in lingual mucosa in experimental group I and II.

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Detection of Substance P, Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide and Prostaglandin E2 in Human Epidural Space (인체의 경막외강에서 Substance P와 Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide 및 Prostaglandin E2의 검출)

  • Paek, Sung Hee;Kim, Hae Taek;Kim, Bong Il
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.168-174
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    • 2006
  • Background: Several biochemical mediators, such as substance P, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and prostaglandin $E_2$, have been demonstrated to be involved in herniated or degenerated disc-induced radiculopathy. The authors tested the hypothesis that these mediators would existed in the epidural space of humans. Methods: Thirty nine patients were divided into two groups; 27 patients, who were diagnosed with spinal stenosis (stenosis group), and 12 scheduled for epidural anesthesia, without a history of back pain (control group). Under fluoroscopic guidance, an epidural catheter was introduced through the caudal space and placed into the anterior and posterior spaces, up to and around the epidural adhesive area, in the stenosis group. In the control group, the catheter was placed into the posterior epidural space through the L3⁣-4 or L4⁣-5 intervertebral space. Epidural irrigation was performed with 10 ml of saline, via an epidural catheter. Aspirated lavage fluid was collected, and the concentrations of biochemical mediators (substance P, CGRP and prostaglandin $E_2$) measured using an enzyme immunoassay kit. Results: Substance P, CGRP and prostaglandin $E_2$ were detected in all the epidural lavage fluids from both groups. The concentrations of substance P and prostaglandin $E_2$ in the stenosis group were higher than those of the control (P < 0.05). However, there was no difference in the CGRP levels between the two groups. In the stenosis group, the concentrations of these three mediators in the anterior epidural space were no different to those in the posterior space. Conclusions: These results suggest that biochemical mediators, such as substance P and prostaglandin $E_2$, in the epidural space might be partly involved in pain mechanism associated with spinal stenosis.

UV-HPLC Determination of Carbowyl Group Using 2-Bromoacetyltriphenylene as a Pre-labeling Reagent - The isolative determination of prostaglandin $E_2$ and $F_2{\alpha}$ by HPLC (2-Bromoacetyltriphenylene 유도체화제를 이용한 카르복실기 함유성분의 분석법 (I) - 프로스타글란딘 $E_2$$F_2{\alpha}$ 혼합물의 HPLC에 의한 분리정량)

  • 이왕규;정해수;김박광
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.311-316
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    • 1986
  • A new UV labeling reagent was developed and used in HPLC for the determination of prostaglandin $E_2$ which have weak UV light-absorbing property. This reagent, 2-bromoacetyltriphenylene, was synthesized by the bromination of 2-acetyltriphenylene which was obtained from triphenylene by Friedel-Crafts reaction. The wave length maximum (${\lambda}_{max}^{CH_3CN}$ of this reagent was 268nm. Prostaglandin E$_2$ was extracted from prostaglandin E$_2$-$\beta$-cyclodextrin using a Sep-pak $C_{18}$ cartridge. The prostaglandin E$_2$ was labeled with 2-bromoacetyl-triphenylene in aectonitrite using 18-crown-6-ether as catalyst. Derivatized prostaglandins were separated on a reversed-phase column (Radial-pak) $\mu$-Bondapak $C_{18}$ using acetonitrile: water=60:40 as mobile phase. The effluent was monitored by UV detector at 254nm filter kit. Linearity of calibration curve was obtained between 30ng and 140ng, and the lower limit of detection was 5ng.

