• Title, Summary, Keyword: pyometra

Search Result 58, Processing Time 0.027 seconds

Ultrasonography, Affected Age, Hematology and Clinical Signs according to Open or Closed Cervix in Dogs with Pyometra

  • Lee, Jun-Am;Kim, Ill-Hwa;Hwang, Dae-Youn;Kang, Hyun-Gu
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
    • /
    • v.33 no.6
    • /
    • pp.362-367
    • /
    • 2016
  • The aim of the study was to evaluate ultrasonographic findings, affected age, hematology, blood chemistry and clinical signs according to open or closed cervix in 102 bitches presented for treatment of pyometra. The prevalence of pyometra according to breed was observed in Maltese 22.5%, Yorkshire Terrier 13.7% and Shih Tzu 12.7%. The mean age of dogs was $9.6{\pm}0.3years$, and open cervix pyometra was more prevalent than closed cervix pyometra. Clinical signs included anorexia, vaginal discharge, depression, polyuria/polydipsia, vomiting, and abdominal distension. The concentration of BUN and the activity of ALP in dogs with closed cervix pyometra were significantly higher than those in dogs with open cervix pyometra (p < 0.05). The white blood cell and neutrophils in dogs with closed cervix pyometra were significant higher than those in dogs with open cervix pyometra (p < 0.05). Ultrasonographic findings of the uterus with open or closed cervix pyometra showed variable patterns. The uterine wall was variable in appearance, from thick and irregular to smooth and thin. The uterine wall was thicker in open cervix pyometra than in closed cervix pyometra. The luminal cavity included smaller amount of anechoic fluid in open cervix pyometra than in closed cervix pyometra.

Determination of Possible Prognostic Indicators in Dogs with Pyometra

  • Lee, Jun-Am;Kim, Ill-Hwa;Kang, Tae-Ku;Hwang, Dae-Youn;Kang, Hyun-Gu
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
    • /
    • v.37 no.4
    • /
    • pp.191-197
    • /
    • 2020
  • The aims of this study were to analyze canine pyometra cases at Veterinary Medical Center of Chungbuk National University, and to identify prognostic factors of canine pyometra at the stage of diagnosis. Records of cases about intact female dogs presented to Veterinary Medical Center from 2005 to 2019 were used for analysis. A total of 147 intact female dogs with canine pyometra were analyzed from outpatients' caseload. Median outbreak age was 9.6 years (range, 8 months to 17 years). The highest prevalence of pyometra over 14 years was observed in Maltese (22.4%, n = 33). Urologic disorders (21.8%, n = 32) including acute renal failure and cystic calculi were the most frequently observed concurrent disorders in dogs with pyometra. In other cases of pyometra, tumor (15.0%, n = 29), cardiovascular disorders (15.0%, n = 22) and systemic disorders (10.9%, n = 16) were accompanied with pyometra. The concentrations of BUN, creatinine and glucose were higher than reference range in cases of poor prognosis. According to the binominal logistic regression analysis, prognosis in pyometra was related to abdominal distension (p = 0.036), urologic disorder (p = 0.016), gastrointestinal disorder (p = 0.001), and serum level of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) (p = 0.045). This study describes that prognosis of canine pyometra can be predicted at the stage of diagnosis by abdominal distension, urologic disorder, gastrointestinal disorder, and serum level of BUN.

Clinical Study of Bitches with Stump Pyometra (개의 Stump Pyometra에 관한 임상학적 고찰)

  • 이갑성;조종기;용환율;이병천;황우석
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
    • /
    • v.17 no.2
    • /
    • pp.438-442
    • /
    • 2000
  • Stump pyometra is defined as a reinfection or inflammation of uterine remnant after ovariohysterectomy. We surveyed four bitches which were serviced in the veterinary medical teaching hospital of Seoul National University. In this Paper we studied the method for diagnosis of stump pyometra by symptoms, blood tests, and ultrasound films. To detect the stump pyometra is difficult because clinical signs are verb similar to the normal pyometra. Especially symptoms could noticed be noticed even by their owner until dogs have a vaginal discharge. Blood test also were in normal range in each item except in the elevation of the number of while blood cells. We conclude ultrasonic observation add experimental laparotomy has a significant meaning to diagnosis the stump pyometra.

