• Title, Summary, Keyword: qualitative research

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Triage Nurses' Work Experiences in Emergency Department: A Qualitative Research (응급실 중증도 분류 간호사의 업무 경험: 질적 연구)

  • Park, Yu Jin;Kong, Eun-Hi;Park, Young A
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.176-186
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to describe work experiences of triage nurses working at emergency departments in Korea. Methods: A qualitative descriptive research method was used. Twenty-one nurses of emergency department participated in the first interview and 16 of them participated in the second interview. Data were collected through in-depth interviews and field notes. Qualitative content analysis was utilized to analyze the data. Results: Forty-eight codes, 12 categories, and six themes emerged from the data analysis: caring on the frontline, burden as an initial evaluator, handling things alone, lack of others' understanding, becoming an expert, and needs for improvement. Participating triage nurses faced many challenges and difficult situations in emergency departments. They felt burden and loneliness as initial evaluator. Also, they felt pride in their work and struggled to become a professional. Conclusion: This study is the first qualitative study that has focused on exploring the experiences of triage nurses in emergency departments in Korea. The results provide description and in-depth understanding of working experiences of triage nurses. The results provide valuable fundamental data for regulation, clinical practice, education, and research for triage nurses in Korean emergency departments.

Reflection on Nursing Methodology (간호학 방법론에 대한 성찰)

  • 이은주;박영숙
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.453-466
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    • 1993
  • Quantitative methodology has been the predominent methodology utilized in research in nursing. However since the 1970s qualitative methodology has also emerged as a useful methodology and has been utilized by many researchers. But in the use of this methodology, the philosophical, epistemelogical, and theoretical backgrounds have been neglected by many researchers. This paper reports a review of the literature on methodologies, quanitative and qualitative, used in nursing, and makes suggestions for future research directions. It explains why qualitative methodology has emerged as as effective methodology in nursing and discusses how the qualitative methodology differs from the quanitative one. A comparison of the two is made based on perspectives of humane being and human behavior as well as the development of nursing science. This paper also presents several views on change in nursing science, since viewpoint not only influences the determination of the current stage of nursing science but also the shaping of the future directions of nursing science and research. Scientific revolution by Kuhn, the evolutionary perspective by Toulmin, the transition of research tradition by Laudan. and convolutionary processes are presented. However, this paper indicates that it is too early to adopt these points of view, because the history of nursing science is too short. It suggests that nursing needs pluralism in philosophy, paradigms and theory, as well as in methodology. Although we experience paradoxes in adopting different perspectives in nursing, it is wise for us to continue to include a variety of viewpoints including those to which we are not accustomed, such as qualitative methodology, since we are not yet able to decide what is best for the development of nursing science.

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A Comparative Study on Research Strategies for the Architectural Design Evaluation

  • Han, Seung-Hoon;Moon, Jin-Woo
    • Architectural research
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.41-52
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    • 2010
  • The aim of this paper is to evaluate the methodological strategies for the architectural design field of study mainly focused on qualitative and quantitative research designs. Firstly, this paper addresses the characteristics of the six approaches including their methodological aspects in general. Each strategy is assessed by the different approaches to give full insights in it. Secondly, it distinguishes the differences among six research approaches especially derived from qualitative and quantitative research designs. The differences are discussed in terms of the strengths and weaknesses of each strategy. Finally, this paper attempts to discuss about possible applications for introducing approaches to the research topic with which the exemplified research topic, a design evaluation system, deals. To investigate the applicability of the design methods employed, the following topic has been stated; how to develop a design evaluation system and what to be considered for unfolding the thrown topic in terms of strategic approaches in the field of architectural design researches reviewed through the study.