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Effects of Ampelopsis Radix Pharmacopuncture Solution on Nitric Oxide and Prostaglandin $E_2$ Production in Macrophages (백렴약침액이 대식세포에서 NO와 Prostaglandin 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Min-Seok;Roh, Jeong-Du
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.65-73
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : Recently, Pharmacopuncture therapy has been used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. Especially, we have been interested in chemical mediators concerned with inflammation such as prostaglandin, nitric oxide. The purpose of this study is investigated that the effect of Ampelopsis Radix Pharmacopuncture solution in RAW 264.7 macrophages, performed several experimental items : those are Prostaglandin $E_2$, Nitric Oxide and Cyclooxygenase-2. Methods : The cytotoxicity of Ampelopsis Radix Pharmacopuncture solution in RAW 264.7 macrophages were measured by MTT assay. In order to observe cyclooxygenase-2 mRNA expression in lipopolysaccharide and interferon-gamma stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages, RT-PCR was used. Prostaglandin $E_2$ production and Nitric Oxide production was measured by nitric oxide detection kit and Prostaglandin $E_2$ assay kit. Results : 1. The MTT assay demonstrated that cytotoxic effect of Ampelopsis Radix Pharmacopuncture solution in RAW 264.7 macrophages was not appeared. 2. Ampelopsis Radix Pharmacopuncture solution inhibited nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide and interferon-gamma stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. 3. Ampelopsis Radix Pharmacopuncture solution inhibited cyclooxygenase-2 mRNA expression in lipopolysaccharide and interferon-gamma stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. 4. Ampelopsis Radix Pharmacopuncture solution inhibited Prostaglandin $E_2$ production in lipopolysaccharide and interferon-gamma stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Conclusions : On the basis of these results, It was shown that Ampelopsis Radix Pharmacopuncture solution was able to inhibit the production of $PGE_2$ and NO, as well as COX-2 mRNA expression. Our results may provide new mechanism by which Ampelopsis Radix Pharmacopuncture solution accounts for its beneficial effect on accelerating wound healing and anti-inflammation.

Effects of Prostaglandins on Embryonic Expansion and Hatching by Developmental Stage in Mouse (발생단계에 따라 Prostaglandins가 생쥐배아의 팽창과 부화에 미치는 영향)

  • 전용필;김정훈;윤용달;김문규
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.179-187
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    • 1998
  • The effects of prostaglandins in hatching and implantation have been studied but the results were various, and those are not well known by the embryonic stage. The present study examined the effects of prostaglandin $E_2$(PG $E_2$) and prostaglandin $F_2$$_{\alpha}$ (PG $F_2$$_{\alpha}$) on the expansion and hatching of mouse embryos by embryonic stage. Also we tried to measure the concentration of prostaglandins of morula, expanded, and hatching embryos. In early morula stage embryos, high concentration of PG $E_2$(>100$\mu$M) showed cytotoxicity but PG $F_2$$_{\alpha}$ did not. The hatching was inhibited all groups but not gave negative effects on expansion. In 84 hr and 96 hr stage embryos, the hatching rate was decreased at all treatment groups but not inhibited the expansion. When combine prostaglandin with indomethacin, the hatching rate was increased significantly compared to the prostaglandin-treated groups, and as lower and lower the PG $E_2$ concentration, the hatching rate increased to the control level. The embryonic synthesis of PG $E_2$ increased dramatically but that of PG $F_2$$_{\alpha}$ increased gradually. PG $E_2$ showed cytotoxicity at early stage embryos much than late stage embryos, but PG $F_2$$_{\alpha}$ did not. Hatching was inhibited by the high PG $F_2$$_{\alpha}$ concentration. It is suggested that the inhibition of hatching might be at resulted from cytotoxicity of PG $E_2$ on embryo. However, it is thought that the mechanisms of inhibition of hatching are different between PG $E_2$ and PG $F_2$$_{\alpha}$. In conclusion, it can be suggested that PG $E_2$ and PG $F_2$$_{\alpha}$ concerned with the expansion and hatching, and their effects on hatching were different by the embryonic stage.$/ concerned with the expansion and hatching, and their effects on hatching were different by the embryonic stage.

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New Insights in Arachidonate Cascade: Biochemical Characterization and Biological Significance of Three Distinct Prostaglandin E Synthases

  • Kudo, Ichiro
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • pp.111-113
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    • 2003
  • Biosynthsis of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), the most common prostanoid with potent and diverse bio-activities, is regulated by three sequential enzymatic steps composed of phospholipase A2, cyclooxygenase (COX), and prostaglandin E synthase (PGES). Recently, three distinct PGESs have been identified; two of them are membrane-bound enzymes, mPGES-1 and mPGES-2, and the third one is a cytosolic enzyme, cPGES. (omitted)

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