• Title, Summary, Keyword: public health

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New Public Health and National Public Health System (신 공중보건과 국가공중보건체계)

  • Bae, Sang Soo
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.195-214
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    • 2012
  • The New Public Health(NPH) is a comprehensive approach to protecting and promoting the health status of each individual member and society as a whole. NHP is not so much a philosophy to broaden the understanding of public health as it is an action plan to address current public health system. This paper's objectives include increasing public and professional awareness of the significant changes in the national public health systems of developed countries and contributing to more effective delivery of public health services in Korea. This paper reviews articles and documents concerning NPH and the public health system, and outlines of the achievements in developed countries since NPH movement began. These include the change in the definition and function of public health, expansion of public health networks, strengthening of public health policy, reorientation of public health delivery systems, promotion of workforce capacity, and the implementation of evidence-based management. To overcome the challenges facing the public health system of Korea, we must prioritize the value of population-based approach, expand the notion of a public health system to encompass all sectors that can influence health, promote a "Health in All Policies" approach, focus on an evidence-based health policy and program, develop core competencies for public health workers, and establish performance standards for public health organizations based on the core functions of public health.

Effects of Public Health Service Impartiality on Subjective Health Happiness: Mediated Effect of Public Health Service Quality (공공의료서비스 제공의 공평성이 주관적 건강행복에 미치는 영향: 공공의료서비스 질의 매개효과)

  • Moon, Seung Min
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.323-331
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    • 2019
  • Background: The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of impartiality in providing public health services on subjective health happiness and the mediated effects of public health service quality. Based on this, this study intends to present policy implications to improve public health services. Methods: The research method is multiple linear regression analysis. The analysis of the mediating effects is performed by Baron & Kenny's test, Sobel-Goodman's test, and Bootstrap. Results: The impartiality of public health services and the quality of public health services are shown to have a statistically significant effect on subjective health happiness. Quality of public health service appears to be mediating the relationship between impartiality in providing public health care and subjective health happiness. Conclusion: To promote people's subjective health happiness, it is necessary to secure impartiality in providing public health services in the first place and improve the quality of public health services.

Public Health Nurses' Experiences of Public Health Services for the Aged (보건소 간호사의 노인보건서비스 업무 경험)

  • Kim, Jeong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.408-417
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe public health services for the aged in public health centers from the perspective of public health nurses. Methods: The interview data were collected from 11 public health nurses and analyzed by using Colazzi's (1978) descriptive phenomenology. The procedural steps was that described the phenomenon of interest, collected participants' descriptions of the phenomenon, extracted the meaning of significant statement, organized the meanings into theme clusters, wrote exhaustive descriptions and then incorporated data into an exhaustive description. Results: The results included 291 re-statements, 49 constructed meanings, 27 themes, 12 theme clusters, and 5 categories were deduced. The five categories were 'perception of obstacles for elderly health system', 'sense of burden in services of health', 'planning about diverse elderly health services', 'elderly clients-focused performance', and 'solidify community ground of elderly health services'. Despite obstacles, participants tried to diverse health services for elderly. Conclusion: This study has described public health nurses' experiences about public health services for the aged. These findings have important implication for the practice of public health services for the aged and must be considered to develop program for planning and practice of public health nurses for the aged.

Three Month Subacute Toxicity Study of Ginkgo Biloba Extract(EGb 761) in Rats

  • Lee, Yong-Soon;Nam, Jeong-Seok;Che, Jeong-Hwan;Lee, Suk-Man;Yang, Jae-Man;Kang, Byeong-Cheol;Lee, Hak-Mo;Park, Jae-Hak;Chai, Chan-Hee;Kang, Sung-An
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.113-119
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    • 1996
  • Group of 40 male and 40 female Sprague-Dawley rats was given daily intravenous injections of different dosage of Ginkgo biloba extract(EGb 761), 7.5 mg/kg/day (low dosage group), 15 mg/kg/day (middle dosage group), or 30 mg/kg/day (high dosage group)for 3 month by tail vein according to Established Regulation of Korean National Institute of Safety Research (1994. 4. 14). Appearance, behavior, mortality, and food consumption of rats of treated groups were not affected during the experimental periods. No significant Ginkgo biloba extract(EGb 761)-related changes were found in urinalysis, hematology, serum chemistry, and organ weight. No histopathological lesions were seen in both control and treatment groups. Our results strongly suggest that no toxic changes were found in rat treated intravenously with Ginkgo biloba extract(EGb 761)for 3 month.

