• Title, Summary, Keyword: quinone reductase

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Effects of Natural Products on the Induction of NAD(P)H: Quinone Reductase in Hepa 1c1c7 Cells for the Development of Cancer Chemopreventive Agents

  • Kim, Young-Mi;Chang, Il-Moo;Mar, Woong-Chon
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.81-88
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    • 1997
  • NAD(P)H:quinone reductase (QR) is one of the protective phase II enzymes against toxicity that accomplishes the capacity of detoxification by modulating the effects of mutagens and carcinogens. The detoxification mechanism is that quinone reductase promotes the 2-electron reduction of quinones to hydroquinones which are less reactive. This study is to search new inducers of quinone reductase from natural products, which can be used as cancer chemopreventive agents. Plant extracts were evaluated by using quinone reductase generating system With Hepa 1c1c7 murine hepatoma cell lines for enzyme inducing properties and crystal violet staining method for the measurement of cytotoxicity provoked. We have tested approximately 106 kinds of natural products after partition into n-hexane, ethyl acetate and aqueous layers from 100% methanol extracts of natural products. The ethyl acetate fractions of Vitex rotundifolia $(fruits,\;2FC:\;12.7\;{\mu}g/ml)$, Cnidium officinale $(aerial\;parts,\;2FC:\;10.5\;{\mu}g/ml)$, Chrysanthemum sinese $(flowers,\;2FC:\;17.4{\mu}g/ml)$ and the hexane fractions of Angelica gigas $(roots,\;2FC:\;13.2\;{\mu}g/ml)$, Smilax china $(roots,\;2FC:\;l1.9\;{\mu}g/ml)$, Sophora flavescens $(roots,\;2FC:\;16.3\;{\mu}g/ml)$ revealed the significant induction of quinone reductase in a murine hepatic Hepa 1c1c7 cell culture system.

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Screening of Quinone Reductase Inducers from Agricultural Byproducts Using Mouse Hepatoma Cell Line (Mouse hepatoma 세포를 이용한 농산부산물로부터 quinone reductase활성물질의 탐색)

  • Kim, Jong-Sang;Nam, Young-Jung;Kim, Joo-Won
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.972-977
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    • 1995
  • The induction of phase II enzymes including quinone reductase [NAD(P)H dehydrogenase(quinone): NAD(P)H : (quinone acceptor) oxidoreductase, EC 1.6.99.2] is a major mechanism of whereby a large group of heterogeneous compounds prevent the toxic, mutagenic, and neoplastic effects of carcinogen. Using murine hepatoma cells(Hepalclc7 cells), quinone reductase(QR) inducers as the possible chemopreventive agents were screened from rice bran, wheat bran, soymilk residue, defatted soybean cake, defatted sesame and perilla residues. The 80% methanol extracts of defatted sesame and perilla residues induced quinone reductase significantly while the others did have little effect on the enzyme induction. Thin layer chromatography of the extracts showed that the fastest moving band(Rf=0.70) in the developing solvent of n-butanol : n-propanol : 2N ammonia(10 : 60 : 30) was responsible for the enzyme induction by the 80% methanol extracts of defatted sesame and perilla residues. Further identification of active component(s) is in progress.

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Purification and Characterization of an Intracellular NADH: Quinone Reductase from Trametes versicolor

  • Lee, Sang-Soo;Moon, Dong-Soo;Choi, Hyoung-T.;Song, Hong-Gyu
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.333-338
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    • 2007
  • Intracellular NADH:quinone reductase involved in degradation of aromatic compounds including lignin was purified and characterized from white rot fungus Trametes versicolor. The activity of quinone reductase was maximal after 3 days of incubation in fungal culture, and the enzyme was purified to homogeneity using ion-exchange, hydrophobic interaction, and gel filtration chromatographies. The purified enzyme has a molecular mass of 41kDa as determined by SDS-PAGE, and exhibits a broad temperature optimum between $20-40^{\circ}C$, with a pH optimum of 6.0. The enzyme preferred FAD as a cofactor and NADH rather than NADPH as an electron donor. Among quinone compounds tested as substrate, menadione showed the highest enzyme activity followed by 1,4-benzoquinone. The enzyme activity was inhibited by $CuSO_4,\;HgCl_2,\;MgSO_4,\;MnSO_4,\;AgNO_3$, dicumarol, KCN, $NaN_3$, and EDTA. Its $K_m\;and\;V_{max}$ with NADH as an electron donor were $23{\mu}M\;and\;101mM/mg$ per min, respectively, and showed a high substrate affinity. Purified quinone reductase could reduce 1,4-benzoquinone to hydroquinone, and induction of this enzyme was higher by 1,4-benzoquinone than those of other quinone compounds.

