• Title, Summary, Keyword: pyrosequencing

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Pyrosequencing Based Detection of Rifampicin or Isoniazid Resistant in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Pyrosequencing 분석법을 이용한 Rifampicin과 Isoniazid 결핵약제내성의 빠른 검사법)

  • Oh, Seo-Young;Kim, Hyo-Bin;Shin, Min-Sik;Kim, Jin-Wook;Park, Sung-Hwuy
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.24-30
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    • 2009
  • Rifampicin (RIF) and isoniazid (INH) are the most important drug for the treatment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Mutations correlated to rifampicin and isoniazid-resistance have been detected in rpoB gene and katG gene, respectively. Of the rifampicin-resistant isolates, 90% showed mutations in rpoB gene at codon 507 to 533. Isoniazid-resistant isolates analysed had a mutation in katG at codon 315. The aim of this study is to develop a pyrosequencing-based approach for rapid detection of ripampin or isoniazid resistant M. tuberculosis based on characterization of all possible mutation in the target region. For this study, the DNA selected from 35 cases of MTB PCR positive clinical sample such as bronchial washing, sputum, and pleural fluid. RIF or INH resistant was analyzed by pyrosequencing data of rpoB and katG gene. 28 (80%) and 7 (20%) of 35 MTB PCR positive DNAs were occured rifampicin-sensitivity and resistant, respectively. For INH, 30 (85.7%) and 5 (14.5%) cases were detected isoniazid-sensitivity and resistant, respectively. When pyrosequencing analysis was compared with ABI sequencing analysis, both analysis were presented same result, but pyrosequencing analysis was more rapid than ABI sequencing analysis. In conclusion, we found that pyrosequencing technology offers high accuracy, specificity, short turn around time and a high throughput in detection of rifampicin or isoniazid resistance in M. tuberculosis.

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Comparative Analysis of Bacterial Diversity in the Intestinal Tract of Earthworm (Eisenia fetida) using DGGE and Pyrosequencing (DGGE 방법과 Pyrosequencing 방법을 이용한 지렁이 장내미생물의 다양성 분석)

  • Kim, Eun-Sung;Hong, Sung-Wook;Chung, Kun-Sub
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.374-381
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    • 2011
  • The beneficial effects of Eisenia fetida on soil properties have been attributed to their interaction with soil microorganisms. The bacterial diversity of the intestinal tract of E. fetida was investigated by culture-dependent and culture-independent methods including denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and pyrosequencing analyses. In a pure culture, Lysinibacillus fusiformis (51%), Bacillus cereus (30%), Enterobacter aerogenes (21%), and L. sphaericus (15%) were identified as the dominant microorganisms. In the DGGE analyses, B. cereus (15.1%), Enterobacter sp. (13.6%), an uncultured bacterium (13.1%), and B. stearothermophilus (7.8%) were identified as the dominant microorganisms. In the pyrosequencing analyses, Microbacterium soli (26%), B. cereus (10%), M. esteraromaticum (6%), and Frigoribacterium sp. (6%) were identified as the dominant microorganisms. The other strains identified were Aeromonas sp., Pseudomonas sp., Borrelia sp., Cellulosimicrobium sp., Klebsiella sp., and Leifsonia sp. The results illustrate that culture independent methods are better able to detect unculturable microorganisms and a wider range of species, as opposed to isolation by culture dependent methods.

Use of Pyrosequencing for Characterizing Microbial Community at Phylum Level in Yeongsan River Watershed during Early Summer (Pyrosequencing을 이용한 하절기 영산강 유역의 Phylum 계층의 세균 군집 조사)

  • Chung, Jin;Park, Sang Jung;Unno, Tatsuya
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.49 no.2
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    • pp.150-155
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    • 2013
  • We have conducted pyrosequencing for freshwater microbial community analyses. Fourteen sites along the Yeongsan river were selected for this study, and samples were collected monthly from May to July, 2012. Total 987,380 reads were obtained from 42 samples and used for taxonomic classification and OTU distribution analysis. Our results showed that high geographical and temporal variation in the phylum level bacterial composition, suggesting that microbial community is a very sensitive parameter affected by the surrounding environments including tributaries and land use nearby. In addition, we conducted an OTU-based Microbial Source Tracking to identify sources of fecal pollution in the same region. From this study Firmicutes was found to be the most influential taxa in this region. Here, we report that the use of pyrosequencing based microbial community analysis may give an additional information on freshwater quality monitoring, in addition to the currently used water quality parameters, such as BOD and pH.