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The Concept and Challenges for Public Health Systems (공중보건체계의 개념과 발전 과제)

  • Bae, Sang Soo
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.246-255
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    • 2016
  • The study of public health systems is an important, but very difficult task. The concept and functions of public health systems are influenced by the views, interests, and influence of the various stakeholders belonging to public health systems and broader social, economic, political, and environmental sectors. To define public health system with conceptual clarification, we must take into account the dynamic and complex aspect of the public health system. This paper reviews health systems and public health systems literature to suggest the concept, goals, and functions of public health systems. In addition, this paper recognizes some challenges, such as leadership and management, resource development, economic support, and service delivery to strengthen public health systems for improving health and well-being of population.

Oestrogenic Activity of Parabens in Endocrine System

  • Lee, Seong-Hun;Kim, Sun-Jung;Park, Jung-Ran;Jo, Eun-Hye;Park, Joon-Suk;Hwang, Jae-Woong;Bo, Sun;Lee, Soo-Jin;Lee, Yong-Geon;Chung, Yun-Hyeok;Lee, Yong-Soon;Kang, Kyung-Sun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Toxicology Conference
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    • pp.184-184
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    • 2005
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Improvement of Public Health Services in Korea (우리나라 공공보건의료 발전방안)

  • Kang, Pock-Soo
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.217-230
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    • 2000
  • For the longest time, our government has played an inconsiderable role in the public health services of Korea, especially as it relates to their investment. Voices have cried out against increases in national health expenditure and for more establishment of public medical facilities. In light of this, the necessity and importance of public medical facilities have come into focus amidst the recent medical crisis. When public medical facilities filled in the gap created by the suspension or closure of private hospitals and clinics as a result of this national crisis and acted as a safety net, the demand for more establishment of such facilities increased. Although patient diagnosis and treatment are the first priority of public medical facilities, they must also deal with scopes that private medical facilities do not deal with, dislike, or have difficulty with. In this respect, the closure or privatization of public hospitals to reduce their number just because of their low profits or financial burdens that must be carried by the government is to ignore their innate importance and social role; therefore, we must do all we can to block such efforts and further empower these public health facilities according to demands of the time. The improvement of public health services can be realized by redefining its goals and roles, increasing government funding, strengthening of existing public health facilities and reorganizing the public health services system. Even if public health facilities were to increase their medical services and be reinforced, they cannot take on all the services related to public health services, Therefore, in a country like ours where public health services come second to private health services in the health care system, the health of citizens can be safeguarded only when private and public facilities cooperate and private medical facilities share the social responsibilities. Only the show of interest and effort by government, politicians, health professionals, professional organizations and public can initiate the improvement that is sought.

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A Study on Activation of Oriental Medicine in Public Health Sector : The role of Oriental Public Health Physicians (한방 공공의료의 활성화에 관한 연구 - 공중보건 한의사의 활동을 중심으로 -)

  • Yi Sang-Gu;Moon Ok-Ryun;Piao Song-Lin;Lee Shin-Jae;Yoon Tae-Ho;Jeong Baek-Geun;Wen Yong
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2000
  • From 1998, Oriental Medical Physicians(OMP) is distributed in Public Health Sector. but long term plan for Oriental Medicine in Public Health is not existed. So, this study is designed for the activation of OMP Subjects in this study were comprised 3 groups of oriental medicine related persons, the group of which are Students of 11 Oriental Medical Schools, Oriental Medical Physicians in Public Health Sector, Specialist Croup of Oriental medicine Policy(total 1,458 persons). Data were collected from July 1st to November 30, 1999. Direct interview with key persons, systematic interview by using of interview protocol, e-mail and facsimile have been conducted. The results of survey were coded by Excel 5.0, and analysed with SAS 6.12 statistical package. Inter-group difference determined by T-test, and descriptive statistics have been examined. Major findings can be epitomized as follows. 1) OMP disposition to multifarious organizations and institutes such as Public Health Centers, Public Health Sub-centers, Public Hospitals, Private Hospitals in Remote-Vulnerable Area, Community Social Welfare Centers, Institutes for Heath Policy Research, etc, will promise an effective use of Oriental Medical Physician. 2) Average number of patients treated by OMP was 22.8, average budget for oriental medical department, in which OMP were affiliated, was 39.6 million Won per year. Direct cost per every patient visit was 7,210.9 Won, which is considered expensive for public health service. Therefore, development and transformation for Oriental Medical Service in Public Health Sector is desirable in economic and political aspects. 3) It is recommended that ${\ulcorner}Advisory\;Committee{\lrcorner},{\ulcorner}Planning\;Commission\;for\; Public\;Health\;in\;Oriental\;Medicine{\lrcorner}$ should be established for the activation and for the support of Oriental Medical Physician in Public Health Sector, 4) Most effective programmes for oriental public health doctor are health service programmes for the elderly, Home health visit, chronic degenerative disease control services(p<0.001). 5) Standard guideline for facilities and equipments of Oriental Medicine Department in Public Health Center is needed for optimal supply of resources and activation of public health activity.

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