  • PDF

Experimental Production of Canine Pyometra by Inoculation with Escherichia coli into the Uterus (대양균 자궁내 접종에 의한 개의 자궁축농증 발증시험)

  • Kang Byong-kyu;Park In-chul;Park Nam-yong
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
    • /
    • v.12 no.1
    • /
    • pp.819-827
    • /
    • 1995
  • An attempt to reproduce pyometra by means of experimental uterine infection was conducted with the 10 mongrel hitches of the anestrus, proestrus, metestrus, and postpartum uterine involution stages. Organism used was hemoltic E. coli. origially isolated from uterine pus of a bitch that had the canine pyometra. One ml of broth culture containing $2{\times}10^6$ CFU was inoculated into the uterine horn with the uterine cervix ligated. Aか bitches were ovariohysterectomized at the 7th or 14th day after inoculation and the uterus was provided for macroscopic and microscopic observations. An experimental production of pyometra was successful in 7(70%) of 10 mongrel bitches, and the incidence of pyometra was seen 100% in the stage of anestrus, 100% in the stage of metestrus, 50.0% in the stage of pyomestrus, and 33.359 in the stage of uterine involution. Histologically, these uteri were characterized by the presence of cystic. endomeetrial hyperplasia(CEH) and acute endometritis superimposed on the cystic hyperplasia. And the pyometra with CEH could be seen 66.7% in metestrus 50% in anestrus, 33.3% in involution and in 0% in proestrus stage. Blood progesterone concentrations were showed as a normal range of the each stage of sexual cycle and any relationships between the progesterone concentrations and the incidence of pyometra were not observed.

  • PDF

Spontaneous pyometra induced by Staphylococcus aureus in a Maltese (황색포도상구균 감염에 의한 어린 말티스의 자궁축농증 증례)

  • Hong, Sun-Hwa;Chung, Yung-Ho;Han, Sang-Jun;Kim, Ok-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
    • /
    • v.35 no.1
    • /
    • pp.63-67
    • /
    • 2012
  • An 8-months-old young Maltese bitch was presented for investigation of anorexia and occasional vomiting. The body weight was 2 kg. Abdominal sonography demonstrated abnormal enlargement of uterus. The dog had been clinically and pathologically examined. Also, ovariohystectomy was performed. Staphylococcus aureus was identified in the pus-like materials of the uterine lumen. This case was confirmed as pyometra induced by Staphylococcus aureus. Gross examination of the dissected uterus revealed enlarged uterine horn, which had yellowish or brownish pus-like materials in the lumen. Also, there was several segments formation between the enlarged areas of left and right uterine horns. Histopathologically, endometritis and necrosis were present in uterine wall. The bitch made a complete recovery following an ovariohystectomy. This case was spontaneous pyometra induced by Staphylococcus species. On our knowledge, this is a very rare report of pyometra occurrence in young dog and Staphylococcus species-induced pyometra. This study may provide a valuable data on the study of canine pyometra.

Closed-Cervix Pyometra in Young Dogs: 2 Cases

  • Koo, Ok-Jae;Hong, So-Gun;Kang, Jung-Taek;Park, Jung-Eun;Kim, Min-Jung;Jang, Goo;Lee, Byeong-Chun
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
    • /
    • v.26 no.4
    • /
    • pp.283-286
    • /
    • 2011
  • Canine pyometra generally occurs in intact female dogs of more than four years of age. However, in rarely cases, pyometra can occur in young bitches. In the present report, two cases of pyometra in thirteen and eighteen months of age were presented. In both cases, absent of vaginal discharge represented that both patients had closed-cervix pyometra and diagnosis was somewhat complicated. In complete blood count, elevated level of leukocyte with left shift was found in both cases. Serum chemistry analysis showed elevation of alkaline phosphatase in both cases. Additionally, mild elevation of aspartate transferase and total protein were also found in $2^{nd}$ case. Radiographic and ultrasonographic findings show the enlargement of uterus and accumulation of fluid contents inside the uterine lumen. Ovariohysterectomy followed by antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs for post-surgery medication was performed for treatment. After a week, both patients fully recovered. To reduce mortality of pyometra in young intact female dogs, radiography or ultrasonography should be indicated immediately in the bitches showing severe infectious inflammation.

Clinical Study of Canine Pyometra (개 자궁축농증에 대한 임상학적 연구)

  • 이병천;조종기;김혜수;이소현;최윤희;박희명;권오경;황우석
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.219-224
    • /
    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to examine the prognosis of canine pyometra after surgical treatment in terms of their clinical indications, hematology and serum chemistry. A total of 20 bitches diagnosed as pyometra after physical examination was hospitalized at the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, Seoul National University, during the period of 1998 to 1999. After examining all profiles, ovariohysterectomy was performed to treat pyometra. All bitches had clinical symptoms of general depression, polyuria/polydipsia, anorexia and abdominal distension. In hematologic profiles, 65% of bitches had higher level of leukocyte count compared with normal level, but RBC and PCV values maintained within the normal ranges in most pyometric bitches. In serum chemistry profiler, ALT and ALP values were increased over the normal range, and BUN and creatine values were higher than normal ranges only in 10(50%) and 3 bitches (15%), respectively. Survival rate after ovariohisterectomy was 90% (18/20), but bitches that had higher ALT, ALP, BUN, creatine and potassium than normal values were died after surgical treatment. The results of this clinical investigation show that the recovery of pyometric bitches after ovariohysterectomy can be prognosed by hematologic and serum profiles including ALT, ALP, BUN, creatinine and potassium.