Prognostic Role of Methylation Status of the MGMT Promoter Determined Quantitatively by Pyrosequencing in Glioblastoma Patients

  • Kim, Dae Cheol;Kim, Ki Uk;Kim, Young Zoon
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.59 no.1
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    • pp.26-36
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    • 2016
  • Objective : This study investigated whether pyrosequencing can be used to determine the methylation status of the MGMT promoter as a clinical biomarker using relatively old archival tissue samples of glioblastoma. We also examined other prognostic factors for survival of glioblastoma patients. Methods : The available study set included formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue from 104 patients at two institutes from 1997 to 2012, all of which were diagnosed histopathologically as glioblastoma. Clinicopathologic data were collected by review of medical records. For pyrosequencing analysis, the PyroMark Q96 CpG MGMT kit (Qiagen, Hilden, Germany) was used to detect the level of methylation at exon 1 positions 17-39 of the MGMT gene, which contains 5 CpGs. Results : Methylation of the MGMT promoter was detected in 43 (41.3%) of 104 samples. The average percentage methylation was $14.0{\pm}16.8%$ overall and $39.0{\pm}14.7%$ for methylated cases. There was no significant pattern of linear increase or decrease according to the age of the FFPE block (p=0.687). In multivariate analysis, age, performance status, extent of surgery, method of adjuvant therapy, and methylation status estimated by pyrosequencing were independently associated with overall survival. Additionally, patients with a high level of methylation survived longer than those with low methylation (p=0.016). Conclusion : In this study, the status and extent of methylation of the MGMT promoter analyzed by pyrosequencing were associated with overall survival in glioblastoma patients. Pyrosequencing is a quantitative method that overcomes the problems of MSP and a simple technique for accurate analysis of DNA sequences.

Identification of Angelica Species by Pyrosequencing

  • Seo Jung-Chul;Han Sang-Won;Choi Ho-Young;Choi Young-Ju;Leem Kang-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.147-151
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    • 2004
  • Objective : Angelica species are some of the most medicinally important materials in Oriental medicine. This study was performed to determine if Angelica species could be identified by genetic analysis and to verify Pyrosequencing analyses, which were used to assess genetic variation. Methods : The DNAs of Angelica acutiloba, Angelica gigas and Angelica sinensis were extracted. We have investigated the typing of single-base variations of Angelica species in DNA by using Pyrosequencing. Results : Angelica gigas showed a different pattern compared with Angelica acutiloba and Angelica sinensis. The peak of Angelica gigas was very weak in the second C nucleotide base compared with that of the others. The peak of Angelica acutiloba was present in the fourth C nucleotide base compared with that of the others. From these results we verified that our Angelica species-specific sequencing primer was well designed. Conclusion : Pyrosequencing analysis might be able to provide the identification of the Angelica species.

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An Optimized Strategy for Genome Assembly of Sanger/pyrosequencing Hybrid Data using Available Software

  • Jeong, Hae-Young;Kim, Ji-Hyun F.
    • Genomics & Informatics
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.87-90
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    • 2008
  • During the last four years, the pyrosequencing-based 454 platform has rapidly displaced the traditional Sanger sequencing method due to its high throughput and cost effectiveness. Meanwhile, the Sanger sequencing methodology still provides the longest reads, and paired-end sequencing that is based on that chemistry offers an opportunity to ensure accurate assembly results. In this report, we describe an optimized approach for hybrid de novo genome assembly using pyrosequencing data and varying amounts of Sanger-type reads. 454 platform-derived contigs can be used as single non-breakable virtual reads or converted to simpler contigs that consist of editable, overlapping pseudoreads. These modified contigs maintain their integrity at the first jumpstarting assembly stage and are edited by fragmenting and rejoining. Pre-existing assembly software then can be applied for mixed assembly with 454-derived data and Sanger reads. An effective method for identifying genomic differences between reference and sample sequences in whole-genome resequencing procedures also is suggested.

