• Title, Summary, Keyword: quantitative EEG

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Real time automatic EEG report making based on quantitative interpretation of awake EEG

  • Nakamura, Masatoshi;Shibasaki, Hiroshi;Imajoh, Koaru;Ikeda, Akio;Mitsuyasu, Isao
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.503-508
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    • 1992
  • A new method for making automatic electroencephalogram(EEG) report based on the automatic quantitative interpretation of awake EEG was developed. We first analysed a. relationship between EEG reports and quantitative EEG interpretation done by a qualified electroencephalographer(EEGer) for 22 subjects. Based on the analysed relationship and usual process of report making by the EEGer, we defined all terminology necessary for EEG report and established rules for EEG report making. By the combined use of the proposed EEG report making and the method for automatic quantitative EEG interpretation presented at '90 KACC, we were able to make the automatic EEG reports which were equivalent to the EEG reports written by the EEGer. As all the procedures were programmed in a personal computer equipped with an AD (analogue-to-digital) converter, the automatic EEG reports were obtained in almost real time in usual actual EEG recording situation with only a few seconds time lag for the analysis in the computer. The proposed report making method and the quantitative EEG interpretation method will be effectively applicable to the clinical use as an assistant tool for physicians.

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Clinical Applications of Quantitative EEG (정량화 뇌파(QEEG)의 임상적 이용)

  • Youn, Tak;Kwon, Jun-Soo
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.31-43
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    • 1995
  • Recently, the methods that measure and analyze brain electrical activity quantitatively have been available with the rapid development of computer technology. The quantitative electroencephalography(QEEG) is a method of computer-assisted analyzing brain electrical activity. The QEEG allows for a more sensitive, precise and reproducible examination of EEG data than that can be accomplished by conventional EEG. It is possible to compare various EEG parameters each other by using QEEG. Neurometrics, a kind of the quantitative EEG. is to compare EEG characteristics of the patient with normative data to determine in what way the patient's EEG deviates from normality and to discriminate among psychiatric disorders. Nowadays, QEEG is far superior to conventional EEG in its detection of abnormality and in its usefulness in psychiatric differential diagnosis. The abnormal findings of QEEG in various psychiatric disorders are also discussed.

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Usefulness of Quantified-EEG in Dementia (치매에서 정량적 뇌파검사의 유용성)

  • Han, Dong-Wook;Seo, Byoung-Do;Son, Young-Min
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.9-17
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    • 2008
  • Background : The conventional electroencephalography(EEG) is commonly used as aid in the diagnosis of dementia. Recently developed quantitative electroencephalography(qEEG) provides data that are not achievable by conventional EEG. The aim of this study was to find out the usefulness of quantified-EEG in dementia. Method : Twenty elderly women(10 normal elderly, 10 demented elderly) were participated in this study. EEG power and coherence was computed over 21 channels; right and left frontal, central, parietal, temporal and occipital areas. Result : The activity of ${\alpha}$ wave was more higher than others significantly at frontal and parietal areas in normal elderly, but the activity of ${\theta}$ wave was higher in demented elderly. And the activity of ${\theta}$ wave in demented elderly women was more higher than normal elderly women significantly. Conclusion : In conclusion, we discovered that quantitative EEG was used to diagnose dementia.

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Mean Phase Coherence as a Supplementary Measure to Diagnose Alzheimer's Disease with Quantitative Electroencephalogram (qEEG)

  • Che, Hui-Je;Jung, Young-Jin;Lee, Seung-Hwan;Im, Chang-Hwan
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.27-32
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    • 2010
  • Noninvasive detection of patients with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) is of great importance for assisting a medical doctor's decision for early treatment of AD patients. In the present study, we have extracted quantitative electroencephalogram (qEEG) variables, which can be potentially used to diagnose AD, from resting eyes-closed continuous EEGs of 22 AD patients and 27 age-matched normal control (NC) subjects. We have extracted qEEG variables from mean phase coherence (MPC) and EEG coherence, evaluated for all possible combinations of electrode pairs. Preliminary trials to discriminate the two groups with the extracted qEEG variables demonstrated that the use of MPC as a supplementary or alternative measure for the EEG coherence may enhance the accuracy of noninvasive diagnosis of AD.

Sleep Onset Period from the EEG Point of View (뇌파 영역에서 수면 발생 과정)

  • Lee, Hyun-Kwon;Park, Doo-Heum
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.16-21
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    • 2009
  • In accordance with the development of EEG and polysomnography in the field of sleep research, the sleep onset period (SOP) between wakefulness and sleep has been considered an important part for understanding the physiology of sleep. SOP in the transition from wakefulness to sleep is a gradual process integrating various viewpoints such as behavior, EEG, physiology and subjective report. Particularly, based on understanding of EEG changes during sleep, SOP has been regarded as a pattern of topographical change in specific frequency and specific state in EEG. Studies on quantitative EEG (qEEG) and event-related potential (ERP) have suggested that SOP shows the changes of functional coordination at the specific cortical areas in qEEG and the changes of regular patterns in response to environmental stimulation in ERP. The development of sleep EEG and topographic mapping of EEG is expected to integrate various viewpoints of SOP and clarify the neurophysiologic mechanism of SOP further.