An exploratory study on reviewing journal articles of qualitative studies in the field of social welfare in Korea (국내 사회복지질적연구논문 심사의 발전적 방향에 관한 탐색)

  • Chong, Hye-suk;Shim, Woochan
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.55-89
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    • 2017
  • This study suggests future directions or approaches as to how we should appraise qualitative studies by reviewing previous studies on this topic written in English and published outside of Korea. This study explored experiences and perspectives of qualitative researchers in Korea by conducting a focus group discussion on this topic. Results of this focus group discussion indicated that qualitative researchers often face manuscript reviewers who are overly biased with quantitative paradigm which result in feeling of frustration. They also shared feeling burdened and confused as reviewers due to their own lack of training and preparedness in reviewing qualitative articles. However, participants also stressed the feeling of gratitude and being rewarded because of the experience of mutual growth and partnership with peer qualitative researchers as they strive towards improving the quality and completion of peer researchers' work. Previous studies on this topic included wide range of issues concerning qualitative research appraisal from reflections on the experiences as submitters and reviewers of qualitative studies to academic conceptual papers that discussed researchers' dilemma on research paradigms and qualitative research appraising methods. This study ends with suggestions for the future directions for qualitative researchers in Korea.

A Comparison Study on the methodology of the Husbands' Participation in the Household Work (남편의 가사노동 참여에 관한 방법론 비교 연구)

  • 조성은
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.139-150
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    • 1995
  • This research is planned to compare a quantitative methodology and a qualitative methodology in the study of the household work. For these research tasks this study is centered on husbands' participation in the household work. First it is reviewed study precedent using a quantitative method and a qualitative method to compare a research methodology of the household work. It is selected a survey method of quantitative methodology and a depth interview of qualitative methodology, Second the data are collected through the questionnaire and the depth interview with three couples,. Third to compare a quantitative methodology and a qualitative methodology it is looked about problems in the concept the grouping the collection of data and the interpretation of household work.

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Comparative on Impact of Qualitative and Quantitative of ERP Systems on Korean Firms (국내 기업 ERP 시스템 도입의 정성적.정량적 성과 비교)

  • Kang, Da-Yeon;Chang, Hwal-Sik;Kim, Jong-Ki
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.142-153
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    • 2009
  • As many companies have adopted and used ERP systems, concerns about ERP performance also have increased. The purpose of this research is to examine the relationships between qualitative variables and quantitative variables measuring ERP performances. Qualitative research, widely used in MIS research, typically examines perceived usefulness of ERP, such as information quality, system quality, system satisfaction. Quantitative research, often done in accounting research, usually examines ERP performance based on financial statements. An empirical study led to the following conclusions: 1) There were significant correlations among the qualitative variables measuring perceived usefulness of ERP; 2) Significant correlations were also observed among the quantitative variables based on financial statements; 3) However, no significant correlations was found between the qualitative variables and quantitative variables measuring ERP performance.

The Qualitative Study for Construction of Internet Shopping Behavior Model of Apparel (의류 상품의 인터넷 쇼핑 행동 모형 구성을 위한 질적 연구)

  • Kim Seon-Sook;Rhee Eun-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.29 no.9_10
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    • pp.1285-1294
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    • 2005
  • This study was fulfilled in the purpose of proposing construction strategies of Internet shopping-mall through the analysis of consumer moving line in Internet shopping-mall. This study was executed in two stages: theoretical study, qualitative study. In the theoretical study, hypothetical Internet shopping behavior model were constructed. Five internet shopping behavior types of apparel : purchase, searching purchase, prepurchase deliberation, information accumulation, opinion leadership and recreation were constructed. Next, consumer decision process were extracted from previous studies and a hypothetical internet shopping behavior model was constructed on the base of consumer decision process and Internet shopping behavior types. And then, through the qualitative study, Internet shopping behavior types were identified and hypothetical model was confirmed after adjustment. For qualitative study, 30 subjects were sampled by focus sampling and investigated by in-depth interview and observation. Seven internet shopping behavior types of apparel were found by the qualitative study: cautious purchase by price comparison, searching purchase, special low price purchase, impulse purchase, prepurchase deliberation, information accumulation and recreation-oriented. On the base of these behavior types, Internet shopping behavior model was adjusted and completed. Finally, according to the results of this study, Internet shopping construction methods that made customer's loyalty high and marketing strategy of Internet shopping-mall were proposed.