Reduction of Azobenzene by Purified Bovine Liver Quinone Reductase

  • Kim, Kyung-Soon;Shin, Hae-Yong
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.321-325
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    • 2000
  • Quinone reductase was purified to homogeneity from bovine liver by using ammonium sulfate fractionation, ionexchange chromatography, and gel filtration chromatography. The enzyme utilized either NADH or NADPH as the electron donor. The enzyme catalyzed the reduction of several quinones and other artificial electron acceptors. Furthermore, the enzyme catalyzed NAD(P)H-dependent reduction of azobenzene. The apparent Km for 1,4-benzoquinone and azobenzene was 1.64 mM and 0.524 mM, respectively. The reduction of azobenzene by quinone reductase was almost entirely inhibited by dicumarol or Cibacron blue 3GA, potent inhibitors of the mammalian quinone reductase. In the presence of 1.0${\mu}M$ Cibacron blue 3GA, azoreductase activity was lowered by 45%, and almost complete inhibition was seen above 2.0 ${\mu}M$ Cibacron blue 3GA.

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Induction of NAD(P)H:quinone reductase and glutathione S-transferase by Xanthii Fructus and Prunellae Spica Extracts (창이자 및 꿀풀하고초에 의한 NAD(P)H:quinone reductase와 glutathione S-transferase의 유도)

  • Shon, Yun-Hee;Lee, Ki-Taek;Park, Sin-Hwa;Cho, Kyoung-Hee;Lim, Jong-Kook;Nam, Kyung-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.269-273
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    • 2001
  • Ethanol extracts from Xanthii Fructus (XFE) and Prunellae Spica (PSE) were investigated for the effects on the induction of cancer chemoprevention-associated enzymes. The following effects were measured: (a) induction of quinone reductase (QR) (b) induction of glutathione S-transferase (GST) (c) reduced glutathione (GSH) level. XFE and PSE were potent inducers of quinone reductase activity in Hepa1c1c7 murine hepatoma cells. Glutathione levels were increased with XFE and PSE. In addition, glutathione S-transferase activity was increased with XFE. However, GST activity was not increased with PSE. These results suggest that XFE and PSE have chemopreventive potentials by inducing quinone reductase and increasing GSH levels.

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Antitumor activities of Gamdutang aqua-acupuncture solution (감두탕 약침액의 암예방 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Sang-Hoon;Park, In-Kyu;Moon, Jin-Young;Lim, Jong-Kook
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.129-142
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    • 2000
  • Gamdutang aqua-acupuncture solution(GAS), Gamdutang water-extracted solution(GWS) and Degamdutang aqua-acupuncture solution(DGAS) were prepared and tested for potential antitumor activities. It was used three biomarkers (quinone reductase, omithine decarboxylase, glutathione) to test chemopreventive potentials of GAS, GWS, DGAS. GAS was potent inducer of quinone reductase activity in Hepalclc7 murine hepatoma cells in culture, whereas GWS is less potent. GAS, GWS and DGAS were significantly induced quinone reductase activity in cultured rat normal liver cell, Ac2F. Glutathione levels were increased about 1.8-fold with GAS, 1.0-1.1 fold with GWS, DGAS in cultured murine hepatoma hepaiclc7 cells. In addition glutathione s-transferase levels were increased with GAS, GWS and DGAS. The effects of GAS, GWS and DGAS were tested on the growth of Acanthamoeba castellanii. Proliferation of Acanthamoeba castellanii was inhibited by GAS, GWS and DGAS at concentradons of $1{\times}$ and $5{\times}$. These results suggest that GAS has chemopreventive potential by inducing quinone reductase and quinone reductase activities, inhibition of ornithine decarboxylase activity, and increasing glutathione levels.