  • PDF

Pyometra by Streptococcus sp. infection in a Cat (고양이에서 Streptococcus sp. 감염에 의한 자궁농축증 1례)

  • 이주명;남치주
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
    • /
    • v.18 no.4
    • /
    • pp.434-437
    • /
    • 2001
  • A female Russian blue cat has invited Animal Hospital because of diarrhea after the mating. The eggs on internal parasite and Giardia sp. were diagnosed in the feces floating test, and treated with metronidazole, pyrantel pamoate and antibiotics. There were no diarrheal sign in the reevaluation, but anorexia, polydipsia, polyuria, and vaginal discharge was newly induced. Streptococcus sp. was inspected by smearing of vaginal discharge, and enlarge-ment of uterus was evaluated by x-ray examination. This case was confirmed as pyometra and recovered by ovariohysterectomy on the basis of that examination. The rate of incidence in feline pyometra is not so high as in the canine.

  • PDF

Case of Bacterial Identification in Reproductive Organs of Holstein Dairy Cows with Endometritis or Pyometra (자궁내막염 혹은 자궁축농증 발병 젖소의 생식기 내 분포하는 세균 동정 증례)

  • Choe, Changyong;Jung, Young-Hoon;Jo, Yong-Il;Yoo, Jae-Gyu;Im, Seok-Ki;Kwon, Eung-Gi;Seong, Hwan-Hoo;Kim, Sung-Woo;Cho, Young-Moo;Kim, Chang-Woon;Kang, Dawon
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
    • /
    • v.30 no.3
    • /
    • pp.257-260
    • /
    • 2015
  • Reproductive disorders in cows cause economic loss in livestock farms. Reproductive diseases, such as follicular cyst, luteal cyst, endometritis, pyometra, and repeat breeding cause infertility. Among these diseases, endometritis and pyometra are uterine infections that are leading causes of infertility. This study was performed to investigate the causative agents of uterine diseases using bacterial culture. Bacteria were obtained from the reproductive organs (vagina, uterine cervix, and uterine horn) of dairy cow diagnosed with endometritis or pyometra, and cultured on blood agar. The colonies obtained from cultivation for 24 hours were passaged. To identify the bacteria, the colonies grown in passaged culture Gram stained and applied to an automatic biochemical microbial identification system. Escherichia coli were commonly detected in vagina, uterine cervix, and uterine horn of dairy cows diagnosed to pyometra. The cows having endometritis showed not only Escherichia coli but also Pantoea spp. and Klebsiella spp. strains. Dairy cows that were infected with Escherichia coli in uterus caused mastitis or digestive disease. These results suggest that sanitary feeding and management beforehand are needed to prevent bacterial infections.

Peritonitis Secondary to Pyometra & Ovarian Bursal Abscess in a Dog (개에서 자궁축농증 및 난소간막 농양에 의한 복막염)

  • Park, Eunjeong;Park, Jiyeong;Jeong, Seongmok;Choi, Hojung;Lee, Youngwon;Song, Kunho;Park, Seongjun;Yoon, Kiyoung;Chung, Taeho;Shin, Sangtae;Cho, Jongki
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
    • /
    • v.30 no.5
    • /
    • pp.387-389
    • /
    • 2013
  • An 8-years-old intact female shih tzu was referred to the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital Chungnam National University for treatment of suspected pyometra. This dog had clinical symptoms of vaginal bleeding, vulvar discharge, polyphagia, polyuria/polydipsia and vomiting. In hematologic examinations, complete blood count (CBC) revealed mild leucopenia and a serum biochemistry profile revealed increased ALP, decreased GLU values. Diagnosis was made by radiographic examination, ultrasonographic examination, abdominocentesis. Peritonitis secondary to pyometra was tentative diagnosed. Surgical treatment was proceeding for ovariohysterectomy and peritoneal saline irrigation. It was confirmed that severe necrotized enteritis and pus leakage to ovarian bursa with pyometra. In this report, secondary severe disease also must be considered in diagnosis of pyometra because septic peritonitis could be occurred by pus leakage from uterus with pyometra.