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Monitoring of anesthetic depth with q-EEG (quantitative EEG) in TIVA (total intravenous anesthesia) and VIMA (volatile induction/maintenance anesthesia) (완전정맥마취와 휘발성유도/유지마취에서 정량적 뇌파를 이용한 마취심도의 감시)

  • Lee, Soo-Han;Noh, Gyu-Jeong;Chung, Byung-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.47-55
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    • 2006
  • To evaluate method for monitoring anesthetic depth with quantitative electroencephalography (q-EEG), we recorded processed EEG (raw EEG) and pain score till 100 minutes in beagle dogs anesthetized for 60 minutes with propofol (n = 5, PRO group), isoflurane (n = 5, ISO group) and propofol-ketaminefentanyl (n = 5, PFK group). Raw EEG was converted into 95% spectral edge frequency (SEF) by fast Fourier transformation (FFT) method. We investigated anesthetic depth by comparing relationship (Pearson's correlation) between q-EEG (95% SEF) and pain score. Pearson's correlation coefficients are +0.2372 (p = 0.0494, PRO group), +0.79506 (p < 0.001, ISO group) and +0.49903 (p = 0.0039, PFK group).

Simple Digital EEG System Utilizing Analog EEG Machine (아날로그 뇌파기를 응용한 간단한 디지털 뇌파 시스템)

  • Jung, Ki-Young;Kim, Jae-Moon;Jung, Man-Jae
    • Annals of Clinical Neurophysiology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.8-12
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    • 2000
  • Purpose : The rapid development and wide popularity of Digital EEG(DEEG) is due to its convenience, accuracy and applicability for quantitative analysis. These advantages of DEEG make one hesitate to use analog EEG(AEEG). To assess the advantage of DEEG system utilizing AEEG(DAEEG) over conventional AEEG and the clinical applicability, a DAEEG system was developed and applied to animal model Methods : Sprague-Dawley rat as status epilepticus model were used for collecting the EEG data. After four epidural electrodes were inserted and connected to 8-channel analog EEG(Nihon-Kohden, Japan), continous. EEG monitoring via computer screen was done from two rats simultaneously. EEG signals through analog amplifier and filters were digitized at digital signal processor and stored in Windows-based pentium personal computer. Digital data were sampled at a rate of 200 Hz and 12 bit of resolution. Acquisition software was able to carry out 'real-time view, sensitivity control and event marking' during continuous EEG monitoring. Digital data were stored on hard disk and hacked-up on CD-ROM for off-line review. Review system consisted of off-line review, saving and printing out interesting segment and annotation function. Results: This DAEEG system could utilize most major functions of DEEG sufficiently while making a use of an AEEG. It was easy to monitor continuously compared to Conventional AEEG and to control sensitivity during ictal period. Marking the event such as a clinical seizure or drug injection was less favorable than AEEG due to slowed processing speed of digital processor and central processing unit. Reviewing EEG data was convenient, but paging speed was slow. Storage and management of data was handy and economical. Conclusion : Relatively simple digital EEG system utilizing AEEG can be set-up at n laboratory level. It may be possible to make an application for clinical purposes.

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Automatic interpretation of awaked EEG by using constructive neural networks with forgetting factor

  • Nakamura, Masatoshi;Chen, Yvette;Sugi, Takenao;Ikeda Akio;Shibasaki Hiroshi
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.505-508
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    • 1995
  • The automatic interpretation of awake background electroencephalogram (EEG), consisting of quantitative EEG interpretation and EEG report making, has been developed by the authors based on EEG data visually inspected by an electroencephalographer (EEGer). The present study was focused on the adaptability of the automatic EEG interpretation which was accomplished by the constructive neural network with forgetting factor. The artificial neural network (ANN) was constructed so as to give the integrative decision of the EEG by using the input signals of the intermediate judgment of 13 items of the EEG. The feature of the ANN was that it adapted to any EEGer who gave visual inspection for the training data. The developed method was evaluated based on the EEG data of 57 patients. The re-trained ANN adapted to another EEGer appropriately.

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AUTOMATIC INTERPRETATION OF AWAKE EEG;ARTIFICIAL REALIZATION OF HUMAN SKILL

  • Nakamura, Masatoshi;Shibasaki, Hiroshi
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.19-23
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    • 1996
  • A full automatic interpretation of awake electroencephalogram (EEG) had been developed by the authors and presented at the past KACCs in series. The automatic EEG interpretation consists of four main parts: quantitative EEG interpretation, EEG report making, preprocessing of EEG data and adaptable EEG interpretation. The automatic EEG interpretation reveals essentially the same findings as the electroencephalographer's (EEG's), and then would be applicable in clinical use as an assistant tool for EEGer. The method had been developed through collaboration works between the engineering field (Saga University) and the medical field (Kyoto University). This work can be understood as an artificial realization of human expert skill. The procedure for the artificial realization was summarized in a methodology for artificial realization of human skill which will be applicable in other fields of systems control.

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Quantitative representation for EEG interpretation and its automatic scoring

  • Nakamura, Masatoshi;Shibasaki, Hiroshi;Imajoh, Kaoru;Nishida, Shigeto;Neshige, Ryuji
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1190-1195
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    • 1990
  • A new system for automatic interpretation of the awake electroencephalogram(EEG) was developed in this work. We first clarified all the necessary items for EEG interpretation in accordance with an analysis of visual inspection of the rhythms by a qualified electroencephalographer (EEGer), and then defined each item quantitatively. Concerning the automatic interpretation, we made an effort to find out specific EEG parameters which faithfully represent the procedure of visual interpretation by the qualified EEGer. Those specific EEG parameters were calculated from periodograms of the EEG time series. By using EEG data of 14 subjects, the automatic EEG interpretation system was constructed and compared with the visual interpretation done by the EEGer. The automatic EEG interpretation thus established was proved to be in agreement with the visual interpretation by the EEGer.

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