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Screening for Korean Vegetables with Anticarcinogenic Enzyme Inducing Activity Using Cell Culture System

  • Kim, Su-Mi;Ryu, Seung-Hee;Park, Hui-Don;Kim, Sung-Su;Kim, Jeong-Hwan;Kim, Jong-Sang
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.277-281
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    • 1998
  • There is extensive evidence suggesting the protective role of fruits and vegetables against chemically induced carcinogenesis. We have tested the ability of a representative range of Korean vegetables to act as blocking agents against neoplastic initiation by determining the induction level of quinone reductase , an anticarcinogenci marker enzyme, in hepalclc 7 cells exposed to vegetable extracts. Among thirty vegetables tested, Arcitum lappa(Burdock), Brassica juncea (Mustard leaf), Pteridium aguilinum (Bracken) and Chrysanthemum cornoratium(Crown daisy) caused a significant induction of quinone teductase activity with a limited increase in arylhdrocarbon hydroxylase activity. Combination of crown daisy with burdock had synergistic effect on quinone reductase induction. Quinone reductase-inducing activity was found mostly in hesane and ehtylactate fractions of MeOH extract of crown daisy while it ws not quinone reductase activity in liver, kideny, lung, and small intestine, confirming the presence of potent QR inducer (s) in crown daisy. These sata suggest that some vegetables including crown daisy induced QR merits further investigation as a potential cancer preventive agent in human.

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Effect of Sophorae Flos Aqua-acupuncture Solution on the Quinone Reductase and Glutathione S-transferase Activities of Hepa 1c1c7 Cells (괴화약침액이 간세포의 Quinone redutase 와 Glutathione S-transferase 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee Ki-Taek;Lim Jong-Kook
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.39-43
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    • 2003
  • Sophorae Flos aqua-acupuncture solution(SFAS) was prepared and tested for the induction of quinone reductase and glutathione S-transferase activities and glutathione. SFAS significantly induced QR activity at the concentrations of $0.5{\times},\;1{\times}\;and\;3{\times}$ in cell culture. However, GST activity in murine Hepa 1c1c7 cells was slightly increased with SFAS. SFAS increased GSH levels.

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Potential Induction of Quinone Reductase Activity of Natural Products in Cultured Murine Hepa1c1c7 Cells

  • Heo, Yeon-Hoi;Lee, Sang-Kook
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.38-44
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    • 2001
  • NAD(P)H:quinone reductase (QR), known as DT-diaphorase, is a kind of detoxifying phase II metabolic enzyme catalyzing hydroquinone formation by two electron reduction pathway from quinone type compounds, and thus facilitating excretion of quinoids from human body. With the usefulness of QR induction activity assay system for the modulation of toxicants, in the course of searching for cancer chemopreventive agents from natural products, the methanolic extracts of approximately two hundreds of oriental medicines were primarily evaluated using the induction potential of quinone reductase (QR) activity in cultured murine Hepa1c1c7 cells. As a result, several extracts including Hordeum vulgare, Momordica cochinchinensis, Strychnos ignatii, Houttuynia cordata, and Polygala japonica were found to significantly induce QR activity. In addition, the methylene chloride fraction of H. vulgare, one major dietary food source, showed potent induction of QR activity $(CD=6.4{\mu}g/ml)$. Further study for isolation of active principles from these lead extracts is warranted for the discovery of novel cancer chemopreventive agents.

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The Effects of Growth Inhibition and Quinone Reductase Activity Stimulation of Celastrus Orbiculatus Fractions in Various Cancer Cells (노박덩굴 분획물의 암세포 증식 억제 효과 및 Quinone Reductase 활성 증가효과)

  • Ku, Mi-Jeong;Shin, Mi-Ok
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.40 no.6
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    • pp.493-499
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    • 2007
  • Celastrus orbiculatus (CO) has been used as a traditional herb medicine to treat fever, chill, joint pain, edema, rheumatoid arthritis and bacterial infection in China and Korea. In this study, we investigated anticarcinogenic effects of Celastrus orbiculatus (CO). CO was extracted with methanol (COM), and then further fractionated into four different types: methanol (COMM), hexane (COMH), butanol (COMB) and aqueous (COMA) partition layers. We determined the cytotoxicity of these four partitions in four kind of cancer cell lines, such as HepG2, MCF-7, HT29 and B16F10 Cells by MTT assay. Among various partition layers of CO, the COMM showed the strongest cytotoxic effects on cancer cell lines we used. We also observed quinone reductase (QR) induced effects in all partition layers of CO on HepG2 cells. The QR induced effects of COMM on HepG2 cells at 80 ${\mu}$ g/mL concentration indicated 3.28 to a control value of 1.0. The COMM showed the highest induction activity of quinone reductase on HepG2 cells among the other partition layers. Although further studies are needed, the present work suggests that CO may be a chemopreventive agent for the treatment of human cells.