• Title, Summary, Keyword: qualitative study

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A Study for the Development of Korean Voice Assessment Model for the Patients with Voice Disorders: A Qualitative Study (음성장애 진단 및 평가에 관한 질적 연구: 진단 및 평가 모형 정립을 위한 기초연구)

  • Pyo, Hwa-Young;Sim, Hyun-Sub
    • Speech Sciences
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.7-22
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a Korean assessment model for the patients with voice disorders. Interviews were conducted with 4 voice therapists and the results were analyzed by using a qualitative, constant-comparative design. According to the three themes emerged from the qualitative analysis, 10 subthemes were derived. The three main themes were 1) consideration on the disordered voice, 2) status quo of instrumental and perceptual evaluation, and 3) suggestions for the other voice therapists. The 10 subthemes can be summarized as the following: 1) judgment centering on the patients, 2) increase of the reliability of instrumental and perceptual evaluation, 3) voice therapists' positive participation in the assessment procedure of voice disorder.

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A Study on the Qualitative Analysis of Creative Leadership (창조적 리더십의 질적인 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Bum
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.21-30
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    • 2009
  • Public and private sectors are experiencing a worldwide economic depression originated from the failure of U.S. financial system. At a harsh time like this, policy-makers need to understand more about the effects of the creative leadership in the digital era. However, there haven't been enough studies performed on this field in Korea. This study aims to fill the blank and learn more about the correlation between creative leadership and organizational effectiveness. To achieve this goal, various previous leadership studies have been reviewed in terms of organizational behaviors, comparative culture studies, and etc. In the end, this study argues previous qualitative studies' weaknesses and limitations, and tries to suggest new aspect of qualitative research method of creative leadership.

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Understanding Qualitative Research as Bricolage (브리콜라주로서 질적 연구의 이해)

  • Hur, Changsoo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.278-287
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    • 2017
  • As a background for qualitative research, the concept of bricolage is very common in the North America. As a movement of art area, because, it has characteristics of criticality and existence which is very close to the definitions of qualitative research. However, regardless of recent rapid wide-spread of qualitative research with the world trend of research methodology, it is very unusual that scholars are rarely discussing on the concept of bricolage in South Korea. In literature review, scholars conceptualize bricolage in literature, art, and so on except qualitative research field. Thus, I realize that it is necessary to discuss the concept of bricolage in qualitative research. Through it, scholars will understand more about the definition of qualitative research. Accordingly, I try to prove the thesis 'qualitative research is bricolage' in this article. In conclusion, scholars commonly define qualitative research to involve the meanings of 'reflection', 'understanding', 'deconstruction', and 'reconstruction' and illustrate also the concepts of bricolage in a praxis of interpretation and understanding with getting together of rigorousness, complexity, and criticality. I realize that these notions are very close to each other in this study.

An Explorative Study on Discourses of Adequate Validity Criterion in Qualitative Research (질적 연구의 타당도 담론에 관한 탐색적 연구 - 주관성과 사회성의 긴장을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Kyung-Hee;Kim, Gi-Duk;Park, Ji-Young
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.63 no.2
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    • pp.155-177
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    • 2011
  • This paper attempts to explore the universal foundation on which the discourses on the validity criteria in qualitative research should be based, and further discuss in depth the scope and direction of an adequate validity criterion in qualitative research by critical examination of previous discourses. To establish the foundation for qualitative research, first of all, the concept of quality and qualitative paradigm were examined in terms of ontology and epistemology, especially focused on the works carried out by Aristotle, Kenneth and Boyd. Secondly, the earlier studies on the validity of qualitative research were critically reviewed in terms of the theoretical findings on the concept of quality and qualitative paradigm. The major results include the following: First, the true content of quality is defined as the 'what-ness' or essence of things perceived by subjects, and qualitative paradigm as adequate framework for qualitative research is comprised of two intrinsic modes: one is the mode of awareness and the other is that of expression. Second, qualitative researchers are able to reach to the higher level of validity by considering not only the subjectivity and the originality but also the sociality in drawing a conclusion through qualitative perception. Third, the trend of previous validity discourses can be firmly summarized as the effort to overcome the effect of quantitative research and acquire the true identity for qualitative research, which is subjectivity, and as the quest to compromise the tension between subjectivity and sociality. Finally, based on the findings, several research topics are suggested. For example, the more attention should be paid to the area of the expression of qualitative awareness as a way of overcome the tension between subjectivity and publicness.

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Triage Nurses' Work Experiences in Emergency Department: A Qualitative Research (응급실 중증도 분류 간호사의 업무 경험: 질적 연구)

  • Park, Yu Jin;Kong, Eun-Hi;Park, Young A
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.176-186
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to describe work experiences of triage nurses working at emergency departments in Korea. Methods: A qualitative descriptive research method was used. Twenty-one nurses of emergency department participated in the first interview and 16 of them participated in the second interview. Data were collected through in-depth interviews and field notes. Qualitative content analysis was utilized to analyze the data. Results: Forty-eight codes, 12 categories, and six themes emerged from the data analysis: caring on the frontline, burden as an initial evaluator, handling things alone, lack of others' understanding, becoming an expert, and needs for improvement. Participating triage nurses faced many challenges and difficult situations in emergency departments. They felt burden and loneliness as initial evaluator. Also, they felt pride in their work and struggled to become a professional. Conclusion: This study is the first qualitative study that has focused on exploring the experiences of triage nurses in emergency departments in Korea. The results provide description and in-depth understanding of working experiences of triage nurses. The results provide valuable fundamental data for regulation, clinical practice, education, and research for triage nurses in Korean emergency departments.

Head Nurses' Experiences in Clinical Practice Education of Nursing Students: A Qualitative Research (수간호사의 간호학생 임상실습지도 경험: 질적 연구)

  • Park, Young A;Kong, Eun-Hi;Park, Yu Jin
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.337-346
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to understand and describe difficulties and needs experienced by head nurses in the clinical practice education of nursing students. Methods: A qualitative descriptive method was employed. A convenience sampling method was used to recruit participants from four hospitals in South Korea. Twenty-one head nurses participated in the first interview and 17 of them participated in the second interview. Data were collected through two in-depth interviews and field notes were written. Qualitative content analysis method was utilized for data analysis using ATLAS.ti 6.2 software. Results: Thirty-one codes and twelve categories were identified. Four themes emerged from data analysis, which included 'too many tasks', 'limitations of student education', 'many differences', and 'lack of support and resources.' Conclusion: This qualitative study described head nurses' many difficulties and needs in the clinical practice education of nursing students. The results of this study provide valuable understanding and knowledge of head nurses' experiences in students' clinical education, which leads to improvement of the quality of clinical education for nursing students.

A Study on the Methodology of Qualitative Reasoning Using Centroid-Oriented Composite Interval (무게중심 복합구간에 의한 정성 추론 기법에 관한 연구)

  • 박천경;김성근
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.1351-1362
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    • 1992
  • Qualitative models in model-based expert system needs modeling paradigm which provides intelligent control of modeling assumptions and extracts robust inferences without quantitative information about the system to be modeled. Qualitative reasoning methodologies has proved the property of the completeness but not the soundness to the corresponding quantitative model. We propose new methodology of qualitative reasoning by introducing the concept of Centroid-Oriented Composite Interval to improve the soundness problem. Arithmetic operations and equivalence classes were composed using this definition. Qualitative simulation results were compared to Kuipers's results and the improvements in the soundness problem is verified.