Evaluation of Pyrosequencing Method for a BRAFV600E Mutation Test

  • Oh, Seo Young;Lee, Hoon Taek
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.17-23
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    • 2015
  • A fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is the primary means of distinguishing benign from malignant in thyroid nodules. However, between 10 and 30% of the FNABs of thyroid nodules are diagnosed as 'indeterminate'. A molecular method is needed to reduce unnecessary surgery in this group. In Korea, most thyroid cancer is classic papillary type and BRAFV600E mutation is highly prevalent. Thus, this study compared the pyrosequencing method with the conventional direct DNA sequencing and PCR-RFLP analysis and investigated the evaluation of preoperative BRAFV600E mutation analysis as an adjunct diagnostic method with routine FNABs. Sixty-five (78.3%) of 83 histopathologically diagnosed malignant nodule revealed positive BRAFV600E mutation on pyrosequencing analysis. In detail, 65 (83.8%) of 78 papillary thyroid carcinomas sample showed positive BRAFV600E mutation. None of 29 benign nodules had in pyrodequencing, direct DNA sequencing and PCR-RFLP. Out of 31 thyroid nodules classified as 'indeterminate' on cytological examination preoperatively, 28 cases turned out to be malignant: 24 papillary thyroid carcinomas. Among that, 16 (66.7%) classic papillary thyroid carcinomas had BRAFV600E mutation. Among 65 papillary thyroid carcinomas with positive BRAFV600E mutation detected by pyrosequencing analysis, each 3 cases and 5 cases did not show BRAFV600E mutation by direct DNA sequencing and PCR-RFLP analysis. Therefore, pyrosequencing was superior to direct DNA sequencing and PCR-RFLP in detecting the BRAFV600E mutation of thyroid nodules (p =0.027). Detecting BRAFV600E mutation by pyrosequencing was more sensitivity, faster than direct DNA sequencing or PCR-RFLP.

Analysis of Bacterial Community Composition in Wastewater Treatment Bioreactors Using 16S rRNA Gene-Based Pyrosequencing (16S rRNA 유전자 기반의 Pyrosequencing을 이용한 하수처리시설 생물반응기의 세균군집구조 분석)

  • Kim, Taek-Seung;Kim, Han-Shin;Kwon, Soon-Dong;Park, Hee-Deung
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.352-358
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    • 2010
  • Bacterial community composition in activated sludge wastewater treatment bioreactors were analyzed using 16S rRNA gene-based pyrosequencing for the four different wastewater treatment processes. Sequences within the orders Rhodocyclales, Burkholderiales, Sphingobacteriales, Myxococcales, Xanthomonadales, Acidobacteria group 4, Anaerolineales, Methylococcales, Nitrospirales, and Planctomycetales constituted 54-68% of total sequences retrieved in the activated sludge samples, which demonstrated that a few taxa constituted majority of the activated sludge bacterial community. The relative ratio of the order members was different for each treatment process, which was assumed to be affected by different operational and environmental conditions of each treatment process. In addition, activated sludge had very diverse bacterial species (Chao1 richness estimate: 1,374-2,902 operational taxonomic units), and the diversity was mainly originated from rare species. Particularly, the bacterial diversity was higher in membrane bioreactor than conventional treatment processes, and the long solids retention time of the operational strategy of the membrane bioreactor appeared to be appropriate for sustaining diverse slow growing bacteria. This study investigating bacterial communities in different activated sludge processes using a high-throughput pyrosequencing technology would be helpful for understanding microbial ecology in activated sludge and for improving wastewater treatment in the future.

Seasonal Changes in Cyanobacterial Diversity of a Temperate Freshwater Paldang Reservoir (Korea) Explored by using Pyrosequencing

  • Boopathi, Thangavelu;Wang, Hui;Lee, Man-Duck;Ki, Jang-Seu
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.424-437
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    • 2018
  • The incidence of freshwater algal bloom has been increasing globally in recent years and poses a major threat to environmental health. Cyanobacteria are the major component of the bloom forming community that must be monitored frequently. Their morphological identities, however, have remained elusive, due to their small size in cells and morphological resemblances among species. We have analyzed molecular diversity and seasonal changes of cyanobacteria in Paldang Reservoir, Korea, using morphological and 16S rRNA pyrosequencing methods. Samples were collected at monthly intervals from the reservoir March-December 2012. In total, 40 phylotypes of cyanobacteria were identified after comparing 49,131 pyrosequence reads. Cyanobacterial genera such as Anabaena, Aphanizomenon, Microcystis and Synechocystis were predominantly present in samples. However, the majority of cyanobacterial sequences (65.9%) identified in this study were of uncultured origins, not detected morphologically. Relative abundance of cyanobacterial sequences was observed as high in August, with no occurrence in March and December. These results suggested that pyrosequencing approach may reveal cyanobacterial diversity undetected morphologically, and may be used as reference for studying and monitoring cyanobacterial communities in aquatic environments.