• Title, Summary, Keyword: radical scavenging

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Antioxidant Effects of Salicornia bigelovii Seed Extracts

  • Kim, Ran
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.140-145
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    • 2017
  • The objective of this study was to compare antioxidant effects of different extracts of Salicornia bigelovii seed. DPPH radical scavenging activity, chelating activity of ferrous, superoxide anion radical-scavenging activity, hydroxyl radical scavenging activity, and contents of total polyphenol and flavonoid were measured for different extracts. Ethanol extract (10 mg/mL) was found to have the maximum DPPH radical scavenging and superoxide anion radical scavenging activities (65.26 and 62.36%, respectively). However, hot water extract (10 mg/mL) showed the highest hydroxyl radical scavenging and chelating activities (51.50 and 53.24%, respectively). Total phenolics and flavonoid contents in the ethanol extract were 522.8 and $480.35{\mu}g/mg$, respectively. They were 401.51 and $352.60{\mu}g/mg$, respectively, in the hot water extract. These results indicate that ethanol and hot water extracts of S. bigelovii seed have good potential to be used as a new source of antioxidants for functional foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.

Radical Scavenging and Antioxidant Activities of Fermented Laminaria japonica Extracts

  • Park, Min-Jung;Han, Ji-Sook
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.10-16
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    • 2006
  • Radical scavenging and antioxidant activities of Laminaria japonica and fermented its extracts were evaluated. Freeze-dried L. japonica was fermented by Aspergillus oryzae and extracted with distilled water. The extract solution was mixed with ethanol and centrifuged. The supernatant was ethanol soluble fraction, non-polysaccharide fraction (ESF), and residue was ethanol insoluble precipitation, polysaccharide fraction (EIP). ESF was subjected to sequential fractionation with dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, butanol and water. To determine the radical scavenging and antioxidant activities of these, DPPH radical, hydroxyl radical, superoxide anion radical scavenging activities and linoleic acid oxidation were tested. Among the extracts, ESF of fermented L. japonica showed the highest radical scavenging activity. The ESF showed DPPH radical scavenging activity of 64.33% at concentration of $50{\mu}g/mL$. It was higher than 57.70% of vit. C. Ethyl acetate and butanol fraction had high value of radical scavenging and antioxidant activities, especially butanol fraction of fermented L. japonica was 79.48 % of hydroxyl radical scavenging activity at concentration of $50{\mu}g/mL$. The fermented L japonica had radical scavenging and antioxidant activities higher than L. japonica. These results suggest that fermented L japonica is healthy food having radical scavenging and antioxidant activities.

Antioxidative and Free Radical Scavenging Activity of Water Extract From Dandelion (Taruaxacum officinale) (민들레 물추출물의 항산화 및 자유라디칼 소거활성)

  • 강미정;신승렬;김광수
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.253-259
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    • 2002
  • The antioxidative and free radical scavenging activity of water extracts of dandelion were investigated. Antioxidative and radical scavenging activity were assessed by means of different tests; inhibition of peroxidation on linoleic acid model system, scavenging DPPH radical, scavenging of hydroxyl radical by chemiluminescence assay, scavenging of superoxide anion radical by EPR spectroscopy and scavenging of hydrogen peroxide. The leaf extract showed strong antioxidant activity in linoleic acid system. The antioxidant activity of water extracts of dandelion increased with increasing concentrations of extracts. The scavenging activity of the dandelion extracts, on inhibition of the DPPH radical, was related to the reaction time. Hydroxyl radical were generated by lenten reaction and dandelion extract was found to scavenge OH˙in a concentration-dependent manner. The water extract of leaf had effective scavenging activities on hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion radical. From the these data, it is evident that water extract of dandelion leaf is an effective scavenger for OH˙, O$_2$¨, DPPH˙, hydrogen peroxide. And, the antioxidative effect observed is believed to be partly due to this radical scavenger activity.