The Limits and Problems of 'Pedagogical Phenomenology' for Qualitative Research (질적 연구를 위한 '교육학적 현상학'의 한계와 문제)

  • Bae, Sang-sik
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • v.129
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    • pp.83-109
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    • 2014
  • The aim of this study is to examine the limits and problems of researchers that appear in the papers of applied qualitative research by phenomenological methods. Using phenomenological methods in the field of Pedagogy, pedagogical phenomenology is not to approach pedagogical issues that are closely related to human life through scientism or positivism, but to explain them in things themselves. The problem, however, is that cases misunderstood and distorted in the essential meaning of phenomenology are happening as domestic researchers are applying pure phenomenology(the philosophical phenomenology) to the field of phenomenology of practice(the pedagogical phenomenology). Especially, these researchers show some errors caused by lack of basic understanding about research logic and research techniques in qualitative research methodology. Thus if a researcher carry out a qualitative study by using phenomenological methods, she or he needs insights in analysing and interpreting the essence of the various phenomena appearing from the participants by comparing in with her or his own lives.

A Conversion of Qualitative Probabilistic Expressions into Numerical Probabilities in Korean (한글에서의 정성적 확률 표현의 정량적 변환)

  • Park, Kyung-Soo;Shin, Soo-Hwan;Lee, Jane
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.41-49
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    • 2006
  • In a decision making process, the ambiguity of qualitative probabilistic expressions may result in a wrong conclusion. For this reason there had been many studies of quantifying qualitative probabilistic expressions in English-speaking countries. In this research, quantification of Korean qualitative probabilistic expressions is conducted through 4-step questionnaires. The numerical data of 78 verbal phrases were collected in the first questionnaire and classified in two categories (i.e., uncertainty and frequency). In each category, qualitative probabilistic expressions were divided into eleven groups according to the similarity of the numerical values. In the second questionnaire, subjects selected a representative expression for each group, which totaled 11. In the third questionnaire each subject was asked to rank eleven expressions from 1 to 11 with 1 indicating the highest probability. At last, subjects conducted pairwise comparisons to obtain relative weights, which are used to convert into the numerical probability scale.

A qualitative research on the nail shop's store attributes - Focused on independent stores - (네일샵의 점포속성에 관한 질적연구 - 단독 매장을 중심으로 -)

  • Lim, Yun-Kyoung;Kwak, Tai-Gi
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.67-80
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to clarify store attributes for nail stores (focusing on independent stores) by qualitative research. Even though the nail market is showing a steady increase in terms of sales amounts, and the number of stores, related studies were very rare. Meanwhile, as long as the nail market is growing, many stores are suffering from bad business performance because of new nail stores are relatively easier to open than beauty or hair stores, but the nail stores don't have a discriminated marketing strategy. As nail the market is rapidly increasing, finding factors that led to success for nail stores is very meaningful, both for academics and business. The reason that qualitative research should be done before the quantitative research is due to scant theoretical background concerning this matter. For this qualitative research, 8 experts who are operating nail stores as an owner or a manager or a professor at a university who had over 5 years of related working experience were included. The attributes for nail stores were derived using one-to-one in-depth interviews conducted from March 3 to May 31, 2019. As a result of the qualitative studon the attributes for nail stores, it turned out that there were 5 factors-physical environment, product, speed, profitability, and reliability. Physical environment, product, and profitability were mentioned in most related surveys, but some details showed that and speed and reliability have been newly highlighted. Many unknown issues that were not easy to acquire from common academic research are included. After this study, I hope that many marketers may get basic conditions to apply to real businesses and that they can use it as effective data for the following quantitative research.