An Improved method in Screening of Superoxide and Hydroxyl Radical Scavenging Activities of Plant Medicinal Extracts (생약 추출물에 의한 superoxide와 hydroxyl 라디칼 소거능 검색 방법의 개선)

  • Lee, Ho-Sub;Kang, Dae-Gill
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.253-256
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    • 2001
  • The present study was designed for the improvement of routine measurement of superoxide and hydroxyl radical scavenging activities utilized by a microplate reader. Superoxide radical scavenging activity by the ascorbic acid, which is a well-known superoxide scavenger, was determined in a dose-dependent manner. Hydroxyl radical scavenging activity by the thiourea, which is a well-known hydroxyl radical scavenger, was also well detected in a dose-dependent manner. Our results suggest that the use of microplate reader to assay the superoxide and hydroxyl radical scavenging activities improves the accuracy of data and enables the use of much smaller amounts of samples and/or reagents, with much simpler experimental procedure. Therefore, These methods appear to be suitable for screening of superoxide and hydroxyl radical scavenging activities in both the plant medicinal extracts and the isolated compounds.

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Antioxidative Activities of the Ethyl Acetate Fraction from Heated Onion (Allium cepa)

  • Lee, Youn-Ri;Hwang, In-Guk;Woo, Koan-Sik;Kim, Dae-Joong;Hong, Jin-Tae;Jeong, Heon-Sang
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.1041-1045
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    • 2007
  • Heated onion juice was partitioned using the solvents hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and butanol. The ethyl acetate fraction showed the strongest scavenging effect on the ABTS radical. The antioxidant activities of the ethyl acetate fraction from raw and heated onion (120, 130, and $140^{\circ}C$) were evaluated using radical scavenging assays. Radical and nitrite scavenging activities were higher in heated onion than raw onion, and the higher the temperature of heat treatment, the greater the radical and nitrite scavenging activities. Heated onion ($140^{\circ}C$, 2 hr) was more effective than raw onion, having higher DPPH radical scavenging (5.7-fold), hydroxyl radical scavenging (6.4-fold), superoxide radical scavenging (2.3-fold), hydrogen peroxide scavenging (11.8-fold), and nitrite scavenging (4.3-fold) activities. Onion increased its physiologically active materials after heating, and in this regard, heated onion can be used as biological material for the manufacture of health foods and supplements.

Effect of Heating on DPPH Radical Scavenging Activity of Meat Substitute

  • Song, Hyeun Sung;Bae, Jun Kyu;Park, Inshik
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.80-84
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the increase of DPPH radical scavenging activity of meat substitute by heating. The meat substitute showed higher DPPH radical scavenging activity than those of other foods rich in protein such as beef, pork, chicken, and soybean curd. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of meat substitute was dependent upon concentration, heating temperature and heating time of meat substitute. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of meat substitute was enhanced with increasing heating temperature and time. The increase of DPPH radical scavenging activity was only applied to meat substitute without showing any activation in other foods rich in protein such as beef, pork, chicken, and soybean curd.

Radical Scavenging Activities of Fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida BUNGE Major. from Korea

  • Choi, You Jin;Hwang, Keum Hee
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.186-191
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    • 2013
  • Screenings of potential antioxidant activities of Crataegus pinnatifida BUNGE Major. fruits extracted 80% methanol were performed using four antioxidant assays. Significant differences were observed both in total phenolic contents (TPC) and total flavonoid contents (TFC), DPPH radical scavenging activity, nitric oxide scavenging activity, ABTS radical scavenging assay, and reducing power assay. The total polyphenol content and total flavonoid content in the extract were measured to be $224.4{\pm}0.52$ mg GAE/100 g and $12{\pm}0.25$ mg QE/100 g, respectively. When the tested concentration was $500{\mu}g/mL$, DPPH and ABTS radical-scavenging activities of methanolic extracts were 84.15% and 88.8%, respectively. The reducing power and nitric oxide scavenging activity were increased at the manner of dose-dependently. These results suggest that methanolic extracts of Crataegus pinnatifida Bge. fruits possess excellent radical scavenging activities and may serve as a potential source of natural antioxidant.

Radical Scavenging Potential of Hydrophilic Phlorotannins of Hizikia fusiformis

  • Siriwardhana, Nalin;Lee, Ki-Wan;Jeon, You-Jin
    • ALGAE
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.69-75
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    • 2005
  • Hizikia fusiformis is well known edible brown seaweed both in Korea and Japan. It has been intensively studied due to its pronounced health benefits. In this study, the radical scavenging (antioxidative) activities of its hydrophilic phlorotannin constituents were studied. An aqueous extract/original extract (OE) of H. fusiformis was initially prepared with heat, enzymes and pH control treatments. Then the original extract was further fractionated (with methylene chloride and methanol) and crude hydrophilic phlorotannin extract (CHPE) was prepared. The radical scavenging activities of both OE and CHPE were determined by using electron spin resonance (ESR) spectrophotometric assays such as 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), hydroxyl and alkyl radical assays. The CHPE reported significantly (p < 0.05) higher total phenolic (phlorotannins) content (1.23 mg ${\cdot}ml^{-1}$) than that of the OE (0.21 mg ${\cdot}ml^{-1}$). Both OE and CHPE have reported good radical scavenging activities and those activities were dose-dependent. The CHPE have demonstrated significantly higher radical scavenging activities than that of the OE. In comparison, the DPPH radical (6 $\times$ 10$^{-5}$ M) scavenging activities of all the CHPE concentrations (0.25, 0.5 and 1 mg ${\cdot}ml^{-1}$) tested were significantly higher (37.3, 78.2 and 91.6%, respectively) than that of the OE counterparts (11.4, 34.6 and 61.7%, respectively). Alkyl radical scavenging percentages of CHPE at 0.0625, 0.125, 0.25 and 0.5 mg${\cdot}ml^{-1}$ were significantly higher (34.3, 69.2, 80.4 and 88.7%, respectively) than that of the OE (16.6, 41.4, 62.3 and 77.4%, respectively). The percentages of hydroxyl radical scavenging activities of CHPE at the concentrations of 0.25, 0.5 and 1 mg ${\cdot}ml^{-1}$ were 32.5, 59.4 and 84.2 % respectively. Moreover, the hydroxyl radical scavenging activity of OE was quite lower than that of the CHPE. Therefore, these results suggest that the hydrophilic phlorotannins of H. fusiformis are potential radical scavengers thus, a great source of antioxidative nutraceuticles.

Evaluations on Antioxidant Effect of Methanol Extract from Immature Cotton Boll (미성숙 목화다래 메탄올 추출물의 항산화 효능 평가)

  • Park, Hee-Jeong;Lee, Ki-Young
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.426-432
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    • 2013
  • The results of the content of total polyphenol and flavonoid, DPPH (1-1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl) radical scavenging activity, ABTS [2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid)] radical scavenging activity, nitrite scavenging activity and SOD-like activity of methanol extracts from immature cotton boll are follows. The contents of total polyphenol and flavonoid compound were higher in small size cotton boll, and DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activity also showed a relatively high activity in the small size. These results indicate that there is a correlation between phenol content and DPPH radical scavenging, ABTS radical scavenging. The test concentrations of immature cotton boll extract for measuring DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities were set as 1.25, 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 mg/ml. Immature cotton boll has high radical scavenging activity at the concentration of 1.25~20 mg/ml and the result showed a tendency to increase in a concentration-dependent. The nitrite scavenging activity showed high activity in the pH 1.2, and the result in the pH 4.2 showed progressively less active, and in the pH 6.0 near neutral was confirmed that does not affect the nitrite scavenging. In addition, SOD-like activity showed somewhat lower activity compared with ascorbic acid, but tended to be higher when compared with the results of the other natural substances. Through this experiment, we confirmed that immature cotton boll was excellent antioxidant activity. Therefore, it is demonstrated that the cotton suggest the possibility of development of new material for cosmetic product or functional food in the future, and is expected to make a greater usability.

Radical Scavenging Activity of Ethanol Extracts and Solvent Partitioned Fractions from Various Red Seaweeds (홍조류 에탄올 추출물 및 다양한 용매 분획물의 라디칼 소거능)

  • Cho, MyoungLae;Lee, Dong-Jin;You, SangGuan
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.445-451
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    • 2012
  • The EtOH extracts of red seaweeds (Symphyocladia latiuscula, Chondrus ocellatus and Carpopeltis affinis) and solvent partitioned fractions were investigated for their 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) and 1,1-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging effects and the total phenolic contents were correlated with ABTS and DPPH radical scavenging activities. The EtOH extracts and their solvent partitioned fractions exhibited strong ABTS and DPPH radical scavenging activities. Among the solvent partitioned fractions obtained from n-Hexane (HX), methylenchloride (MC), ethylacetate (EA), and buthanol (BuOH), the HX fraction from C. affinis showed higher radical scavenging activities than other fractions. Total phenolic contents showed significant correlation ($r^2$ = 0.709) with ABTS radical scavenging activity. The results of this study suggest that the strong radical scavenging activity of HX fraction from C. affinis is a promising natural antioxidant for healthcare products.